Robert Brown
Scottish botanist
Robert Brown
Robert Brown FRSE FRS FLS MWS was a Scottish botanist and palaeobotanist who made important contributions to botany largely through his pioneering use of the microscope.
Robert Brown's personal information overview.
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Covington defeats Higgins at home - News Banner
Google News - over 5 years
Covington received the opening kickoff and drove 61 yards on nine plays capped off by a play action pass from McDowell to junior running back Robert Brown who clipped the end zone pylon for Covington's first score. Ridge Buisson added the extra point
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Warranty deed transfers from Aug. 15-19: - Ocala
Google News - over 5 years
Robert Brown to Wolfgang Dieter Schuele. Leeward Air Ranch: $275000. Federal National Mortgage Assoc. to Stuart Cuthbert. Marion Oaks: $69400. Paige Ann Rosen to Dennis Verdiguel. Marion Oaks: $75000. Stanley Carroll to Luz Febus Baez
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BRAC is here - WRBL
Google News - over 5 years
Fort Benning's Commanding General Robert Brown said the Army post has met its BRAC goals. MG Brown said, “That spirit of maneuver and infantry and armor together is back. Today is the official date that we had to be ready and we are
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New Canaan man missing - WTNH
Google News - over 5 years
Robert Brown was last seen Monday morning wearing a tee shirt with khaki shorts and sneakers. This picture on the left isn't so clear, but Brown is described as 6' tall with blue eyes and brown hair. Police say he may get on a Metro-North train
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Lauren Kennedy, Tituss Burgess and More Sing Songs of Georgia Stitt and Jason ... -
Google News - over 5 years
These Two: Songs of Happiness, Heartbreak, and Hope, a one-night-only concert featuring the music of Georgia Stitt and Jason Robert Brown, will be held Sept. 12 at the Triad to benefit Broadway Cares/Equity Fights Aids
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Robert Brown - Heber Springs Sun-Times
Google News - over 5 years
By Staff reports Robert Brown of Texas, formerly of Heber Springs and Oxford, England, died September 5, 2011. He was born in Glasgow, Scotland on July 26, 1942. He is survived by his wife Carol; two children, Julie and Duncan of England;
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Sarah Swanson, Robert Brown Jr.
NYTimes - over 5 years
Sarah Rebecca Swanson and Dr. Robert Stephen Brown Jr. are to be married Sunday at the Brasstown Valley Resort and Spa in Young Harris, Ga. Stone Zvi Altman, the leader of Mountain Synagogue in Franklin, N.C., is to perform a traditional Jewish ceremony. The bride, 32, is an aesthetician and owns a skin-care business in New York that bears her
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Sarah Swanson, Robert Brown Jr. - New York Times
Google News - over 5 years
The bride's previous marriage ended in divorce, as did the bridegroom's. A version of this article appeared in print on September 4, 2011, on page ST16 of the New York edition with the headline: Sarah Swanson, Robert Brown Jr
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Maj. Gen. Robert Brown pays tribute to victims of 9/11 - Columbus Ledger-Enquirer
Google News - over 5 years
Robert Brown recognized the 2937 victims of the 9/11 terrorist attacks today and the selfless service of a former Fort Benning soldier who saved thousands. “It is a special event celebrating soldiers graduating and marking the 10 years since 9/11,”
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Marlo Hunter, Ted Slevin
NYTimes - over 5 years
Marlo Taryn Hunter, the daughter of Nancy J. Hunter and Brian A. Hunter of Boston, was married Thursday evening to Ted Bennet Slevin, a son of Debbie J. Slevin and Jeffrey D. Slevin of Fort Lee, N.J. The bridegroom's father, who became a Universal Life minister for the occasion, officiated at the Manhattan Penthouse, an event space, in Manhattan.
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District Court: Registered Sex Offender Waives Hearing -
Google News - over 5 years
Robert Brown, 41, is charged with a single count of failing to comply with registration of sexual offenders requirements. The Allegheny County Sheriff's Department said it began conducting a compliance check on Brown on July 26
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Mayweather / Pacquiao: Fact or Fiction -
Google News - over 5 years
By Robert Brown: Floyd “Maywearther” is currently preparing to face vicious “Victor Ortiz” on September 17th at the MGM Grand Arena. When the boxing world heard this news a sudden wave of optimism passed through the entire community in anticipation of
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Jason Robert Brown's Parade Begins Limited Engagement at London's Vault ... -
Google News - over 5 years
Parade, the acclaimed Broadway musical by Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright Alfred Uhry and award-winning composer Jason Robert Brown, makes its way back to London for a six-week engagement at Southwark Playhouse's Vault Theatre
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Neptune City Day 5K 2011 Results - Atlantic Highlands Herald
Google News - over 5 years
Pat Ford, 51, of Neptune City was the one to break the finish-line tape held by the town's Mayor Robert Brown and hometowner Laura Brown (no relation to the mayor) located on Riverview Avenue at Memorial/Municipal/Beach Park, at a racing time of 17:26
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Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Robert Brown
  • 1858
    Age 84
    Brown died at 17 Dean Street, Soho Square in London, on 10 June 1858.
