Randolph Churchill

Randolph Churchill

Born May 28, 1911

Major Randolph Frederick Edward Spencer-Churchill, MBE was the son of British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and his wife Clementine. He was a Conservative Member of Parliament (MP) for Preston from 1940 to 1945.

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Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Randolph Churchill.


1911 Birth Born on May 28, 1911.


1931 20 Years Old Randolph was educated at Eton College and Christ Church, Oxford and became a journalist. In 1931 he shared Edward James's house in London with John Betjeman.
1933 22 Years Old While attending Oxford, Churchill became embroiled in the controversy of February 1933 King and Country debate. … Read More
Randolph Churchill's political career (like that of his son) was not as successful as that of his father or grandfather Lord Randolph Churchill. In an attempt to assert his own political standing he announced in January 1935 that he was a candidate in the Wavertree by-election in Liverpool; on 6 February 1935, an Independent Conservative on a platform of rearmament and Anti-Indian Home Rule. … Read More
1936 25 Years Old He also stood as a Unionist on 10 February 1936 in a bye-election at Ross and Cromarty opposed to the National Government candidacy of Malcolm MacDonald but was defeated again. … Read More
1940 29 Years Old 1 More Event
In 1940 Randolph's father, to whom he remained close both politically and socially, became Prime Minister, shortly before the Battle of Britain. … Read More


1942 31 Years Old 1 More Event
On leave, he criticised Tories for exculpating Winston Churchill's decision to defend Greece and Crete. He was sensitive to the "co-operation and self-sacrifice" of parts of the Empire that in 1942 were in more immediate danger than the British Isles, mentioning Australia and Malaya which suffered under Japanese threats of invasion. … Read More
1944 33 Years Old 1 More Event
Churchill also went on a military and diplomatic mission to Yugoslavia in 1944, part of the British support for the Partisans during that civil war. … Read More
1945 34 Years Old 1 More Event
He was married twice. His first marriage, to socialite Pamela Digby produced a son, Winston, who became a Member of Parliament. The marriage ended in divorce in 1945. … Read More


1952 41 Years Old During the post-war era Anthony Eden remained the Prime Minister's designated successor, yet when Eden married Clarissa Churchill in 1952, Randolph could hardly contain his utter contempt for his cousin's new husband. … Read More
1953 42 Years Old A more factual account was ITV TV docudrama Churchill's Secret, a screenplay based on the book The Churchill Secret: KBO by Jonathan Smith. Broadcast in 2016, it starred Michael Gambon, and depicted Winston Churchill during the summer of 1953 when he suffered a severe stroke, precipitating therapy and resignation; the character of Randolph (in a brief appearance) was played by the English actor Matthew Macfadyen. … Read More
1955 44 Years Old 1 More Event
Winston declined a peerage at the end of the Second World War, and then again on his retirement in 1955 (when he was offered the Dukedom of London), ostensibly so as not to compromise his son's political career by preventing him from serving in the House of Commons (life peerages, titles not inherited by sons, were not created until 1958).


1963 52 Years Old He had signed a contract with the American politician Robert Kennedy to write a biography of his elder brother, President John F. Kennedy, who had been assassinated in 1963. … Read More
1964 53 Years Old In 1964 Churchill published The Fight For The Party Leadership... describing the Conservatives' destructive internal struggle in the wake of Macmillan's resignation (Randolph had supported Lord Hailsham in the contest). … Read More
1965 54 Years Old He wrote a memoir of his early life, Twenty-One Years, published in 1965.
1968 57 Years Old 1 More Event
Randolph Churchill died on 6 June 1968 at his home, Stour House, East Bergholt, Suffolk, of a heart attack, aged 57. … Read More
Original Authors of this text are noted on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Randolph_Churchill.
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