William Randolph Hearst
Profile

William Randolph Hearst

Newspaper Publisher
Male
Born Apr 29, 1863

William Randolph Hearst was an American business magnate and a leading newspaper publisher. Hearst entered the publishing business in 1887, after taking control of The San Francisco Examiner from his father. Moving to New York City, he acquired The New York Journal and engaged in a bitter circulation war with Joseph Pulitzer's New York World which led to the creation of yellow journalism—sensationalized stories of dubious veracity.… Read More

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CHILDHOOD

1863 Birth Born on April 29, 1863.

TWENTIES

1885 22 Years Old Following preparation at St. Paul's School in Concord, New Hampshire, Hearst enrolled in the Harvard College class of 1885. … Read More
1887 24 Years Old Searching for an occupation, in 1887, Hearst took over management of a newspaper, the San Francisco Examiner, which his father received in 1880 as repayment for a gambling debt. … Read More

THIRTIES

1895 32 Years Old In 1895, with the financial support of his mother, he bought the failing New York Morning Journal, hiring writers like Stephen Crane and Julian Hawthorne and entering into a head-to-head circulation war with Joseph Pulitzer, owner and publisher of the New York World, from whom he "stole" Richard F. Outcault, the inventor of color comics, and all of Pulitzer's Sunday staff as well. … Read More
1896 33 Years Old Under Hearst, the Journal remained loyal to the populist or left wing of the Democratic Party, and was the only major publication in the East to support William Jennings Bryan in 1896. … Read More
1902 39 Years Old Hearst was on the left wing of the Progressive Movement, speaking on behalf of the working class (who bought his papers) and denouncing the rich and powerful (who disdained his editorials). With the support of Tammany Hall (the regular Democratic organization in Manhattan), he was elected to Congress in 1902 and 1904.

FORTIES

1903 40 Years Old In 1903, Hearst married Millicent Veronica Willson (1882–1974), a 21-year-old chorus girl, in New York City. … Read More
1904 41 Years Old He ran for the Democratic nomination for president in 1904, losing to a conservative New York judge, Alton B. Parker. … Read More
1905 42 Years Old 1 More Event
He was twice elected as a Democrat to the U.S. House of Representatives, and ran unsuccessfully for Mayor of New York City in 1905 and 1909 and for Governor of New York in 1906. … Read More

FIFTIES

1918 55 Years Old After 1918, he called for an isolationist foreign policy to avoid any more entanglement in corrupt European affairs. … Read More
1919 56 Years Old Conceding an end to his political hopes, Hearst became involved in an affair with popular film actress and comedian Marion Davies (1897–1961), former mistress of his friend Paul Block, and from about 1919, he lived openly with her in California. … Read More
1920 57 Years Old An opponent of the British Empire, Hearst opposed American involvement in the First World War and attacked the formation of the League of Nations. His newspapers abstained from endorsing any candidate in 1920 and 1924.
1922 59 Years Old Hearst's last bid for office came in 1922 when he was backed by Tammany Hall leaders for the U.S. Senate nomination in New York. … Read More

LATE ADULTHOOD

1928 - 1933 3 More Events
1935 72 Years Old Hearst broke with FDR in spring 1935 when the President vetoed the Patman Bonus Bill for veterans and tried to enter the World Court. … Read More
1936 73 Years Old He reached 20 million readers in the mid 1930s, but they included much of the working class that Roosevelt had swept by three-to-one margins in the 1936 election. … Read More
1937 74 Years Old 1 More Event
…  Unable to service its existing debts, Hearst Corporation faced a court-mandated reorganization in 1937. … Read More
1938 75 Years Old …  His collections were sold off in a series of auctions and private sales in 1938–39. … Read More
1947 84 Years Old In 1947, Hearst left his San Simeon estate to seek medical care, which was unavailable in the remote location.
1951 88 Years Old He died in Beverly Hills on August 14, 1951, at the age of 88. … Read More
Original Authors of this text are noted on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Randolph_Hearst.
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