Riek Machar
South Sudanese politician
Riek Machar
Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon, is the first vice president of the independent Republic of South Sudan. Machar obtained a PhD in mechanical engineering in 1984 and then joined the rebel Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) during the Second Sudanese Civil War (1983–2005). Riek fell out with the SPLM/A leader John Garang in 1991 and formed a splinter group, the SPLM/A-Nasir.
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Riek Machar's personal information overview.
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In Famine-Hit South Sudan, Women And Children Eat Water Lilies To Survive
Huffington Post - 26 days
function onPlayerReadyVidible(e){'undefined'!=typeof HPTrack&&HPTrack.Vid.Vidible_track(e)}!function(e,i){if(e.vdb_Player){if('object'==typeof commercial_video){var a='',o='m.fwsitesection='+commercial_video.site_and_category;if(a+=o,commercial_video['package']){var c='&m.fwkeyvalues=sponsorship%3D'+commercial_video['package'];a+=c}e.setAttribute('vdb_params',a)}i(e.vdb_Player)}else{var t=arguments.callee;setTimeout(function(){t(e,i)},0)}}(document.getElementById('vidible_1'),onPlayerReadyVidible);   THONYOR, South Sudan, Feb 26 (Reuters) - Like thousands of other South Sudanese families caught up in famine, Sara Dit and her 10 children are hiding from marauding gunmen in the swamps and islands of the river Nile. The refuge has a steep price: families cannot farm crops or earn money to buy food. They eat water lily roots and the occasional fish. Dit’s family members have not eaten for days. Last week the United Nations declared that parts of ...
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Huffington Post article
UN: No justice in South Sudan after July rapes, killings
Yahoo News - 2 months
By Magdalena Mis LONDON (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - The United Nations rebuked South Sudan on Monday for failing to pursue justice after grave human rights abuses -- including killings and gang rapes -- were committed during an explosion of violence in the capital Juba in July. Forces loyal to South Sudan's President Salva Kiir and Vice President Riek Machar engaged in five days of street battles with anti-aircraft guns, attack helicopters and tanks. The U.N. Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) and the U.N. Human Rights Office said it documented 217 cases of rape, including gang rape, committed by the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA), the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army in Opposition (SPLM/A-IO) and other armed groups from July 8 to 25.
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South Sudan: Juba May Renegotiate Peace Agreement - AllAfrica.com
Google News - 3 months
Washington Post South Sudan: Juba May Renegotiate Peace Agreement AllAfrica.com The August 2015 South Sudan Peace Agreement may be headed for re-negotiation as the country marks three years of civil war. President Salva Kiir and his nemesis Dr Riek Machar continue to trade blame for who is responsible for the collapse of the ... I must inform SA on movements, says South Sudan rebel leader MacharNews24 Mass atrocities feared in South Sudan as ethnic violence is stoked by hungerThe Guardian U.S. presses Japan to back South Sudan arms embargo despite fears of backlash against peacekeepersThe Japan Times Daily Maverick -Sudan Tribune -South Sudan News Agency -ABC News all 95 news articles »
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Google News article
South Sudan rebel leader: Must inform S. Africa on movements
Fox News - 3 months
South Sudan rebel leader Riek Machar says he cannot leave his home in South Africa without first informing South African authorities.
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Fox News article
Kiir calls for 'national dialogue' to end South Sudan war
Yahoo News - 3 months
President Salva Kiir called Wednesday for a "national dialogue" to end the three-year-long civil war in South Sudan. In a speech to parliament, Kiir, whose wrangling for power with his former deputy Riek Machar plunged the world's newest nation into a brutal, destructive and ongoing civil war in December 2013, said the dialogue would "consolidate peace" in South Sudan. Kiir said a panel of "eminent personalities and people of consensus" would guide the national dialogue which would involve "all the people of South Sudan" but did not say who the panel members would be.
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Yahoo News article
Exclusive: South Africa holds South Sudan rebel Machar as 'guest'
Yahoo News - 3 months
By Ed Cropley JOHANNESBURG (Reuters) - South Sudanese rebel leader Riek Machar, who fled to Democratic Republic of Congo in August after fierce fighting, is being held in South Africa to stop him stirring up trouble, diplomatic and political sources said on Tuesday. Removing Machar from circulation would be a blow to his rebel SPLA-IO faction in its three-year war with President Salva Kiir's mainstream SPLA, and could sway a conflict the United Nations fears is tilting towards genocide. ...
