Velupillai Prabhakaran
Velupillai Prabhakaran
Thiruvenkadam Velupillai Prabhakaran (Tamil: வேலுப்பிள்ளை பிரபாகரன், was the founder and leader of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, a militant organization that sought to create an independent Tamil state in the north and east of Sri Lanka. For over 25 years, the LTTE waged a violent secessionist campaign in Sri Lanka that led to it being designated a terrorist organization by 32 countries. Prabhakaran was wanted by Interpol for terrorism, murder, organized crime and terrorism conspiracy.
Biography
Velupillai Prabhakaran's personal information overview.
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News
News abour Velupillai Prabhakaran from around the web
Sri Lanka under pressure to probe war crimes
Fox News - almost 4 years
The photo shows a boy sitting by a row of sandbags as he glumly eats a snack. The next photo shows him with a series of bullet holes in his chest. The makers of a documentary on Sri Lanka say the boy was the 12-year-old son of Sri Lankan insurgent leader Velupillai Prabhakaran, and that the photos prove he was executed by the Sri Lankan military. Sri Lanka denies the charge. The accusation comes as Sri Lanka is struggling to fend off a surge of criticism about its conduct in the final days of the war in 2009 and its treatment of the Tamil minority in the four years since. Navi Pillay, U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights, has accused the country of failing to investigate reports of atrocities.
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Fox News article
GRAPHIC PHOTOS: Did Sri Lanka Execute A 12-Year-Old Boy?
Huffington Post - almost 4 years
By Shihar Aneez and Ranga Sirilal COLOMBO, Feb 19 (Reuters) - Photographs of the son of the leader of the Tamil Tiger rebels suggest he was murdered, and not killed in the cross fire during the chaotic end of Sri Lanka's three decade war, a British-based documentary maker said. If confirmed, the accusation would leave the Sri Lankan government with more questions to answer about allegations of systematic executions at the end of the war, especially given Balachandran Prabakaran was just 12. WARNING: GRAPHIC PHOTOS BELOW Tens of thousands of civilians were killed in 2009 in the final months the war, a U.N. panel said, as government troops advanced on the ever-shrinking northern tip of the island controlled by Tamil rebels fighting for an independent homeland. The U.N. panel said it had "credible allegations" that Sri Lankan troops and the Tamil Tigers both carried out atrocities and war ...
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Huffington Post article
Book Review: The Prabhakaran Saga
The Times Of India - over 4 years
This is a cold-blooded yet comprehensive post-mortem of the rise and fall of the LTTE and its boss Velupillai Prabhakaran who thought, till nemesis caught up with him...
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The Times Of India article
Book Review: The Prabhakaran Saga
The Times Of India - over 4 years
This is a cold-blooded yet comprehensive post-mortem of the rise and fall of the LTTE and its boss Velupillai Prabhakaran who thought, till nemesis caught up with him...
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The Times Of India article
Post-war Sri Lanka: Tiger country
The Economist - over 4 years
Now can we go swimming? IN A war-scarred pocket of jungle in north-eastern Sri Lanka are the remains of the last stronghold of the rebel group, the Tamil Tigers, before they were wiped out by the armed forces in 2009. It looks like a godforsaken place: just to get there busloads of people drive through a swelteringly hot landscape of bombed-out houses, emaciated cattle and mangled cars. But then, surreally, appears a swimming pool, 25 metres long and seven metres deep. This was where government photographs once showed Velupillai Prabhakaran, the pudgy leader of the Tigers, taking a dip and reclining on a lilo.As wartime propaganda goes, the images were unbeatable. In fact, the pool also had a serious purpose. The frogmen of the rebels’ crack naval wing, the Sea Tigers, trained there, learning to destroy ships by attaching magnetic mines to their hulls.Today triumphalism abounds among Sri Lanka’s majority Sinhala population. The army found the pool in 2009, drained it, ...
