Rahimuddin Khan
Pakistani general
Rahimuddin Khan
Rahimuddin Khan Afridi is a retired four-star general of the Pakistan Army. He was the fourth Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee, from 1984 to 1987, and the longest-serving Governor of Balochistan, from 1978 to when he resigned in 1984. He was involved in ending the 1973-1977 operation in Balochistan and pursuing new development, as well as allegedly suppressing incoming Mujahideen during the Soviet war in Afghanistan.
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  • 1998
    Age 71
    He also oversaw the construction of nuclear test sites in Chaghai where tests were conducted in 1998.
    More Details Hide Details During the Soviet war in Afghanistan, the Zia regime began aiding the anti-communist Afghan mujahideen. Millions of Afghan refugees, believed to be the largest refugee population in the world, crossed over the border into Balochistan and Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa. Under Zia and General Fazle Haq in KP, heroin and weaponry freely entered with the mujahideen. In Balochistan however, Rahimuddin Khan detained the mujahideen in barbed wire military camps and seized their arms. Several fighters were allegedly transported back into Afghanistan by force, criticized by Pakistani human rights agencies. He also restricted refugees to civilian encampments during the war. Pakistan's Balochistan policy became highly unpopular in the eyes of Afghans, but drugs and weapons remained low in the province, becoming widespread in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa.
  • 1988
    Age 61
    Zia dismissed his own government in May 1988.
    More Details Hide Details Rahimuddin became civilian Governor of Sindh, and governor's rule was imposed citing emergency. Claiming corruption, Rahimuddin began dismissing large numbers of police and civil servants, including Z.A. Nizami from the Karachi Development Authority. Rahimuddin also launched a brutal police crackdown on land mafia, one of the widest ever in Karachi, criticized by both PPP and the Zia regime for its heavyhanded tactics. It was stopped by the government immediately after he resigned. He moved to create separate police forces for the city and the rural areas, but this was also resisted after his resignation for fears of complicating the Sindhi-Muhajir relationship. Special riot control officers were trained to cope with ethnic riots, and river and forest police were also set up to battle dacoity. Ghulam Ishaq Khan became acting President after Zia's death in an aircrash on 17 August, and reintroduced the Chief Minister of Sindh office. Rahimuddin resigned in response, some say as this was attempt to limit his gubernatorial powers. Post-retirement, he projected his chiefs of staff Asif Nawaz and Waheed Kakar for army chief.
    He also served as the 16th Governor of Sindh in 1988.
    More Details Hide Details As Balochistan's longest-serving governor, Rahimuddin ended the 1973 operation in Balochistan, declaring a general amnesty and military withdrawal in 1978. His tenure saw widespread economic development and the halting of the Baloch insurgency, but was controversial for suppressing the Afghan mujahideen entering the province during the Soviet war in Afghanistan. Rahimuddin Khan was born in Qaimganj, United Provinces, India, in the majority Afridi Pashtun community that migrated from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. He was the nephew of educationist Zakir Hussain, later the President of India, and the son-in-law of educationist Mahmud Hussain. He attended Jamia Millia Islamia University in Delhi, founded by Zakir Hussain.
  • 1987
    Age 60
    He retired in 1987.
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  • 1984
    Age 57
    He was made Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee by General Zia-ul-Haq in 1984.
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  • 1981
    Age 54
    In March 1981, the Al-Zulfikar terrorist organization led by Murtaza Bhutto hijacked a Pakistan International Airlines airplane from Karachi to Kabul.
    More Details Hide Details The hijackers threatened to murder hostages if state authorities did not release specific political prisoners. Upon the authorities' refusal, Al-Zulfikar shot and killed passenger Captain Tariq Rahim, mistakenly believed to be the son of General Rahimuddin Khan. The decision to kill Rahim was taken after Murtaza Bhutto consulted KHAD chief Mohammad Najibullah. Tariq Rahim had actually been a former aide-de-camp to the elder Bhutto. The episode was ended when Zia-ul-Haq released the prisoners.
  • 1977
    Age 50
    He also consolidated the then-contentious integration of Gwadar into Balochistan, notified as a district in 1977.
    More Details Hide Details Despite opposition from finance minister Ghulam Ishaq Khan, Rahimuddin heavily promoted large-scale manufacturing and investment in infrastructure, leading to provincial GDP growth rising to the highest in Balochistan's history. Addressing the province's literacy rate, the lowest in the country, he administered the freeing up of resources towards education, created girls' incentive programs, and had several girls' schools built in Dera Bugti District.
  • 1976
    Age 49
    As Lieutenant-General, he became Commander II Corps in Multan in 1976.
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  • 1975
    Age 48
    He was Chief Instructor at the Armed Forces War College at the then National Defence College, Rawalpindi until 1975.
    More Details Hide Details According to Bhutto aide Maulana Kausar Niazi, Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto wanted Rahimuddin to head the new Atomic Energy Commission and nuclear programme, but was declined.
  • 1969
    Age 42
    In 1969, he was appointed sub-martial law administrator to Hyderabad.
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  • 1965
    Age 38
    He attended Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, and Command and Staff College in Quetta. He was hospitalized months before the Indo-Pakistani war of 1965 with a broken ankle.
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  • 1953
    Age 26
    As captain, he helped enforce martial law in Lahore during the 1953 Lahore riots.
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  • 1947
    Age 20
    He opted for Pakistan during independence in 1947, enrolled as Gentleman Cadet-1 of the Pakistan Military Academy.
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  • 1924
    Age -3
    Born on July 21, 1924.
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