Ramon Magsaysay
President of the Republic of the Philippines, 1953%E2%80%931957
Ramon Magsaysay
Ramón del Fierro Magsaysay was the third President of the Republic of the Philippines (and seventh president overall) from December 30, 1953 until his death in a plane crash in 1957. He was elected President under the banner of the Nacionalista Party.
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News
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RM Awardees for 2011 - GMANews.TV (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
Former President Ramon Magsaysay's birthday falls on August 31. Since 1958, an integral part of the celebration has been the recognition of outstanding Asians and organizations that have shown in their lives Magsaysay's “greatness of spirit” with their
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Solar engineer tells youth: Don't repeat India's BPO 'mistake' - GMANews.TV
Google News - over 5 years
This year, six awardees from different parts of Asia take center stage in the annual Ramon Magsaysay Awards, the Asian equivalent of the Nobel Peace Prize, to serve as models of leadership and service. In this series, GMA News Online asks each awardee: ... -
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Kejriwal still a govt servant, say Finance Ministry sources - Chandigarh Tribune
Google News - over 5 years
The 1992 batch Indian Revenue Service (IRS) officer had resigned in February 2006, six months before he got his Ramon Magsaysay award in August 2006 for his work in bringing the Right to Information Act. But the government is yet to accept his
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Claims that Hazare's movement is US-funded baseless: Arvind - Business Standard
Google News - over 5 years
In a talk with Business Standard, the Ramon Magsaysay awardee said the NGO, Kabir, he runs along with social activist Manish Sisodia, did receive funding from the New York-based Ford Foundation, but pointed out that it had stopped about two years ago
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Indian puts solar power technology in hands of poor - Inquirer.net
Google News - over 5 years
These questions had nagged Harish Hande, one of this year's recipients of the Ramon Magsaysay Awards, since completing energy engineering studies in the United States. In 1995, Hande established a company in his Bangalore hometown in India and started
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Pollution of rivers biggest corruption: Magsaysay awardee - Times of India
Google News - over 5 years
PUNE: Ramon Magsaysay awardee Rajendra Singh, popularly known as Waterman of India on Wednesday said the biggest corruption in the country is the way in which its rivers are being turned into nullahs. Singh was in the city for a talk on 'need of state
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2011 Ramon Magsaysay Awards: Harnessing green technology for the poor - Philippine Star
Google News - over 5 years
In electing Harish Hande to receive the 2011 Ramon Magsaysay Award, the board of trustees recognizes his passionate and pragmatic efforts to put solar power technology in the hands of the poor, through a social enterprise that brings customized,
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Ramon Magsaysay HS gets armchairs - ABS CBN News
Google News - over 5 years
MANILA, Philippines - A total of 500 armchairs were delivered to the Ramon Magsaysay High School in Cubao, Quezon City to augment the need for chairs of one of Metro Manila's most populated schools. The Department of Education (DepEd) said public
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IN THE KNOW: The Ramon Magsaysay Awards - Inquirer.net
Google News - over 5 years
Established in 1957, the Ramon Magsaysay Award celebrates the memory and leadership example of the most popular Philippine president by honoring “greatness of spirit in selfless service to the peoples of Asia.” The award is given every year to
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Robbers abandon hijacked truck near police checkpoint - Inquirer.net
Google News - over 5 years
Operatives of the Manila Police District's Station 4 recovered at around 4 am the hijcked Isuzu ten-wheeler truck (GDD-357) owned by the Golden Harvest Rice Mill, at the corner of Ramon Magsaysay Boulevard and Santol Street
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Orissa should keep rivers clean: Magsaysay winner - MSN India
Google News - over 5 years
"Unplanned industrialisation and massive destruction of forest will result in drying up many perennial water sources in existing rivers in the state," Singh, popularly known as ''water man'' who won the Ramon Magsaysay Award for community leadership in
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Live! 2G accused Behura begins arguments in court - Rediff
Google News - over 5 years
Just in: Indians Harish Hande and Nileema Mishra win the prestigious Ramon Magsaysay Award. Hande was awarded for bringing solar power to rural India. The Ramon Magsaysay Award also known as Asia's Nobel Prize is an award designed to honour people who
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Ramon Magsaysay
    FORTIES
  • 1957
    Age 49
    On March 16, 1957, Magsaysay left Manila for Cebu City where he spoke at three educational institutions.