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Yahoo News article
United States Nation-Building in South Sudan: A Foreign Policy of Ignorant Arrogance
Huffington Post - 4 months
On November 17, 2016, the United States Ambassador to the United Nations, Samantha Power, declared that she would soon introduce a resolution in the Security Council to impose an arms embargo on South Sudan; and, to place travel restrictions and freeze the assets of certain persons deemed responsible for the grisly violence convulsing the new nation. South Sudan was midwifed by the United States from Sudan five years ago. The United Nations special advisor on the prevention of genocide, Adama Dieng, after a recent visit to South Sudan, discerned the "potential for genocide." United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon warned in a report that United Nations peacekeepers deployed to South Sudan could not diminish "a very real risk of mass atrocities. Thereby hangs another tale of the United States foreign policy of ignorant arrogance in nation-building. It is a task for political geniuses, who can be counted on one hand with fingers left over. Republics cannot be summon ...
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Huffington Post article
US seeks sanctions against South Sudan rebel leader, army chief - News24
Google News - 4 months
News24 US seeks sanctions against South Sudan rebel leader, army chief News24 New York - The United States on Friday proposed that South Sudan's rebel leader Riek Machar as well as the army chief and information minister face UN sanctions for their role fueling violence in the war-torn country. The names of Machar, President ... US seeks sanctions on South Sudan rebel leader, army chiefHerald-Whig UN “deeply alarmed” over escalation of ethnic violence in S. SudanSudan Tribune South Sudan beefs up security amid mounting tensionSouth Sudan News Agency Citizen TV (press release) all 32 news articles »
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Kenya deports South Sudan rebel leader's spokesman
Yahoo News - 5 months
Kenya has deported the spokesman of South Sudan's rebel chief Riek Machar, officials said Friday, despite rebels' warning that forcibly returning him to the war-wracked country puts his life in danger. Senior rebel official Nyarji Roman said James Gatdet Dak had been arrested at his Nairobi home on Wednesday and taken to the airport 24 hours later. Machar telephoned Kenya's deputy president, William Ruto, in a bid to halt Gatdet's deportation on the grounds of "profound fear for his life" but the spokesman was sent back anyway, Roman said.
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Yahoo News article
Child soldiers freed in South Sudan but recruitment heats up: UNICEF
Yahoo News - 5 months
By Katy Migiro NAIROBI (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Armed groups in South Sudan released 145 children on Tuesday, the U.N. children's agency (UNICEF) said, calling on warring parties to stop recruiting child soldiers as the world's youngest nation teeters on the brink of renewed civil war. The children were released by the rebel SPLA-In-Opposition, led by former Vice-President Riek Machar, and the Cobra Faction, which signed a peace deal with the government in 2014. "Our priority is to get them into school and to provide services to communities so the children are able to see a more promising future," UNICEF's South Sudan representative, Mahimbo Mdoe, said in a statement.
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Yahoo News article
South Sudan rebel leader says he could return next month
Yahoo News - 5 months
JOHANNESBURG (AP) — South Sudan rebel leader Riek Machar says he could return to the country as early as next month, even if he has to enter the way he fled — on foot.
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Yahoo News article
Week of violence in South Sudan kills 60, government says
Yahoo News - 5 months
By Denis Dumo JUBA (Reuters) - Fighting in South Sudan killed at least 60 people this week, the military said on Friday, stoking fears the region could plunge back into full-scale war. Army spokesman Lul Ruai Koang accused the rebels of "burning civilians, maiming women and child abductions and setting ablaze properties." Armed men loyal to former Vice President Riek Machar killed 11 government soldiers and 28 civilians from Saturday to Thursday, Koang said in a press statement. South Sudan, the world's youngest nation, sank into civil war in 2013 after President Salva Kiir, an ethnic Dinka, sacked Machar, a Nuer, from his position as vice president.
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Yahoo News article
South Sudan rebel chief urges armed resistance to government
Fox News - 6 months
South Sudan's opposition leader Riek Machar and officials loyal to him are calling for an armed resistance to the government.
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Fox News article
Hillary Clinton's Enthusiasm for Regime Change Wars
Huffington Post - 6 months
Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton champions wars to effectuate regime change. Their immorality, illegality, and stupidity do not diminish Ms. Clinton's enthusiasm for treating independent nations as serfs of the United States. As First Lady, she warmly supported the Iraq Liberation Act of 1998, which made it the policy of the Unites States to overthrow Iraqi President Saddam Hussein. As United States Senator, she invoked the 1998 policy in voting for the 2002 Authorization to Use Military Force Against Iraq. Saddam's successors proved a cure worse than the disease. Shiite dominated governments allied with Iran, oppressed Sunnis, Kurds, and Turkmen, and created a power vacuum that gave birth to the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS). Our national security has been weakened. As Secretary of State in 2011, Ms. Clinton vocally supported the war against Libya to overthrow Muammar Gaddafi on the heels of his abandonment of weapons of mass destruction. She boaste ...
