William Lowndes Yancey

William Lowndes Yancey

Born Aug 10, 1814

William Lowndes Yancey was a journalist, politician, orator, diplomat and an American leader of the Southern secession movement. A member of the group known as the Fire-Eaters, Yancey was one of the most effective agitators for secession and rhetorical defenders of slavery. An early critic of John C. Calhoun and nullification, by the late 1830s Yancey began to identify with Calhoun and the struggle against the forces of the anti-slavery movement.… Read More

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1814 Birth Born on August 10, 1814.
1817 2 Years Old Yancey was born at "the Aviary"; three years later, on October 26, 1817, his father died of yellow fever. … Read More
1821 6 Years Old Yancey’s widowed mother married the Reverend Nathan Sydney Smith Beman on April 23, 1821. … Read More


1830 15 Years Old In the fall of 1830, Yancey was enrolled at Williams College in northwestern Massachusetts. … Read More
1832 17 Years Old In the autumn of 1832, Yancey took his first steps as a politician by working on the campaign for Whig Ebenezer Emmons. … Read More
1833 18 Years Old Despite being selected as the Senior Orator by his class, Yancey left the school in the spring of 1833, six weeks before graduation. … Read More
1834 19 Years Old 1 More Event
On July 4, 1834, at a Fourth of July celebration, Yancey made a stirring nationalistic address in which he openly attacked the radicals of the state who were still talking secession from the repercussions of the Nullification Crisis:


1835 20 Years Old 1 More Event
Beman’s marriage was marred by domestic unrest and spousal abuse that led to serious considerations of divorce and finally a permanent separation in 1835. … Read More
1836 - 1837 2 More Events
1838 23 Years Old 1 More Event
In early 1838, Yancey took over the Cahaba Southern Democrat, and his first editorial was a strong defense of slavery. … Read More
1839 - 1843 5 More Events
1844 29 Years Old In 1844, Yancey was elected to the United States House of Representatives to fill a vacancy (winning with a 2,197 to 2,137 vote) and re-elected in 1845 (receiving over 4,000 votes as the Whigs did not even field a candidate). … Read More


1845 - 1846 2 More Events
1847 32 Years Old 1 More Event
Yancey recognized the significance of the Wilmot Proviso to the South and in 1847, as the first talk of slaveholder Zachary Taylor as a presidential candidate surfaced, Yancey saw him as a possibility for bringing together a Southern political movement that would cross party lines. … Read More
1848 33 Years Old With no available candidate sufficiently opposed to the Proviso, in 1848 Yancey secured the adoption by the state Democratic convention of the "Alabama Platform," which was endorsed by the legislatures of Alabama and Georgia and by Democratic state conventions in Florida and Virginia. … Read More
1849 34 Years Old …  Yancey persuaded a June 1849 state Democratic Party meeting to endorse Calhoun’s address and was instrumental in calling for the Nashville Convention scheduled for June 1850.
1850 35 Years Old 1 More Event
Yancey was opposed to both the Compromise of 1850 and the disappointing results of the Nashville Convention. … Read More


1855 40 Years Old When the conflicts in Kansas Territory known as Bleeding Kansas erupted in 1855–1856, Yancey spoke publicly in support of Jefferson Buford’s efforts to raise 300 men to go to Kansas and fight for Southern interests.
In 1856, Yancey was head of the platform committee for the state Democratic and Anti–Know Nothing Convention, and he succeeded in having the convention readopt the Alabama Platform.
In January 1858, he participated in a rally supporting William Walker, the famous Nicaragua filibuster, calling the "Central American enterprise as the cause of the South."
1859 44 Years Old When the Alabama Democratic Party organized in the winter of 1859-1860 for the upcoming national convention, they chose Yancey to lead them on the basis of the Alabama Platform. … Read More
…  At the 1860 Democratic National Convention, Yancey, a leading opponent of Stephen A. Douglas and the concept of popular sovereignty, was instrumental in splitting the party into Northern and Southern factions. … Read More
1861 46 Years Old Confederate President Jefferson Davis and Yancey met on February 18, 1861, as Davis was starting to put together the executive branch of the government. … Read More
Upon his return to America in 1862, Yancey was elected to the Confederate States Senate where he was a frequent critic of the Davis Administration. … Read More
Yancey returned to Alabama in May 1863, before Congress had adjourned. … Read More
Original Authors of this text are noted on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Lowndes_Yancey.
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