William Franklin
American colonial administrator
William Franklin
William Franklin was an American soldier, attorney, and colonial administrator, the acknowledged illegitimate son of Benjamin Franklin. He was appointed as the last Colonial Governor of New Jersey (1763-1776). Franklin was a steadfast Loyalist throughout the American War of Independence. As his father was one of the most prominent Patriots and a Founding Father of the United States, their differences caused an irreconcilable break between them.
Biography
William Franklin's personal information overview.
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Court Log - phillyBurbs.com
Google News - over 5 years
William Franklin, 45, Levittown, pleaded guilty to driving under the influence, related summary offense Mar 1. Sentenced to confinement of 72 hours-6 months, parole at minimum, ordered to pay costs and fine, have no alcohol, attend AA meetings,
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(20) John G. Flanagan: first American tried for murder in Korea - Korea Times
Google News - over 5 years
William Franklin Sands, the American vice-consul, speculated that Flanagan came to the Orient as a sailor, and upon reaching Shanghai was either discharged for his poor character or quit. Here he met Leigh Hunt, an American investor who had recently
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Melissa Deckert - Sioux City Journal
Google News - over 5 years
Melissa Jean Rubia was born March 7, 1970, in Denver, Colo., to Emily Jean and William Franklin Rubia. She attended school in San Diego, Calif. She later moved and worked as a certified nursing assistant in Washington prior to moving to Dakota City in
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The murder of an American - Korea Times
Google News - over 5 years
Horace N. Allen, the American Minister to Korea, immediately sent William Franklin Sands, the legation's young and flamboyant vice-consul, to investigate the death. Sand's initial inquiry ― basically a coroner's court ― concluded after examining Lake
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Rickie A. Gray - Palladium-Item
Google News - over 5 years
4, 1958, in Florida to William Franklin Sr. and Marilyn Joan Richardson Gray, he lived in Richmond most of his life. Rick attended Richmond High School and graduated from Ivy Tech State College. He was a US Marine Corps veteran
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Alvigene Sanford - Hartselle Enquirer
Google News - over 5 years
29, 1929, in Kentucky to William Franklin Prater and Sindy Bishop Prater. She was a member of South Decatur Church of God and was preceded in death by her husband, Ernest Sanford. She is survived by a son, Gerry Sanford and wife Judy of Falkville;
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William Franklin Walker, 86 - Muncie Star Press
Google News - over 5 years
MUNCIE - William Franklin Walker "Bill", 86, died Wednesday, August 10, 2011 at his residence following an extended illness. He was born in Danville, Illinois March 23, 1925 the son of Charles Russell and Hazel Marie (Watson) Walker and graduated from
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Ruth Whitehead Fallaw - Spartanburg Herald Journal
Google News - over 5 years
She was married to the love of her life, the late Charles Randolph Fallaw with whom she had three children: Mary Charlotte, William Franklin, and John Harley. They were married for 48 years. Mrs. Fallaw was a graduate of Union High School and worked
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Revolutionary NJ: The rest of the story - MyCentralJersey.com
Google News - over 5 years
William Franklin, the illegitimate son of Benjamin Franklin, threw in his lot with the British. And New Jersey's Richard Stockton was the only signer of the Declaration of Independence who also signed a British loyalty oath. This, of course, would not
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Transit plan puts focus on buses - Tulsa World
Google News - over 5 years
William Franklin, 45, wasn't so thrilled. The plan, he said, does not seem to address what happens when a passenger gets off a bus. "You can tweak the schedule and stuff, and you may increase it (ridership)," Franklin said
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Episcopal Bishop in Western NY to Allow Priests to Officiate at Gay Marriages - New York Times (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
... another advance in the long march of the civil rights movement which has brought forward the full equality of all Americans, without regard to race, gender and now sexual orientation,” the bishop, R. William Franklin, wrote in a pastoral letter
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Brunson, Moore lead Lynx over Fever 80-70 - CBS News
Google News - over 5 years
Indiana Fever's Tamika Catchings (24) drives by Minnesota Lynx's Taj William-Franklin (8) during the first half of a WNBA basketball game, Friday, July 15, 2011, at Conseco Fieldhouse in Indianapolis. (AP Photo/The Indianapolis Star, Matt Kryger) NO
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Charles W. Upton - LubbockOnline.com
Google News - over 5 years
He was born October 1, 1925 in Mena, Ark. to William Franklin and Mabel Elizabeth Upton. He graduated from Plains High School in 1944. Charles married Frances Gray on December 24, 1946 in Tokio. They lived in Tokio for 46 years and then moved to
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New York's same-gender marriage law prompts diocesan, pension fund changes - Episcopal News Service
Google News - over 5 years
In the Buffalo-based Diocese of Western New York, Bishop William Franklin, who welcomed the new law, said he is writing a policy statement for the diocese, which will be issued before the law goes into effect. That works comes as the bishop finished a
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Leave fractured history to presidential candidates - PNW Local News
Google News - over 5 years
Assuming Wally was referring to Ben Franklin as “Old Ben,” there is no evidence that he was a notable drinker and although he did have one son out of wedlock (William Franklin, the Royal Governor of New Jersey at the beginning of the Revolution),
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of William Franklin
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 1813
    Age 82
    William died in 1813, and is buried in St Pancras Old Church churchyard.
