Vladislav Ardzinba
President of Abkhazia
Vladislav Ardzinba
Vladislav Ardzinba was the first President of Abkhazia. A historian by education, Ardzinba led Abkhazia to de facto independence in the 1992-1993 War with Georgia, but its de jure independence from Georgia remained internationally unrecognised during Ardzinba's two terms as President from 1994 to 2005. He was a member of the first parliament to be elected democratically in the Soviet Union in 1989.
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News
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Democracy in Abkhazia: a testing year, George Hewitt
Open Democracy - almost 5 years
An eventful political period in the Black Sea republic of Abkhazia that began in 2011 with the premature death of its president, Sergej Bagapsh, continued with the election of - then a murky assassination attempt on - his successor, Aleksandr Ankvab. The ensuing challenges make the integrity of the country’s institutions and processes even more important, says George Hewitt. The story of elections in Abkhazia since the end of the fourteen-month war with Georgia in 1993 has been an honourable one for a young state scarred by the legacy of conflict and destruction and subject to many international pressures, threats and misunderstandings. In the last year, Abkhazia's democratic experience has continued with the election of a new president in August 2011 following the death of Sergej Bagapsh, and with legislative elections in March 2012. The constitutional processes governing these elections were established in the e ...
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Open Democracy article
Un pequeño país elige un nuevo presidente - Rusia Hoy
Google News - over 5 years
En su momento se arriesgó incluso a desafiar al carismático líder del movimiento nacional abjazo de la época de la perestroika y primer presidente, Vladislav Ardzinba. Actualmente, el asunto de mayor importancia para el nuevo líder de la república es
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Google News article
Abkhazia Holds Successful Democratic Election - UNPO
Google News - over 5 years
Ankvab had been interior minister prior to the war with Georgia; after it, he fell out with Abkhazia's wartime leader and first president, Vladislav Ardzinba, and relocated to Moscow, where he made his fortune in business. When Abkhazia's constitution
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Google News article
Court allows Nemtsov to campaign against all candidates - RIA Novosti
Google News - over 5 years
A person who has for twenty years been considered the most serious opponent to the first president, Vladislav Ardzinba, has come to power in Abkhazia. Batal Tabagua, head of Abkhazia's Central Election Commission, announced Ankvab's complete and
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Google News article
Russian Press - Behind the Headlines, August 26 - RIA Novosti
Google News - over 5 years
One half supported Prime Minister Khadzhimba, who the first Abkhazian president Vladislav Ardzinba saw as his successor, and who had Russia's blessing. The other half backed Sergei Bagapsh, who campaigned on a platform of regime change
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Google News article
Abkhaz Presidential Election Campaign Turns Ugly - RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty
Google News - over 5 years
Khadjimba, 53, began his a career in the KGB, then served as defense minister and later prime minister under Bagapsh's predecessor as president, Vladislav Ardzinba. Moscow almost provoked a civil war by openly backing Khadjimba against Bagapsh in the
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Google News article
Acting de facto Abkhaz president accused of helping Georgia - Messenger.ge
Google News - over 5 years
“Ankvab who had been the Interior Minister of de facto Abkhazia under the governance of the late President Vladislav Ardzinba didn't inform him about the entrance of the Georgian troops in the Abkhazian territory,” Kitovani said recollecting Ardzinba's
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Google News article
Three to vie for presidency in Abkhazia - People's Daily Online
Google News - over 5 years
Svetlana Jergenia, widow of another former president, Vladislav Ardzinba, who led the region from 1994 to 2004, will be Khajimba's running mate. Khajimba was the first to make his position public after his supporters applied to the election commission
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Google News article
Bağımsızlık mücadelesindeki Abhazya - Turkish Forum
Google News - over 5 years
1994 yılında yeni anayasayı kabul ederek Vladislav Ardzinba başkanlığında yeniden bağımsızlık talebinde bulunan Abhazya, bölgeye hakim olmaya çalışan ve baskıyı sürdüren Gürcü yönetime oldukça büyük zorluklar çıkarmıştır. 1997 yılında ise Abhazya'nın
