William Reginald Hall
British Admiral, Director of Naval Intelligence 1914 to 1919; Conservative MP 1919–23, 1925–1929
William Reginald Hall
Admiral Sir William Reginald "Blinker" Hall, KCMG, CB, RN was the British Director of Naval Intelligence (DNI) from 1914 to 1919. Together with Sir Alfred Ewing he was responsible for the establishment of the Royal Navy's codebreaking operation, Room 40, which decoded the Zimmerman telegram, a major factor in the entry of the United States in World War I.
Biography
William Reginald Hall's personal information overview.
{{personal_detail.supertitle}}
{{personal_detail.title}}
{{personal_detail.title}}
Photo Albums
Popular photos of William Reginald Hall
Relationships
View family, career and love interests for William Reginald Hall
News
News abour William Reginald Hall from around the web
Real Estate - TheHerald
Google News - over 5 years
Adams Homes to William Hall, Lot 10 in Talmadge Farm subdivision, $212000. ForeverHome to Dale Smith and Patricia Smith, Lot 25 in The Meadows at Tuscany subdivision, $208500. Robert L. Moss to Brian Inkrott and Kimberly Inkrott, Lot 39 in River Hills
Article Link:
Google News article
Auditor General to audit Hall buyout - Gettysburg Times
Google News - over 5 years
Gettysburg Area School District is one of four across the commonwealth that will receive the audit due to its February buyout of former GASD Superintendent William Hall. "We're pursuing this becasue taxpayers are paying for these buyouts and they need
Article Link:
Google News article
Franklin Lakes Man Dies After Dragged By Own Car - Patch.com
Google News - over 5 years
William Hall got caught in the door of his car and was dragged across his Franklin Lake Road driveway, police said. A neighbor said the car rolled into her yard shortly after 6 pm The Franklin Lakes Ambulance Corps brought Hall to the field in front of
Article Link:
Google News article
Ute driver hit by 28 shotgun pellets - Southland Times
Google News - over 5 years
Benjamin William Hall, 23, received four months' home detention and 100 hours of community work on charges arising from a pursuit around Gore on May 15. Hall had reached speeds of up to 130kmh and, at times, drove with his headlights off
Article Link:
Google News article
Did you know that ... (Western, oriental medicine collide in Korea) - Korea Times
Google News - over 5 years
William Hall declared that many of the treatments administered by Korean doctors were “too revolting to speak of even in a medical journal.” He went on to note that urine was commonly used as eyewash, wounds were treated with human feces and that one
Article Link:
Google News article
2 charged in Little Village strangulation - Chicago Tribune
Google News - over 5 years
William Hall said told the court that Pinkins was walking down an alley between Harding Avenue and Pulaski Road when he was spotted by Alejo, who believed that Pinkins recently had robbed Garcia's garage. Alejo alerted Garcia, who got in his truck and
Article Link:
Google News article
Two join Alfred University School Psychology faculty - AU News
Google News - over 5 years
The announcement was made by William Hall, provost and vice president for academic affairs at Alfred University. The Division of School Psychology offers a master's degree in counseling, and a Doctor of Psychology (Psy.D.) degree
Article Link:
Google News article
Political scientists: Trip looks 'folksy, grass roots' - Peoria Journal Star
Google News - over 5 years
William Hall, political science professor at Bradley University, said Obama's trip to Atkinson and Alpha likely drew more publicity for the president than had he visited a larger city. "I would say that it's sort of the retail politics like when he was
Article Link:
Google News article
USD 305's New Superintendent Ready - KSAL
Google News - over 5 years
USD 305 Superintendent William Hall, talking with Rich and Jeff during the KSAL Morning News. Hall has been on the job since July 1st. As USD 305 staff prepares to launch into a new school year next week, 305's new Superintendent
Article Link:
Google News article
Questions linger for Washington Street project - Peoria Journal Star
Google News - over 5 years
"It seems like a shaky foundation to build one's hopes on, presumably expediting a project when we have not yet identified solid funding," said William Hall, political science professor at Bradley University. "I don't know, but it just seems sort of
Article Link:
Google News article
Search for her roots a "race against time" - Owen Sound Sun Times
Google News - over 5 years
