Thomas Dudley
Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony
Thomas Dudley
Thomas Dudley was a colonial magistrate who served several terms as governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Dudley was the chief founder of Newtowne, later Cambridge, Massachusetts, and built the town's first home. He provided land and funds to establish the Roxbury Latin School, and signed the charter creating Harvard College during his 1650 term as governor. Dudley was a devout Puritan who was opposed to religious views not conforming with his.
Biography
Thomas Dudley's personal information overview.
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Dudley Thomas dies at 83; jazz legend's son made his mark in art world - NorthJersey.com
Google News - over 5 years
A talented musician, former Englewood resident Dudley Thomas briefly tried to follow in the footsteps of his jazz legend father, Walter “Foots” Thomas. Dudley Thomas, age 83, born in Lima, Ohio, died Aug. 14 in Tulsa, Okla
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Nano bundles pack a powerful punch: Solid-state energy storage takes a leap ... - Nanotechnology News (press release)
Google News - over 5 years
... adjunct assistant professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering, all of Rice; Sheng Xu, a former graduate student at Harvard; and Roy Gordon, the Thomas Dudley Cabot Professor of Chemistry at Harvard University, who developed ALD
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Poverty and education reform — and those caught in the middle - The Hechinger Report
Google News - over 5 years
On an unseasonably warm evening last November, Glendalys Delgado lowered herself into a child-sized chair in the classroom of her youngest son, Juan, a second-grader at Thomas Dudley Elementary School in Camden, New Jersey
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Coups, corporations, and classified information - OUPblog (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
Thomas Dudley Cabot held at different times the positions of director of International Security Affairs in the State Department and CEO of the United Fruit Company. His younger brother, John Moore Cabot, was secretary of Inter-American Affairs during
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Lejeune Marine Killed In Afghanistan Combat - WITN
Google News - over 5 years
Today in Fort Mill, South Carolina Staff Sgt. Thomas Dudley was laid to rest. The 29-year-old old who was stationed at New River was on his sixth deployment when he was killed last week in Afghanistan
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Body of fallen Marine to arrive home ... - WBTV
Google News - over 5 years
"Words can't express the sadness we feel for the family and friends of Staff Sergeant Thomas Dudley," Congressman Mick Mulvaney said during a statement on Saturday morning. "By serving so bravely on the front lines, he helped protect the very freedoms
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SC Marine killed in Afghanistan - WCNC
Google News - over 5 years
Thomas Dudley is survived by his wife, Mary, and their three children - Taylor, 13, Thomas Carter, 5 and Jenna Robyn, 23 months. “Probably the hardest part to think about is the kids," said Jameson Dudley. Friday, family and friends gathered in Fort
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Helping space shuttles achieve liftoff - MIT News
Google News - over 5 years
The AMS, developed under the leadership of Samuel Ting, the Thomas Dudley Cabot Professor of Physics, is designed to study high-energy particles that could lead to new theories about the formation and evolution of the universe
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Hutchens-Faircloth - Wilson Daily Times (subscription)
Google News - over 5 years
Groomsmen were Jamie Ryan Brinson of New Bern, Matthew Scott Lamm of Wilson and Thomas Dudley Dew and Matthew Blake Grace of Winterville. Jackson Wayne Hoskins and William Garrett Hoskins of Wilson were junior groomsmen. A memorial candle was lit by
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New Endeavour for an MIT experiment - PhysOrg.com
Google News - almost 6 years
The principal investigator of the AMS experiment is Samuel Ting, the Thomas Dudley Cabot Professor of Physics at MIT, who led the design, construction and commissioning of AMS with his Electromagnetic Interactions Group at the MIT Laboratory for
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Philip Watts Design to showcase future bathroom products at KBB 2011 - World Interior Design Network
Google News - almost 6 years
Other key exhibitors at KBB include Abode, April Showers, Aquadart, CD(UK), Nobilia, Pitacs, Poggenpohl, Salice, Samsung, Scavolini, Steel Cuisine, Stonearth, Thomas Dudley, Triflow Concepts, VZUG and Waterline. KBB London is a Kitchen, Bathrooms and
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President Obama Announces More Key Administration Posts - Whitehouse.gov (press release)
Google News - almost 6 years