    More Details Hide Details The grave is lost.
  • FIFTIES
  • 1788
    Age 57
    On 14 August 1788, the widower William married Mary Johnson d'Evelin, a widow with children, as his second wife.
    More Details Hide Details Temple, after a failed business career in the United States, lived with them for a time, fathering an illegitimate daughter, Ellen (1798–1875), by a daughter of his stepmother Mary. Temple moved to Paris, where he lived the remainder of his life.
    In his 1788 will, Benjamin left William virtually none of his wealth, except some territory in Nova Scotia and some property already in William's possession.
    More Details Hide Details He said that had Britain won the war, he would have had no wealth to leave his son.
  • 1785
    Age 54
    William saw his father one last time in 1785, when Benjamin stopped in Britain on his return journey to the United States after his time in France.
    More Details Hide Details The meeting was brief and involved tying up outstanding legal matters. In a reconciliation attempt, Benjamin also proposed that his son give land that he owned in New York and New Jersey to William's son Temple, who had served as Ben's secretary during the war and for whom the elder Franklin had great affection, in order to repay a debt William owed his father; in the event, William only ever transferred the New York portion of the land.
  • 1784
    Age 53
    His father never accepted his position, but responded in a letter dated 16 August 1784, in which he states "We will endeavor, as you propose mutually to forget what has happened relating to it, as well we can."
    More Details Hide Details
    William Franklin sent a letter to his father, dated 22 July 1784, in an attempt at reconciliation.
    More Details Hide Details
  • 1783
    Age 52
    In 1783 he visited Scotland and was asked to be a founding member of the Royal Society of Edinburgh.
    More Details Hide Details Benjamin Franklin dedicated his autobiography (written before the war) to his son, though the only mention of William within the manuscript is the inclusion of a newspaper article in which Franklin noted that his son was authorized to make contracts to purchase carts for the British army. But Ben and his son were never reconciled; the elder Franklin became known for his uncompromising position related to not providing compensation nor amnesty for the Loyalists who left the colonies, during the negotiations in Paris for the Peace of Paris. His son's reputation as a Loyalist may have contributed to his position.
  • 1782
    Age 51
    In 1782, William Franklin departed for Britain, never to return.
    More Details Hide Details In London, he became a leading spokesman for the Loyalist community. Because of the continued strength of British forces in North America, in spite of the disaster at Yorktown, many expected Britain to continue fighting the war. The British naval victory against the French at the Battle of the Saintes and the successful defence of Gibraltar also raised their hopes. In summer 1782 a new British government came to power, who still hoped to achieve a reconciliation with the American colonies.
    While in New York, Franklin tried to encourage a guerrilla war and active reprisals against the rebels but was frustrated by British Commander-in-Chief General Clinton, who did not support this. In 1782 Franklin was implicated in the Loyalist officer Richard Lippincott's hanging of Joshua Huddy.
    More Details Hide Details During a raid, Loyalist troops under Franklin's general oversight captured Joshua Huddy, an officer of the New Jersey militia. The Loyalist soldiers hanged Huddy in revenge for similar killings of Loyalists, particularly Phillip White. Huddy was a member of the Association of Retaliation, a vigilante body with a history of attacking and killing Loyalists and Neutrals in New Jersey. At the time, some alleged that Franklin had sanctioned the killing of Huddy. When he heard of Huddy's death, General George Washington threatened to execute Captain Charles Asgill, a British officer who had been captured at Yorktown, unless Lippincott were handed over to the American military. The British refused, but tried Lippincott. The British acquitted him of charges in the hanging. Due to the intervention of the French King Louis XVI, who interceded with his American allies to prevent Asgill's execution, the British officer was eventually exchanged by the Americans.
