Soraya Esfandiary-Bakhtiari
Persian queen consort
Soraya Esfandiary-Bakhtiari
Princess Soraya of Iran was the second wife and Queen Consort of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the late Shah of Iran.
Biography
Soraya Esfandiary-Bakhtiari's personal information overview.
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News
News abour Soraya Esfandiary-Bakhtiari from around the web
The precious jewels of Iran's 'sad-eyed' princess
CNN - 8 days
Soraya Esfandiary Bakhtiari never imagined that one day she would marry Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, and that she would reign over her country, Iran. She was queen for seven years, from 1951 to 1958.
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CNN article
ASCOLTI TV 12 AGOSTO 2011/ Vince Soraya su So che ritornerai. Molto bene Ncis ... - Il Sussidiario.net
Google News - over 5 years
Su Rai Uno è andata in onda, in replica la fiction Soraya, che racconta appunto la vita di Soraya Esfandiary Bakhtiari, interpretata da Anna Valle, con protagonista Michele Placido, storia di un amore difficile, ostacolato da ragioni di stato e di
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Google News article
“Soraya”: in replica il 12 Agosto su RaiUno in un'unica puntata - Teleblog (Blog)
Google News - over 5 years
La fiction, una co-produzione Lux Vide, Rai Fiction, Rai Trade, EOS Production e Pampa Production, per la regia di Lodovico Gasparini, narra la vita di Soraya Esfandiary Bakhtiari, sposa ripudiata dello Scià di Persia, famosa come la “Principessa
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Google News article
Az első és utolsó nyugatnémet playboy - Origo
Google News - almost 6 years
Sachsot sem kellett azonban félteni, Bardot előtt viszonya volt Soraya Esfandiary-Bakhtiari perzsa hercegnővel, Reza Pahlavi iráni sah korábbi feleségével - amelyből kis híján házasság lett, legalábbis a német Spiegel magazin korabeli tudósítása
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Google News article
Playboy-ul Germaniei sa sinucis - Adevărul
Google News - almost 6 years
Prima cucerire care la adus în atenţia tabloidelor a fost Soraya Esfandiary-Bakhtiari, fosta soţie a ultimului şah al Iranului, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. Prima sa soţie, Anne-Marie Faure, a murit în timpul unei operaţii, din cauza unei anestezii greşite
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Google News article
Duitse playboy Gunther Sachs pleegt zelfmoord - Het Laatste Nieuws
Google News - almost 6 years
Sachs had ook enige tijd een relatie met de Iraanse ex-koningin Soraya Esfandiary-Bakhtiari. Sinds 1969 was hij getrouwd met het Zweedse fotomodel Mirja Larsson. Met zijn geld bouwde Sachs een grote kunstverzameling op, die de afgelopen jaren de wereld
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Google News article
Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Soraya Esfandiary-Bakhtiari
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 2001
    Age 68
    The newspaper also published an article in 2001 which suggested, without proof, that Princess Soraya and her brother had been murdered.
    More Details Hide Details The former queen's belongings were sold at auction in Paris in 2002, for more than $8.3 million. Her Dior wedding dress brought $1.2 million. Though her husband's title, shahanshah (King of Kings), is the equivalent of emperor, it was not until 1967 that a complementary feminine title, shahbanu or shahbanou (equivalent of empress), was created to designate the consort of a shah. Farah Pahlavi was the only woman to have this title. Until then, wives of shahs (including Soraya) bore the title Malake (which is comparable with that of queen), though in the popular press they frequently and incorrectly were called "empress". Upon the divorce, Soraya ceased being a queen, but a day later she was granted the personal style and title Her Imperial Highness Princess Soraya of Iran. Princess Soraya wrote two memoirs. The first, published in 1964 and published in the United States by Doubleday, was Princess Soraya: Autobiography of Her Imperial Highness. A decade before her death, she and a collaborator, Louis Valentin, wrote another memoir in French, Le Palais des Solitudes (Paris: France Loisirs/Michel Laffon, 1991), which was translated into English as Palace of Solitude (London: Quartet Books Ltd, 1992); ISBN 0-7043-7020-4.
  • FIFTIES
  • 1991
    Age 58
    After Indovina's death in a plane crash, she spent the remainder of her life in Europe, succumbing to depression, which she outlined in her 1991 memoir, Le Palais Des Solitudes (The Palace of Loneliness).