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Google News article
Bagapş'tan Sonra Abhazya - Kafkasevi.com
Google News - over 5 years
2004-2005 yıllarında iktidarın, Abhazya'nın ilk cumhurbaşkanı Vladislav Ardzinba'dan barış içinde devralınması onun çabaları ile oldu. Bu, Sovyet sonrası Gürcistan için bu ulaşılamaz bir hedef olarak kaldı, “demokrasi feneri”ne verdikleri tüm değere
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Abjazia después de Bagapsh - Rusia Hoy
Google News - over 5 years
Gracias a sus esfuerzos el primer presidente del país, Vladislav Ardzinba, le transfirió el poder pacíficamente en 2004-2005. Para la Georgia postsoviética continúa siendo un objetivo inalcanzable, a pesar de todo lo que avanzó este “baluarte de la
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Google News article
Abkhazia after Bagapsh - Russia Beyond The Headlines
Google News - over 5 years
It is thanks to his efforts that power was transferred peacefully from Abkhazia's first president, Vladislav Ardzinba, in 2004-2005. For post-Soviet Georgia, this remains an unattainable goal, despite all the advances given to this "beacon of democracy
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One Man's Magnitude - Russia Profile
Google News - over 5 years
In 2004 Abkhazia entered the presidential campaigning season, and by then Bagapsh's predecessor Vladislav Ardzinba, the charismatic leader of the national movement during perestroika, the fall of the Soviet Union and the war with Georgia, had virtually
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Google News article
Bagapş'tan sonra Abhazya: Rusya, Gürcistan ve Türkiye sınavda - Halkın Gazetesi Birgün
Google News - over 5 years
Abhazya'nın ilk Devlet Başkanı Vladislav Ardzinba, uzun süren hastalığının ardından, 4 Mart 2010'da Moskova'da ölmüştü. 2005'te onun yerine gelen ve 2009'da görevine yeniden seçilen ikinci Devlet Başkanı Sergey Bagapş da 29 Mayıs 2011'de akciğer
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Force majeure in "puppet theatre" - Experts' club
Google News - over 5 years
The first puppet - Vladislav Ardzinba, who went down in history as the executor of genocide and ethnic cleansing of Georgians, however, was already out of service and was not subject to "repairs". But devoid of function, he spent a long time watching
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Google News article
Head Of Georgian Breakaway Region Dies In Moscow - RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty
Google News - over 5 years
He served as prime minister from 1997 to 1999 under then-de facto President Vladislav Ardzinba. Bagapsh (left) and rival Raul Khajimba were able to compromise. Bagapsh was elected president in January 2005 after an acrimonious standoff with then-Prime
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Google News article
Vladislav Ardzinba, 64; Once Led Abkhazia
NYTimes - almost 7 years
SUKHUMI, Georgia (AP) -- Vladislav Ardzinba, who led the breakaway Georgian enclave of Abkhazia to de facto independence through a bloody war and ethnic cleansing, died on Thursday in Moscow. He was 64. His doctor, Anzor Gooz, said that Mr. Ardzinba died in a clinic but did not specify the cause of death. Russia recognized Abkhazia after the 2008
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NYTimes article
World Briefing | Europe: Russia Backs New Election In Breakaway Georgian Region
NYTimes - about 12 years
Moscow threatened to impose an economic blockade on the breakaway Abkhazia region in neighboring Georgia if the man the Kremlin did not back in a disputed presidential election goes ahead with his plan to hold his inauguration on Monday. Russia wants a rerun of the election, as the region's current president has ordered, or ''the border with
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NYTimes article
World Briefing | Europe: Georgia: Separatist Leader Orders New Vote
NYTimes - over 12 years
The president of Abkhazia ordered new elections in the separatist republic after his preferred successor apparently lost the race, regional news agencies reported. Abkhazia held an election on Oct. 3 but an opposition candidate, Sergei Bagapsh, appeared to defeat Raul Khajimba, who served as prime minister under the current president, Vladislav
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NYTimes article
Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Vladislav Ardzinba
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 2010
    Age 64
    By 2010, Ardzinba's health was in decline and had been for some time.
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  • FIFTIES
  • 2005
    Age 59
    He was replaced by the winner of the presidential election of 12 January 2005, Sergei Bagapsh. A previous election had been held in late 2004 after the murder of opposition leader Garri Aiba, but the result was controversial.
