Riek Machar

South Sudanese Politician
Born 1953

Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon, is the first vice president of the independent Republic of South Sudan. Machar obtained a PhD in mechanical engineering in 1984 and then joined the rebel Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) during the Second Sudanese Civil War (1983–2005). Riek fell out with the SPLM/A leader John Garang in 1991 and formed a splinter group, the SPLM/A-Nasir.… Read More

related links

News + Updates

Browse recent news and stories about Riek Machar.


Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Riek Machar.


1953 Birth Born in 1953.


Machar obtained a PhD in strategic planning in 1984 and then joined the rebel Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) during the Second Sudanese Civil War (1983–2005). … Read More
1986 33 Years Old As Zonal Commander of Western Upper Nile, in 1986 he entered into an agreement with Baggara chiefs. Machar led forces that attacked and overran Melut in 1989. … Read More
1991 38 Years Old …  Although seeking independence for South Sudan, the group received covert support from the Government of Sudan as it fought the SPLA between 1991 and 1999 in attacks that became increasingly violent and ethnically motivated. … Read More


1993 40 Years Old In September 1993, President Daniel Arap Moi of Kenya held separate talks with Garang and Riek Machar.
2000 47 Years Old …  In 2000 at a meeting of leaders in Koch he finally resigned from the government of Sudan and created a fresh militia named the Sudan People's Defense Forces/Democratic Front (SPDF). … Read More
2002 49 Years Old In January 2002 he signed an agreement with John Garang to merge the SPDF into the SPLA, and was given command of the Dok Nuer within the SPLA. … Read More


2005 52 Years Old After the death of John Garang in July 2005, Riek Machar became vice-president of the autonomous Southern Sudan.
He became vice-president of South Sudan on 9 July 2011 when the country became independent, but was dismissed from office by President Salva Kiir Mayardit on 23 July 2016.
2012 59 Years Old In 2012, he publicly apologized for his part in the Bor massacre as he prepared to pave way for taking the helm of SPLM. … Read More


2013 60 Years Old Following the independence of South Sudan, Machar was the vice president of the country. By February 2013 Machar publicly stated his intentions to challenge President Kiir. In July 2013, he, and the entire cabinet, was dismissed from office. … Read More
2016 63 Years Old 1 More Event
In April 2016, as part of the peace deal, Machar returned to Juba and was sworn in as vice-president.
Original Authors of this text are noted on
Text is made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.