Princess Britain
British princess
Princess Britain
Princess Augusta Frederica of Wales was a member of the British Royal Family, a granddaughter of George II and only elder sibling of George III. She later married into the Ducal House of Brunswick, of which she was already a member. Her daughter Caroline of Brunswick was the Queen consort of George IV.
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  • 1813
    Age 75
    The Duchess of Brunswick lived out her days in Blackheath and died in 1813 aged 75.
    More Details Hide Details Augusta was granted use of the arms of the kingdom, differenced by a label argent of five points, the centre bearing a cross gules, the other points each bearing a rose gules. Together the couple had 7 children:
  • 1807
    Age 69
    The Duchess of Brunswick remained there with her niece, Princess Louise Augusta, daughter of her sister Queen Caroline Mathilde of Denmark, until her brother George III finally relented in September 1807, and allowed her to come to London.
    More Details Hide Details There she resided at Montague House, at Blackheath in Greenwich, with her daughter, the Princess of Wales, but soon fell out with her daughter, and purchased the house next door, Brunswick House, as she renamed it.
  • 1799
    Age 61
    The Swedish Princess Hedwig Elizabeth Charlotte described her, as well as her family, at the time of a visit in August, 1799: Our cousin, the Duke, arrived immediately the next morning.
    More Details Hide Details As a noted military man he has won many victories, he is witty, literal and a pleasant acquaintance, but ceremonial beyond description. He is said to be quite strict, but a good father of the nation who attends to the needs of his people. After he left us, I visited the Dowager Duchess, the aunt of my consort. She is an agreeable, highly educated and well respected lady, but by now so old that she has almost lost her memory. From her I continued to the Duchess, sister to the King of England and a typical English woman. She looked very simple, like a vicar's wife, has I am sure many admirable qualities and are very respectable, but completely lacks manners. She makes the strangest questions without considering how difficult and unpleasant they can be. Both the Hereditary Princess as well as Princess Augusta — sister of the sovereign Duke — came to her while I was there. The former is delightful, mild, lovable, witty and clever, not a beauty but still very pretty. In addition, she is said to be admirably kind to her boring consort. The Princess Augusta is full of wit and energy and very amusing. The Duchess and the Princesses followed me to Richmond, the country villa of the Duchess a bit outside of town. It was small and pretty with a beautiful little park, all in an English style.
  • 1780
    Age 42
    In 1780, Charles succeeded his father as sovereign Duke of Brunswick, and Augusta thus became Duchess consort.
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  • 1777
    Age 39
    In 1777, Augusta announced to Charles that she would retire from court life and representation and devote herself to the upbringing of her children and religious studies under the Bishop of Fürstenberg.
    More Details Hide Details The reason was her disapproval of the relationship between Charles and Louise Hertefeld whom he, in contrast to his previous mistress Maria Antonia Branconi, had installed as his official royal mistress at the Brunswick court.
  • 1771
    Age 33
    In 1771-72, Augusta visited England on the invitation of her mother.
    More Details Hide Details On this occasion, she was involved in another conflict with her sister-in-law Queen Charlotte. She was not allowed to live at Carlton House or St. James Palace despite the fact that it was empty at the time, but was forced to live in a small house on Pall Mall. The queen disagreed with her about etiquette, and refused to let her see her brother the king alone. According to Mr. Walpole, the reason was jealousy on the part of the queen. She attended her mother's deathbed during her second visit to England, and upon her return to Brunswick, extended her period of mourning, which eventually lead to her retirement from participation in court life. When her sister, queen Caroline Matilda of Denmark, was convicted of adultery and exiled to Celle close to Brunswick, Augusta took the habit to regularly visit her on weeks on end, to the disapproval of her spouse and parents-in-law.
  • 1764
    Age 26
    During the negotiations thirty years later for the marriage of when her daughter to the Prince of Wales, Augusta commented to the British negotiator, Lord Malmesbury, her view that Queen Charlotte disliked both her and her mother because of jealousy dating from the visit of 1764.
    More Details Hide Details Augusta regarded the residence in Brunswick as too simple, and was bored with the scholarly tone of her mother-in-law's court, particularly during the summers, when her spouse was absent at champ. A retreat from court was built for her in Braunschweig, south of Brunswick were she could spent the summer months, constructed by Carl Christoph Wilhelm Fleischer, and called Schloss Richmond to remind her of England. In her retreat, Augusta amused herself spending her days eating heavy luncheons, gossiping and playing cards with her favorites, often receiving English guests. The marriage was an purely arranged dynastic marriage. However, Augusta was attracted by Charles' handsome looks and initially pleased with him: shortly after the birth of her first daughter, she wrote: "No two people live better together than we do, and I would go through fire and water for him", and it was noted that she seemed to be unaware of his flirtations in London.
    During her first pregnancy in 1764, she returned to Great Britain in the company of Charles to give birth to her first child.
    More Details Hide Details During their visit in England, it was noted that the Brunswicks were cheered by the crowds when they showed themselves in public. This, reportedly, exposed them to suspicion at court. During their visit, her sister-in-law Queen Charlotte apparently refused them some honors at court, such as military salutes. This attracted negative publicity toward the hosting royal couple.
    On 16 January 1764, Augusta married Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, at the Chapel Royal of St James's Palace.
    More Details Hide Details The wedding was followed by a state dinner at Leicester House, congratulations from the House of Parliament, a ball given by the Queen and an opera performance at Covent Garden, before departing from Harwich on the 26th. Augusta never fully adapted to life in Brunswick due to her British patriotism and disregard of all things "east of the Rhine". This attitude did not change with time, and twenty five years after her marriage, she was described as: "wholly English in her tastes, her principles and her manners, to the point that her almost cynical independence makes, with the etiquette of the German courts, the most singular contrast I know". Augusta was not well liked at Brunswick, where her popularity was damaged by the fact that her eldest sons were born with handicaps.
  • 1761
    Age 23
    Augusta was given a careful education. She was not described as a beauty, having protuberant eyes, loose mouth and a long face. In 1761-62, a marriage was discussed between Augusta and the Hereditary Prince of Brunswick, but the negotiations was delayed because her mother disliked the House of Brunswick.
    More Details Hide Details This obstacle was overcome due to a reason described by Walpole: "Lady Augusta was lively, and much inclined to meddle in the private politics of the Court. As non of her Princess's children but the King, had, or had reason to have, much affection for their mother, she justly apprehended Lady Augusta instilling their disgust on to the Queen. She could not forbid her daughter's frequent visits at Buckingham House, but to prevent ill consequence of them, she often accompanied her thither. This, however, was an attendance and a constraint the Princess of Wales could not support. Her exceeding indolence, her more excessive love of privacy, and the subjection of being frequently with the Queen, whose higher rank was a never ceasing mortification, all concurred to make her resolve, at any rate, to deliver herself of her daughter. To obtain this end, the profusion of favors to the hated House of Brunswick was not though too much. The Hereditary Prince was prevailed to accept Lady Augusta's hand, with four-scour thousand pounds, an annuity of £5.000 a year on Ireland, and three thousand a year on Hanover."
  • 1737
    Born on July 31, 1737.
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