Stokely Carmichael

Born Jun 29, 1941

Stokely Carmichael was a Trinidadian-American black activist active in the 1960s American Civil Rights Movement. He rose to prominence first as a leader of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC, pronounced "snick") and later as the "Honorary Prime Minister" of the Black Panther Party. Initially an integrationist, Carmichael later became affiliated with black nationalist and Pan-Africanist movements.… Read More

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Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Stokely Carmichael.


1941 Birth Born on June 29, 1941.


1952 11 Years Old Born in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago, Stokely Carmichael attended Tranquility School there before moving to Harlem, in New York, in 1952 at the age of 11, to rejoin his parents who had emigrated to the US when he was age two, leaving him with his grandmother and two aunts. … Read More
1960 19 Years Old After graduation in 1960, Carmichael enrolled at Howard University, a historically black university in Washington, D.C.. … Read More


In his first year at the university, in 1961, he participated in the Freedom Rides of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) to desegregate the bus station restaurants along U.S. Route 40 between Baltimore and Washington, D.C. and was frequently arrested, spending time in jail. … Read More
In a 1964 interview with author Robert Penn Warren, Carmichael reflected on his motives for going on the rides, saying, … Read More
Instead he began exploring SNCC projects in Alabama in 1965.
In 1966, several LFCO candidates ran for office in the general election but failed to win. In 1970, the LCFO merged with the statewide Democratic Party, and former LCFO candidates won their first offices in the county.
For a time in 1967, Carmichael considered an alliance with Saul Alinsky's Industrial Areas Foundation, and generally supported IAF's work in Rochester and Buffalo's black communities. … Read More
Carmichael was present in Washington, D.C. the night after King's assassination in April 1968. … Read More


1971 30 Years Old Carmichael remained in Guinea after separation from the Black Panther Party. He continued to travel, write, and speak in support of international leftist movements. In 1971 he published his collected essays in a second book, Stokely Speaks: Black Power Back to Pan-Africanism. … Read More


1986 45 Years Old In 1986, two years after Sékou Touré's death in 1984, the military regime that took his place arrested Carmichael, for his past association with Touré, and jailed him for three days on suspicion of attempting to overthrow the government. … Read More


1996 55 Years Old After his diagnosis of prostate cancer in 1996, Ture was treated for a period in Cuba, while receiving some support from the Nation of Islam. … Read More
In 1998, he told the Washington Post that he thought the total was fewer than 36.
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