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Huffington Post article
South Sudan officials get rich from brutal war: report
Yahoo News - 6 months
South Sudan's devastating civil war has enriched senior officials directing the conflict, including the president and his main rival, a report charged Monday. "Top officials ultimately responsible for mass atrocities in South Sudan have at the same time managed to accumulate fortunes, despite modest government salaries," said the report, commissioned by the Hollywood actor and activist George Clooney. The brutal war -- which broke out in December 2013 when President Salva Kiir accused his former deputy Riek Machar of plotting a coup -- has claimed tens of thousands of lives and forced many times that number to flee their homes.
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UN panel blames South Sudan leaders for Juba violence
Yahoo News - 7 months
A UN panel of experts has concluded that heavy fighting that engulfed South Sudan's capital Juba in July, forcing vice president and ex-rebel leader Riek Machar to flee, was "directed by the highest level" of the country's military. The confidential report seen by AFP on Thursday points the finger at President Salva Kiir and army chief of staff Paul Malong as having ordered the large-scale attacks that began on July 8. "The relatively large scale of the hostilities which featured the deployment of MI-24 attack helicopters, in coordination with ground forces, reinforced by armed units, support the conclusion that the fighting was directed by the highest level of the SPLA command structure," said the report.
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Yahoo News article
Machar should not return to previous position in South Sudan: U.S. official
Yahoo News - 7 months
By Patricia Zengerle WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The United States does not believe South Sudan's former Deputy President Riek Machar should return to his former position in its government, given continuing instability in the country, Washington's special envoy for South Sudan said on Wednesday. Nearly three years ago political rivalry between South Sudanese President Salva Kiir, an ethnic Dinka, and his former deputy Machar, a Nuer, sparked a civil war that has often followed ethnic lines. The pair signed a shaky peace deal a year ago but fighting continues, including attacks on South Sudanese and foreign civilians.
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South Sudan opposition leader has left country to escape govt forces: spok... - Reuters
Google News - 7 months
Reuters South Sudan opposition leader has left country to escape govt forces: spok... Reuters South Sudan's former First Vice President Riek Machar (L), flanked by South Sudan President Salva Kiir (C) and other government officials, addresses a news conference at the Presidential State House in Juba, South Sudan, July 8, 2016. South Sudan's former vice president flees the countryWashington Post Kenya, Uganda Lose US$12 Million as South Sudan Inflation Hits 600%AllAfrica.com Ex-VP leaves S.Sudan for 'safe' countryDaily Mail VVdailypress.com -FRANCE 24 -New York Times -Business Insider all 82 news articles »
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Riek Machar
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 2016
    Age 63
    Machar fled the capital after renewed fighting between the Kiir loyalists and his own loyalists Juba in July 2016.
    More Details Hide Details After a 48-hour ultimatum given by the president to him for returning to Juba to progress with the peace agreement talks passed, the SPLA-IO in Juba appointed lead negotiator Taban Deng Gai to replace Machar and the government accepted him as acting vice-president. Machar said any talks would be illegal because he had fired Gai. Sources
    In April 2016, as part of the peace deal, Machar returned to Juba and was sworn in as vice-president.
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  • 2013
    Age 60
    Following the independence of South Sudan, Machar was the vice president of the country. By February 2013 Machar publicly stated his intentions to challenge President Kiir. In July 2013, he, and the entire cabinet, was dismissed from office.
    More Details Hide Details Machar said that Kiir's move was a step towards dictatorship. These events in turn led to the South Sudanese Civil War.
  • FIFTIES
  • 2012
    Age 59
    In 2012, he publicly apologized for his part in the Bor massacre as he prepared to pave way for taking the helm of SPLM.
    More Details Hide Details Machar already known for his high degree of political and leadership ambition has revived links with the Government of Sudan in Khartoum for the purpose of receiving adequate resource and political support to achieve his political objectives. British monitors have confirmed the delivery of several payloads of heavy military hardware to Machar's loyalists. The presence of specific military equipment (Norinco weaponry) is attributed almost exclusively to Khartoum's support lines. Approximately 40,000 automatic rifles, 5,000 RPG units and some 5,000 heavy machine guns of various designations alongside truckloads of ammunition have been logged at border crossings and along the northern perimeter of South Sudan. In late August 2015, a peace agreement was signed between the government and Machar's rebels. The agreement would make Riek Machar the vice-president again.
  • 2011
    Age 58
    On 15 July 2011 Machar represented South Sudan at the ceremony when his country's flag was raised outside United Nations headquarters in New York.
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    When South Sudan became independent, in July 2011 he was appointed first Vice President of the new republic.
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    He became vice-president of South Sudan on 9 July 2011 when the country became independent, but was dismissed from office by President Salva Kiir Mayardit on 23 July 2016.
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  • 2005
    Age 52
    After the death of John Garang in July 2005, Riek Machar became vice-president of the autonomous Southern Sudan.
