Robert Spencer Robinson
Royal Navy admiral
Robert Spencer Robinson
Admiral Sir Robert Spencer Robinson KCB was a British Naval officer, who served as two five-year terms as Controller of the Navy from February 1861 to February 1871, and was therefore responsible for the procurement of warships at a time when the Royal Navy was changing over from unarmoured wooden ships to ironclads. As a result of the Captain disaster, Robinson was not given a third term as Controller.
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Robert Spencer Robinson's personal information overview.
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Lining up for defense jobs - Charlotte Observer
Google News - over 5 years
Nash and Robert Robinson of Kings Mountain fill out job applications at a job fair at the Kings Mountain Family YMCA. It was organized to find workers for positions with Ultra Armoring, an armored vehicle maker
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Michael Halliday and Declan O'Hara challenge for the ball at Seaview - BBC Sport
Google News - over 5 years
David McMaster picked up the rebound but his shot was saved by Robert Robinson. After Halliday's goal, Gareth McKeown saw his shot saved by Robinson and the DC keeper also produced a fine stop to deny Chris Morrow's 20-yard shot as the Crues dominated
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Robert Robinson Joins Guthrie's THE BURIAL AT THEBES 9/24-11/6 - Broadway World
Google News - over 5 years
Heralded Minnesota master male vocalist RoBert Robinson (Vocalist) joins the commanding company of actors, which will feature Lee Mark Nelson (Chorus), Richard Ooms (Chorus), T. Mychael Rambo (Chorus), Brian Sostek (Guard), Prentiss Standridge (Ismene)
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Inept Glentoran leave Young in turmoil - Belfast Telegraph
Google News - over 5 years
Defensively they were excellent — sparked by a stunning second-half save by veteran Robert Robinson from Darren Boyce, which lifted the entire team — and, if they can continue to turn in displays like that every week, then there will be ambitions a
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Gavit tandem propels team to opening win - nwitimes.com
Google News - over 5 years
They were the Hammond High backfield duo that left a huge wreckage on the opposition almost every week in 2007 under then-coach Robert Robinson. Robinson, in his first year as Gavit's head coach, might have another pair that resembles the elusive
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Mark Lazerus: New coach, new outlook at Gavit - Post-Tribune
Google News - over 5 years
Lisa Schreiber/Post-Tribune Hammond High School football coach of the year Robert Robinson at the school inHammond Friday, November 30, 2007. This is my sixth season covering
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Robert Robinson dead: Daily Mail legend Ann Leslie pays tribute to veteran ... - Daily Mail
Google News - over 5 years
... I rarely listened to or watched his quiz shows — Ask The Family, Brain Of Britain and Call My Bluff — I felt obscurely hurt on his behalf when the TV news announced at the weekend that my old friend and colleague Robert Robinson had died, aged 83
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Robert Robinson: tributes are paid to doyen of the quiz show - The Guardian
Google News - over 5 years
Robert Robinson, who has died aged 83, was the host on radio's Brain of Britain and TV's Ask the Family. Photograph: Dezo Hoffmann/Rex Features Admiring colleagues and nostalgic fans have paid tribute to Robert Robinson, the veteran journalist and quiz ... - -
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Womens Basketball Unveils 2011-12 Schedule - KRIS Corpus Christi News
Google News - over 5 years
"Overall we are pretty pleased with our schedule," said head coach Robert Robinson. "We have more home games this year and a lot less travel. It is going to be competitive, the first three are pretty tough, but we have a chance to be pretty successful
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Roselette Robinson Hickman - Corning Leader
Google News - over 5 years
By Anonymous Living parent mother Eloise Chapin & father predeceased Clayton Robinson Sr, siblings Robert Robinson, Kathy Wright, Rosa Alumbaugh, Juanita Dobkins, Rena Snyder, Raymond Robinson, Forest Robinson rip, Clayton Jr Robinson rip,
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Arrest Report: Assault With Weapon, DWI - Patch.com
Google News - over 5 years
Robert Robinson, of Patchogue, was arrested in Medford on July 17 and charged with aggravated driving while intoxicated with an alcohol level of .18 of 1 percent with no prior incidents on record. For questions about this blotter,
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St. Lawrence County man arrested for assaulting his son - YNN
Google News - over 5 years
State Police say Robert Robinson, 23, of Antwerp, rinjured his six-month-old son Wednesday while placing him in a playpen. As a result, the child now has a spiral fracture in his right leg. Robinson has been charged with second degree assault and
