Samora Machel

President of Mozambique
Born Sep 29, 1933

Samora Moisés Machel was a Mozambican military commander, revolutionary socialist leader and eventual President of Mozambique. Machel led the country from independence in 1975 until his death in 1986, when his presidential aircraft crashed in mountainous terrain where the borders of Mozambique, Swaziland and South Africa converge.… Read More

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1933 Birth Born on September 29, 1933.
1940 6 Years Old However, Machel's father was a successful farmer: he owned four plows and 400 head of cattle by 1940. … Read More
1942 8 Years Old In 1942, he was sent to school in the town of Zonguene in Gaza Province. … Read More


1954 20 Years Old Machel started to study nursing in the capital city of Lourenço Marques (today Maputo), beginning in 1954. … Read More
1963 29 Years Old …  She gave birth to their daughter Ornila in February 1963, three weeks before Machel left Mozambique to join Frelimo. … Read More


1964 30 Years Old …  After FRELIMO launched the independence war, on September 25, 1964, Machel soon became a key commander, making his name in particular in the grueling conditions of the eastern area of the vast and sparsely populated province of Niassa.
1966 32 Years Old He rapidly rose up the ranks of the guerrilla army, the FPLM, and became the head of the army after the death of its first commander, Filipe Samuel Magaia, in October 1966. Frelimo’s founder and first president, Eduardo Mondlane, was assassinated by a parcel bomb on February 3, 1969. … Read More
1969 35 Years Old She and Machel were married at Tunduru in southern Tanzania in May 1969. … Read More
1970 36 Years Old 1 More Event
This led to Simango's expulsion from the liberation front, and the election, in 1970, of Machel as Frelimo President, with dos Santos as Deputy President. … Read More


1974 40 Years Old On April 25, 1974, Portuguese officers, tired of fighting three unwinnable wars in Africa, overthrew the government in Lisbon. … Read More
…  A socialist in the tradition of Marxism-Leninism, he served as the first President of Mozambique from the country's independence in 1975.
1976 42 Years Old …  In March 1976, Machel’s government implemented United Nations sanctions against the Smith government, and closed the borders with Rhodesia. … Read More
1980 46 Years Old Machel was fully aware of the dangerous ethnic divisions in Zimbabwe, with ZANU drawing most of its support from the Shona majority, and ZAPU from the minority Ndebele people. On his first state visit to Zimbabwe, in 1980, Machel gave a warning: "To ensure national unity, there must be no Shonas in Zimbabwe, there must be no Ndebeles in Zimbabwe, there must be Zimbabweans. … Read More
1981 47 Years Old He returned to visit Reggio Emilia in 1981. … Read More


1986 52 Years Old 1 More Event
On October 19, 1986, Machel attended a summit in Mbala, Zambia, called to put pressure on Zairean dictator Mobutu Sese Seko, over his support for the Angolan opposition movement UNITA. … Read More
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