Ravi Shankar
Indian classical musician
Ravi Shankar
Ravi Shankar, born Robindro Shaunkor Chowdhury, his name often preceded by the title Pandit, was an Indian musician and composer who was one of the best-known exponents of the sitar in the second half of the 20th century as a composer of Hindustani classical music.Shankar was born to a Bengali family in Varanasi, India, and spent his youth touring India and Europe with the dance group of his brother Uday Shankar.
Biography
Ravi Shankar's personal information overview.
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News
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Derek Beres: Global Beat Fusion: The Continued Evolution of Ravi & Anoushka Shankar
Huffington Post - almost 5 years
It's hard not to expect greatness from a man who has brought the world so many great things. <a class="fplink fp-227668" href="/Ravi+Shankar+1">Ravi Shankar</a> nearly single-handedly introduced America to the classical Indian tradition a half-century ago.
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Huffington Post article
Protest against Sri Sri Ravi Shankar for his remarks on government schools
The Times of India - almost 5 years
He made the remark during the silver jubilee celebration of Adarsh Vidya Mandir Jaipur in Ambabari on Tuesday while commenting on achievements of this school.
Article Link:
The Times of India article
Spiritual leader Sri Sri Ravi Shankar meets Mulayam, Akhilesh
The Times of India - almost 5 years
Spiritual leader Sri Sri <a class="fplink fp-227668" href="/Ravi+Shankar+1">Ravi Shankar</a> today met Samajwadi supremo <a class="fplink fp-201969" href="/Mulayam+Singh+Yadav+1">Mulayam Singh Yadav</a> and Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister <a class="fplink fp-5034" href="/Akhilesh+Yadav+1">Akhilesh Yadav</a> at their residence here.
Article Link:
The Times of India article
Sri Sri Ravi Shankar wants UP chief minister to work without any pressure
The Times of India - almost 5 years
Spiritual leader Sri Sri <a class="fplink fp-227668" href="/Ravi+Shankar+1">Ravi Shankar</a> on Sunday said that he hopes that UP’s newly appointed chief minister <a class="fplink fp-5034" href="/Akhilesh+Yadav+1">Akhilesh Yadav</a> works without any pressure.
Article Link:
The Times of India article
Sri Sri Ravi Shankar tells Lahore about his 'Art of Living'
The Express Tribune Blogs - almost 5 years
LAHORE: With the two sub-continent neighbours, Pakistan and India, suffering from varying degrees of the War on Terror, and close to 65 years of enmity for the other, “yoga and meditation” were proposed by renowned Indian yoga master Sri Sri <a class="fplink fp-227668" href="/Ravi+Shankar+1">Ravi Shankar</a> as a path to peace, during his talk in Lahore on Monday. Head of the famous Art of Living Foundation, Shankar crossed over from Wagah border into Pakistan on Monday to start a three day tour. During his time in Pakistan, he is expected to inaugurate Art of Living Centres on March 13 and 14. “With greater linkages between the people, India and Pakistan can both come closer and work towards a peaceful co-existence,” Shankar said as he stepped into Pakistan. Speaking on the stress-concentrated societies of the modern world, Shankar opined that people would not resort to violent activities had they been facilitated in relieving stress, adding th ...
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The Express Tribune Blogs article
Sri Sri Ravi Shankar: Rethink. Redefine. Success
The Huffington Post - almost 5 years
The intense pressure for success has put tremendous strain on the vulnerable group of teens and young adults who -- when unable to cope with pressure -- take the step of ending their life.
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The Huffington Post article
Sri Sri Ravi Shankar to address mahasatsang in city
The Times of India - almost 5 years
Founder of the Art of Living Sri Sri <a class="fplink fp-227668" href="/Ravi+Shankar+1">Ravi Shankar</a> will address a Mahasatsang 'Ashirvad' at Reserve Police Lines, near IT College in Lucknow on March 18 from 5.30 pm onwards.
Article Link:
The Times of India article
Sri Sri Ravi Shankar: Intention, Attention and Manifestation
The Huffington Post - USA - almost 5 years
Pull back your attention from the object of the senses to the senses, and then to the source of mind. This journey within will you give you the strength and endurance to go through all the ups and downs of life.
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The Huffington Post - USA article
Sri Sri Ravi Shankar: Achieving Balance With Ayurveda
The Huffington Post - about 5 years
Ayurveda is the study of life. Ayur is life and Ved means to know. According to Ayurveda, life or existence is not a rigid compartment, but a harmonious flow. Even the five elements of which the whole universe is made of are not tight compartments of defined objects. They flow into one another.
