William Crawford

Born 1732

William Crawford was an American soldier and surveyor who worked as a western land agent for George Washington. Crawford fought in the French and Indian War and the American Revolutionary War. He was tortured and burned at the stake by American Indians in retaliation for the Gnadenhutten massacre, a notorious incident near the end of the American Revolution.… Read More

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1722 Birth In 1722, Crawford was born in Orange County, Virginia, at a location which is now in Berkeley County, West Virginia. … Read More


1736 14 Years Old After his father's death in 1736, his mother married Richard Stephenson. … Read More


1742 20 Years Old In 1742 Crawford married one Ann Stewart and she bore him one child, a daughter also named Ann, born in 1743. … Read More
1749 27 Years Old In 1749, Col. William Crawford became acquainted with George Washington, then a young surveyor somewhat younger than Crawford. … Read More


1755 33 Years Old In 1755, Crawford served in the Braddock expedition with the rank of ensign. … Read More
1758 36 Years Old In 1758, Crawford was a member of General John Forbes's army which captured Fort Duquesne, where Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania now stands.


1763 - 1765 2 More Events
1767 45 Years Old There may also have been another daughter, Nancy, born in 1767, who had apparently died when he wrote his will in 1782.
1768 46 Years Old When the 1768 Treaty of Fort Stanwix with the Iroquois opened up additional land for settlement, Crawford worked again as a surveyor, locating lands for settlers and speculators. … Read More
1770 48 Years Old In 1770 Crawford and Washington travelled down the Ohio River to choose the land to be given to the regiment's veterans. … Read More


1773 - 1774 2 More Events
1775 53 Years Old Arthur St. Clair, another Pennsylvania official, called for Crawford to be removed from his office, which was done in January 1775.
1776 54 Years Old Beginning in 1776, Crawford served as a surveyor and justice for Virginia's short-lived Yohogania County. … Read More
1777 55 Years Old After the war on the western frontier intensified in 1777, Crawford was transferred to the Western Department of the Continental Army. … Read More
1778 56 Years Old Crawford was present at the Treaty of Fort Pitt in 1778, and helped to build Fort Laurens and Fort McIntosh that year. … Read More
1780 58 Years Old In 1780, Crawford visited Congress to appeal for more funds for the western frontier.
1781 59 Years Old In 1781, he retired from military service.


1782 60 Years Old 1 More Event
In 1782, General William Irvine persuaded Crawford to come out of retirement and lead an expedition against enemy Indian villages along the Sandusky River. … Read More
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