Vladislav Ardzinba

Vladislav Ardzinba

President of Abkhazia
Born May 14, 1945

Vladislav Ardzinba was the first President of Abkhazia. A historian by education, Ardzinba led Abkhazia to de facto independence in the 1992-1993 War with Georgia, but its de jure independence from Georgia remained internationally unrecognised during Ardzinba's two terms as President from 1994 to 2005. He was a member of the first parliament to be elected democratically in the Soviet Union in 1989.… Read More

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News + Updates

Browse recent news and stories about Vladislav Ardzinba.

  • Democracy In Abkhazia: A Testing Year, George Hewitt
    Open Democracy - Apr 21, 2012
  • Un Pequeño País Elige Un Nuevo Presidente Rusia Hoy
    Google News - Sep 02, 2011
  • Abkhazia Holds Successful Democratic Election Unpo
    Google News - Aug 30, 2011
  • Court Allows Nemtsov To Campaign Against All Candidates Ria Novosti
    Google News - Aug 29, 2011


Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Vladislav Ardzinba.


1945 Birth Born on May 14, 1945.


1987 42 Years Old He then returned to Sukhumi and he served there as the director of the Abkhazian Institute of Language, Literature and History from 1987 until 1989, when he was elected a Deputy to the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union from Gudauta. … Read More
A noted specialist in Hittitology, he was a member of the first parliament to be elected democratically in the Soviet Union in 1989. … Read More
1990 45 Years Old On 4 December 1990, Ardzinba was elected Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of Abkhazia.
1991 46 Years Old In mid-1991, he negotiated and accepted the Georgian concession on the reform of the electoral law that granted the Abkhaz wide over-representation in the Supreme Soviet. … Read More
1992 47 Years Old 1 More Event
As the Georgian-Abkhaz tensions rose, Ardzinba's rhetoric mounted, as he claimed in late July 1992 that "Abkhazia is strong enough to fight Georgia."
1994 49 Years Old After the hostilities ended in 1994 and the bulk of the Georgian population was forced out of Abkhazia, the Abkhazian parliament elected Ardzinba to the presidency, a move that was condemned by Georgia and the United Nations as illegal.


1995 50 Years Old …  Ardzinba aroused some further criticism from the international community after issuing a decree banning Jehovah's Witnesses in 1995. … Read More
1999 54 Years Old He won the first direct polls on 3 October 1999, without an opponent and was re-elected as president of Abkhazia.
2004 59 Years Old He had been in extremely poor health and underwent treatment in Moscow for some time. Despite increasing calls from the opposition (particularly the Amtsakhara movement) for him to resign he had stated that he would finish his term, which was supposed to end in October 2004, but in fact did not end until 12 February 2005, due to disputes over the election of his successor. … Read More


2005 60 Years Old He was replaced by the winner of the presidential election of 12 January 2005, Sergei Bagapsh. A previous election had been held in late 2004 after the murder of opposition leader Garri Aiba, but the result was controversial.
2010 65 Years Old 1 More Event
By 2010, Ardzinba's health was in decline and had been for some time.
Original Authors of this text are noted on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vladislav_Ardzinba.
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