Isaac F. Silvera, Appointee for Member, Board of Directors of the Vietnam Education Foundation Isaac F. Silvera is the Thomas Dudley Cabot Professor of the Natural Sciences at Harvard University where he has taught and conducted research since 1982
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Evotec reports 54% Q1 revenue growth and significant expansion of drug ... - Reuters (press release)
Google News - almost 6 years
Dr Doug Melton, Thomas Dudley Cabot Professor at Harvard University, and an investigator at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, will be the principal investigator. Also in the first quarter of 2011, Evotec signed a definitive agreement to acquire all
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Morgan Dudley, Ted Naughton
NYTimes - over 8 years
Morgan Webster Dudley, a daughter of Dudley and Thomas Dudley of Durham, N.H., is to be married on Sunday to John Thaddeus Naughton, the son of Rosemary and J. Ted Naughton of Head of the Harbor, N.Y. Brendan Dobroth, who became a Universal Life minister for this event, will officiate at Mount Hope Farm in Bristol, R.I. The bride, 48, is a director
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ESSAY; First One Orphan, Then Many More
NYTimes - over 9 years
THE United States has plenty of affluent do-gooders who are taken with the idea that with their experience and creativity they could harness expertise and money to better the lives of people in the developing world. I know now, seven years after founding my own global charitable organization, that this is possible though often problematic. You need
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WEDDINGS; Sarah Rockwell, Thomas Cabot 3d
NYTimes - almost 19 years
Sarah Finnie Rockwell, the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. David H. Finnie of New Canaan, Conn., was married on Tuesday to Thomas Dudley Cabot 3d, the son of Anne Cabot Ogilvy of Philadelphia and Mr. Cabot Jr. of Greenwich, Conn. The Rev. Roy A. Benjamin performed the ceremony at Trinity Episcopal Church in Shelburne, Vt. Mrs. Cabot, 41, is the
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Mabel Brandon and Louis Cabot
NYTimes - over 19 years
Mabel Hobart Brandon, a former White House social secretary, was married yesterday to Louis Wellington Cabot, a former chairman of the Cabot Corporation, the Boston chemical company. The Rev. Carl Scovel performed the ceremony at Emmanuel Episcopal Church in Middleburg, Va. Mrs. Cabot, now the director of corporate programming for the Ford Motor
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Thomas Cabot, 98, Capitalist And Philanthropist, Is Dead
NYTimes - over 21 years
Thomas D. Cabot, a hardy industrialist who spent 40 years building a great family fortune and 30 years hiking, skiing, canoeing, yachting and giving away money, died on Thursday at his home in Weston, Mass., the Boston suburb where he lived for 75 years. He was 98. In a Boston Brahmin society where it has been said that the Lowells speak only to
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Thomas Dudley
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 1653
    Age 76
    He died in Roxbury on 31 July 1653, and was buried in the Eliot Burying Ground there.
    More Details Hide Details Some of his descendants, including son Joseph and grandson Paul, are also buried there. Dudley's many famous descendants include Dudley Saltonstall, Revolutionary War naval commander, Paul Dudley Sargent, Revolutionary War military commander and privateer, John Kerry, the 2004 Democratic presidential candidate and United States Senator from Massachusetts, now Secretary of State, as well as former United States Supreme Court Justice David Souter and past political figures such as U. S. President Herbert Hoover and New Hampshire Senator Nicholas Gilman. Dudley, Massachusetts is named for his grandsons Paul and William, who were its first proprietors. The Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation owns a parcel of land in Billerica called Governor Thomas Dudley Park. The "Two Brothers" rocks are located in the Great Meadows National Wildlife Refuge in Bedford, in an area that has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Two Brothers Rocks-Dudley Road Historic District.
  • 1650
    Age 73
    Despite the illness, Dudley was elected governor for the fourth and last time in 1650.
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  • 1649
    Age 72
    In 1649 Dudley was appointed once again to serve as a commissioner and president of the New England Confederation, an umbrella organization established by most of the New England colonies to address issues of common interest; however, he was ill (and aging, at 73), and consequently unable to discharge his duties in that office.
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  • 1645
    Age 68
    When he was again governor in 1645 the colony threatened war against the expansionist Narragansetts, who had been making war against the English-allied Mohegans.
