Queen Inhyeon
Korean royal consort
Queen Inhyeon
Queen Inhyeon was the second Queen consort of King Sukjong of Joseon and one of the best known Queens of the Joseon Dynasty. Her life has been portrayed in many Korean historical dramas.
Biography
Queen Inhyeon's personal information overview.
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Timeline
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    THIRTIES
  • 1701
    Age 34
    In 1701, aged 34, she became ill and died of an unknown disease (some sources say that she was poisoned).
    More Details Hide Details It has been said that Sukjong, while mourning for Inhyeon, dreamed of her in a sobok dress drenched with blood. Sukjong asked Inhyeon of how she died, but Inhyeon didn't say anything, but pointed in to the direction of Jang Hui-bins chambers. Sukjong awoke, then went into Jang's chambers. While approaching, he heard music and sounds of laughter. Eavesdropping, he saw Jang Hui-bin with Shamanist priestesses in her chambers, praying for the Queen's death, while striking a figurine with arrows. When this was discovered by Sukjong, Lady Jang was executed for her actions by poison. One of the Queen's ladies in waiting wrote a book called Inhyeon Wanghu Jeon (Hangul: 인현왕후전, Hanja: 仁顯王后傳, Queen Inhyeon's Story), which still exists today. She is buried in Myeongreung (명릉,明陵) in Gyeonggi Province, and Sukjong was later buried near her in the same area. She has no issue to Sukjong.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1688
    Age 21
    When so-ui Jang Ok-jeong produced a son in 1688, it created a bloody dispute called Gisa literati purges (기사사화).
    More Details Hide Details During this time, Sukjong wanted to give this eldest son (entitled the wonja, literally the "First Son") the title of "Crown Prince" and wanted to promote Lady Jang from So-ui to Hui-bin. This action was opposed by the Noron faction, who supported Queen Inhyeon led by Song Si-yeol, and this was supported by the Soron faction, who supported Lady Jang. Sukjong became angry at the opposition, and many were killed including Song Si-yeol. Many, including Inhyeon and her family, were forced into exile. Queen Inhyeon was deposed, while Jang so-ui became Jang hui-bin, and then became the third Queen Consort. Later in 1694, Sukjong, feeling remorse at his temperamental actions, gave in to a movement for Inhyeon's reinstatement, which was led by the Soron (this event was called the Gapsul Hwanguk (갑술환국,甲戌換局)) She was brought back to the palace and was reinstated as Queen Consort, with Lady Jang being demoted to hui-bin.
  • TEENAGE
  • 1681
    Age 14
    She married King Sukjong as his second Queen Consort in 1681, at the age of 14.
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  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1667
    Age 0
    Born in 1667.
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