The festival started Friday night with two plays about significant figures in black history -- Mary Ann Shadd, a teacher, newspaper publisher and lawyer, and William Hall, the first black person and British Navy sailor to receive the Victoria Cross,
Article Link:
Google News article
150 YEARS AGO: Gov. Jackson deposed by the State Convention - Columbia Daily Tribune
Google News - over 5 years
Those in favor of deposing Jackson included John Henderson of Louisiana, Mo., and George Zimmerman of Troy; Thomas Scott of Tuscumbia and Joseph McClurg of Linn Creek; William Douglass of Boonville; and William Hall of Darkville
Article Link:
Google News article
2 Maine residents indicted for Bangor killings - Boston Herald
Google News - over 5 years
The Penobscot County grand jury Wednesday indicted 29-year-old William Hall for the June 9 death of 28-year-old Melvin Abreu. Police say Hall told them he strangled Abreu after an altercation and threw him out of an apartment window
Article Link:
Google News article
Area Police - Evening Observer
Google News - over 5 years
William Hall Jr., 40, of Dunkirk, was arrested on a warrant Tuesday for disorderly conduct after he was observed on South Roberts Road in Dunkirk. Hall was arraigned in the Town of Pomfret Court and remanded to the Chautauqua County Jail in lieu of
Article Link:
Google News article
Firefighters often spread thin in summer heat - WWL
Google News - over 5 years
“I don't know how they do it with those big suits and oxygen tanks,” said William Hall. Hall lives near the scene of a two-alarm fire in Lakeview on Saturday. Hall said he felt the intense heat a block away, and that the crackling of the fire woke him
Article Link:
Google News article
Banquet to honor unsung citizens - Clovis News Journal
Google News - over 5 years
Dr. Albert Kwan, Norvil Howell and Doc Stewart, Janice and Jane Brown, William Hall, Robert Farley, Bestella Gardner, Royce Jones, Sistar Yancy, Iron Soldiers Veterans Motorcycle group, Chris Bryant, Francis Rhoden, The Segura family, Linda Sephus,
Article Link:
Google News article
Paspalas named Aurizon chief - Montreal Gazette
Google News - over 5 years
15, succeeding William Hall, who will continue as chairman of the board. "Paspalas has the operational and executive experience needed to manage and build Aurizon's growth profile, seek out new opportunities and capitalize on other strategic moves,"
Article Link:
Google News article
Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of William Reginald Hall
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 1943
    Age 72
    Died in 1943.
    More Details Hide Details
  • 1940
    Age 69
    Despite his retirement from military on political life Hall by the late 1930s had been identified as an important target person by the National Socialist police apparatus: In early 1940 the Reichssicherheitshauptamt in Berlin, the headquarters of the intelligence service of the SS, added his name to the Sonderfahndungsliste G.B., a list of people residing in the UK, whom the Nazi leadership an/or its intelligence service regarded as particularly important or (from their point of view) dangerous and who for that reason were slated to be tracked down and apprehended with hgihtened priority by special task forces of the SS, that were to follow on the heels of the occupying forces in case of a successful invasion of the British islands by the Wehrmacht.
    More Details Hide Details Hall was described by the U.S. Ambassador to the Court of St. James's Walter Page as a "clear case of genius", while American attaché Edward Bell described him as "a perfectly marvelous person but the coldest-hearted proposition that ever was — he'd eat a man's heart and hand it back to him." He was known as "Blinker" on account of a chronic facial twitch, which caused one of his eyes to "flash like a Navy signal lamp". His daughter attributed this to childhood malnutrition. (He had attended a military boarding school in which the boys had to fill their bellies by stealing turnips from neighbouring farms). Today, such a twitch is also thought to be symptomatic of a mild form of Dyspraxia.
  • FIFTIES
  • 1924
    Age 53
    Even in the House of Commons he was still said to be involved in the Zinoviev letter affair in 1924, which led to the victory of the Conservatives in the general election of that year.
    More Details Hide Details In the 1920s and 1930s he travelled extensively in the United States to give lectures on intelligence gathering matters. Too old to return to active service on the outbreak of World War II, Hall nevertheless served in the British Home Guard until his death.