    More Details Hide Details That same night, at about 1 am, he boarded the presidential plane "Mt. Pinatubo", a C-47, heading back to Manila. In the early morning hours of March 17, the plane was reported missing. By late afternoon, newspapers had reported the airplane had crashed on Mt. Manunggal in Cebu, and that 36 of the 56 aboard were killed. The actual number on board was 25, including Magsaysay. Only newspaperman Néstor Mata survived. Vice-President Carlos García, who was on an official visit to Australia at the time, assumed the presidency to serve out the last eight months of Magsaysay's term.
    Magsaysay's term, which was to end on December 30, 1957, was cut short by a plane crash.
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  • 1955
    Age 47
    On August 12, 1955, President Magsaysay informed the Japanese government, through Prime Minister Ichiro Hatoyama, that the Philippines accepted the Neri-Takazaki agreement.
    More Details Hide Details In view of political developments in Japan, the Japanese Prime Minister could only inform the Philippine government of the Japanese acceptance of said agreement on March 15, 1956. The official Reparations agreement between the two government was finally signed at Malacañan Palace on May 9, 1956, thus bringing to a rather satisfactory conclusion this long drawn controversy between the two countries.
    The Magsaysay administration negotiated the Laurel-Langley Agreement which was a trade agreement between the Philippines and the United States which was signed in 1955 and expired in 1974.
    More Details Hide Details Although it proved deficient, the final agreement satisfied nearly all of the diverse Filipino economic interests. While some have seen the Laurel-Langley agreement as a continuation of the 1946 trade act, Jose P. Laurel and other Philippine leaders recognized that the agreement substantially gave the country greater freedom to industrialize while continuing to receive privileged access to US markets. The agreement replaced the unpopular Bell Trade Act, which tied the economy of the Philippines to that of United States economy. Billed as an all-Oriental meet to promote Afro-Asian economic and cultural cooperation and to oppose colonialism orneocolonialism by either the United States or the Soviet Union in the Cold War, or any other imperialistic nations, the Asian–African Conference was held in Bandung (Java) in April 1955, upon invitation extended by the Prime Ministers of India, Pakistan, Burma, Ceylon, and Indonesia. The conference is commonly known as the Bandung Conference. Although, at first, the Magsaysay Government seemed reluctant to send any delegation. Later, however, upon advise of Ambassador Carlos P. Rómulo, it was decided to have the Philippines participate in the conference. Rómulo was asked to head the Philippine delegation. At the very outset indications were to the effect that the conference would promote the cause of neutralism as a third position in the current cold war between the capitalist bloc and the communist group. John Kotelawala, Prime Minister of Ceylon, however, broke the ice against neutralism.
  • 1954
    Age 46
    The administration of President Magsaysay was active in the fight against the expansion of communism in the Asian region. He made the Philippines a member of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO), which was established in Pepe Land on September 8, 1954 during the "Manila Conference".
    More Details Hide Details Members of SEATO were alarmed at the possible victory of North Vietnam over South Vietnam, which could spread communist ideology to other countries in the region. The possibility that a communist state can influence or cause other countries to adopt the same system of government is called the domino theory. The active coordination of the Magsaysay administration with the Japanese government led to the Reparation Agreement. This was an agreement between the two countries, obligating the Japanese government to pay $550 million as reparation for war damages in the Philippines. Taking the advantage of the presence of U.S. Secretary John Foster Dulles in Manila to attend the SEATO Conference, the Philippine government took steps to broach with him the establishment of a Joint Defense Council. Vice-President and Secretary of Foreign Affairs Carlos P. Garcia held the opportune conversations with Secretary Dulles for this purpose. Agreement was reached thereon and the first meeting of the Joint United States-Philippines Defense Council was held in Manila following the end of the Manila Conference. Thus were the terms of the Mutual Defense Pact between the Philippines and the United States duly implemented.