    More Details Hide Details This prompted the Narragansett leader Miantonomi to sign a peace agreement with the New England colonies which lasted until King Philip's War broke out 30 years later. Dudley also presided over the acquittal of John Winthrop in a trial held that year; Winthrop had been charged with abuses of his power as a magistrate by residents of Hingham the previous year.
  • 1644
    Age 67
    Dudley married his second wife, the widow Katherine (Deighton) Hackburne, descendant of the noble Berkeley, Lygon and Beauchamp families, in 1644.
    More Details Hide Details They had three children, Deborah, Joseph, and Paul. Joseph served as governor of the Dominion of New England and of the Province of Massachusetts Bay. Paul (not to be confused with Joseph's son Paul, who served as provincial attorney general) was for a time the colony's register of probate. In 1636 Dudley moved from Cambridge to Ipswich, and in 1639 moved to Roxbury.
  • 1640
    Age 63
    During Dudley's term of office in 1640, many new laws were passed.
    More Details Hide Details This led to the introduction the following year of the Massachusetts Body of Liberties, a document that contains guarantees that were later placed in the United States Bill of Rights. During this term he joined moderates, including John Winthrop, in opposing attempts by the local clergy to take a more prominent and explicit role in the colony's governance.
  • 1638
    Age 61
    Although Dudley and Winthrop clashed with each other on a number of issues, they agreed on the banning of Hutchinson, and their relationship had some significant positive elements. In 1638 Dudley and Winthrop were each granted a tract of land "about six miles from Concord, northward".
    More Details Hide Details Reportedly, Winthrop and Dudley went to the area together to survey the land and select their parcels. Winthrop, then governor, graciously deferred to Dudley, then deputy governor, to make the first choice of land. Dudley's land became Bedford, and Winthrop's Billerica. The place where the two properties met was marked by two large stones, each carved with the owner's name; Winthrop described the spot as the "'Two Brothers', in remembrance that they were brothers by their children's marriage".
  • 1637
    Age 60
    Vane was turned out of office in 1637 over the Hutchinson affair and his insistence on flying the English flag over the colony's fort — many Puritans felt that the Cross of St George on the flag was a symbol of popery and was thus anathema to them.
    More Details Hide Details Vane was replaced by Winthrop, who then served three terms. According to Winthrop, concerns over the length of his service led to Dudley's election as governor in 1640.
  • FIFTIES
  • 1635
    Age 58
    In 1635, and for the four following years, Dudley was elected either as deputy governor or as a member of the council of assistants. The governor in 1636 was Henry Vane, and the colony was split over the actions of Anne Hutchinson.
    More Details Hide Details She had come to the colony in 1634, and began preaching a "covenant of grace" following her mentor, John Cotton, while most of the colony's leadership, including Dudley, Winthrop, and most of the ministers, espoused a more Legalist view ("covenant of works"). This split divided the colony, since Vane and Cotton supported her. At the end of this colonial strife, called the Antinomian Controversy, Hutchinson was banished from the colony, and a number of her followers left the colony as a consequence. She settled in Rhode Island, where Roger Williams, also persona non-grata in Massachusetts over theological differences, offered her shelter. Dudley's role in the affair is unclear, but historians supportive of Hutchinson's cause argue that he was a significant force in her banishment, and that he was unhappy that the colony did not adopt a more rigid stance or ban more of her followers.
  • 1634
    Age 57
    This principal was extended to govern the colony as a whole in 1634, the year Dudley was first elected governor.
    More Details Hide Details During this term the colony established a committee to oversee military affairs and to manage the colony's munitions. The colony came under legal threat in 1632, when Sir Ferdinando Gorges, attempting to revive an earlier claim to the territory, raised issues of the colony's charter and governance with the Privy Council of King Charles I. When the colony's governing magistrates drafted a response to the charges raised by Gorges, Dudley was alone in opposing language referring to the king as his "sacred majesty", and to bishops of the Church of England as "Reverend Bishops". Although a quo warranto writ was issued in 1635 calling for the charter to be returned to England, the king's financial straits prevented it from being served, and the issue eventually died out.
  • 1633
    Age 56
    Samuel, the first, also came to the New World, and married Winthrop's daughter Mary in 1633, the first of several alliances of the Dudley-Winthrop family.