    More Details Hide Details He was buried in Kensal Green Cemetery in London. Brown's name is commemorated in the Australia herb genus Brunonia as well as numerous Australian species such as Eucalyptus brownii, Banksia brownii and the moss Brown's Tetrodontium Moss (Tetrodontium brownianum), a species which he discovered growing at Roslin near Edinburgh whilst still a student. The plant can still be found at the site of its discovery. Passing through the suburb of Kingston, south of Hobart, Tasmania, formerly Van Diemen's Land, is Brown's River, named in his honor, upon the banks of which, he collected botanical samples. In South Australia, Mount Brown and Point Brown (near Smoky Bay) were named for him by Flinders during the Investigator expedition. Mount Brown in British Columbia, Canada is named for him. In 1938 the London County Council commemorated Brown, as well as botanists Joseph Banks and David Don, and meetings of the Linnean Society, with a rectangular stone plaque at 32 Soho Square.
  • 1849
    Age 75
    He served as President of the Linnean Society from 1849 to 1853.
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  • 1837
    Age 63
    After the division of the Natural History Department of the British Museum into three sections in 1837, Robert Brown became the first Keeper of the Botanical Department, remaining so until his death.
    More Details Hide Details He was succeeded by John Joseph Bennett.
  • 1831
    Age 57
    In a paper read to the Linnean society in 1831 and published in 1833, Brown named the cell nucleus.
    More Details Hide Details The nucleus had been observed before, perhaps as early as 1682 by the Dutch microscopist Leeuwenhoek, and Franz Bauer had noted and drawn it as a regular feature of plant cells in 1802, but it was Brown who gave it the name it bears to this day (while giving credit to Bauer's drawings). Neither Bauer nor Brown thought the nucleus to be universal, and Brown thought it to be primarily confined to Monocotyledons.
  • 1827
    Age 53
    In 1827 he became correspondent of the Royal Institute of the Netherlands, three years later he became associated member.
    More Details Hide Details When the institute became the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1851 Brown joined as foreign member.
  • 1822
    Age 48
    In 1822, he was elected a Fellow of the Linnean Society and a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
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  • 1818
    Age 44
    In 1818 he published Observations, systematical and geographical, on the herbarium collected by Professor Christian Smith, in the vicinity of the Congo.
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  • 1810
    Age 36
    In 1810, he published the results of his collecting in his famous Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae et Insulae Van Diemen, the first systematic account of the Australian flora.
    More Details Hide Details That year, he succeeded Jonas C. Dryander as Sir Joseph Banks' librarian, and on Banks' death in 1820 Brown inherited his library and herbarium. This was transferred to the British Museum in 1827, and Brown was appointed Keeper of the Banksian Botanical Collection.
  • 1809
    Age 35
    In early 1809 he read his paper called On the natural order of plants called Proteaceae to the Linnean Society of London.
    More Details Hide Details This was subsequently published in March 1810 as On the Proteaceae of Jussieu. It is significant for its contribution to the systematics of Proteaceae, and to the floristics of Australia, and also for its application of palynology to systematics. This work was extensively plagiarised by Richard Anthony Salisbury, who had memorised much of the Linnean reading and then inserted it in Joseph Knight's 1809 publication On the cultivation of the plants belonging to the natural order of Proteeae.
  • 1805
    Age 31
    Brown remained in Australia until May 1805.
    More Details Hide Details He then returned to Britain where he spent the next five years working on the material he had gathered. He published numerous species descriptions; in Western Australia alone he is the author of nearly 1200 species. The list of major Australian genera that he named includes: Livistona, Triodia, Eriachne, Caladenia, Isolepis, Prasophyllum, Pterostylis, Patersonia, Conostylis, Thysanotus, Pityrodia, Hemigenia, Lechenaultia, Eremophila, Logania, Dryandra, Isopogon, Grevillea, Petrophile, Telopea, Leptomeria, Gastrolobium, Jacksonia, Leucopogon, Stenopetalum, Ptilotus, Sclerolaena and Rhagodia.