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The Huffington Post article
Disciple of Ravi Shankar, master of double violin
The Times of India - about 5 years
It was on November 6, 2005 that Neyveli Radhakrishnan got his first double violin, delivered to his suite in Chicago Hilton Hotel. He had been staying there after performing at the Chicago Symphony Hall as part of <a class="fplink fp-227668" href="/Ravi+Shankar+1"><a class="fplink fp-227668" href="/Ravi+Shankar+1">Ravi Shankar</a></a>'s Festival of India III concert. He immediately rang <a class="fplink fp-227668" href="/Ravi+Shankar+1"><a class="fplink fp-227668" href="/Ravi+Shankar+1">Ravi Shankar</a></a> and told him he had just touched his dream instrument for the first time.
Article Link:
The Times of India article
Sri Sri Ravi Shankar: Beauty and Luck
The Huffington Post - USA - about 5 years
When you rejoice in beauty, the entire creation rejoices with you. The very purpose of such variety in this creation is to bring you back to your Self, to come to know that you are beautiful. And in that bliss, all that you need, all that you would want will simply keep happening.
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The Huffington Post - USA article
WRFR-LP 10-11pm Kyle will be playing the music of Ravi Shankar, on "The Late Night Groove," on local community radio.
Village Soup - about 5 years
every Sunday from 1011pm Kyle Swan hosts a show titled, "The Late Night Groove." Tonight Kyle is focusing one hour to the fine music of <a class="fplink fp-227668" href="/ravi+shankar+1">Ravi Shankar</a>. Shankar, legandary sitarist and composer, one of India's most esteemed musical Ambassador. www.ravishankar.com Thie program is sponsored by Abi Morrison's Red Bird Acupunture of Rockland.
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Village Soup article
Sri Sri Ravi Shankar: Creative impulse
Daily News and Analysis - about 5 years
It is very important for us to probe into the source of thought. Often we are called great thinkers, but what is a thought?
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Daily News and Analysis article
No provision for quota based on religion: Ravi Shankar
The Times of India - about 5 years
Bharatiya Janata Party national general secretary and chief spokesperson <a class="fplink fp-227668" href="/ravi+shankar">Ravi Shankar</a> Prasad on Sunday slammed the Centre’s decision of providing 4.5% religion-based reservation to Muslims and said that BJP would vehemently oppose the decision, because there is no provision in the Constitution for providing reservation on the basis of religion.
Article Link:
The Times of India article
Sri Sri Ravi Shankar: The Bhagavad Gita
Huffington Post - about 5 years
The fact is that it is not the scriptures that inflict terrorism; it is the misinterpretation of an ignorant and stressed mind which justifies their actions quoting scriptures.
Article Link:
Huffington Post article
Sri Sri Ravi Shankar asks Anna Hazare to end fast
Daily News and Analysis - about 5 years
Hazare, who is suffering from viral infection, began his three-day fast in Mumbai though his close aides appealed to him to stop his fast.
Article Link:
Daily News and Analysis article
Shri Shri Ravi Shankar in Pimpri
The Times of India - about 5 years
Founder of the Art of Living Foundation Shri Shri <a class="fplink fp-227668" href="/ravi+shankar">Ravi Shankar</a> will be in Pimpri on January 14 for a 'Mahasatsang'.He will also conduct a session on 'Pearls of Wisdom' on January 15 at the VITS hotel in Balewadi.
Article Link:
The Times of India article
People want strong Lokpal: Sri Sri Ravi Shankar
The Times of India - over 5 years
People want strong Lokpal: Sri Sri <a class="fplink fp-227668" href="/ravi+shankar">Ravi Shankar</a>
Article Link:
The Times of India article
Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Ravi Shankar
    FORTIES
  • 2012
    On 6 December 2012, Shankar was admitted to Scripps Memorial Hospital in La Jolla, San Diego, California after complaining of breathing difficulties.
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    Shankar performed his final concert, with daughter Anoushka, on 4 November 2012 at the Terrace Theater in Long Beach, California.
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  • 2010
    The website of the Ravi Shankar Foundation provides the information that "The symphony was written in Indian notation in 2010, and has been interpreted by his student and conductor, David Murphy."