    More Details Hide Details He later served as the pastor in Exeter, New Hampshire. Daughter Anne married Simon Bradstreet, and became the first poet published in North America. The third child, Sarah, married Benjamin Keayne, a militia officer. This union was an unhappy one, and resulted in the first reported instance of divorce in the colony; Keayne returned to England and repudiated the marriage. Although no formal divorce proceedings are known, Sarah eventually married again. Patience, the fourth child, also married a colonial militia officer, and Mercy, the last of his children with Dorothy, married minister John Woodbridge. Dorothy Yorke died 27 December 1643 at 61 years of age, and was remembered by her daughter Anne in a poem: Here lies, A worthy matron of unspotted life, A loving mother and obedient wife, A friendly neighbor, pitiful to poor, Whom oft she fed and clothed with her store;
  • 1632
    Age 55
    Endecott notoriously defaced the English flag in 1632, an act for which he was censured and deprived of office for one year.
    More Details Hide Details Dudley sided with the moderate faction on the issue, which believed the flag's depiction of the Cross of St George had by then been reduced to a symbol of nationalism. Nathaniel Morton, an early chronicler of the Plymouth Colony, wrote of Dudley, "His zeal to order appeared in contriving good laws, and faithfully executing them upon criminal offenders, heretics, and underminers of true religion. He had a piercing judgment to discover the wolf, though clothed with a sheepskin." Early Massachusetts historian James Savage wrote of Dudley that "a hardness in public, and rigidity in private life, are too observable in his character". In a more modern historical view, Francis Bremer observes that Dudley was "more precise and rigid than the moderate Winthrop in his approach to the issues facing the colonists". The committee consisted of most of the colony's elders, including Dudley. In 1638, John Harvard, a childless colonist, bequeathed to the colony his library and half of his estate as a contribution to the college, which was consequently named in his honor. The college charter was first issued in 1642, and a second charter was issued in 1650, signed by then-Governor Thomas Dudley, who also served for many years as one of the college's overseers. Harvard University's Dudley House, now only an administrative unit located in Lehman Hall after the actual house was torn down, is named in honor of the Dudley family.
    In 1632 Dudley, at his own expense, erected a palisade around Newtowne (which was renamed Cambridge in 1636) that enclosed of land, principally as a defense against wild animals and Indian raids.
    More Details Hide Details The colony agreed to reimburse him by imposing taxes upon all of the area communities. The meetings occasioned by this need are among the first instances of a truly representative government in North America, when each town chose two representatives to advise the governor on the subject.
    This decision caused a rift between Dudley and Winthrop—it was serious enough that in 1632 Dudley resigned his posts and considered returning to England.
    More Details Hide Details After the intercession of others, the two reconciled and Dudley retracted his resignations. Winthrop reported that "ever after they kept peace and good correspondency in love and friendship." During the dispute, Dudley also harshly questioned Winthrop's authority as governor for a number of actions done without consulting his council of assistants. Dudley's differences with Winthrop came to the fore again in January 1636, when other magistrates orchestrated a series of accusations that Winthrop had been overly lenient in his judicial decisions.
  • 1631
    Age 54
    A letter Dudley wrote to the Countess of Lincoln in March 1631 narrated the first year's experience of the colonists that arrived in Winthrop's fleet in an intimate tone befitting a son or suitor as much as a servant.
    More Details Hide Details It appeared in print for the first time in a 1696 compilation of early colonial documents by Joshua Scottow. In the spring of 1631 the leadership agreed to establish the colony's capital at Newtowne (near present-day Harvard Square in Cambridge), and the town was surveyed and laid out. Dudley, Simon Bradstreet, and others built their houses there, but to Dudley's anger, Winthrop decided to build in Boston.
  • 1630
    Age 53
    The Dudleys probably spent the winter of 1630–31 in Boston, which was where the leadership chose to stay after its first choice, Charlestown, was found to have inadequate water.
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    Dudley and his family sailed for the New World on the Arbella, the flagship of the Winthrop Fleet, on 8 April 1630 and arrived in Salem Harbour on 22 June.