  • FORTIES
  • 1919
    Age 48
    As an MP, in 1919 he and a group of industrialists founded a group to counter subversive actions against free enterprise known as National Propaganda, which was later renamed the Economic League (UK).
    More Details Hide Details
    Upon retirement Hall served as a Conservative Member of Parliament (MP) for Liverpool West Derby from 1919 to 1923, then for Eastbourne 1925-29.
    More Details Hide Details
  • 1918
    Age 47
    He was knighted in 1918 and was promoted to Vice-Admiral in 1922 and to full Admiral in 1926, both on the retired list.
    More Details Hide Details
  • 1917
    Age 46
    In 1917, Hall was awarded the Japanese Order of the Rising Sun, Gold and Silver Star, which represents the second highest of eight classes associated with the award.
    More Details Hide Details In that same year, he was promoted to Rear-Admiral.
  • 1916
    Age 45
    Thanks to intercepts from Room 40, Hall was instrumental in the interception of the steamer Aud on 21 April 1916 by HMS Bluebell, which was carrying German arms to Ireland.
    More Details Hide Details That morning the man who had organised the arms shipment, Sir Roger Casement, was arrested in Tralee Bay after disembarking from a German U-Boat. Hall was aware of the upcoming Easter Rising in Dublin, but refused to reveal his sources, so that when information of the rising did reach the government, its authenticity was questioned. Hall interrogated Casement and allegedly refused Casement the opportunity of making a public demand for the cancellation of the uprising. When the United States broke off diplomatic relations with Germany, intercepted traffic between the US German legation and Berlin dried up as a key source of British intelligence. Less reliable information was used by intelligence chiefs including Admiral Hall, such as 'spy-obsessed loyalist residents in Ireland.' The mass arrests of known Sinn Féin activists, following the discovery of a spurious 'German Plot' in Ireland has been interpreted as:
  • 1914
    Age 43
    His seagoing career cut short by ill-health, Hall was appointed Director of the Intelligence Division (DID) by the Admiralty in October 1914, replacing Captain Henry Oliver.
    More Details Hide Details According to Oliver, Hall's wife wrote to him on behalf of her husband requesting that he replace Oliver in the Intelligence Division. Hall served as DID (the title eventually reverted to the pre-1911 "DNI") until January 1919 when he retired from active duty. It turned out to be a fortunate appointment, for he was responsible for building up the naval intelligence organization during the war, encouraged codebreaking and radio-intercept efforts and provided the fleet with good intelligence, making the NID the pre-eminent British intelligence agency during the war. He also encouraged cooperation with other British intelligence organizations, such as MI5 (under Vernon Kell), MI6 (under Mansfield Smith-Cumming) and the Special Branch of Scotland Yard (under Basil Thomson).
  • 1913
    Age 42
    In 1913 he became captain of the battle cruiser Queen Mary.
    More Details Hide Details When he took over he was asked to take part in an experiment by the admiralty to dispense with ships police, transferring their duties to petty officers. He also introduced an innovation of his own, to divide the ship's crew into three watches rather than the customary two. Hall believed that in the war with Germany which he expected, it would be impossible to run a ship continuously with just two watches. The change attracted much ridicule but when war came it was adopted on all large ships. A religious man, he arranged that a chapel was provided on board the ship, and this innovation too was adopted generally. He felt it important that the authority of petty officers should be boosted, and he did this by improving their quarters. He arranged for washing machines on board, for the convenience of the officers who no longer had to pay for laundry ashore, and to the benefit of sailors who were 'tipped' to carry out the washing. He introduced a bookstore on board, and the navy's first shipboard cinema. Inadequacies in the water supply meant that it took an hour for all the stokers to finish washing after duty. Hall insisted that his engineers find a solution to provide enough hot water that they could all wash in 15 minutes, giving them more free time. These changes too became standard. Hall was criticised for being too soft with his crews, but his requirements for discipline were not relaxed.
  • 1911
    Age 40
    From 1911-13 he served as Assistant to the Controller of the Royal Navy.
    More Details Hide Details
  • THIRTIES
  • 1910
    Age 39
    In 1910 two officers, Lieutenant Brandon and Captain Trench, who had been part of Hall's crew gathering intelligence were sent on a 'holiday' in Germany to collect information about coastal defences by Captain Regnart of the intelligence division.
