Maratha Ruler
Born May 14, 1657

Sambhaji Bhonsle was the eldest son and successor of Chhatrapati (sovereign) Shivaji, the founder of the Maratha Empire and his first wife Saibai. Sambhaji's rule was largely shaped by the ongoing wars between the Maratha kingdom and the Mughal Empire, as well as other neighbouring powers such as the Siddis, Mysore and the Portuguese in Goa. Sambhaji was captured, tortured, and executed by the Mughals, and succeeded by his brother Rajaram.… Read More

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Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Sambhaji.


1657 Birth Born on May 14, 1657.
1665 8 Years Old At the age of nine, Sambhaji was sent to live with Raja Jai Singh of Amber, as a political hostage to ensure compliance of the Treaty of Purandar that Shivaji had signed with the Mughals on 11 June 1665. … Read More
1666 9 Years Old He and his father Shivaji presented themselves at Aurangzeb's court at Agra on 12 May 1666. … Read More


1678 21 Years Old 1 More Event
Sambhaji's behaviour, including alleged irresponsibility and "addiction to sensual pleasures" led Shivaji to imprison his son at Panhala fort in 1678 to curb his behaviour.
When Shivaji died in the first week of April 1680, Sambhaji was still held captive in Panhala fort.
1682 25 Years Old 1 More Event
At the start of 1682, a Maratha army, later joined by Sambhaji personally, attacked the island for thirty days, doing heavy damage but failing to breach its defenses. … Read More
1683 26 Years Old The Portuguese colony of Goa at that time provided supplies to the Mughals, allowed them to use the Portuguese ports in India and pass through their territory. In order to deny this support to the Mughals, Sambhaji undertook a campaign against Portuguese Goa in late 1683 storming the colony and taking its forts, while local Goans uprose against the Europeans. … Read More
1684 27 Years Old 1 More Event
Sambhaji's Goa campaign was checked by the arrival of the Mughal army and navy in January 1684, forcing him to withdraw.
1686 29 Years Old In response, Sambhaji invaded Mysore in 1686, accompanied by his Brahmin friend and poet Kavi Kalash. … Read More


Sambhaji and 25 of his advisors were captured by the Mughal forces of Muqarrab Khan in a skirmish at Sangameshwar in February 1689. … Read More
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