    In early 1954, Benigno Aquino, Jr. was appointed by President Ramon Magsaysay to act as personal emissary to Luís Taruc, leader of the Hukbalahap, a rebel group. Also in 1954, Lt. Col. Laureño Maraña, the former head of Force X of the 16th PC Company, assumed command of the 7th BCT, which had become one of the most mobile striking forces of the Philippine ground forces against the Huks, from Colonel Valeriano.
    More Details Hide Details Force X employed psychological warfare through combat intelligence and infiltration that relied on secrecy in planning, training, and execution of attack. The lessons learned from Force X and Nenita were combined in the 7th BCT. With the all out anti-dissidence campaigns against the Huks, they numbered less than 2,000 by 1954 and without the protection and support of local supporters, active Huk resistance no longer presented a serious threat to Philippine security. From February to mid-September 1954, the largest anti-Huk operation, "Operation Thunder-Lightning" was conducted that resulted to the surrender of Luis Taruc on 17 May. Further cleanup operations of guerillas remaining lasted throughout 1955, diminishing its number to less than 1,000 by year's end.
    As president, he was a close friend and supporter of the United States and a vocal spokesman against communism during the Cold War. He led the foundation of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization, also known as the Manila Pact of 1954, that aimed to defeat communist-Marxist movements in South East Asia, South Asia and the Southwestern Pacific.
    More Details Hide Details During his term, he made Malacañang literally a "house of the people", opening its gates to the public. One example of his integrity followed a demonstration flight aboard a new plane belonging to the Philippine Air Force (PAF): President Magsaysay asked what the operating costs per hour were for that type of aircraft, then wrote a personal check to the PAF, covering the cost of his flight. He restored the people's trust in the military and in the government. Magsaysay's administration was considered one of the cleanest and most corruption-free in modern Philippines history; the period of his presidency is often cited as the Philippines's "Golden Years". Trade and industry flourished, the Philippine military was at its prime, and the country gained international recognition in sports, culture, and foreign affairs. The Philippines placed second on a ranking of Asia's clean and well-governed countries.
    In August 1954, Judge Eduardo Enríquez ruled the men were guilty and Lacson, his 22 men and three other mayors of Negros Occidental municipalities were condemned to the electric chair. Presidential elections were held on November 10, 1953 in the Philippines.
    More Details Hide Details Incumbent President Elpidio Quirino lost his opportunity for a second full term as President of the Philippines to former Defense Secretary Magsaysay. His running mate, Senator José Yulo lost to Senator Carlos P. García. Vice President Fernando Lopez did not run for re-election. This was the first time that an elected Philippine president did not come from the Senate. Moreover, Magsaysay started the practice in the Philippines of "campaign jingles" during elections, for one of his inclinations and hobbies was dancing. The United States Government, including the Central Intelligence Agency, had a strong influence on the 1953 elections, and candidates in the election fiercely competed with each other for U.S. support.
  • 1953
    Age 45
    In the Election of 1953, Magsaysay was decisively elected president over the incumbent Elpidio Quirino.
    More Details Hide Details He was sworn into office wearing the Barong Tagalog, a first by a Philippine president. He was then called "Mambo Magsaysay".
    Magsaysay even used this event during his presidential campaign in 1953.
    More Details Hide Details The trial against Lacson started in January 1952; Magsaysay and his men presented enough evidence to convict Lacson and his 26 men for murder.
    He resigned his post as defense secretary on February 28, 1953, and became the presidential candidate of the Nacionalista Party, disputing the nomination with senator Camilo Osías at the Nacionalista national convention.
    More Details Hide Details When news reached Magsaysay that his political ally Moises Padilla was being tortured by men of provincial governor Lacson, he rushed to Negros Occidental, but was too late. He was then informed that Padilla's body was swimming in blood, pierced by fourteen bullets, and was positioned on a police bench in the town plaza. Magsaysay himself carried Padilla's corpse with his bare hands and delivered it to the morgue, and the next day, news clips showed pictures of him doing so.
    By 1953, President Quirino thought the threat of the Huks was under control and Secretary Magsaysay was becoming too weak.
