Violeta Chamorro

President of Nicaragua
Born Oct 18, 1929

Violeta Barrios Torres de Chamorro is a Nicaraguan political leader, former president and publisher. She became president of Nicaragua on April 25, 1990, when she unseated Daniel Ortega. She was supported by many, including a fourteen-party anti-Sandinista alliance known as the National Opposition Union (Unión Nacional Oppositora, UNO), an alliance that ranged from conservatives and liberals to communists. She left office on January 10, 1997.… Read More

related links

News + Updates

Browse recent news and stories about Violeta Chamorro.

  • Nicaragua: Una Historia De éxito En Ciernes
    Huffington Post - Nov 10, 2015
  • S nicaragua mini
    Nicaragua: A Success Story In The Making
    Huffington Post - Nov 09, 2015
  • S daniel ortega mini
    Nicaragua Leader Wants To Remove Presidential Term Limit
    Huffington Post - Nov 07, 2013
  • Daniel Ortega, El Eterno Populista Las Provincias
    Google News - Sep 02, 2011


Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Violeta Chamorro.


1929 Birth Born on October 18, 1929.


1945 15 Years Old She first attended Our Lady of the Lake Catholic High School for Girls in San Antonio, Texas, and then in 1945 changed to Blackstone College for Girls in Virginia. … Read More
1949 19 Years Old She met Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Cardenal in 1949, they married in December 1950; subsequently, they had five children together.


1952 22 Years Old 1 More Event
In 1952, on his father's death, Chamorro's husband inherited the newspaper La Prensa. … Read More


1978 48 Years Old 1 More Event
…  When he was assassinated in 1978, Chamorro took over the newspaper. … Read More
1979 49 Years Old The assassination of Chamorro's husband sparked the Sandinista Revolution. His image became a symbol of their cause and when Daniel Ortega led the Sandinista guerrillas triumphantly into Managua in July 1979, Chamorro was with them. … Read More


1980 50 Years Old 1 More Event
In March 1980, FSLN signed several accords with the Soviet Union causing the US President, Jimmy Carter, who had initially authorized aid to the Sandinista government, to approve CIA support for the opposition forces.
1986 56 Years Old In 1986, President Ortega even threatened her personally with a thirty-year prison sentence for treason. … Read More
1987 57 Years Old When Chamarro took office, she was governing under the Constitution of 1987, which had been drafted by the Sandinistas and provided for a strong executive branch and a weaker, compliant legislature and judiciary. … Read More
1989 59 Years Old By 1989, efforts by Costa Rican President Óscar Arias and other Central American leaders had persuaded Ortega to hold elections. … Read More


Under her direction, La Prensa continued to criticize the government and its policies despite threats and government-forced shutdowns. When Daniel Ortega announced that elections would be held in 1990, Chamorro was selected as the candidate for the opposition group known as the National Opposition Union (UNO). … Read More
1991 61 Years Old 1 More Event
Chamorro's presidency saw decreasing US interest in Nicaragua to the point that when Chamorro traveled to the US in April 1991 to ask Congress for more economic aid, few members even showed up to listen to her. … Read More
1992 62 Years Old …  Since only 5.8% of the former officers had received benefits by early 1992, there was a feeling that those who had political favor had either kept their jobs in the 14% of the military which was retained or received their promised compensation. … Read More
1995 65 Years Old Besides the economic issues which plagued the country, the constitutional crisis which occurred in 1995 posed a significant threat to maintaining peace.
1997 67 Years Old 1 More Event
After leaving office on 10 January 1997, Chamorro worked on several international peace initiatives until poor health forced her to retire from public life. … Read More
Original Authors of this text are noted on
Text is made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.