    More Details Hide Details The information available on the website does not explain this process of "interpretation" of Ravi Shankar's notation by David Murphy, nor how Ravi Shankar's Indian notation could accommodate Western orchestral writing. Shankar developed a style distinct from that of his contemporaries and incorporated influences from rhythm practices of Carnatic music. His performances begin with solo alap, jor, and jhala (introduction and performances with pulse and rapid pulse) influenced by the slow and serious dhrupad genre, followed by a section with tabla accompaniment featuring compositions associated with the prevalent khyal style. Shankar often closed his performances with a piece inspired by the light-classical thumri genre. Shankar has been considered one of the top sitar players of the second half of the 20th century. He popularised performing on the bass octave of the sitar for the alap section and became known for a distinctive playing style in the middle and high registers that used quick and short deviations of the playing string and his sound creation through stops and strikes on the main playing string. Narayana Menon of The New Grove Dictionary noted Shankar's liking for rhythmic novelties, among them the use of unconventional rhythmic cycles. Hans Neuhoff of Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart has argued that Shankar's playing style was not widely adopted and that he was surpassed by other sitar players in the performance of melodic passages. Shankar's interplay with Alla Rakha improved appreciation for tabla playing in Hindustani classical music.
    On 1 July 2010, at the Southbank Centre's Royal Festival Hall, London, England, Anoushka Shankar, on sitar, performed with the London Philharmonic Orchestra, conducted by David Murphy what was billed the first Symphony by Ravi Shankar.
    More Details Hide Details This performance was recorded and is available on CD. It is 40:52 minutes long and is composed of 4 movements (in the tempi allegro (fast), slow, scherzo (fast), finale (fast)) like a classical Western symphony but uses an Indian raga as the mode for each movement: I. Allegro (Kafi Zila) 9:21 minutes, II. Lento (Ahir Bhairav) 7:52 minutes, III. Scherzo (DoGa Kalyan) 8:49 minutes IV. Finale (Banjara) 14:50 minutes.
  • THIRTIES
  • 2008
    In June 2008, Shankar played what was billed as his last European concert, but his 2011 tour included dates in the United Kingdom.
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  • 2003
    Anoushka Shankar was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best World Music Album in 2003.
    More Details Hide Details Anoushka and her father were both nominated for Best World Music Album at the 2013 Grammy Awards for separate albums. Shankar was a Hindu, and a devotee of the Hindu deity, Hanuman. As well, he was an "ardent" devotee of the revered, Bengali Hindu saint, Sri Anandamayi Ma. Shankar used to visit Anandamayi Ma frequently and performed for her on various occasions. Shankar wrote of his hometown, Varanasi, and his initial encounter with "Ma": "Varanasi is the eternal abode of Lord Shiva, and one of my favorite temples is that of Lord Hanuman, the monkey god. The city is also where one of the miracles that have happened in my life took place: I met Ma Anandamayi, a great spiritual soul. Seeing the beauty of her face and mind, I became her ardent devotee. Sitting at home now in Encinitas, in Southern California, at the age of 88, surrounded by the beautiful greens, multi-colored flowers, blue sky, clean air, and the Pacific Ocean, I often reminisce about all the wonderful places I have seen in the world. I cherish the memories of Paris, New York, and a few other places. But Varanasi seems to be etched in my heart!"
    Norah Jones became a successful musician in the 2000s, winning eight Grammy Awards in 2003.
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  • 2002
    Anoushka performed a composition by Shankar for the 2002 Harrison memorial Concert for George and Shankar wrote a third concerto for sitar and orchestra for Anoushka and the Orpheus Chamber Orchestra.
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  • 2000
    In the 2000s, he won a Grammy Award for Best World Music Album for Full Circle: Carnegie Hall 2000 and toured with Anoushka, who released a book about her father, Bapi: Love of My Life, in 2002.
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  • TWENTIES
  • 1997
    Shankar taught his daughter Anoushka Shankar to play sitar and in 1997 became a Regents' Professor at University of California, San Diego.
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  • 1996
    Because of the positive response to Shankar's 1996 career compilation In Celebration, Shankar wrote a second autobiography, Raga Mala, with Harrison as editor.
    More Details Hide Details He performed in between 25 and 40 concerts every year during the late 1990s.
  • 1992
    Shankar underwent an angioplasty in 1992 due to heart problems, after which George Harrison participated in a number of Shankar's projects.
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  • 1990
    His liberal views on musical co-operation led him to contemporary composer Philip Glass, with whom he released an album, Passages, in 1990.
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  • TEENAGE
  • 1989
    In 1989 he married Sukanya Rajan, whom he had known since the 1970s, at Chilkur Temple in Hyderabad, India.
    More Details Hide Details Their daughter Anoushka Shankar was born in 1981. Shankar's son, Shubhendra "Shubho" Shankar, often accompanied him on tours. He could play the sitar and surbahar, but elected not to pursue a solo career. Shubhendra died of pneumonia in 1992. Ananda Shankar, the experimental fusion musician, is his nephew.