    More Details Hide Details Magsaysay met with interference and obstruction from the President and his advisers, in fear they might be unseated at the next presidential election. Although Magsaysay had at that time no intention to run, he was urged from many sides and finally was convinced that the only way to continue his fight against communism, and for a government for the people, was to be elected President, ousting the corrupt administration that, in his opinion, had caused the rise of the communist guerrillas by bad administration.
  • 1952
    Age 44
    In June 1952, Magsaysay made a goodwill tour to the United States and Mexico.
    More Details Hide Details He visited New York, Washington, D.C. (with a medical check-up at Walter Reed Hospital) and Mexico City where he spoke at the Annual Convention of Lions International.
  • 1950
    Age 42
    After some hesitation, Quirino realized that there was no alternative and appointed Magsaysay Secretary of National Defence on August 31, 1950.
    More Details Hide Details He intensified the campaign against the Hukbalahap guerillas. This success was due in part to the unconventional methods he took up from a former advertising expert and CIA agent, Colonel Edward Lansdale. In the counterinsurgency the two utilized deployed soldiers distributing relief goods and other forms of aid to outlying, provincial communities. Prior to Magsaysay's appointment as Defense Secretary, rural citizens perceived the Philippine Army with apathy and distrust. However, Magsaysay's term enhanced the Army's image, earning them respect and admiration.
    In early August 1950, he offered President Elpidio Quirino a plan to fight the Communist guerillas, using his own experiences in guerrilla warfare during World War II.
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  • 1949
    Age 41
    In the so-called "dirty election" of 1949, he was re-elected to a second term in the House of Representatives.
    More Details Hide Details During both terms he was Chairman of the House National Defense Committee.
  • 1948
    Age 40
    In 1948, President Manuel Roxas chose Magsaysay to go to Washington as Chairman of the Committee on Guerrilla Affairs, to help to secure passage of the Rogers Veterans Bill, giving benefits to Philippine veterans.
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  • THIRTIES
  • 1946
    Age 38
    On April 22, 1946, Magsaysay, encouraged by his ex-guerrillas, was elected under the Liberal Party to the Philippine House of Representatives.
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  • 1945
    Age 37
    Magsaysay was among those instrumental in clearing the Zambales coast of the Japanese prior to the landing of American forces together with the Philippine Commonwealth troops on January 29, 1945.
    More Details Hide Details
  • 1942
    Age 34
    There he organised the Western Luzon Guerrilla Forces, and was commissioned captain on April 5, 1942.
    More Details Hide Details For three years, Magsaysay operated under Col. Merrill's famed guerrilla outfit & saw action at Sawang, San Marcelino, Zambales, first as a supply officer codenamed Chow and later as commander of a 10,000 strong force.
    When Bataan surrendered in 1942, Magsaysay escaped to the hills, narrowly evading Japanese arrest on at least four occasions.
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  • TWENTIES
  • 1933
    Age 25
    He was married to Luz Magsaysay (née Banzon) on June 16, 1933 and they had three children: Teresita "Sita" Banzon-Magsaysay (1934–1979), Milagros "Mila" Banzon-Magsaysay (b. 1936) and Ramon "Jun" Banzon-Magsaysay, Jr. (b. 1938).
    More Details Hide Details Several of Magsaysay's relatives became prominent public figures in their own right:
  • TEENAGE
  • 1927
    Age 19
    He spent his grade school life somewhere in Castillejos and his high school life at Zambales Academy in San Narciso, Zambales. After high school, Magsaysay entered the University of the Philippines in 1927, where he enrolled in a pre-medical course.
    More Details Hide Details He worked as a chauffeur to support himself as he studied engineering; and later, he transferred to the Institute of Commerce at José Rizal College (1928–1932), where he received a baccalaureate in commerce. He then worked as an automobile mechanic in a bus company (Florida) and shop superintendent. At the outbreak of World War II, he joined the motor pool of the 31st Infantry Division of the Philippine Army.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1907
    Born
    Ramon del Fierro Magsaysay was born in Iba, Zambales on August 31, 1907 to Exequiel Magsaysay y de los Santos (April 18, 1874 in San Marcelino, Zambales – January 24, 1968 in Manila), a blacksmith, and Perfecta del Fierro y Quimson (April 18, 1887 in Castillejos, Zambales – May 5, 1980 in Manila), a schoolteacher.
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