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  • FORTIES
  • 2002
    Age 49
    In January 2002 he signed an agreement with John Garang to merge the SPDF into the SPLA, and was given command of the Dok Nuer within the SPLA.
    More Details Hide Details The civil war ended in January 2005. In August Machar became Vice President of the Government of Southern Sudan and SPLM Co-Chair of the Joint Executive Political Committee.
  • 2000
    Age 47
    In 2000 at a meeting of leaders in Koch he finally resigned from the government of Sudan and created a fresh militia named the Sudan People's Defense Forces/Democratic Front (SPDF).
    More Details Hide Details At risk in his own homeland of the Dok Nuer, Riek moved his base of operations to the eastern Jikany area.
  • 1993
    Age 40
    In September 1993, President Daniel Arap Moi of Kenya held separate talks with Garang and Riek Machar.
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  • THIRTIES
  • 1991
    Age 38
    Although seeking independence for South Sudan, the group received covert support from the Government of Sudan as it fought the SPLA between 1991 and 1999 in attacks that became increasingly violent and ethnically motivated.
    More Details Hide Details Early in 1995 hostilities between the SSIM and SPLA, which had taken several thousands of civilian lives, were temporarily suspended. Machar dismissed Kerubino Kuanyin and Commander William Nyuon Bany from the SSIM on the basis that they had signed military and political agreements with the government of Sudan late in the previous year, and that they had attempted to form a government-supported faction in the SSIM. During the 1990s Machar skillfully developed support among the eastern Nuer, the Jikany and the Lou, taking advantage of SPLA unpopularity with the Jikany and drawing on prophetic tradition to make his case. In 1996 Machar signed a Political Charter and in 1997 the Khartoum Peace Agreement with the government. Under this agreement he was assistant to Omar el-Bashir, President of Sudan, and President of the Southern States Coordinating Council. He was also made commander in chief of the South Sudan Defense Force (SSDF), which included most of the ex-rebels who had signed the Khartoum agreement.
  • 1986
    Age 33
    As Zonal Commander of Western Upper Nile, in 1986 he entered into an agreement with Baggara chiefs. Machar led forces that attacked and overran Melut in 1989.
    More Details Hide Details That year he was able to visit his family, which was based in Britain, for the first time since the civil war started. In 1990 Machar was based at Leer. Later he was appointed SPLA Regional Commander for a region that extended from the Ethiopian border in the east to Renk in the north and to Ayod and Waat in the south. Machar disagreed with the SPLA leader John Garang over objectives. Where John Garang at first wanted a secular and democratic but united Sudan in which the southerners would have full representation, Machar wanted a fully independent South Sudan. In August 1991 Riek Machar, Lam Akol and Gordon Kong announced that John Garang had been ejected from the SPLM. Kong Chuol is from the Eastern Jikany Nuer and Lam Akol is from the Shilluk people. The breakaway faction, based in Nasir until 1995 and then in Waat and Ayod, was called the SPLM/A-Nasir faction from 1991 to 1993. As part of SPLA-Nasir, he was involved in the Bor massacre, where 2000 mostly civilians were killed in Bor in 1991 while tens of thousands died in the following years from the resulting famine. The Bul Nuer Anyanya-2 militia at Mayom under Paulino Matip and the Lou Nuer Anyanya-2 militia at Doleib Hill under Yohannes Yual declared for Riek.
  • 1984
    Age 31
    Machar was a rebel leader with the Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLM/A) headed by John Garang from 1984 until he fell out with Garang in 1991.
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    He trained as an engineer at Khartoum University, and obtained a PhD in Philosophy and strategic planning from the University of Bradford in 1984.
    More Details Hide Details Machar has been called a tuut dhoali/Doth in English, which may be translated "adult boy", meaning uninitiated and literate. He has tried to transcend tribal divisions, and at one time attempted to ban initiation marks. However, in his struggle with John Garang he exploited ethnic rivalries between the Nuer and Dinka people. Machar married Emma McCune, a British aid worker. She died in a car accident in Nairobi in 1993 at the age of 29, while pregnant. Machar's second wife, Angelina Teny, is one of the leading women politicians in South Sudan. She was state minister of Energy and Mining in the transitional government (2005–2010).
    Machar obtained a PhD in strategic planning in 1984 and then joined the rebel Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) during the Second Sudanese Civil War (1983–2005).
    More Details Hide Details Riek fell out with the SPLM/A leader John Garang in 1991 and formed a splinter group, the SPLM/A-Nasir. In 1997 Riek made a treaty with the Government of Sudan and became head of the government-backed South Sudan Defense Force (SSDF). In 2000 he left the SSDF and formed a new militia, the Sudan People's Defense Forces/Democratic Front (SPDF), and in 2002 rejoined the SPLA as a senior commander.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1953
    Age 0
    Born in 1953.
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Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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