    More Details Hide Details During her last years Princess Soraya lived in Paris on 46 avenue Montaigne. She occasionally attended social events like the parties given by the Duchess de La Rochefoucauld. Her friend and event organizer Massimo Gargia tried to cheer her up and make her meet young people. Princess Soraya was a regular client of the hairdresser Alexandre Zouari. She also enjoyed going to the bar and the lobby of the Hotel Plaza Athénée located opposite her apartment. She was often accompanied by her former lady-in-waiting and loyal friend Madame Chamrizad Firouzabadian. Another friend was the Parisian socialite, Lily Claire Sarran. Princess Soraya did not communicate with the Shah's third wife Farah Diba, even when both of them lived in Paris.
  • THIRTIES
  • 1965
    Age 32
    She also appeared as a character named Soraya in the 1965 movie She.
    More Details Hide Details
    Instead, she starred in the 1965 movie I tre volti (The Three Faces) and became the companion of its Italian director, Franco Indovina (1932–72).
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  • TWENTIES
  • 1958
    Age 25
    On 21 March 1958, the Iranian New Year's Day, a weeping Shah announced his divorce to the Iranian people in a speech that was broadcast on radio and television; he said that he would not remarry in haste. The headline-making divorce inspired French writer Françoise Mallet-Joris to write a hit pop song, Je veux pleurer comme Soraya (I Want to Cry Like Soraya). The marriage was officially ended on 6 April 1958.
    More Details Hide Details According to a report in The New York Times, extensive negotiations had preceded the divorce in order to convince Queen Soraya to allow her husband to take a second wife. The Queen, however, citing what she called the "sanctity of marriage", decided that "she could not accept the idea of sharing her husband's love with another woman." In a statement issued to the Iranian people from her parents' home in Germany, Soraya said, "Since His Imperial Majesty Mohammad Reza sic Shah Pahlavi has deemed it necessary that a successor to the throne must be of direct descent in the male line from generation to generation to generation, I will with my deepest regret in the interest of the future of the State and of the welfare of the people in accordance with the desire of His Majesty the Emperor sacrifice my own happiness, and I will declare my consent to a separation from His Imperial Majesty."
    She left Iran in February and eventually went to her parents' home in Cologne, Germany, where the Shah sent his wife's uncle, Senator Sardar Assad in early March 1958, in a failed attempt to convince her to return to Iran.
    More Details Hide Details On 10 March, a council of advisors met with the Shah to discuss the situation of the troubled marriage and the lack of an heir. Four days later, it was announced that the imperial couple would divorce. It was, the 25-year-old queen said, "a sacrifice of my own happiness". She later told reporters that her husband had no choice but to divorce her.
    Though the wedding took place during a heavy snow, deemed a good omen, the imperial couple's marriage had disintegrated by early 1958 owing to Soraya's apparent infertility.
    More Details Hide Details She had sought treatment in Switzerland and France, and in St. Louis with Dr. William Masters. The Shah suggested that he take a second wife in order to produce an heir, but she rejected that option.
  • TEENAGE
  • 1951
    Age 18
    Soraya married the Shah at Marble Palace, Tehran, on 12 February 1951. Originally the couple had planned to wed on 27 December 1950, but the ceremony was postponed due to the bride being ill.
    More Details Hide Details Though the Shah announced that guests should donate money to a special charity for the Iranian poor, among the wedding gifts were a mink coat and a desk set with black diamonds sent by Joseph Stalin; a Steuben glass Bowl of Legends designed by Sidney Waugh and sent by U.S. President and Mrs. Truman; and silver Georgian candlesticks from King George VI and Queen Elizabeth. The 2,000 guests included Aga Khan III. The ceremony was decorated with 1.5 tonnes of orchids, tulips and carnations, sent by plane from the Netherlands. Entertainment included an equestrian circus from Rome. The bride wore a silver lamé gown studded with pearls and trimmed with marabou stork feathers, designed for the occasion by Christian Dior. She also wore a full-length female white-mink cape. Following the marriage, Soraya headed the charity association in Iran.
  • 1948
    Age 15
    In 1948, Soraya was introduced to the recently divorced Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, by Forough Zafar Bakhtiary, a close relative of Soraya's, via a photograph taken by Goodarz Bakhtiary, in London, per Forough Zafar's request.
    More Details Hide Details At the time Soraya had completed high school at a Swiss finishing school and was studying the English language in London. They were soon engaged: the Shah gave her a 22.37 carat (4.474 g) diamond engagement ring.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1932
    Born
    She was born in the English Missionary Hospital in Isfahan (Farsan) on 22 June 1932.
    More Details Hide Details She had one sibling, a younger brother, Bijan. Her family had long been involved in the Iranian government and diplomatic corps. An uncle, Sardar Assad, was a leader in the Iranian constitutional movement of the early 20th century. Soraya was raised in Berlin and Isfahan, and educated in London and Switzerland.
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