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The Economist article
A professor of Honalulu Defence Centre says channel-4 video is produced with ... - SLBC
Google News - over 5 years
Left with no choice but to pursue the concept of total war with the same kind of ruthless determination that Velupillai Prabhakaran, the Tiger chief, had demonstrated for 25 years, Colombo went for the kill. The Tigers had finally met their match
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Google News article
A further Nail In The LTTE Coffin!Adele Balasingham The Former Consort Of LTTE ... - Lankaweb
Google News - over 5 years
... intrigue and devious planning that once held the LTTE together providing the brainpower for their leader of limited intelligence capacity albeit equally murderous , ruthless and relentless of his vicious nature ~ Velupillai Prabhakaran who somehow
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Google News article
Death for leaders, life for killers! - Lanka Newspapers
Google News - over 5 years
The late LTTE leader Velupillai Prabhakaran chose to have his erstwhile mentor and former Prime Minister of India Rajiv Gandhi blown to bits in 1991 by way of punishment for what he called atrocities committed by the Indian army in the North and the
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Google News article
The long afterlife of war in teardrop isle - Tehelka
Google News - over 5 years
Left with no choice but to pursue the concept of total war with the same kind of ruthless determination that Velupillai Prabhakaran, the Tiger chief, had demonstrated for 25 years, Colombo went for the kill. The Tigers had finally met their match
Article Link:
Google News article
Ex-Indian PM Gandhi's killers to hang next month - Sin Chew Jit Poh
Google News - over 5 years
But the militant group's now-slain leader Velupillai Prabhakaran went on to honour the assassin's father as a "great person who contributed to the Tamil cause." Gandhi's killing was seen at home as retaliation for a 1987 Indian government pact with the
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Google News article
The killing fields of Pakistan - DAWN.com
Google News - over 5 years
In the end, the Sri Lankan government was able to destroy the Tamil Tigers and kill their leader, Velupillai Prabhakaran. While the Sri Lankan example of successfully tackling the extremists sounds optimistic, the militancy in Pakistan is much more
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Google News article
Sri Lanka lifts emergency laws after three decades - Hindustan Times
Google News - over 5 years
The island nation has been under a state of emergency since 1983, when the LTTE under its late commander Velupillai Prabhakaran was posing a threat to the country's government and forces. The announcement of the withdrawal of the draconian laws came as
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Google News article
I am grateful to President Rajapaksa for saving my people - Opinion - Ministry of Defence (press release)
Google News - over 5 years
In any case, where did the best organized front of the Tamils led by Velupillai Prabhakaran take us? If he failed with his deadly military machine what can the TNA deliver to the Tamil people? The TNA leadership should know better than anyone else
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Google News article
Mirror Opinion -The folly of our past - Daily Mirror
Google News - over 5 years
In any case, where did the best organized front of the Tamils led by Velupillai Prabhakaran take us? If he failed with his deadly military machine what can the TNA deliver to the Tamil people? The TNA leadership should know better than anyone else
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Google News article
Winning by losing - Ceylon Daily News
Google News - over 5 years
However, now it has become impossible to draw any comparisons between the rule of Velupillai Prabhakaran and his bloodthirsty mobsters on the one hand and the democratically elected government of President Mahinda Rajapaksa on the other
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Google News article
Setback for Rajapaksa's reconciliation - Asia Times Online
Google News - over 5 years
The entire top leadership of the LTTE, including its founder-chief Velupillai Prabhakaran, intelligence chief Pottu Amman and others were killed. Three months later, the LTTE's overseas presence suffered a grievous blow with the arrest of its new
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Google News article
Black July: Remembering the 1983 Riots in Sri Lanka - Huffington Post
Google News - over 5 years
Seelan was one of Tiger leader Velupillai Prabhakaran's closest friends. This month marks the 28th anniversary of what became known as Black July. The riots of July 1983 in Sri Lanka would forever alter the course of ethnic tensions in the country,
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Google News article
Vishal, Prabhu Deva in 'Vedi' - Times of India
Google News - over 5 years
The 'working title' of the film seems to have landed the makers in a bit of a controversy as it also happens to be the name of the slain LTTE chief Velupillai Prabhakaran and that is perhaps one of the reasons for the change. When CT had quizzed Vishal
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Google News article
Connivance in massacre - Korea Times
Google News - over 5 years
India played a significant role in the negotiated surrender of LTTE's chief fundraiser and procurer of arms Selvarasa Kumaran Patmanathan and preliminary detention of its slain supremo Velupillai Prabhakaran during the last leg of the civil war
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Google News article
Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Velupillai Prabhakaran
    FIFTIES
  • 2009
    Age 54
    Died on May 19, 2009.
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  • 2006
    Age 51
    Peace talks eventually broke down, and the Sri Lanka Army launched a military campaign to defeat the Tamil Tigers in 2006. Prabhakaran was reportedly killed in the fighting with the Sri Lankan Army on May 18, 2009.