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Student stole £3000 worth of whisky - Banffshire Journal
Google News - over 5 years
Robert Robinson (25), of 21 Crammond Terrace, Banff was caught red-handed with two bottles of whisky, valued at £340 and £250. However, he did not benefit financially from his thefts, Banff Sheriff Court heard. The court heard that Robinson had started
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St. Lucie County felony arrests: July 13, 2011 - TCPalm
Google News - over 5 years
Robert Robinson, 35, 1800 block of South 30th Street, Fort Pierce, cocaine possession, marijuana possession under 20 grams. Stanley Rider, 38, 3200 block of South US 1, Fort Pierce, grand theft auto. Stephen Keaveney, 50, 1200 block of Boston Avenue,
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Robinson is ready for Celtic fight - Belfast Telegraph
Google News - over 5 years
Former Linfield goalkeeper Robert Robinson will return to the Irish Premiership next season after signing for Donegal Celtic. The Belfast man, who won countless honours with the Blues, thought his Irish League career had ended when he was forced to
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Re-enactment of Battle of Huck's Defeat set - The Herald | HeraldOnline.com
Google News - over 5 years
Information: Robert Robinson at 803-328-8759 or Lucille Robinson Hooper at 803-789-5335. The Davis-Thompson Family Reunion and Group bus trip to Orlando, Fla., will be July 27-31. About 20 seats are available for anyone who wants to travel with the
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Robert Spencer Robinson
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 1889
    Age 80
    Robinson died at his residence 61 Eaton Place, London on 27 July 1889, and is buried in Kensal Green Cemetery.
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  • 1873
    Age 64
    In 1873 he stood as independent Liberal critic of Gladstone's naval policy at the Hull by-election, without success.
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  • 1871
    Age 62
    In 1871 he wrote "Results of Admiralty Organisation as Established by Sir James Graham and Mr Childers".
    More Details Hide Details The New York Times published the following on 13 September 1871: "The entire ship-building interest of Hull, England, is reported to have been purchased by a Company, of who the leading officers are Vice-Admiral Robert Spencer Robinson and Naval Constructor Reid sic."
    He was promoted to Admiral on 14 July 1871.
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    Robinson was put on the retirement list on 1 April 1871.
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    Robinson's second five-year term as Controller came to an end on 9 February 1871.
    More Details Hide Details He was not appointed to a third term because the Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone decided against it, in the light of the loss of the Captain, for which Robinson was quite unfairly blamed by the First Lord of the Admiralty, Hugh Childers. Robinson's replacement as Third Naval Lord and Controller was Captain Robert Hall.
  • 1870
    Age 61
    When Robinson's subordinate, the Chief Constructor, Edward James Reed resigned in July 1870, Robinson described this as a national disaster.
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  • FIFTIES
  • 1868
    Age 59
    On 18 December 1868, Vice-Admiral Robinson was appointed Third Naval Lord.
    More Details Hide Details The new First Lord of the Admiralty, Hugh Culling Eardley Childers "initiated a determined programme of cost and manpower reductions, fully backed by the Prime Minister, Gladstone described him Childers as 'a man likely to scan with a rigid eye the civil expenses of the Naval Service'. He got the naval estimates just below the psychologically important figure of £10,000,000. Childers strengthened his own position as First Lord by reducing the role of the Board of Admiralty to a purely formal one, making meetings rare and short and confining the Naval Lords rigidly to the administrative functions... Initially Childers had the support of the influential Controller of the Navy, Vice-Admiral Sir Robert Spencer Robinson." The earliest French ironclads were wooden-hulled—though fully armoured, unlike HMS Warrior for example—and there was the likelihood of hull-rot. But by the time these vessels were in anything like real danger (as late as 1877 they were still reported as perfectly sea-going) technology had already made both their 4.75-inch-thick iron armour plating and their capacity for mounting the latest heavy guns (over 30 tons each) hopelessly obsolete. Warrior, with her fine iron hull by contrast, remained afloat, also obsolete and largely out of the picture. The French were the first to introduce steel hull-construction, in 1876. The British Admiralty followed suit years later. Technology remained a double-edged sword for both Britain and France in this period.
