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Robert Schumann

Composer + Pianist
Born Jun 8, 1810

Robert Schumann, sometimes known as Robert Alexander Schumann, was a German composer, aesthete and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest and most representative composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law to return to music, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. He had been assured by his teacher Friedrich Wieck that he could become the finest pianist in Europe, but a hand injury ended this dream.… Read More

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Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Robert Schumann.


1810 Birth Born in 1810.


1826 16 Years Old 1 More Event
His most powerful and permanent literary inspiration was Jean Paul Friedrich Richter, known simply as Jean Paul, a German writer whose influence is seen in Schumann's youthful novels Juniusabende, completed in 1826, and Selene. … Read More
1828 18 Years Old In 1828 Schumann left school, and after a tour during which he met Heinrich Heine in Munich, he went to Leipzig to study law (to meet the terms of his inheritance).
1829 19 Years Old In 1829 his law studies continued in Heidelberg, where he became a lifelong member of Corps Saxo-Borussia Heidelberg. (See also: Corps)


1830 - 1831 2 More Events
1832 22 Years Old 1 More Event
…  In a letter from Leipzig dated April 1832, Schumann bids his brothers "read the last scene in Jean Paul's Flegeljahre as soon as possible, because the Papillons are intended as a musical representation of that masquerade."
1833 23 Years Old The 1833 deaths of Schumann's brother Julius and his sister-in-law Rosalie in the worldwide cholera pandemic brought on a severe depressive episode.
1834 24 Years Old 1 More Event
By spring 1834, Schumann had sufficiently recovered to inaugurate Die Neue Zeitschrift für Musik ("New Journal for Music"), first published on 3 April 1834. … Read More
1835 25 Years Old On 3 October 1835, Schumann met Felix Mendelssohn at Wieck's house in Leipzig, and his enthusiastic appreciation of that artist was shown with the same generous freedom that distinguished his acknowledgement of Chopin's greatness and most of his other colleagues, and which later prompted him to publicly pronounce the then-unknown Johannes Brahms a genius.
1837 27 Years Old 1 More Event
Despite the opposition of Clara's father, she and Robert continued a clandestine relationship which matured into a full-blown romance. In 1837, he asked her father's consent to their marriage, but was refused. … Read More


In 1840, Schumann married Friedrich Wieck's daughter Clara, against the wishes of her father, following a long and acrimonious legal battle, which found in favor of Clara and Robert. … Read More
1841 - 1844 4 More Events
1845 35 Years Old Also published in 1845 was his Piano Concerto in A minor, Op. 54, originally conceived and performed as a one-movement Fantasy for Piano and Orchestra in 1841. … Read More
1846 36 Years Old In 1846, he felt he had recovered.
1847 37 Years Old In the winter, the Schumanns revisited Vienna, traveling to Prague and Berlin in the spring of 1847 and in the summer to Zwickau, where he was received with enthusiasm. … Read More
1848 38 Years Old His only opera, Genoveva, Op. 81, was written in 1848. … Read More
The music to Byron's Manfred was written in 1849, the overture of which is one of Schumann's most frequently performed orchestral works. … Read More


1850 40 Years Old 1 More Event
From 1850 to 1854, Schumann composed in a wide variety of genres. … Read More
1851 41 Years Old 1 More Event
From 1851 to 1853 he visited Switzerland, Belgium and Leipzig.
1853 43 Years Old On 30 September 1853, the 20-year-old composer Johannes Brahms arrived unannounced on the door of the Schumanns carrying a letter of introduction from violinist Joseph Joachim. (Schumann was not at home, and would not meet Brahms until the next day.) Brahms amazed Clara and Robert with his music, stayed with them for several weeks, and became a close family friend. (He later worked closely with Clara to popularize Schumann's compositions during her long widowhood.) … Read More
After a suicide attempt in 1854, Schumann was admitted to a mental asylum, at his own request, in Endenich near Bonn.
Diagnosed with "psychotic melancholia", Schumann died two years later in 1856 without having recovered from his mental illness. … Read More
Original Authors of this text are noted on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Schumann.
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