    Shankar composed the dance drama Ghanashyam in 1989.
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  • 1986
    He served as a member of the Rajya Sabha, the upper chamber of the Parliament of India, from 12 May 1986 to 11 May 1992, after being nominated by Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi.
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  • 1982
    Shankar was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Music Score for his work on the 1982 movie Gandhi, but lost to John Williams' ET
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  • 1981
    Shankar toured and taught for the remainder of the 1970s and the 1980s and released his second concerto, Raga Mala, conducted by Zubin Mehta, in 1981.
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  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1974
    The demanding schedule weakened Shankar, and he suffered a heart attack in Chicago in November 1974, causing him to miss a portion of the tour.
    More Details Hide Details In his absence, Shankar's sister-in-law, singer Lakshmi Shankar, conducted the touring orchestra. The touring band visited the White House on invitation of John Gardner Ford, son of US President Gerald Ford.
  • 1973
    During the 1970s, Shankar and Harrison worked together again, recording Shankar Family & Friends in 1973 and touring North America the following year to a mixed response after Shankar had toured Europe with the Harrison-sponsored Music Festival from India.
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  • 1971
    George Harrison organized the charity Concert for Bangladesh in August 1971, in which Shankar participated.
    More Details Hide Details After the musicians had tuned up on stage for over a minute, the crowd broke into applause, to which the amused Shankar responded: "If you like our tuning so much, I hope you will enjoy the playing more." Although interest in Indian music had decreased in the early 1970s, the concert album became one of the best-selling recordings to feature the genre and won Shankar a second Grammy Award.
  • 1970
    In late 1970, the London Symphony Orchestra invited Shankar to compose a concerto with sitar.
    More Details Hide Details Concerto for Sitar & Orchestra was performed with André Previn as conductor and Shankar playing the sitar. Hans Neuhoff of Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart has criticized the usage of the orchestra in this concert as "amateurish".
    In October 1970 Shankar became chair of the department of Indian music of the California Institute of the Arts after previously teaching at the City College of New York, the University of California, Los Angeles, and being guest lecturer at other colleges and universities, including the Ali Akbar College of Music.
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  • 1969
    He performed at the Woodstock Festival in August 1969, and found he disliked the venue.
    More Details Hide Details In the 1970s Shankar distanced himself from the hippie movement.
  • OTHER
  • 1968
    In 1968, he scored for the movie Charly.
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  • 1967
    Shankar opened a Western branch of the Kinnara School of Music in Los Angeles, in May 1967, and published an autobiography, My Music, My Life, in 1968.
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    In 1967, he performed at the Monterey Pop Festival and won a Grammy Award for Best Chamber Music Performance for West Meets East, a collaboration with Yehudi Menuhin.
    More Details Hide Details The same year, the Beatles won the Grammy Award for Album of the Year for Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band, which included "Within You Without You" by Harrison, a song that was influenced by Indian classical music.
  • 1966
    Shankar's association with Harrison greatly increased Shankar's popularity and Ken Hunt of AllMusic would state that Shankar had become "the most famous Indian musician on the planet" by 1966.
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    Harrison met Shankar in London in June 1966 and visited India later that year for six weeks to study sitar under Shankar in Srinagar.
    More Details Hide Details During the visit, a documentary film about Shankar named Raga was shot by Howard Worth, and released in 1971.
  • 1962
    Shankar founded the Kinnara School of Music in Mumbai in 1962.
    More Details Hide Details Shankar befriended Richard Bock, founder of World Pacific Records, on his first American tour and recorded most of his albums in the 1950s and 1960s for Bock's label. The Byrds recorded at the same studio and heard Shankar's music, which led them to incorporate some of its elements in theirs, introducing the genre to their friend George Harrison of the Beatles. Harrison became interested in Indian classical music, bought a sitar and used it to record the song "Norwegian Wood (This Bird Has Flown)". This led to Indian music being used by other musicians and created the raga rock trend.
    Chatur Lal accompanied Shankar on tabla until 1962, when Alla Rakha assumed the role.
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  • 1961
    From 1961, he toured Europe, the United States, and Australia, and became the first Indian to compose music for non-Indian films.
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  • 1958
    In 1958, Shankar participated in the celebrations of the tenth anniversary of the United Nations and UNESCO music festival in Paris.
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  • 1956
    He played for smaller audiences and educated them about Indian music, incorporating ragas from the South Indian Carnatic music in his performances, and recorded his first LP album Three Ragas in London, released in 1956.
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    Shankar heard about the positive response Khan received and resigned from AIR in 1956 to tour the United Kingdom, Germany, and the United States.