  • 1800
    Age 26
    Brown was told to expect to sail at the end of 1800, only a few weeks after being offered the position.
    More Details Hide Details A succession of delays meant the voyage did not get under way until July 1801. Brown spent much of the meantime preparing for the voyage by studying Banks' Australian plant specimens and copying out notes and descriptions for use on the voyage. Though Brown's brief was collect scientific specimens of all sorts, he was told to give priority to plants, insects, and birds, and to treat other fields, such as geology, as secondary pursuits. In addition to Brown, the scientific staff comprised the renowned botanical illustrator Ferdinand Bauer; the gardener Peter Good, whose task was to collect live plants and viable seed for the use of Kew Gardens; the miner John Allen, appointed as mineralogist; the landscape artist William Westall; and the astronomer John Crosley, who would fall ill on the voyage out and leave the ship at the Cape of Good Hope. Brown was given authority over Bauer and Good, both of whom were instructed to give any specimens that might collect to Brown, rather than forming separate collections. Both men would provide enthusiastic and hard-working companions for Brown, and thus Brown's specimen collections contain material collected by all three men.
    Banks approved Flinders' proposal, and in December 1800 wrote to Brown offering him the position of naturalist to the expedition.
    More Details Hide Details Brown accepted immediately.
  • 1798
    Age 24
    In 1798, Brown heard that Mungo Park had withdrawn from a proposed expedition into the interior of New Holland (now Australia), leaving a vacancy for a naturalist.
    More Details Hide Details At Brown's request, Correia wrote to Sir Joseph Banks, suggesting Brown as a suitable replacement: He was not selected, and the expedition did not end up going ahead as originally proposed, though George Caley was sent to New South Wales as a botanical collector for Banks. In 1800, however, Matthew Flinders put to Banks a proposal for an expedition that would answer the question whether New Holland was one island or several.
  • 1796
    Age 22
    During this period Brown was especially interested in cryptogams, and these would be the subject of Brown's first, albeit unattributed, publication. Brown began a correspondence with James Dickson, and by 1796 was sending him specimens and descriptions of mosses.
    More Details Hide Details Dickson incorporated Brown's descriptions into his Fasciculi plantarum cryptogamicarum britanniae, with Brown's permission but without any attribution. By 1800, Brown was firmly established amongst Irish botanists, and was corresponding with a number of British and foreign botanists, including Withering, Dickson, James Edward Smith and José Correia da Serra. He had been nominated to the Linnean Society of London; had contributed to Dickson's Fasciculi; was acknowledged in a number of other works; and had had a species of algae, Conferva brownii (now Aegagropila linnaei) named after him by Lewis Weston Dillwyn. He had also begun experimenting with microscopy. However as an army surgeon stationed in Ireland there seemed little prospect of him attracting the notice of those who could offer him a career in botany.
  • 1795
    Age 21
    In June 1795 he was appointed Surgeon's Mate.
    More Details Hide Details His regiment saw very little action, however, he had a good deal of leisure time, almost all of which he spent on botany. He was frustrated by his itinerant lifestyle, which prevented him from building his personal library and specimen collection as he would have liked, and cut him off from the most important herbaria and libraries.
  • 1794
    Age 20
    Late in 1794, he enlisted in the Fifeshire Fencibles, and his regiment was posted to Ireland shortly after.
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  • 1793
    Age 19
    Brown dropped out of his medical course in 1793.
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  • 1792
    Age 18
    Highlights for Brown during this period include his discovery of a new species of grass, Alopecurus alpinus; and his first botanical paper, "The botanical history of Angus", read to the Edinburgh Natural History Society in January 1792, but not published in print in Brown's lifetime.
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  • 1790
    Age 16
    As a child Brown attended the local Grammar School (now called Montrose Academy), then Marischal College at Aberdeen, but withdrew in his fourth year when the family moved to Edinburgh in 1790.
    More Details Hide Details His father died late the following year. Brown enrolled to study medicine at the University of Edinburgh, but developed an interest in botany, and ended up spending more of his time on the latter than the former. He attended the lectures of John Walker; made botanical expeditions into the Scottish Highlands, alone or with nurserymen such as George Don; and wrote out meticulous botanical descriptions of the plants he collected. He also began corresponding with and collecting for William Withering, one of the foremost British botanists of his day.
  • 1788
    Age 14
    He was the son of James Brown, a minister in the Scottish Episcopal Church with Jacobite convictions so strong that in 1788 he defied his church's decision to give allegiance to George III.
    More Details Hide Details His mother was Helen née Taylor, the daughter of a Presbyterian minister.
  • 1773
    Brown was born in Montrose on 21 December 1773.
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Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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