Prince Connaught
British prince
Prince Connaught
Prince Arthur of Connaught and Strathearn was a member of the British Royal Family, a grandson of Queen Victoria. Prince Arthur held the title of a British prince with the style His Royal Highness. He also served as Governor-General of the Union of South Africa from 20 November 1920 to 21 January 1924.
Biography
Prince Arthur of Connaught's personal information overview.
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    FIFTIES
  • 1938
    Age 55
    Prince Arthur of Connaught died of stomach cancer at age 55 on 12 September 1938.
    More Details Hide Details He is buried in the Royal Burial Ground, Frogmore.
  • 1937
    Age 54
    One of his last public appearances was at the coronation of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth in May 1937.
    More Details Hide Details His father, the Duke of Connaught, survived him by four years. Prince Arthur's only son, who used the courtesy title Earl of MacDuff after 1917, succeeded his paternal grandfather as 2nd Duke of Connaught and Strathearn and Earl of Sussex in 1942. A grandson of Queen Victoria, he was a British prince with the style His Royal Highness. As a male-line grandchild of a British Sovereign, Prince Arthur was awarded, for his twenty-first birthday, the use of the royal arms, with an inescutcheon of the shield of Saxony, and differenced by a label argent, of five points, the outer pair and central point bearing crosses gules, and the inner pair fleur-de-lys azure. In 1917, the inescutcheon was dropped by royal warrant from George V.
  • FORTIES
  • 1924
    Age 41
    Like his father, the Duke of Connaught, he was active in the Freemasons, becoming Provincial Grand Master for Berkshire in 1924.
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  • THIRTIES
  • 1920
    Age 37
    In 1920, Prince Arthur succeeded Viscount Buxton as governor-general and commander-in-chief in South Africa.
    More Details Hide Details The Earl of Athlone succeeded him in these posts in 1924. Upon returning to Britain, Prince Arthur became involved in a number of charitable organizations, including serving as chairman of the board of directors of Middlesex Hospital.
  • 1918
    Age 35
    In 1918, he was a guest aboard the Japanese battlecruiser when she voyaged from Japan to Canada.
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  • TWENTIES
  • 1913
    Age 30
    On 15 October 1913, Prince Arthur married Princess Alexandra, 2nd Duchess of Fife (17 May 1891 – 26 February 1959) at the Chapel Royal, St. James's Palace, London.
    More Details Hide Details The couple were attended by five bridesmaids: The Princess Mary, Princess Maud of Fife, Princesses Mary, Helena, and May of Teck. Princess Alexandra was the eldest daughter of the late Duke of Fife and The Princess Royal, the eldest daughter of King Edward VII. As such, the couple were first cousins once removed. Princess Alexandra held the title of Duchess of Fife in her own right. After their marriage, Arthur and Alexandra were styled Their Royal Highnesses Prince and Princess Arthur of Connaught. Together they had one child: After the accession of his cousin, King George V, Prince Arthur and his aging father were the most senior male members of the Royal Family over the age of 18 to reside in the United Kingdom. As such, he undertook a wide variety of royal duties on behalf of the King, and acted as a Counsellor of State during periods of the King's absence abroad.
  • 1907
    Age 24
    In 1907, he was promoted to the rank of captain in the 2nd Dragoons (Royal Scots Greys).
    More Details Hide Details He became the honorary Colonel-in-Chief of this regiment in 1920. During the First World War, Prince Arthur served as aide-de-camp to Generals Sir John French and Sir Douglas Haig, the successive commanders of the British Expeditionary Force in France and Belgium. He was promoted to lieutenant colonel in 1919 and became a colonel in the reserves in 1922. In October 1922, Prince Arthur was promoted to the honorary rank of major general and became an aide-de-camp to his first cousin, King George V. Since the king's children were too young to undertake public duties until after the First World War, Prince Arthur carried out a variety of ceremonial duties at home and overseas.
  • TEENAGE
  • 1901
    Age 18
    After attending finishing school, Prince Arthur was educated at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, from where he was commissioned into the 7th (Queen's Own) Hussars in 1901.
    More Details Hide Details During the Second Boer War, he saw active duty with the 7th Hussars and spent several months stationed at Krugersdorp.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1883
    Age 0
    Arthur was baptised in the Private Chapel of Windsor Castle on 16 February 1883, and his godparents were Queen Victoria (his paternal grandmother), Princess Augusta of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (his great-great aunt, for whom his paternal aunt The Princess Beatrice stood proxy), Prince Friedrich Leopold of Prussia (his maternal uncle, who was represented by the German Ambassador Count Münster), Princess Henry of the Netherlands (his maternal aunt, who was represented by Countess Münster), the Duke of Cambridge (the Queen's cousin), and the Duke of Edinburgh (his paternal uncle, whose brother the Prince of Wales represented him).
    More Details Hide Details Arthur was the first British royal prince to be educated at Eton College.
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