Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge

Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge

Duke of Cambridge
Born Feb 24, 1774

The Prince Adolphus, 1st Duke of Cambridge, was the tenth child and seventh son of George III and Queen Charlotte. He held the title of Duke of Cambridge from 1801 until his death. He also served as Viceroy of Hanover on behalf of his brothers George IV and William IV. His granddaughter, Mary of Teck, was Queen consort of the United Kingdom and paternal grandmother of the current monarch, Elizabeth II.… Read More

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Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge.


1774 Birth Born on February 24, 1774.


1786 12 Years Old He was tutored at home until summer 1786, when he was sent to the University of Göttingen in Germany, along with his brothers Prince Ernest (created Duke of Cumberland in 1799) and Prince Augustus (created Duke of Sussex in 1801).
1789 15 Years Old He was made honorary Colonel-in-Chief of the Hanoverian Guard Foot Regiment 1789–1803, but his military training began in 1791, when he and Prince Ernest went to Hanover to study under the supervision of the Hanoverian commander Field Marshal Wilhelm von Freytag.
1793 19 Years Old He remained on Freytag's staff during the Flanders Campaign in 1793. … Read More


1794 20 Years Old 1 More Event
As a Hanovarian General-Major, he commanded a Hessian brigade under his paternal great-uncle, General Johann Ludwig von Wallmoden-Gimborn in Autumn 1794, then commanded the Hanovarian Guards during the retreat through Holland. … Read More
1800 26 Years Old In 1800 – stationed in the Electorate of Hanover – he attended the founding of a village (part of the settlement of the moorlands north of Bremen), which was named for him: Adolphsdorf (since 1974 a component locality of Grasberg).
1801 27 Years Old During the War of the Second Coalition against France (1799–1802), he traveled to Berlin in 1801, in order to prevent the impending Prussian occupation of the Electorate. … Read More
1803 29 Years Old 1 More Event
In 1803, he was senior army commander, and replaced Wallmoden as commander on the Weser on 1 June. … Read More


1805 31 Years Old The Duke served as colonel-in-chief of the Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards (Coldstream Guards after 1855) from September 1805, and as colonel-in-chief of the 60th (The Duke of York's Own Rifle Corps) Regiment of Foot from January 1824.
1813 39 Years Old 1 More Event
After the collapse of Napoleon's empire, he was Military Governor of Hanover from 4 November 1813 – 24 October 1816, then Governor General of Hanover from 24 October 1816 – 20 June 1837 (viceroy from 22 February 1831).


1817 43 Years Old After the death of Princess Charlotte in 1817, the Duke was set the task of finding a bride for his eldest unmarried brother, the Duke of Clarence (later William IV), in the hope of securing heirs to the throne—Charlotte had been the only legitimate grandchild of George III, despite the fact that the King had twelve surviving children. … Read More
1818 44 Years Old The Duke of Cambridge was married first at Kassel, Hesse on 7 May and then at Buckingham Palace on 1 June 1818 to his second cousin Augusta (25 July 1797 – 6 April 1889), the third daughter of Prince Frederick of Hesse. … Read More


1837 63 Years Old When his niece, Queen Victoria succeeded to the British throne on 20 June 1837, the 22-year union of the crowns the United Kingdom and Hanover ended, due to Hanover being under Salic Law. … Read More
1850 76 Years Old The Duke of Cambridge died on 8 July 1850 at Cambridge House, Piccadilly, London, and was buried at St Anne's Church, Kew. … Read More
Original Authors of this text are noted on,_Duke_of_Cambridge.
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