  • 1867
    Age 58
    In late 1867, for instance, he wrote that a 'comparison was made between the armoured ships of England and those of France; it was pointed out the autumn of 1866 that, on the whole we were manifestly inferior in the number of our ironclads to that Power, taking into account those that were building...
    More Details Hide Details The inferiority in the number of ironclad ships, which existed in 1866 still exists in 1867.' Robert Spencer Robinson counted thirty-nice English ironclads to forty-six French." "At no time after 1865 was Britain's lead in completed ironclads endangered. Robert Spencer Robinson his colleagues Milne and Corry thus serves as wonderful examples of what defence analyst Edward Luttwak has termed 'amoral navalism'; professionals agitating for the enlargement of the force at their disposal without regard for either the constraints imposed by politics and foreign policy (or any other factors for that matter), or the actual menace posed by rival forces." While Robinson and other prominent Board members did worry about Britain's real 'supremacy' at sea, at least in terms of ironclads afloat and the power of the guns they carried, there is no actual evidence to support Beeler's theory that they were somehow putting on a show for gullible members of Parliament (including those with naval experience themselves). Problems with ironclad construction, arguments over design in everything from turrets to plating schemes to ordnance, and rising costs were real. The fact remained that other powers were investing in both sea-going ironclads and coastal defence measures, which increasingly put the British Royal Navy under pressure to remain at par, let alone 'undisputed', at sea—and certainly not indomitable against a rival maritime power's own coastline.
  • 1866
    Age 57
    In urging the construction of several such vessels in 1866, Vice-Admiral Sir Robert Spencer Robinson, stated that they were 'intended either for coast defences, or the attack of shipping in an enemy harbour.'
    More Details Hide Details This was never systematically codified as anything like a 'strategy' in the modern sense of the word, and indeed for every blazing reference to 'assaulting an enemy's coast' in British newspapers, many more authorities expressed their professional doubts. In short, the Royal Navy never really developed an alternative strategy to the close blockade, an alternative built round destroying enemy vessels before they could utilize their ability to evade blockaders. The 'coast defence' battleships, along with the gun- and later torpedo boats were, in the words of Lambert, 'the cutting edge of British strategy, their function... to destroy fleets sheltering inside their bases " But a plan was never actually formulated (the closet being the disastrous Dardanelles campaign in the First World War) and coastal defence counter-measures—iron-plated granite forts mounting the heaviest ordnance possible, mines, and obstructions--'counter deterred' much more effectively, cheaply and reliably.
    Robinson was promoted to vice admiral on 2 April 1866.
    More Details Hide Details He was appointed Knight Commander of the Bath, on the civil list on 7 December 1868, and Fellow of the Royal Society on 3 June 1869. One of the types vessels Robinson had built when he was Controller were "shallow-draft ironclads which were passed off as 'coast defence vessels' but which were... viewed by their designers at the Admiralty as offensive weapons, specifically intended for attacking coastal fortifications and naval arsenals.
  • 1861
    Age 52
    The royal dockyards were a byword for inefficiency, under siege and the subject of an inquiry by a royal commission, with Robinson as secretary, when he was appointed Controller in 1861.
    More Details Hide Details Arguing that the dockyards were great manufacturing establishments and should be, but were not, managed according to the principles followed by successful manufacturers, he drew up a brilliant, but radical and therefore controversial, plan of dockyard reorganisation. This the First Lord of the Admiralty H.C.E. Childers (1868–71) carried out, although not completely or altogether faithfully, in 1869-70. Much was still unsettled when Childers suffered a nervous breakdown, from overwork and grief over the loss of his son in the Captain disaster (1870), for which he blamed Robinson and Robinson’s protégé the Chief Constructor Edward Reed, and resigned, leaving the Admiralty in disarray. Parliamentary inquiries over several years following Childers’s resignation led either to modification or repeal of certain of the reforms. All were, however, ultimately vindicated. (J.M. Haas, A Management Odyssey: The Royal Dockyards, 1714-1914 University Press of America, 1994) jpp. 97–99, 119-28.