    More Details Hide Details The troops also claimed to have found the body of Charles Anthony, 24, Prabhakaran's son. His wife's and daughter's bodies were reportedly found by the Sri Lankan army but the report was later denied by the Sri Lankan government. It was alleged that his 12-year-old second son was executed a short time later. Prabhakaran's reported death and the announcement "We have decided to silence our guns. Our only regrets are for the lives lost and that we could not hold out for longer," by Selvarasa Pathmanathan, the Tigers' chief of international relations brought an end to the armed conflict. Velupillai Prabhakaran was born in the northern coastal town of Valvettithurai on November 26, 1954, as the youngest of four children to Thiruvenkadam Velupillai and his wife Vallipuram Parvathy. Thiruvenkadam Velupillai was the District land Officer in the Ceylon Government Angered by what he saw as discrimination against Tamil people by successive Sri Lankan governments, he joined the student group TIP during the standardization debates. In 1972 Prabhakaran founded the Tamil New Tigers (TNT) which was a successor to many earlier organizations that protested against the post-colonial political direction of the country, in which the minority Sri Lankan Tamils were pitted against the majority Sinhalese people.
  • FORTIES
  • 2002
    Age 47
    Prabhakaran's first and only major press conference was held in Killinochchi on April 10, 2002.
    More Details Hide Details It was reported that more than 200 journalists from the local and foreign media attended this event and they had to go through a 10-hour security screening before the event in which Anton Balasingham introduced the LTTE leader as the "President and Prime minister of Tamil Eelam." A number of questions were asked about LTTE's commitment towards the erstwhile peace process and Prabhakaran and Dr. Anton Balasingham jointly answered the questions. Repeated questions of his involvement in the Rajiv Gandhi assassination were only answered in a sober note by both Balasingham and Prabhakaran. They called it a "tragic incident" ("Thunbiyal Chambavam", as quoted in Tamil) they requested the press "not to dig into an incident that happened 10 years ago." During the interview he stated that the right condition has not risen to give up the demand of Tamil Eelam. He further mentioned that "There are three fundamentals. That is Tamil homeland, Tamil nationality and Tamil right to self-determination. These are the fundamental demands of the Tamil people. Once these demands are accepted or a political solution is put forward by recognising these three fundamentals and our people are satisfied with the solutions we will consider giving up the demand for Eelam." He further added that Tamil Eelam was not only the demand of the LTTE but also the demand of the Tamil people.
  • THIRTIES
  • 1991
    Age 36
    He has been issued an arrest warrant by the Madras High Court in India for plotting the assassination of former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi in May, 1991 and in 2002 Judge Ambepitiya issued an open warrant to arrest him in connection with the 1996 Central Bank Bombing. The judge found him guilty on 51 counts and sentenced him to years in prison. The Asian Tribune has reported that Prabhakaran was married to Mathivathani Erambu on October 1, 1984. and she, along with their mother, their daughter (Duvaraga) and two sons, Charles Anthony Balachandran were not in Sri Lanka.
    More Details Hide Details However, Sri Lanka military sources stated that they had recovered the corpse of Charles Anthony. A senior Sri Lankan minister later informed that the Sri Lanka Army had also found the bodies of Prabhakaran's younger son Balachandran, wife Mathivathani, and his daughter Duvaraga. However, the military spokesman Udaya Nanayakkara later stated that there was no information about the whereabouts of the remaining members of the Prabhakaran's family. “We have not found their bodies and have no information about them,” he said. However, it is thought that the entire Prabhakaran family has been wiped out; the bodies of Madhivadhany, Duvaraga and Balachandran reportedly were found in a bushy patch about 600 meters away from where Prabhakaran’s body was found. It is now believed that his 12-year-old son was executed. Velupillai Prabhakaran's parents, Thiruvenkadam Velupillai and Parvathi, both in their 70s, were found in the Menik Farm camp for displaced people near the town of Vavuniya. The Sri Lankan military and the government gave public assurances that they would not be interrogated, harmed or ill treated. Prabhakaran has a sister named Vinodini Rajendaran.
  • 1987
    Age 32
    Thileepan, a colonel rank officer adopted Gandhian means to protest against the IPKF killings by staging a fast unto death from September 15, 1987, and by abstaining from food or water till 26 September, when he died in front of thousands of Tamils who had come there to fast along with him.
