Thirumalai Nayak
Ruled Madurai between 1623 to 1659
Thirumalai Nayak
Thirumalai Nayak ruled Madurai between 1623 to 1659 CE. He was the most notable of the thirteen Madurai Nayak rulers in the 17th century. His contributions are found in the many splendid buildings and temples of Madurai. His kingdom was under constant threat from the armies of Delhi Sultanate and the other neighbouring Muslim kingdoms, which he managed to repulse successfully.
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10 Must See Palaces in India - Siliconindia.com
Google News - over 5 years
By SiliconIndia, Monday, 05 September 2011, 05:29 Hrs A 11th century palace built in 1636 AD by Thirumalai Nayak, a king of Madurai?s Nayaka Dynasty who ruled Madurai from 1623-59. The de sign and architecture is a blend of Dravidian, Islamic and
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Madurai's Tourist Places to Become Plastic Free Zones - Rang7.com
Google News - over 5 years
Madurai is home to Meenakshi Sundareswarar Temple as well as other famed tourist places such as Kallazhagar Temple, Thiruparankunram and Thirumalai Nayak Mahal, and attracts a large number of visitors every day. The tourists are most often responsible
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Tourist places in Madurai to sport cleaner look - Times of India
Google News - over 5 years
Collector U Sagayam ordered strict enforcement of the ban in the precincts of the famed Meenakshi Sundareswarar Temple, Kallazhagar Temple, Thiruparankunram and Thirumalai Nayak Mahal. The tourist places attract several thousand visitors everyday, who
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Madras HC says 'no' to shooting films in Thirumalai Naicker Mahal - Indlaw.com
Google News - over 5 years
A division bench comprising Justices P Jyothimani and MM Sundresh issued the ruling on a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) petition filed by a city-based advocate ASM Muthukumar seeking the court direction to ban shooting of films inside the Mahal, a
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Thirumalai Nayak
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  • 1659
    Thirumalai Naik died in 1659.
    More Details Hide Details He was between sixty-five and seventy years of age at the time and had reigned for thirty-six years. His territories at his death comprised the present districts of Madurai (including the territories of Ramnad and Sivaganga), Thirunelveli, Coimbatore, Salem and Thiruchirapalli, with Pudukkotai and parts of Travancore. According to legends that numerous stories surrounding his death.
  • 1646
    Baltsar Da Costa, a jesuit traveller chronicles in 1646 ‘Relacao Annual’ describing Thirumala Nayaka in more graphic still
    More Details Hide Details “Almost every day he appears on the terrace surrounded by his courtiers, while in front of them his elephants are drawn up in two rows, the space between them being occupied by three or four hundred Turks (Turcos) who form his bodyguard. When he comes out of the fortress to visit some pagodes (Temple), as he is wonts to do on days of festivals, he is surrounded with great pomp. Sometimes he rides in a palanquin, at other times he mounts an enormous elephant…Next come the elephants in a long file, mounted by his nobles and chief captains, preceded by the arms and insignia(crest) of the Nāyaka.Then the cavalry and the rest of the troops follow".
  • 1638
    Around 1638, the Vijayanagara King Ranga, succeeded to the throne of Chandragiri and he soon resolved to put an end to the independence of Thirumalai and prepared to march southwards.
    More Details Hide Details Thirumalai had meanwhile persuaded the Vijayanagar governors of Tanjore and Gingee (in south Arcot) to join him in his defiance of their mutual suzerain, and thus Ranga was left with only Mysore, of all his feudatories, to support him. The Nayak governor of Thanjavur eventually left his allies, sent in his submission, and betrayed the other Nayaks. Ranga advanced upon Gingee Fort and laid siege to it. Thirumalai requested the Bijapur Sultan to send assistance. However the Bijapur troops defeated the Vijayanaraga army and turned on the Nayak armies by attacking the Gingee fort themselves. Gingee soon fell to the Bijapur troops. Thirumalai retreated in dismay of Madurai, and the Bijapur army advanced southwards, defeated the Thanjavur Nayak, and proceeded to lay waste the Madurai country. Thirumalai then submitted, apparently without striking a blow, paid a large ransom to the invaders, and agreed to send an annual tribute to the Sultan of Bijapur.
  • 1623
    Thirumalai Nayak succeeded his brother Muttu Virappa Nayak on the Madurai there in A.D 1623.
    More Details Hide Details The political situation in south Tamil Nadu was confused with the decline of the Vijayanagar empire, and the once feudatory Nayak governors of Madurai, Thanjavur, Gingee and Mysore were quarrelling to divide the dissolving Vijayanagara Empire. The Muslim kingdoms in the Deccan began to press southwards. Immediately after becoming king, Thirumalai Nayak withheld the payment of tributes to the Vijayanargara kings. He also gathered a large army in Thiruchirapalli and strengthened its fortifications.
    Thirumalai Nayak (well known as - Thirumalai Nayakkar) ruled Madurai between A.D 1623 and 1659.
    More Details Hide Details He was the most notable of the thirteen Madurai Nayak rulers in the 17th century. His contributions are found in the many splendid buildings and temples of Madurai. His kingdom was under constant threat from the armies of Bijapur Sultanate and the other neighbouring Muslim kingdoms, which he managed to repulse successfully. His territories comprised much of the old Pandya territories which included Coimbatore, Tirunelveli, Madurai districts, Aragalur in southern Tamil Nadu and some territories of the Travancore kingdom. Thirumalai Nayak was a great patron of art and architecture and the Dravidian architecture evolved into the Madurai style. He rebuilt and renovated a number of old temples of the Pandya period. His palace, known as the Thirumalai Nayak Palace, is a notable architectural masterpiece.
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