Talal bin Abdul-Aziz
Talal bin Abdul-Aziz
Prince Talal bin Abdul-Aziz, also called The Red Prince, is a senior member of the Saudi royal family, and has led the Arab Gulf Program For the United Nations Development (AGFUND) since 1986. He is a former ambassador to France. He served as Minister of Communications till 1955 before the Ministry was dissolved into the Ministry of Finance. Talal led the reformist Free Prince Movement from 1958-64. He is not a likely candidate to the succession to the Saudi throne.
Biography
Talal bin Abdul-Aziz's personal information overview.
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Timeline
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    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 2012
    Age 80
    His daughter Sara claimed political asylum in the United Kingdom over fears for her safety in Saudi Arabia on 7 July 2012.
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    In his June 2012 Al Quds Al Arabi interview, Prince Talal stated that the princes on the Allegiance Council were not consulted on the succession of Prince Salman and that the Council became ineffective.
    More Details Hide Details He also called for establishing a constitutional monarchy in Saudi Arabia.
    In April 2012, he said that the "hand of justice" should reach all the corrupt in Saudi Arabia, and called on the National Anti-Corruption Authority (NACA) to reach everyone, regardless of status.
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  • 2011
    Age 79
    He resigned from the Council in November 2011, apparently in protest of late Prince Nayef's appointment as Crown Prince.
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    Prince Nayef was in fact named crown prince in October 2011 following the death of his brother, Prince Sultan.
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  • 2009
    Age 77
    In March 2009, Prince Talal called on King Abdullah to clarify the appointment of Prince Nayef as Second Deputy Prime Minister.
    More Details Hide Details He publicly questioned whether this would make Prince Nayef the next crown prince.
  • 2007
    Age 75
    Prince Talal was a member of the Allegiance Council when the members were named in 2007.
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    In September 2007, he announced his desire to form a political party (illegal in Saudi Arabia) to advance his goal of liberalizing the country.
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  • THIRTIES
  • 1963
    Age 31
    On 8 September 1963, The Sunday Telegraph reported that Talal’s mother, Munaiyir, advised her son that he was behaving foolishly, while his younger sister Madawi kept asking him to return home.
    More Details Hide Details A few days later, Prince Talal returned to Saudi Arabia. King Faisal was reported not to forgive Prince Talal, but privately assured his mother that his assets would be unfrozen and that he could safely return home. After 9/11 attacks, Prince Talal challenged the “potentially very confusing” claim that rulers and religious scholars should jointly decide affairs of state.
  • 1962
    Age 30
    The marriage collapsed in 1962; they remained separated until their divorce in 1968.
    More Details Hide Details He later married Moudie bint Abdul Mohsen Alangary. She is the mother of Turki and Sara. They later divorced. Lastly, he is married to Magdah bint Turki Al Sudairi, daughter of Human Rights Commission President Turki bin Khaled Al Sudairi. He has fifteen children, nine sons and six daughters. His sons are Faisal (died 1991), Al Waleed, Khaled, Turki, Abdulaziz, Abdul Rahman, Mansour, Mohammed and Mashour. His daughters are Reema, Sara, Noura, Al Johara, Hebatallah and El Maha.
    Prince Talal adopted the name of the 'Free Princes' in Cairo on 19 August 1962, and broadcast his progressive views on the Voice of the Arabs from Cairo.
    More Details Hide Details Later, he and two of his brothers, Prince Abdul Mohsen and Prince Badr, and one of his cousins, Prince Saad, began to make statements on behalf of the Saudi Liberation Front. After four years, during which Faisal offered tremendous financial inducements to the Free Princes, the latter were again reconciled with the royal family. His return to Saudi Arabia and rehabilation was made possible through the mediation of his mother, Munaiyir. In exile, his own family did not support him and even criticised him due to his intensive sympathy with then Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser, Saudi Arabia’s foremost enemy.
    After his palaces were searched by the National Guard when Prince Talal was abroad, he held a press conference in Beirut on 15 August 1962.
    More Details Hide Details His statements led to a great stir, since he openly criticized and attacked to the Saudi regime. Therefore, his passport was withdrawn, his property confiscated, and some of his supporters in Saudi Arabia were arrested. Soon the Yemen war began and one week later four crews of Saudi Airlines defected to Egypt.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1961
    Age 29
    The other reason for the removal of Prince Talal is that he proposed in September 1961 to establish a constitution in Saudi Arabia.
    More Details Hide Details However, King Saud had no intention or plan to reform the political system. Therefore, he forced Prince Talal to resign from the cabinet.
    King Saud appointed Prince Talal in 1961.
    More Details Hide Details His tenure lasted until his initiation of the Free Princes Movement.
  • 1957
    Age 25
    He donated his own birthplace palace — Al-Zahra Palace in Taif — to for a school in 1957.
    More Details Hide Details His private hospital in Riyadh, established in 1956, gives 70% of its profits for free health care and 10% to children's health care. He then later donated the hospital to the government and is presently called King Abdul-Aziz University Hospital. Prince Talal is known to have wed four times. He first married Umm Faisal, who is the mother of Faisal. He later divorced her. His second wife was Muana Al Solh, the daughter of Riad Al Solh. She was Lebanese. Their children are Al Waleed, Khaled and Reema.
  • 1955
    Age 23
    The dispute ended when Prince Talal resigned in April 1955.
    More Details Hide Details Later, the Ministry of Communication was merged with the Ministry of Finance after Prince Talal's resignation. This avoided King Saud from the responsibility of choosing Talal's successor without causing friction in the royal family.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1931
    Born
    In 1931, Talal was born and named in honor of his late brother, following the Bedouin tradition.
    More Details Hide Details It is unknown when Abdulaziz divorced his fourth wife and formally wed Munaiyir. She is reported by her family to have remained illiterate all her life and convert to Islam. Munaiyir was regarded by British diplomats in Saudi Arabia as one of King Abdulaziz’s favourite wives. She was as known for her intelligence as for her beauty. Prince Talal is the full brother of Prince Nawwaf. During the reign of King Saud, Prince Nawwaf and he became bitter enemies, even to the point of contesting their inheritances. Prince Talal became one of the wealthiest young princes but his bureau suffered major corruption problems. Prince Talal was made Minister of Communications. Then, King Abdulaziz created the Ministry of Air Force to prevent all flight-related matters from his administration. Because Prince Talal and Prince Mishaal contended over who controlled the national airlines, Saudi Arabia was to have two separate fleets.
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