  • FORTIES
  • 1779
    Age 48
    Active in the Loyalist community of New York, Franklin became President of the Board of Associated Loyalists. In 1779, he had learned through his friend, the poet Jonathan Odell, and British Secret Service chief Major John André, that Benedict Arnold was secretly defecting to the British.
    More Details Hide Details
  • 1778
    Age 47
    When finally released in a prisoner exchange in 1778, he moved to New York City, which was still occupied by the British.
    More Details Hide Details
  • 1777
    Age 46
    William Franklin's wife Elizabeth died in 1777 while he was imprisoned as a Loyalist during the American Revolutionary War.
    More Details Hide Details She was interred beneath the altar of St. Paul's Chapel in lower Manhattan, where she had resided after the British evacuated Perth Amboy. The memorial plaque on the wall at St. Paul's was commissioned by William Franklin from London, where he went into exile following the war. He was a widower for more than ten years. William Franklin completed his law education in England, and was admitted to the bar. William and Benjamin Franklin became partners and confidantes, working together to pursue land grants in what was then called the Northwest (now Midwest). Before they left England, the senior Franklin lobbied hard to procure his son an appointment, especially working with the Prime Minister Lord Bute. William Franklin was appointed as Royal Governor of New Jersey.
  • 1776
    Age 45
    William Franklin continued as governor until January of 1776, when colonial militiamen placed him under house arrest, which lasted until the middle of June.
    More Details Hide Details After the Declaration of Independence on 4 July, Franklin was formally taken into custody by order of the Provincial Congress of New Jersey, an entity which he refused to recognize, regarding it as an "illegal assembly." He was incarcerated in Connecticut for two years, in Wallingford and Middletown. He surreptitiously engaged Americans in supporting the Loyalist cause. Discovered, he was held in Litchfield, Connecticut for eight months.
  • THIRTIES
  • 1763
    Age 32
    In 1763, William Franklin was appointed as the Royal Governor of New Jersey, due to his father's influence with the British Prime Minister.
    More Details Hide Details He replaced Josiah Hardy, a merchant and colonial administrator. As governor, Franklin signed the charter for Queen's College, which would develop as Rutgers University in New Brunswick, New Jersey. Owing to his father's role as a Founding Father and William's loyalty to Britain, the relationship between father and son became strained past the breaking point. When Benjamin finally decided to take up the patriot cause, he tried to convince William to join him, but the son stayed loyal to the Crown.
  • 1762
    Age 31
    Later that year, Franklin married Elizabeth Downes on 4 September 1762 at St George's, Hanover Square in London.
    More Details Hide Details She was born in the English colony of Barbados to the sugar planter John Downes and his wife Elizabeth. She met Franklin while visiting England with her father in 1760. They moved to the New Jersey colony in 1763.
    While in London, Franklin sired an illegitimate son, William Temple Franklin, who was born 22 February 1762.
    More Details Hide Details His mother has never been identified, and he was placed in foster care.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1759
    Age 28
    Neither family approved of the match, but when William went to London to study law about 1759, he left with the understanding that Elizabeth would wait for him.
    More Details Hide Details
  • 1752
    Age 21
    Although often depicted as a young child when he assisted his father in the famed kite experiment of 1752, William was 21 years old at the time.
    More Details Hide Details As a young man, William became engaged to Elizabeth Graeme, daughter of prominent Philadelphia physician Dr. Thomas Graeme and granddaughter of Pennsylvania's 14th Governor, Sir William Keith.
  • TEENAGE
  • 1750
    Age 19
    In 1750, Ben told his own mother that William was nineteen years old, but this may have been an attempt to make the youth appear legitimate.
    More Details Hide Details William was raised by Benjamin Franklin and Deborah Read, his common-law wife; William always called her his mother. There is some speculation that Deborah Read was William's mother, and that because of his parents' common-law relationship, the circumstances of his birth were obscured so as not to be politically harmful to him or to their marital arrangement. William joined a company of Pennsylvania provincial troops in 1746 and fought in Albany in King George's War, obtaining the rank of captain in 1747. As he grew older, he accompanied his father on several missions, including trips to England.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1730
    Born
    Born in 1730.
    More Details Hide Details
Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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