Robert Peel

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Sir Robert Peel, 2nd Baronet was a British Conservative statesman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 10 December 1834 to 8 April 1835, and again from 30 August 1841 to 29 June 1846. While Home Secretary, Peel helped create the modern concept of the police force, leading to officers being known as "bobbies" (in England) and "Peelers" (in Ireland).… Read More

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1788 Birth Born in 1788.


1809 - 1810 2 More Events
1813 25 Years Old As Chief Secretary in Dublin in 1813, he proposed the setting up of a specialist police force, later called "Peelers".
1814 26 Years Old In 1814 the Royal Irish Constabulary was founded under Peel. … Read More
1817 29 Years Old He also changed constituency twice: first picking up another constituency, Chippenham, then becoming MP for Oxford University in 1817. … Read More


1820 32 Years Old Peel married Julia, youngest daughter of General Sir John Floyd, 1st Baronet, in 1820. … Read More
1822 34 Years Old Peel was considered one of the rising stars of the Tory party, first entering the cabinet in 1822 as Home Secretary. … Read More


1829 41 Years Old It was in 1829 that Peel established the Metropolitan Police Force for London based at Scotland Yard. … Read More
1830 42 Years Old The Middle and Working Classes in England at that time, however, were clamoring for reform, and Catholic Emancipation was only one of the ideas in the air. The Tory ministry refused to bend on other issues and were swept out of office in 1830 in favor of the Whigs. … Read More
1835 47 Years Old This new Tory Ministry was a minority government, however, and depended on Whig goodwill for its continued existence. As his statement of policy at the general election of January 1835, Peel issued the Tamworth Manifesto. … Read More


1839 51 Years Old In May 1839, he was offered another chance to form a government, this time by the new monarch, Queen Victoria. … Read More
1841 53 Years Old Peel finally had a chance to head a majority government following the election of July 1841. … Read More
1843 55 Years Old In 1843 Peel was the target of a failed assassination attempt; a criminally-insane Scottish woodsman named Daniel M'Naghten stalked him for several days before accidentally killing Peel's personal secretary Edward Drummond instead. … Read More
1844 56 Years Old 1 More Event
The historian Boyd Hilton argues Peel knew from 1844 he was going to be deposed as Conservative leader—many of his MPs had taken to voting against him and the rupture within the party between liberals and paternalist which had been so damaging in the 1820s, but masked by the issue of reform in the 1830s was brought to the surface over the Corn Laws. … Read More
1846 58 Years Old Following this, on 29 June 1846, Peel resigned as Prime Minister. … Read More


1849 61 Years Old He did retain a hard core of supporters however, known as Peelites, and at one point in 1849 was actively courted by the Whig/Radical coalition. … Read More
1850 62 Years Old 1 More Event
Peel was a member of the committee which controlled the House of Commons Library, and on 16 April 1850 was responsible for passing the motion that controlled its scope and collection policy for the rest of the century.
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