Victoria, Princess Royal
Victoria, Princess Royal
Victoria, Princess Royal was the eldest child of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom and Prince Albert. She was created Princess Royal of the United Kingdom in 1841. She became German Empress and Queen of Prussia by marriage to German Emperor Frederick III. After her husband's death, she became widely known as Empress Frederick .
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Princess Victoria visits Tornio - YLE News
Google News - over 5 years
Crown Princess Victoria of Sweden and her husband, Prince Daniel, are visiting the twin cities of Tornio-Haparanda on Thursday. Victoria is christening a square built on the border of the two cities, which will be known as “Victoria's Square
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Killer heels for Princess Victoria as she tries out Posh maternity style - (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
21 SEPTEMBER 2011 Like her British namesake Princess Victoria of Sweden hasn't forsaken vertinigous heels just because she's pregnant. She was right on trend in towering studded shoe boots during a two-day visit to Finland with her husband Prince
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Thousands turn out in the rain to see the expecting Princess Victoria in Turku - Helsingin Sanomat
Google News - over 5 years
On Monday, Crown Princess Victoria of Sweden and her husband Prince Daniel started their visit to Finland's Turku with an open official reception at the Forum Marinum Maritime Centre. In front of Forum Marinum, Princess Victoria unveiled the Crown
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Princess Victoria visiting Turku - YLE News
Google News - over 5 years
Crown Princess Victoria of Sweden and her husband, Prince Daniel, arrived in Turku for a two-day visit on Monday. In addition to discussing the preservation of the Baltic Sea, the couple plans to enjoy cultural pursuits in the city
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Norway's king and queen coming to Minnesota for 8 days in October - Minneapolis Star Tribune
Google News - over 5 years
Queen Sonja and King Harald of Norway arrive for the Swedish Parliament's concert at the Royal Concert Hall, in honour of the wedding of Sweden's Crown Princess Victoria, in Stockholm, Sweden, Friday, June 18, 2010. Crown Princess Victoria will marry
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Stand Out Luxury Hotels (PHOTOS) - Huffington Post
Google News - over 5 years
While covering Crown Princess Victoria of Sweden's wedding last June (the royal wedding of the decade until William and Kate's), I was at the Grand Hotel Stockholm. Long one of Sweden's leading luxury hotels, with its interiors designated as a "Swedish
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Radiant Princess Victoria showcases her blossoming bump -
Google News - over 5 years
Looking lovely in a navy blue floor-length dress, Crown Princess Victoria of Sweden and her baby bump stole the limelight at The Polar Music Prize in Stockholm. Radiant and clutching a bouquet of flowers, the mum-to-be smiled broadly as she arrived
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'Let's hope everything goes well': Victoria - The
Google News - over 5 years
Sweden's Crown Princess Victoria on Thursday expressed her gratitude to those who wished her well following news of her pregnancy, while newspapers across Sweden pondered the significance of the impending royal birth. “We want to say thanks for all the ... - -
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Crown Princess Victoria of Sweden - StyleBistro
Google News - over 5 years
Crown Princess of Victoria of Sweden is known for her sophisticated and ultra feminine style. She favors frocks with intricate beading and embroidered detailing, which makes this Elie Saab dress perfect for the new mommy-to-be. Paired with simple pumps
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Royal court says Sweden's Crown Princess Victoria is pregnant with first child - Washington Post
Google News - over 5 years
( Scanpix Sweden/Fredrik Sandberg / Associated Press ) - Swedish Crown Princess Victoria leaves the Grand Hotel in central Stockholm, Sweden, on Wednesday Aug. 17, 2011, after attending the presentation of the International Swede of the Year Award
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Princess Victoria: A career cut short - CANOE
Google News - over 5 years
For Princess Victoria it's September 1, 1984 that is etched in her memory. That was the night she broke her neck and never wrestled again. The WWF show was in Philadelphia, at the Spectrum. "We were in the arena across the street from the Michael
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Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Victoria, Princess Royal
  • 1901
    Age 60
    She was buried next to her husband in the royal mausoleum of the Friedenskirche at Potsdam on 13 August 1901.
    More Details Hide Details Her tomb has a recumbent marble effigy of herself on top. Her two sons who died in infancy, Sigismund and Waldemar, are buried in the same mausoleum. With her style of Princess Royal, Victoria was granted use of the royal arms, as then used: with an escutcheon of the shield of Saxony, the whole differenced by a label argent of three points, the outer points bearing crosses gules, the central a rose gules. Victoria and Frederick had eight children:
    The Empress Dowager died in Friedrichshof on 5 August 1901, less than seven months after the death of her mother.