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  • 2004
    Age 58
    He had been in extremely poor health and underwent treatment in Moscow for some time. Despite increasing calls from the opposition (particularly the Amtsakhara movement) for him to resign he had stated that he would finish his term, which was supposed to end in October 2004, but in fact did not end until 12 February 2005, due to disputes over the election of his successor.
    More Details Hide Details There were also calls for him to be impeached. However, although the Abkhaz Constitution allows for impeachment, the process would likely have not been completed before the end of his term, so no serious steps were taken to bring it about. He was unable to run for a third term due to constitutional restrictions, and it is unlikely that his health would have enabled him to do so even if this was allowed.
  • 1999
    Age 53
    He won the first direct polls on 3 October 1999, without an opponent and was re-elected as president of Abkhazia.
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  • FORTIES
  • 1995
    Age 49
    Ardzinba aroused some further criticism from the international community after issuing a decree banning Jehovah's Witnesses in 1995.
    More Details Hide Details During the last years of his presidency Ardzinba faced criticism for both failing to bring stability to Abkhazia and his increasingly low public profile. He had not appeared in public since 2002. As a result, the role of governing the state had been increasingly left to Prime Minister Raul Khajimba.
  • 1994
    Age 48
    After the hostilities ended in 1994 and the bulk of the Georgian population was forced out of Abkhazia, the Abkhazian parliament elected Ardzinba to the presidency, a move that was condemned by Georgia and the United Nations as illegal.
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  • 1992
    Age 46
    In August 1992, a Georgian military force ousted Ardzinba and his group from Sukhumi.
    More Details Hide Details They took shelter in Gudauta, a home to the Soviet-era Russian military base. Ardzinba benefited from his contacts with the Russian hardliner circles and military leaders to garner critical support in the war against the Georgian government.
    As the Georgian-Abkhaz tensions rose, Ardzinba's rhetoric mounted, as he claimed in late July 1992 that "Abkhazia is strong enough to fight Georgia."
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  • 1991
    Age 45
    In mid-1991, he negotiated and accepted the Georgian concession on the reform of the electoral law that granted the Abkhaz wide over-representation in the Supreme Soviet.
    More Details Hide Details However, Ardzinba created the Abkhazian National Guard that was mono-ethnically Abkhaz, and initiated a practice of replacing ethnic Georgians in leading positions with Abkhaz.
  • 1990
    Age 44
    On 4 December 1990, Ardzinba was elected Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of Abkhazia.
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  • 1989
    Age 43
    Ardzinba, a charismatic but excitable figure popular among the Abkhaz was believed by Georgians to have helped to instigate the violence of July 1989.
    More Details Hide Details Ardzinba managed to consolidate his power relatively quickly and reneged on pre-election promises to increase the representation of Georgians in Abkhazia's autonomous structures; since then, Ardzinba tried to rule Abkhazia relatively single-handedly, but avoided, for the time being, overt conflict with the central authorities in Tbilisi.
    He was a member of the first parliament to be elected democratically in the Soviet Union in 1989.
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    A noted specialist in Hittitology, he was a member of the first parliament to be elected democratically in the Soviet Union in 1989.
    More Details Hide Details Vladislav Ardzinba was born in the village of Lower Eshera, Sukhumi District, Abkhaz ASSR, Georgian SSR, Soviet Union. After graduating from the Historical Department of the Sukhumi Pedagogical Institute, Ardzinba studied at the Tbilisi State University where he received a doctoral degree. He then worked for eighteen years in Moscow specialising in ancient Middle Eastern civilizations under Yevgeniy Primakov, then head of the Institute of Oriental Studies in Moscow, and later Russian foreign and Prime Minister.
  • 1987
    Age 41
    He then returned to Sukhumi and he served there as the director of the Abkhazian Institute of Language, Literature and History from 1987 until 1989, when he was elected a Deputy to the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union from Gudauta.
    More Details Hide Details From there, he was involved closely with national issues, including Abkhazia, and quickly emerged as one of the most active proponents of the Abkhaz secessionist cause. While a deputy to the USSR Supreme Soviet, Ardzinba forged close ties with the hardliners in Moscow, particularly with the parliamentary chairman Anatoly Lukyanov and other members of the hardline communist groups in Moscow that were responsible for the August 1991 coup attempt.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1945
    Born
    Born on May 14, 1945.
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Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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