    More Details Hide Details Finding conditions at Salem inadequate for establishing a larger colony, Winthrop and Dudley led forays into the Charles River watershed, but were apparently unable to immediately agree on a site for the capital. With limited time to establish themselves, and concerns over rumors of potential hostile French action, the leaders decided to distribute the colonists in several places in order to avoid presenting a single target for hostilities.
    However, as the fleet was preparing to sail in March 1630, Humphrey decided he would not leave England immediately, and Dudley was chosen as deputy governor in his place.
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  • 1629
    Age 52
    In October 1629 John Winthrop was elected governor, and John Humphrey was chosen as his deputy.
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  • 1628
    Age 51
    In 1628 Dudley and other Puritans decided to form the Massachusetts Bay Company, with a view toward establishing a Puritan colony in North America.
    More Details Hide Details Dudley's name does not appear on the land grant issued to the company that year, but he was almost certainly involved in the formative stages of the company, whose investors and supporters included many individuals in the Earl of Lincoln's circle. The company sent a small group of colonists led by John Endecott to begin building a settlement, called Salem, on the shores of Massachusetts Bay; a second group was sent in 1629. The company acquired a royal charter in April 1629, and later that year made the critical decision to transport the charter and the company's corporate governance to the colony. The Cambridge Agreement, which enabled the emigrating shareholders to buy out those that remained behind, may have been written by Dudley.
    The Dudleys were known to be back on Lincoln's estate in 1628, when his daughter Anne came down with smallpox and was treated there.
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  • FORTIES
  • 1624
    Age 47
    Dudley was briefly out of Lincoln's service between about 1624 and 1628.
    More Details Hide Details During this time he lived with his growing family in Boston, Lincolnshire, where he likely was a parishioner at St Botolph's Church, where John Cotton preached.
  • 1622
    Age 45
    In 1622, Dudley acquired the assistance of Simon Bradstreet who was eventually drawn to Dudley's daughter Anne.
    More Details Hide Details The two were married six years later, when she was 16.
  • THIRTIES
  • 1616
    Age 39
    After Nicolls' sudden death in 1616, Dudley took a position with Theophilus Clinton, 4th Earl of Lincoln, serving as a steward responsible for managing some of the earl's estates.
    More Details Hide Details The earl's estate in Lincolnshire was a center of Nonconformist thought, and Dudley was already recognized for his Puritan virtues by the time he entered the earl's service. According to Cotton Mather's biography of Dudley, he successfully disentangled a legacy of financial difficulties bequeathed to the earl, and the earl consequently came to depend on Dudley for financial advice. Dudley's services were not entirely pecuniary in nature: he is also said to have had an important role in securing the engagement of Clinton to Lord Saye's daughter.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1597
    Age 20
    He fought the Spanish at the Siege of Amiens in 1597 which in September surrendered and was the final action of the war.
    More Details Hide Details After he was discharged from his military service, Dudley returned to Northamptonshire. He then entered the service of Sir Augustine Nicolls, a relative of his mother's, as a clerk. Nicolls, a lawyer and later a judge, was recognized for his honesty at a time when many judges were susceptible to bribery and other malfeasance. He was also sympathetic to the Puritan cause; the exposure to legal affairs and Nicolls' religious views probably had a significant influence on Dudley.
  • TEENAGE
  • 1590
    Age 13
    It was for some time believed he was killed in the 1590 Battle of Ivry, but this is unlikely because Susanna Dudley was later found to be widowed by 1588.
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  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1586
    Age 9
    The 1586 battle of Zutphen has also been suggested as the occasion of Roger Dudley's death.
    More Details Hide Details The family has long asserted connections to the Sutton-Dudleys of Dudley Castle; there is a similarity in their coats of arms, but association beyond probable common ancestry has not yet been conclusively demonstrated. Dudley's mother was descended from Henry II of England through her Purefoy ancestors, and like many other young men of good birth Thomas Dudley became a page, in his case in the household of William, Baron Compton at nearby Castle Ashby. Later he raised a company of men following a call to arms by Queen Elizabeth, and served in the English army led by Sir Arthur Savage fighting with King Henry IV of France during the French Wars of Religion.
  • 1576
    Born
    Thomas Dudley was born in Yardley Hastings, a village near Northampton, England, on 12 October 1576, to Roger and Susanna (Thorne) Dudley.
    More Details Hide Details His father, a captain in the English army, was apparently killed in battle.
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