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  • 1900
    Age 59
    By the autumn of 1900, the cancer spread to her spine, and as she worried about her personal letters (in which she detailed her concern over Germany's future under her son) falling into the hands of the Emperor, she requested that the letters were brought back to Great Britain in a cloak-and-dagger operation by her godson Frederick Ponsonby, the private secretary of her brother King Edward VII, who was making his final visit to his terminally ill sister in Kronberg on 23 February 1901.
    More Details Hide Details These letters were later edited by Ponsonby and put into context by his background commentary to form the book that was published in 1928.
  • 1890
    Age 49
    In fact, Victoria was completely secluded from public life by William II. With the death of her mother-in-law, the Empress Dowager Augusta in 1890, Victoria had hopes to succeed her as patron of the German Red Cross and the Vaterländischer Frauenverein (Association of Patriotic Women).
    More Details Hide Details However, it was her daughter-in-law, Empress Augusta Victoria who assumed the presidency of these entities, which caused a deep bitterness in Victoria. The Empress Dowager didn't hesitate to harshly criticize the policies and behavior of her son. When the Emperor wrote in the guestbook of the city of Munich the words "Suprema lex regis voluntas" (The will of the King is the supreme Law"), she indignantly wrote to her mother: Vicky devoted part of her final years to painting and to visiting the artists' colony of Kronberg, where she regularly met with the painter Norbert Schrödl. In her last days she used to walk in the morning and spent long hours writing letters or reading in the library of her castle. In late 1898, physicians diagnosed the Empress Dowager with inoperable breast cancer, forcing her to stay in bed for long periods.
  • 1889
    Age 48
    In October 1889, Princess Sophia, Victoria's penultimate daughter, married the future King Constantine I of Greece, leaving the maternal residence. The following year, Princess Viktoria, after the sad ending of her hopes to wed the ruler of Bulgaria, in the end married Prince Adolf of Schaumburg-Lippe, the future regent of the Principality of Lippe. Finally, in 1893, Princess Margaret married Prince Frederick Charles of Hesse, who in 1918 was elected to the throne of the ephemeral Kingdom of Finland.
    More Details Hide Details Although satisfied with these marriages, the Empress Dowager felt increasingly isolated following the departure of her daughters.
  • 1887
    Age 46
    Frederick and Victoria went to San Remo in September 1887, causing outrage in Berlin because, despite the continued deterioration in the Emperor's health, the couple didn't return to the capital.
    More Details Hide Details In early November, Frederick completely lost the use of speech and German doctors were summoned by Victoria to San Remo for further examinations. Finally, he was diagnosed with a malignant tumor and the only possible treatment was the removal of his larynx, but the Crown Prince refused. Victoria supported her husband in his decision, which caused a serious argument with her son William, who shortly before had arrived in Italy and accused his mother of being happy with Frederick's disease. In Berlin, the agony of William I lasted several months until, on 9 March 1888, the first German Emperor finally died. Still in San Remo and completely mute, his son succeeded him as King of Prussia and Emperor of Germany under the name of Frederick III. Immediately after he became Emperor, Frederick III appointed his wife Lady of the Order of the Black Eagle, the highest order of chivalry in the Kingdom of Prussia. However, after her return to Berlin, the new Empress realized that she and her husband in fact were really "shadows ready to be replaced by William".
    With the agreement of his physicians, Frederick went with his wife to Great Britain for the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria in June 1887.
    More Details Hide Details On that trip, the Crown Princely couple secretly brought three boxes full of personal documents to Windsor Castle that they wanted to keep away from the eyes of Bismarck and the Hohenzollerns. Always eager to harm the heir to the throne, the Imperial Chancellor continued his intrigues against Victoria. With the help of chamberlain Hugo von Radolinski and painter Götz de Seckendorff, he tried to prepare a final report against the Crown Princess. Because the health of the Crown Prince did not improve, Mackenzie advised him to go to Italy to undergo treatment.
  • 1881
    Age 40
    The Crown Princess, however, was not so lucky with the marriage plans for her daughter Viktoria. In 1881 she fell in love with Prince Alexander I of Bulgaria and her mother tried to obtain permission from the Emperor for the engagement.
    More Details Hide Details Despite being a sovereign, the Bulgarian prince was the fruit of a morganatic marriage, which placed him in a position of inferiority in front of the proud House of Hohenzollern. In addition, Alexander's policy in his Principality of Bulgaria greatly disliked Russia, a traditional ally of Prussia. Bismarck feared that marriage between a German princess and an enemy of Tsar Alexander II of Russia would represent a blow to the League of the Three Emperors, i.e. the Austro-German-Russian alliance. The Chancellor, in the meanwhile, gained the disapproval of William I to the union, much to the dismay of Victoria and Frederick. This new conflict between father and son resulted in the Emperor replacing the Crown Prince with Prince William at official ceremonies and major events. On several occasions, it was the grandson of William I who represented the Berlin court abroad.
