Princess Gotha
Fourth child and third daughter of Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh and Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia
Princess Gotha
Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, was the fourth child and third daughter of Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh and Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia. She was a granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom as well as of Tsar Alexander II of Russia.
Biography
Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha's personal information overview.
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Timeline
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    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 1942
    Age 63
    She died in Schwäbisch Hall, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany in 1942.
    More Details Hide Details Her elder son, Gottfried, 8th Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, was named in an unsavory manner as part of the custody suit over Gloria Vanderbilt ("Little Gloria") between her mother, Gloria Laura Mercedes Morgan (1904–1965), and the child's aunt, Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney. Alexandra's personal coat of arms was that of the British monarch, with an inescutcheon of the shield of Saxony, all differenced, as a male-line grandchild, with a label argent of five points, the central point bearing a cross gules, the inner pair anchors azure, and the outer pair fleurs-de-lys azure. In 1917, the inescutcheon was dropped by royal warrant from George V.
  • FIFTIES
  • 1937
    Age 58
    In the years preceding World War II, Alexandra was an early supporter of the Nazi Party, which she joined on 1 May 1937, together with several of her children.
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  • 1931
    Age 52
    On her thirty-fifth wedding anniversary in April 1931, her son Gottfried married Princess Margarita of Greece and Denmark.
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  • THIRTIES
  • 1916
    Age 37
    In February 1916 her eldest daughter was married at Coburg to Prince Friederich of Gluckburg and she became a grandmother when the couple's first child, Prince Hans of Glucksburg was born in May 1917.
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  • TWENTIES
  • 1900
    Age 21
    Alexandra lived for the rest of her life in Germany. At the death of her father in 1900, Alexandra's husband was appointed regent of the duchy of Saxe-Coburg during the minority of the new Duke, who was her first cousin.
    More Details Hide Details Alexandra's only brother, Alfred, had died in 1899. During World War I, she worked as a Red Cross nurse.
  • TEENAGE
  • 1896
    Age 17
    The wedding took place on 20 April 1896 in Coburg, Germany.
    More Details Hide Details Together, they had five children:
  • 1895
    Age 16
    At the end of 1895, she arranged Alexandra's engagement to Prince Ernst, of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (13 September 1863 – 11 December 1950).
    More Details Hide Details Alexandra's grandmother, Queen Victoria, complained that she was too young. Alexandra's father objected to the status of his future son-in-law. The House of Hohenlohe-Lagenburg was mediatized - a formerly ruling family who had ceded their sovereign rights to others while (in theory) retaining their equal birth. It was not considered a brilliant match, but they were also related. Ernst was a grandson of Princess Feodora of Leiningen, Queen Victoria's half-sister.
  • 1893
    Age 14
    She was a bridesmaid at the wedding of the Duke and Duchess of York on 6 July 1893.
    More Details Hide Details Throughout her life, Alexandra was usually overshadowed by her two eldest sisters, Marie and Victoria. Alexandra, less beautiful and more subdued than her sisters, was plain, placid and not as brilliant. During Alexandra's formative years, her father, occupied with his career in the Navy and later as a ruler in Coburg, paid little attention to his family. It was Alexandra's mother who was the domineering presence in their children's life. The duchess believed in marrying her daughters young, before they began to think for themselves.
    In 1893, her great-uncle, The Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (brother of her paternal grandfather, Prince Albert) died without issue.
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  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1889
    Age 10
    In 1889 the family moved to Coburg, Germany since her father, Alfred, was the heir apparent to the duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.
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  • 1886
    Age 7
    Nicknamed 'Sandra' by her family, Alexandra spent her childhood first in England and between 1886 and 1889 in Malta, where her father was serving with the Royal Navy.
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  • 1885
    Age 6
    She was a bridesmaid at the 1885 wedding of Queen Victoria’s youngest daughter The Princess Beatrice to Prince Henry of Battenberg.
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  • 1878
    Born
    The young princess was baptised on 2 October 1878 at Edinburgh Palace, Coburg, presumably by her mother's chaplain.
    More Details Hide Details Her godparents included her maternal uncle Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich of Russia.
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