Richard Taylor

Confederate Army General
Born Jan 27, 1826

Richard Taylor was a Confederate general in the American Civil War. He was the son of United States President Zachary Taylor and First Lady Margaret Taylor.

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1826 Birth Born on January 27, 1826.


1845 19 Years Old After starting college studies at Harvard College, Taylor completed them at Yale, where he graduated in 1845. … Read More


1846 20 Years Old In the beginning of the Mexican-American War, Taylor visited his father at the Mexican town of Matamoros in July 1846; there are reports that for some time he served as his voluntary aide-de-camp.
1850 24 Years Old 1 More Event
Having to leave the war because of rheumatoid arthritis, Richard Taylor agreed to manage the family cotton plantation in Jefferson County, Mississippi. In 1850, he persuaded his father (then President after being elected in 1848) to purchase Fashion, a large sugar cane plantation in St. Charles Parish, Louisiana.
1851 25 Years Old On February 10, 1851, Richard Taylor married Louise Marie Myrthe Bringier (d. 1875), a native of Louisiana and daughter of a wealthy French Creole matriarch Aglae Bringier. … Read More
1855 29 Years Old In 1855, Taylor entered local politics; he was elected to the Louisiana Senate, in which he served until 1861. … Read More


1860 34 Years Old He was sent to the Democratic Convention of 1860 in Charleston, South Carolina, as a state delegate and witnessed the splintering of the Democrats. … Read More
1861 35 Years Old On October 21, 1861, Taylor was promoted to brigadier general. … Read More
1862 36 Years Old 1 More Event
When Taylor was promoted to the rank of major general on July 28, 1862, he was the youngest major general in the Confederacy. … Read More
1863 37 Years Old 1 More Event
During 1863, Taylor directed an effective series of clashes with Union forces over control of lower Louisiana, most notably at Battle of Fort Bisland and the Battle of Irish Bend. … Read More
1864 38 Years Old 1 More Event
In 1864, Taylor defeated Union General Nathaniel P. Banks in the Red River Campaign with a smaller force, commanding the Confederate forces in the Battle of Mansfield and the Battle of Pleasant Hill on April 8-9. … Read More
1865 39 Years Old 1 More Event
Taylor was given command of the Department of Alabama, Mississippi, and East Louisiana. After John Bell Hood's disastrous campaign into Tennessee, Taylor was given command of the Army of Tennessee. He surrendered his department at Citronelle, Alabama, the last major Confederate force remaining east of the Mississippi, to Union General Edward Canby on May 4, 1865, and was paroled three days later.


1879 53 Years Old …  He died in New York City in the house of his friend and political ally Samuel L. M. Barlow I of dropsy (edema related to congestive heart failure) on 12 April 1879 and was buried in Metairie Cemetery, New Orleans. Richard Taylor was the only son of Margaret Mackall Smith and President Zachary Taylor. His sister Sarah Knox Taylor was the first wife of Jefferson Davis for three months until her death in 1835. Another sister, Mary Elizabeth Bliss who had married William Wallace Smith Bliss in 1848, served as her father's White House hostess. … Read More
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