  • 1878
    Age 37
    As her children became adults, Victoria began to seek suitors for them. In 1878, Charlotte married her second cousin Bernhard, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Meiningen, a fact that delighted the Berlin court.
    More Details Hide Details Three years later, Victoria began negotiations to marry William with Princess Augusta Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein, provoking outrage in conservative German circles. Chancellor Bismarck criticized the project as the princess belonged to the family who was dethroned by Prussia with the annexation of the Duchies of Schleswig and Holstein in 1864. As for the Hohenzollerns, they considered Augusta Victoria unworthy to marry the heir to the German Empire because her family lacked sufficient rank. After several months of negotiations, Victoria got what she wanted, but soon became disappointed when she saw that her daughter-in-law didn't have the liberal personality that she expected.
  • 1866
    Age 25
    An art lover, Victoria appreciated and practiced painting, receiving classes from Anton von Werner and Heinrich von Angeli. She also supported education and was a member of the association founded by Wilhelm Adolf Lette in 1866, whose objective was to improve women's education.
    More Details Hide Details Since 1877, Vicky founded schools for girls (the "Victoriaschule für Mädchen") directed by British teachers, in addition to nursing schools (the "Victoriahaus zur Krankenpflege") based on the English model. Since his birth, the eldest son of Victoria went through various treatments to cure his atrophied arm. Strange methods, such as the so-called "animal baths" in which the arm was immersed in the entrails of recently dead rabbits, were performed with some regularity. In addition, William also underwent electroshock sessions in an attempt to revive the nerves passing through the left arm to the neck and also to prevent his head tilting to one side. For Victoria, her son's disability was a disgrace. Her letters and her diary shows her grief for her son's arm and her guilt for having given birth to a disabled child. During a visit to her parents in 1860 the Crown princess wrote about her eldest son:
  • 1862
    Age 21
    The trip that the couple made in the Mediterranean in October 1862 aboard Queen Victoria's yacht served as a pretext for conservatives to accuse Frederick to abandon his father in a time of great political tension.
    More Details Hide Details They also emphasized the fact that the Crown Prince traveled aboard a foreign vessel escorted by an English warship. Following the announcement of the engagement between the Prince of Wales and Princess Alexandra of Denmark, daughter of the future King Christian IX and representative of a rival Prussian state, Victoria's position in the Berlin court was further weakened. The German public was of the opinion that the Crown princess was responsible for encouraging this union between Denmark and the United Kingdom. Frederick caused an incident when he openly criticized the policy of his father and Bismarck. During the official visit to Danzig, the Crown Prince publicly rejected an order issued by the Prime Minister on 1 June 1863 that allowed the Prussian authorities to prohibit the publication of a newspaper whose content was considered inappropriate. Enraged with the speech of his son, William I accused him of disobedience and threatened to suspend him from his military duties and even to exclude him from the succession to the throne. To the conservative circles, who demanded exemplary punishment, few joined the voices of Prince Charles, the King's younger brother and General Edwin von Manteuffel, who believed that Frederick should be tried in a court martial.
  • 1860
    Age 19
    Fortunately for the princess, the birth of her second child, Princess Charlotte on 24 July 1860, took place without difficulty.
    More Details Hide Details With the death of King Frederick William IV of Prussia on 2 January 1861, his brother, who already acted as regent since 1858, ascended the throne as William I. Frederick was then the new Crown Prince but his situation at court didn't change much: his father refused to increase his revenues and Vicky continued to contribute significantly to the family budget with her dowry and appanage. In a letter to the Baron von Stockmar, Prince Albert commented the situation: In addition to their financial limitation, Frederick and Victoria accumulated more problems. As heir to the throne, he couldn't make travels outside Prussia without the King's permission. There was a rumor that this measure would limit Victoria's travels to the United Kingdom. Upon his accession to the throne, William I received a letter from Prince Albert in which he implicitly asked that the Prussian constitution would serve as an example for other German states. However, this letter increased the resentment of the sovereign against the British Prince Consort and against Frederick and Victoria, who shared the same liberal ideas.
  • 1859
    Age 18
    A little over a year after her marriage, on 27 January 1859 Victoria gave birth to her first child, the future German Emperor William II; however this first delivery was extremely complicated.
    More Details Hide Details In fact, the maid responsible for alerting doctors about the onset of contractions delayed giving notice. Moreover, the gynecologists hesitated to examine the princess, only wearing a flannel nightgown. The baby was in breech and the delay in delivery could have caused the death of both the princess and her son. Finally, doctors managed to save both mother and child. However, due to the difficult childbirth, the baby suffered damages at the brachial plexus and the nerves in his arm had been injured. Growing up, the prince's arm experienced abnormal growth and, when William became an adult, his left arm measured 15 cm shorter than the right. There is also speculation that the difficult labor caused fetal distress, which deprived the future emperor of oxygen for eight to ten minutes and would have brought other neurological problems. The doctors tried to calm both Victoria and Frederick, affirming that their baby could fully recover from his injuries. Still, the couple chose not to inform the British court of William's disease. However, over the weeks it became clear that the child's arm would not recover and, after four months of doubts, Victoria decided to give the sad news to her parents.
