Sophia Magdalena of Denmark

Sophia Magdalena of Denmark

Swedish Queen
Born Jul 3, 1746

Sofia Magdalena of Denmark and Norway was a Queen consort of Sweden as the spouse of Gustav III of Sweden. She was the eldest surviving child of King Frederick V of Denmark and Norway and Louise of Great Britain.

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Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Sophia Magdalena of Denmark.


1746 Birth Born on July 3, 1746.
1747 Birth She was the heir presumptive to the throne of Denmark from the death of her elder brother in 1747 until the birth of her second brother in 1749, and retained her status as next in line to the Danish throne after her brother until her marriage. … Read More
1751 5 Years Old In the spring of 1751, at the age of five, she was betrothed to Gustav, the heir apparent to the throne of Sweden, and she was brought up to be the Queen of Sweden. … Read More


1766 20 Years Old 1 More Event
On 1 October 1766, Sophia Magdalena was married to Gustav by proxy at Christiansborg Palace in Copenhagen with her brother Frederick as representative of her groom. … Read More
1770 24 Years Old This she did not do until 1770, and his demand contributed to their tense and distant relationship. In 1768, Charlotta Sparre tried to reconcile the couple at their summer residence Ekolsund Castle, but the marriage remained unconsummated. … Read More
The coronation of Gustav III and Sophia Magdalena took place on 29 May 1772.
1774 28 Years Old In 1774, the King arranged the marriage between his brother, the future Charles XIII of Sweden and Hedwig Elizabeth Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp to solve, for the time being, the immediate question of an heir to the throne. … Read More
1775 29 Years Old …  Their marriage was not consummated until 1775, nine years after the wedding. … Read More


1778 32 Years Old 1 More Event
In 1778, Sofia Magdalena gave birth to Gustav Adolf, successor to the throne, and in 1782, she gave birth to a second son, Charles Gustav, who only lived for one year. … Read More
1782 36 Years Old In 1782, Sophia Magdalena had a second son.
1783 37 Years Old After the death of her younger son in 1783, her marriage deteriorated.
1784 38 Years Old 1 More Event
In 1784, after the King had returned from his trip to Italy and France, the relationship between the King and Queen soured. … Read More


1787 41 Years Old 1 More Event
A brief reconciliation in 1787 was deemed by Duchess Hedwig Elizabeth Charlotte in her diaries as temporary, with no hope of being complete and lasting, as the King was not "receptive to female charm": another insinuation that he was homosexual.
1792 46 Years Old At the death of Gustav III 29 March 1792, she attempted to visit him, but she was blocked by her brother-in-law Duke Charles, who fell on his knees before her to stop her from entering the bed room. … Read More


1797 51 Years Old In 1797, she insisted on skipping the protocol at the reception of her daughter-in-law, Frederica of Baden. … Read More


1809 - 1810 2 More Events
1811 65 Years Old In 1811, she was one of few in the Swedish Court who were nice to Désirée Clary.
1812 66 Years Old 1 More Event
In September 1812, Germaine de Staël was presented to her, and gave her impression of her: "Her Majesty analyzed my books as an educated woman, whose judgement showed as much thoroughness as well as delicate feeling. … Read More
1813 67 Years Old 1 More Event
She never fully recovered after having suffered a stroke in May 1813. … Read More
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