    More Details Hide Details This further strengthened Prabhakaran's resolve that peaceful protests would either be ignored or crushed but never heard. Tactically, Prabhakaran perfected the recruitment and use of suicide bomber units. His fighters usually took no prisoners and were notorious for assaults that often left every single enemy soldier dead. Interpol described him as someone who was "very alert, known to use disguise and capable of handling sophisticated weaponry and explosives." When the Sri Lankan military rapidly advanced into the last LTTE held territory in the final days of 2008–2009 SLA Northern offensive, Prabhakaran and his top leadership retreated into Vellamullivaikkal, Mullaitivu. Fierce fighting occurred between LTTE and Sri Lanka Army during these last few days. At around 3:00 a.m. on 18 May 2009, Prabhakaran's son Charles Anthony tried to break the defenses of the Army, but was unsuccessful. He died along with around 100 other LTTE cadres. Troops found 12 million rupees in his possession. By the noon of that day, reports emerged that Prabhakaran was killed by a rocket attack while trying to flee the conflict zone in a captured ambulance and his body was badly burned. But this rumor was proven false in a short while. Skirmishes occurred also in the evening of 18 May around eastern bank of Nandikadal lagoon. A team of LTTE cadres consisting of 30 most loyal bodyguards of Prabhakaran and Prabhakaran himself tried to sneak through the mangrove islands of Nandikadal to its west bank.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1976
    Age 21
    On May 5, 1976, the TNT was renamed the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), commonly known as the Tamil Tigers.
    More Details Hide Details Religion was not a major factor in his philosophy or ideology, indeed the ideology of the Tamil Tigers emerged from Marxist-Leninist thought, and was explicitly secular. Its leadership professed opposition to religion. Their focus was on a single-minded approach toward the attainment of an independent Tamil Eelam.
  • 1975
    Age 20
    In 1975, after becoming heavily involved in the Tamil movement, he carried out the first major political murder by a Tamil group, assassinating the mayor of Jaffna, Alfred Duraiappah, by shooting him at point-blank range when he was about to enter the Hindu temple at Ponnaalai.
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  • TEENAGE
  • 1974
    Age 19
    These attacks included throwing bombs at the residence and the car of SLFP Jaffna Mayor, Alfred Duraiappah, placing a bomb at a carnival held in the stadium of Jaffna city (now "Duraiyappah stadium") and Neervely bank robbery. 1974 Tamil conference incident also sparked the anger of these militant groups. Both Sivakumaran and Prabhakaran attempted to assassinate Duraiyappah in revenge for the incident. Sivakumaran committed suicide on 5 June 1974 to evade capture by Police. But on 27 July 1975, Prabhakaran was able to assassinate Duraiyappah, who was branded as a "traitor" by TULF and the insurgents alike.
    More Details Hide Details Prabhakaran himself shot and killed the Mayor when he was visiting the Krishnan temple at Ponnalai
    The assassination was in response to the 1974 Tamil conference incident, for which the Tamil radicals had blamed Duraiappah, because he backed the then ruling Sri Lanka Freedom Party.
    More Details Hide Details In the early 1970s, United Front government of Sirimavo Bandaranaike introduced the Policy of standardization to rectify the low numbers of Sinhalese being accepted into university in Sri Lanka. A student named Satiyaseelan formed Tamil Manavar Peravai (Tamil Students League) to counter this biased move. This group comprised Tamil youth who advocated the rights of students to have fair enrollment.
  • 1972
    Age 17
    In 1972, Prabhakaran teamed up with Chetti Thanabalasingam, Jaffna to form the Tamil New Tigers (TNT), with Thanabalasingham as its leader.
    More Details Hide Details After he was killed, Prabhakaran took over. At the same time, Nadarajah Thangathurai and Selvarajah Yogachandran (better known by his nom de guerre Kuttimani) were also involved in discussions about an insurgency. They would later (in 1979) create a separate organization named Tamil Eelam Liberation Organization (TELO) to campaign for the establishment of an independent Tamil Eelam. These groups, along with another prominent figure of the armed struggle, Ponnuthurai Sivakumaran, were involved in several hit-and-run operations against pro-government Tamil politicians, Sri Lanka Police and civil administration during the early 1970s.
  • 1971
    Age 16
    Inspired by the failed 1971 insurrection of Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna, it was the first Tamil insurgent group of its kind.
    More Details Hide Details It consisted of around 40 Tamil youth, including Ponnuthurai Sivakumaran (later, the leader of the Sivakumaran group), K. Pathmanaba (one of the founder members of EROS) and Velupillai Prabhakaran, a 19-year-old youth from single caste oriented Valvettithurai (VVT).
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1954
    Born
    Born on November 26, 1954.
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