  • 1858
    Age 17
    The wedding of Victoria and Frederick therefore took place at the Chapel Royal of St. James's Palace in London, on 25 January 1858.
    More Details Hide Details Victoria's move to Berlin began a large correspondence between the princess and her parents. Each week, she sent a letter to her father that usually contained comments on German political events. The majority of these letters have been preserved and have become a valuable source for knowing the Prussian court. But these letters also show the will of Queen Victoria to dictate every move of her daughter. The British sovereign demanded that Victoria appeared equally loyal to her homeland as her new country. But the thing quickly became impossible and the most insignificant events put the princess in front of insoluble problems. For example, the death of a distant relative of the British and Prussian royal houses brought a month of mourning in London while in Berlin the mourning period lasted only one week. Victoria was therefore bound to respect the period of mourning in use among the Hohenzollerns but this earned her the criticism of her mother, because she believed that, as a Princess Royal and daughter of the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Victoria should follow the custom in use at England.
  • 1856
    Age 15
    Once this condition was accepted, the engagement of Victoria and Frederick was publicly announced on 17 May 1856.
    More Details Hide Details Immediately the project raised criticism in Great Britain. The English public complained about the Kingdom of Prussia's neutrality during the Crimean War of 1853-1856. In an article, The Times even qualified the Hohenzollern as a "miserable dynasty" that pursues an inconsistent and unreliable foreign policy, with the maintenance of the throne depending solely on Russia. The newspaper also criticized the failure of King Frederick William IV to respect the political guarantees given to the population during the revolution of 1848. In the German Confederation, the reactions to the announcement of the engagement were less unanimous: several members of the Hohenzollern family and conservatives opposed it, while liberal circles welcomed the proposed union with the British crown. The Prince Consort, who was part of the Vormärz, had long supported the "Coburg plan", i.e. the idea that a liberal Prussia could serve as an example for other German states and would be able to achieve around it the Unification of Germany. During the involuntary stay of Prince William of Prussia in London in 1848, the Prince Consort tried to convince his Hohenzollern cousin of the need to transform Prussia into a constitutional monarchy following the British model. But the future German Emperor was not persuaded and instead, kept very conservative views.
  • 1851
    Age 10
    Nevertheless, from the first dinner with the prince, it was clear to Queen Victoria and her husband the mutual sympathy of the two young people which began in 1851 was still vivid.
    More Details Hide Details In fact, after only three days with the royal family, Frederick asked Victoria's parents permission to marry their daughter. They were thrilled by the news, but gave their approval on condition that the marriage should not take place before Vicky's seventeen birthday.
  • 1841
    Age 0
    She was baptised in the Throne Room of Buckingham Palace on 10 February 1841 (on her parents' first wedding anniversary) by the Archbishop of Canterbury, William Howley.
    More Details Hide Details The Lily font was commissioned especially for the occasion of her christening. Her godparents were Queen Adelaide (her maternal grandfather's sister-in-law), King Leopold I of Belgium (maternal grandmother's brother), Ernst I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (paternal grandfather; for whom The Duke of Wellington, Tory Leader in the Lords, stood proxy), The Duke of Sussex (maternal grandfather's brother), The Duchess of Gloucester (maternal grandfather's sister) and The Duchess of Kent (maternal grandmother). The royal couple decided to give their children an education as complete as possible. In fact, Queen Victoria, who succeeded her uncle, King William IV at the age of 18, believed that she was not sufficiently prepared for the government affairs. For his part, Prince Albert, born in the small Duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, received, thanks to his uncle, Leopold I, King of the Belgians, a more careful education.
    In addition she was heiress presumptive to the throne of the United Kingdom before the birth of her younger brother Prince Albert (later Edward VII) on 9 November 1841.
    More Details Hide Details To her family, she was known simply as "Vicky" or "Pussy".
    As a daughter of the sovereign, Victoria was automatically a British princess with the style Her Royal Highness, styled HRH The Princess Victoria. On 19 January 1841, the Queen created Victoria Princess Royal, giving her an honorary title sometimes conferred on the eldest daughter of the sovereign.
    More Details Hide Details Victoria was then styled HRH The Princess Royal.
  • 1840
    Princess Victoria was born on 21 November 1840 at Buckingham Palace, London.
    More Details Hide Details Her mother and namesake was Queen Victoria, the only child of George III's fourth eldest son, Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn and Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. Her father was Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha the second and younger son of Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.
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