Thomas Jefferson

Born Apr 13, 1743
Died Jul 4, 1826
Religion Thomas Jefferson ...

Thomas Jefferson was an American Founding Father, the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776) and the third President of the United States (1801–1809). At the beginning of the American Revolution, he served in the Continental Congress, representing Virginia and then served as a wartime Governor of Virginia (1779–1781).… Read More

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1743 Birth The third of ten children, Thomas Jefferson was born on April 13, 1743 (April 2, 1743 OS) at the family home, in a one and a half story farmhouse in Shadwell, not far from Charlottesville and the Virginia wilderness. … Read More
1745 2 Years Old Before the widower William Randolph, an old friend of Peter Jefferson, died in 1745, he appointed Peter as guardian to manage his Tuckahoe Plantation and care for his four children.
That year the Jeffersons relocated to Tuckahoe, where they lived for the next seven years before returning to Shadwell in 1752.


1757 14 Years Old Peter Jefferson died in 1757 and the Jefferson estate was divided between Peter's two sons, Thomas and Randolph. … Read More
1762 19 Years Old A diligent student, Jefferson displayed an avid curiosity in all fields and graduated in 1762, completing his studies in only two years. … Read More


1767 24 Years Old Jefferson was admitted to the Virginia bar in 1767. … Read More
1768 25 Years Old 1 More Event
In 1768, Jefferson began construction of his primary residence, Monticello, (Italian for "Little Mountain") on a hilltop overlooking a 5,000 acre plantation. … Read More
Besides practicing law, Jefferson represented Albemarle County in the Virginia House of Burgesses beginning on May 11, 1769 and ending June 20, 1775. … Read More
1772 29 Years Old After practicing as a circuit lawyer for several years, Jefferson married the 23-year-old widow Martha Wayles Skelton on January 1, 1772. … Read More


1773 - 1775 3 More Events
When Congress began considering a resolution of independence in June 1776, Adams ensured that Jefferson was appointed to the five-man committee to write a declaration in support of the resolution. … Read More
1778 - 1779 3 More Events
The term was then for one year, and he was re-elected in 1780.
1781 38 Years Old 1 More Event
In January 1781 General Benedict Arnold captured the foundry during his invasion of Richmond. … Read More


1783 - 1784 3 More Events
Franklin resigned as Minister to France in March 1785 and Jefferson was appointed his successor.
1786 - 1787 2 More Events
1789 46 Years Old 1 More Event
…  Jefferson left Paris on September 26, 1789, intending to return after a brief return to his home. … Read More
1790 47 Years Old …  After much deliberation between the two men they struck a compromise at a private dinner on June 20, 1790 that Jefferson hosted with Hamilton and Madison. Under the terms of this agreement, the nation's capital would be located on the Potomac River, and the federal government would assume the huge war debts of all 13 states. The French minister said in 1793: "Senator Morris and Secretary of the Treasury Hamilton... had the greatest influence over the President's mind, and that it was only with difficulty that he Jefferson counterbalanced their efforts." … Read More
1791 48 Years Old 1 More Event
During his discussions with George Hammond, first British Minister to the U.S. from 1791, Jefferson tried to achieve three important goals: secure British admission of violating the Treaty of Paris (1783); vacate their posts in the Northwest (the territory between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River north of the Ohio); and compensate the United States to pay American slave owners for the slaves whom the British had freed and evacuated at the end of the war.


1793 - 1797 6 More Events
1800 57 Years Old 1 More Event
Elected president in what Jefferson called the "Revolution of 1800", he oversaw acquisition of the vast Louisiana Territory from France (1803), and sent out the Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804–1806), and later three others, to explore the new west. … Read More
In 1801 Jefferson negotiated with a moderate Federalist representative from Delaware, James Asheton Bayard II, through Maryland representative, Samuel Smith, to secure Bayard's support in breaking the electoral college deadlock.
In 1802, Jefferson had arranged for the purchase of the city of New Orleans and adjacent coastal areas. … Read More


1803 60 Years Old 1 More Event
In 1803, President Jefferson initiated a process of Indian tribal removal to the Louisiana Territory west of the Mississippi River, having opened lands for eventual American settlers. … Read More
Jefferson refused to diplomatically recognize Haiti, founded in 1804 as the second republic in the world, after its successful slave revolution in the French colony of Saint-Domingue. … Read More
1805 62 Years Old …  After Napoleon's decisive victory at the Battle of Austerlitz in 1805, Napoleon became much more aggressive in his negotiations over trading rights, and American efforts failed. … Read More
The domestic political split in Jefferson's own party came from fellow Virginian John Randolph of Roanoke in March 1806.
In 1807, congress passed the Act Prohibiting Importation of Slaves, which Jefferson signed into effect January 1, 1808. … Read More
1809 - 1815 4 More Events
1816 73 Years Old 1 More Event
In retirement, Jefferson wrote John Taylor in 1816 that he and Taylor had ever hated the banks which could destroy the state constitutions, already suffering from speculators who "sweep away the fortunes and morals of our citizens".
1820 77 Years Old In an 1820 letter to his close friend William Short, Jefferson stated, "it is not to be understood that I am with him Jesus in all his doctrines. … Read More
1824 81 Years Old 1 More Event
In the summer of 1824 while Jefferson was making final plans for the opening of the University of Virginia, he learned that Lafayette had accepted an official invitation from President James Monroe to visit the United States and would be arriving soon. … Read More
1825 82 Years Old Jefferson's health began to deteriorate in July 1825, from a combination of various illnesses and conditions probably including toxemia, uremia, and pneumonia.
After Jefferson died in 1826, James Madison replaced him as the University Rector. … Read More
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