  • 1860
    Age 51
    Robinson was promoted to rear admiral on 9 June 1860. On 7 Feb 1861 Rear Admiral Sir Baldwin Wake Walker resigned as Controller of the Navy.
    More Details Hide Details Rear Admiral Robinson was appointed to replace him. As Controller, "Rear Admiral Robert Spencer Robinson... was an iron-willed administrator for an ironclad age. Bitterly dissatisfied with the private contractors as well as dockyard obfuscation, Robinson steadily applied pressure on the Board for greater control and greater centralisation, not just in the hands of Their Lordships, but more his own. It was the only way to directly insure the work would be completed as required. In the person of Chief Constructor, Edward J. Reed, the Controller was able to combine the new architecture of naval power with its execution.'" Robinson is chiefly important for his remarkable career as Controller of the Navy (1861–71).
  • FORTIES
  • 1856
    Age 47
    On 25 August 1856, Robinson was appointed Superintendent of the Steam Reserve at Devonport, flying his flag in the 60-gun screw 'blockship' Ajax. from 1 February 1858 until May 1859, he was captain of the 90-gun screw-two-decker Exmouth guard ship of ordinary, Devonport.
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    On 13 February 1856, Robinson was appointed captain of the 102-gun screw three-decker Royal George, which was one of the ships that transported the British Army back from the Crimea after the conclusion of the campaign there.
    More Details Hide Details The Royal George paid off at Sheerness on 28 August 1856.
    Robinson left Colossus on 24 January 1856.
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  • 1854
    Age 45
    On 15 June 1854, Robinson commissioned the new 80-gun screw two-decker Colossus at Portsmouth.
    More Details Hide Details Colossus served on the North America and West Indies station in 1854, and then in 1855 in the Baltic during what is now called the Crimean War.
  • 1850
    Age 41
    On 15 February 1850, Robinson was appointed as captain of the 46-gun screw-frigate Arrogant in the Channel Fleet off Lison, where he replaced Captain Robert Fitzroy.
    More Details Hide Details Arrogant paid off at Portsmouth on 26 September 1852.
  • THIRTIES
  • 1847
    Age 38
    In 1847, he wrote "Observations on the Steam Ships of the Royal Navy".
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  • 1841
    Age 32
    On 10 May 1841 he married Clementina, daughter of Admiral Sir John Louis.
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  • 1840
    Age 31
    Robinson was promoted to captain on 5 November 1840; a replacement for Robinson as captain of Hydra was appointed on 26 December 1840.
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    Under Robinson Hydra took part in Commodore Charles Napier's attack on Sidon in September 1840.
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    A replacement for Robinson as captain of the Phoenix was appointed on 1 March 1840.
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  • 1839
    Age 30
    On 20 July 1839 he was appointed captain of the 6-gun paddle-sloop Phoenix, serving in the Mediterranean.
    More Details Hide Details However the captain of the 4-gun paddle-sloop Hydra, Commander Anthony William Milward died, and Robinson was appointed to Hydra (also serving in the Mediterranean).
    In April 1839, he completed a book: The Nautical Steam Engine Explained, and Its Powers and Capabilities Described for the Officers of the Navy and Others Interested in the Important Results of Steam Navigation.
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  • TWENTIES
  • 1838
    Age 29
    On 28 June 1838 he was promoted to commander.
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  • 1837
    Age 28
    On 26 September 1837, he was appointed to the 28-gun frigate Tyne, which had been commissioned on 5 September 1837 by Captain John Townshend, and was also serving in Mediterranean.
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  • 1836
    Age 27
    In 1836 he was appointed to the 84-gun two-decker Asia.
    More Details Hide Details Asia was commissioned on 18 March 1836 by Captain William Fisher, and served in the Mediterranean.
  • 1830
    Age 21
    He was promoted to lieutenant on 27 September 1830, and from 5 May 1831 until 1834 served as lieutenant in the 50-gun razee frigate Dublin, commanded by Lord James Townshend.
    More Details Hide Details Dublin was flagship on the South America station.
  • TEENAGE
  • 1821
    Age 12
    Robinson entered the Navy on 6 December 1821.
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  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1809
    Age 0
    Born in 1809.
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Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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