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  • 1954
    Shankar had performed as part of a cultural delegation in the Soviet Union in 1954 and Menuhin invited Shankar in 1955 to perform in New York City for a demonstration of Indian classical music, sponsored by the Ford Foundation.
    More Details Hide Details Shankar declined to attend because of problems in his marriage, but recommended Ali Akbar Khan to play instead. Khan reluctantly accepted and performed with tabla (percussion) player Chatur Lal in the Museum of Modern Art, and he later became the first Indian classical musician to perform on American television and record a full raga performance, for Angel Records.
  • 1952
    V. K. Narayana Menon, director of AIR Delhi, introduced the Western violinist Yehudi Menuhin to Shankar during Menuhin's first visit to India in 1952.
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  • 1949
    He began to record music for HMV India and worked as a music director for All India Radio (AIR), New Delhi, from February 1949 to January 1956.
    More Details Hide Details Shankar founded the Indian National Orchestra at AIR and composed for it; in his compositions he combined Western and classical Indian instrumentation. Beginning in the mid-1950s he composed the music for the Apu Trilogy by Satyajit Ray, which became internationally acclaimed. He was music director for several Hindi movies including Godaan and Anuradha.
  • 1944
    Shankar completed his training in 1944. he moved to Mumbai and joined the Indian People's Theatre Association, for whom he composed music for ballets in 1945 and 1946.
    More Details Hide Details Shankar recomposed the music for the popular song "Sare Jahan Se Achcha" at the age of 25.
  • 1941
    Shankar married Allauddin Khan's daughter Annapurna Devi in 1941 and their son, Shubhendra Shankar, was born in 1942. Shankar separated from Devi during the 1940s and had a relationship with Kamala Shastri, a dancer, beginning in the late 1940s. An affair with Sue Jones, a New York concert producer, led to the birth of Norah Jones in 1979.
    More Details Hide Details He separated from Shastri in 1981 and lived with Sue until 1986.
  • 1939
    Shankar began to perform publicly on sitar in December 1939 and his debut performance was a jugalbandi (duet) with Ali Akbar Khan, who played the string instrument sarod.
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  • 1938
    Shankar's parents had died by the time he returned from the European tour, and touring the West had become difficult because of political conflicts that would lead to World War II. Shankar gave up his dancing career in 1938 to go to Maihar and study Indian classical music as Khan's pupil, living with his family in the traditional gurukul system.
    More Details Hide Details Khan was a rigorous teacher and Shankar had training on sitar and surbahar, learned ragas and the musical styles dhrupad, dhamar, and khyal, and was taught the techniques of the instruments rudra veena, rubab, and sursingar. He often studied with Khan's children Ali Akbar Khan and Annapurna Devi.
  • 1934
    Shankar heard Allauddin Khan - the lead musician at the court of the princely state of Maihar - play at a music conference in December 1934 in Calcutta, and Uday convinced the Maharaja of Maihar in 1935 to allow Khan to become his group's soloist for a tour of Europe.
    More Details Hide Details Shankar was sporadically trained by Khan on tour, and Khan offered Shankar training to become a serious musician under the condition that he abandon touring and come to Maihar.
  • 1927
    Shankar attended the Bengalitola High School in Benares between 1927 and 1928.
    More Details Hide Details At the age of ten, after spending his first decade in Varanasi, Shankar went to Paris with the dance group of his brother, choreographer Uday Shankar. By the age of 13 he had become a member of the group, accompanied its members on tour and learned to dance and play various Indian instruments. Uday's dance group toured Europe and the United States in the early to mid-1930s and Shankar learned French, discovered Western classical music, jazz, cinema and became acquainted with Western customs.
  • 1920
    Shankar was born on 7 April 1920 in Varanasi, British India, in a Bengali family, as the youngest of seven brothers.
    More Details Hide Details His father, Shyam Shankar, was a Middle Temple barrister and scholar from East Bengal (now Bangladesh). A respected statesman, lawyer and politician, he served for several years as dewan (chief minister) of Jhalawar, Rajasthan, and used the Sanskrit spelling of the family name and removed its last part. Shyam was married to Hemangini Devi who hailed from a small village named Nasrathpur in Mardah block of Ghazipur district, near Benares, and her father was a prosperous landlord. Shyam later worked as a lawyer in London, England, and there he married a second time while Devi raised Shankar in Varanasi, and did not meet his son until he was eight years old. Shankar shortened the Sanskrit version of his first name, Ravindra, to Ravi, for "sun". Shankar had six siblings, only four of whom lived past infancy: Uday (who became a famous choreographer and dancer), Rajendra, Debendra and Bhupendra.
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