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Queen Victoria

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Queen Victoria was the monarch of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death. From 1 May 1876, she used the additional title of Empress of India. Victoria was the daughter of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, the fourth son of King George III. Both the Duke of Kent and King George III died in 1820, and Victoria was raised under close supervision by her German-born mother Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld.… Read More

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News + Updates

Browse recent news and stories about Queen Victoria.

  • Exhibition Review; Morgan Library’s ‘Charles Dickens At 200’ Review
    NYTimes - Sep 23, 2011
  • Currents | Q&Amp;A; Robert Wilson On His Passion For Chairs
    NYTimes - Sep 22, 2011
  • Exhibition Of Victoria &Amp; Albert Museum Hats
    NYTimes - Sep 15, 2011
  • From The International Herald Tribune; 100, 75, 50 Years Ago
    NYTimes - Sep 14, 2011

Timeline

Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Queen Victoria.

CHILDHOOD

Victoria was christened privately by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Charles Manners-Sutton, on 24 June 1819 in the Cupola Room at Kensington Palace. … Read More
Victoria was the daughter of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, the fourth son of King George III. Both the Duke of Kent and King George III died in 1820, and Victoria was raised under close supervision by her German-born mother Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. … Read More

TEENAGE

On the death of her uncle George IV in 1830, Victoria became heiress presumptive to her next surviving uncle, William IV.
1835 16 Years Old At Ramsgate in October 1835, Victoria contracted a severe fever, which Conroy initially dismissed as a childish pretence. … Read More
1836 17 Years Old 1 More Event
King William distrusted the Duchess's capacity to be regent, and in 1836 declared in her presence that he wanted to live until Victoria's 18th birthday, so that a regency could be avoided. … Read More
1837 18 Years Old 1 More Event
Victoria turned 18 on 24 May 1837, and a regency was avoided.

TWENTIES

At the start of her reign Victoria was popular, but her reputation suffered in an 1839 court intrigue when one of her mother's ladies-in-waiting, Lady Flora Hastings, developed an abdominal growth that was widely rumoured to be an out-of-wedlock pregnancy by Sir John Conroy. … Read More
Victoria married her first cousin, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, in 1840. … Read More
1841 - 1846 3 More Events
1848 29 Years Old At the height of a revolutionary scare in the United Kingdom in April 1848, Victoria and her family left London for the greater safety of Osborne House, a private estate on the Isle of Wight that they had purchased in 1845 and redeveloped. … Read More

THIRTIES

1849 30 Years Old 1 More Event
…  In a similar attack in 1849, unemployed Irishman William Hamilton fired a powder-filled pistol at Victoria's carriage as it passed along Constitution Hill, London.
1850 - 1855 4 More Events
1857 38 Years Old Victoria was so impressed by the relief it gave from the pain of childbirth that she used it again in 1857 at the birth of her ninth and final child, Beatrice, despite opposition from members of the clergy, who considered it against biblical teaching, and members of the medical profession, who thought it dangerous. … Read More
1858 39 Years Old 1 More Event
On 14 January 1858, an Italian refugee from Britain called Orsini attempted to assassinate Napoleon III with a bomb made in England. … Read More

FORTIES

1859 - 1861 2 More Events
1866 47 Years Old …  In 1866, Victoria attended the State Opening of Parliament for the first time since Albert's death.
1867 48 Years Old The following year she supported the passing of the Reform Act 1867 which doubled the electorate by extending the franchise to many urban working men, though she was not in favour of votes for women.
1868 49 Years Old Derby resigned in 1868, to be replaced by Benjamin Disraeli, who charmed Victoria. "Everyone likes flattery," he said, "and when you come to royalty you should lay it on with a trowel." … Read More

FIFTIES

1871 52 Years Old In August and September 1871, she was seriously ill with an abscess in her arm, which Joseph Lister successfully lanced and treated with his new antiseptic carbolic acid spray. In late November 1871, at the height of the republican movement, the Prince of Wales contracted typhoid fever, the disease that was believed to have killed his father, and Victoria was fearful her son would die. … Read More
1874 55 Years Old …  He passed the Public Worship Regulation Act 1874, which removed Catholic rituals from the Anglican liturgy and which Victoria strongly supported. … Read More
1876 57 Years Old He also pushed the Royal Titles Act 1876 through Parliament, so that Victoria took the title "Empress of India" from 1 May 1876. … Read More
1878 59 Years Old On 14 December 1878, the anniversary of Albert's death, Victoria's second daughter Alice, who had married Louis of Hesse, died of diphtheria in Darmstadt. … Read More

LATE ADULTHOOD

1879 - 1882 3 More Events
1883 64 Years Old 1 More Event
On 17 March 1883, she fell down some stairs at Windsor, which left her lame until July; she never fully recovered and was plagued with rheumatism thereafter. … Read More
1884 - 1888 4 More Events
1894 75 Years Old In 1894, Gladstone retired and, without consulting the outgoing prime minister, Victoria appointed Lord Rosebery as prime minister. … Read More
1896 77 Years Old On 23 September 1896, Victoria surpassed her grandfather George III as the longest-reigning monarch in English, Scottish, and British history.
1897 78 Years Old 1 More Event
The Queen requested that any special celebrations be delayed until 1897, to coincide with her Diamond Jubilee, which was made a festival of the British Empire at the suggestion of Colonial Secretary Joseph Chamberlain. … Read More
1900 81 Years Old 1 More Event
By April 1900, the Boer War was so unpopular in mainland Europe that her annual trip to France seemed inadvisable. … Read More
1901 82 Years Old She died on Tuesday, 22 January 1901, at half past six in the evening, at the age of 81.
Original Authors of this text are noted on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Queen_Victoria.
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