    More Details Hide Details The two were captured and served two and a half years of a four-year sentence, before being pardoned in May 1913 as part of a visit by King George V to Germany. The admiralty then denied any responsibility for what had happened to the pair and their considerable financial loss as a result. When appointed director of intelligence, Hall arranged for them to be compensated. Hall was appointed to the armoured cruiser Natal following the death of her captain, F.C.A. Ogilvy. Ogilvy had obtained a high reputation for his ship which had beaten all records at gunnery but Hall managed to step into Ogilvy's place, retaining the confidence of the crew and bettering the gunnery record the following year. His reputation for unorthodox treatment of his men continued to grow, making it his business to reform recalcitrant sailors rather than simply punishing them. He had the knack of threatening men with punishments he could not deliver (such as dismissal from the service) if they did not reform, and succeeded. Natal was called upon to assist a sailing ship, the Celtic Race, which had lost most of her sails in a storm and was in danger of sinking. Despite the risk to his own ship, he escorted Celtic Race into Milford Haven. He was rewarded by the owners and underwriters, being presented with a silver table centrepiece by the Lord Mayor of Liverpool on their behalf.
  • 1905
    Age 34
    In December 1905 he was promoted to Captain and appointed by the First Sea Lord, Sir John Fisher as Inspecting Captain of the new Mechanical Training Establishments, which Fisher had established to give engineering training to ordinary sailors (1906-7).
    More Details Hide Details He was next appointed captain of the cadet training ship HMS Cornwall. Although not a conventional warship, this now involved Hall in intelligence work. The ship visited foreign ports, particularly in Germany which was now seen as the navy's greatest potential enemy, and Hall started the tour with a long list of places to investigate. In Kiel he was tasked with discovering how many slips had been constructed for building large vessels. To do this he devised a ruse with the help of the Duke of Westminster, who was visiting the port and agreed to lend his motor boat for the task. Hall and a couple of officers dressed down as sailors and took the yacht on a full speed circuit of the harbour, pretending to break down by the naval dockyard. A concealed camera was then used to take photographs of the installations. More information was discovered by careful questions ashore.
  • 1904
    Age 33
    In 1904 he became commander of the predreadnought battleship Cornwallis which was commissioning with a new crew to operate in the Mediterranean.
    More Details Hide Details Hall had a reputation as a strict disciplinarian with an ability to get the best out of a crew, so he was given some of the worst sailors to bring up to scratch. A trick of disaffected sailors was to remove gunsights and throw them overboard, and indeed this happened. Hall instructed the master at arms to look out for two sailors who had previously been friends but who now avoided each other. He took one, told him that the other had confessed they had removed the sights, and the sailor duly confessed. Behaviour on board improved. Although Hall imposed discipline strictly, he also showed concern for the men he commanded and for their welfare, which was unusual for that time. He took particular care for the boys and junior seamen.
  • 1901
    Age 30
    He was promoted to Commander 1 January 1901, in recognition of services with naval forces in South Africa, and later served on the battleship Magnificent, flagship of the second in command of the Channel Fleet.
    More Details Hide Details
  • TWENTIES
  • 1895
    Age 24
    In 1895 he was appointed as gunnery lieutenant on the cruiser Australia where he served for two years before being appointed to the senior staff at Whale Island.
    More Details Hide Details
  • 1894
    Age 23
    In 1894 Hall married Ethel de Wiveslie Abbey, daughter of Sir William.
    More Details Hide Details The engagement had begun when he was aged 19, five years before, but at the time this was still considered a young age for a naval officer to get married.
  • 1892
    Age 21
    In 1892 he was recommended to train as a gunnery officer, which involved a course in mathematics at the Royal Naval College, Greenwich, followed by a year's course at the gunnery school at HMS Excellent, a shore establishment at Whale Island, Portsmouth.
    More Details Hide Details Having qualified, he remained for a year on the staff.
  • TEENAGE
  • 1889
    Age 18
    In 1889 he became acting sub-lieutenant before attending courses for his Lieutenants examinations at Greenwich, the gunnery school and torpedo school where he achieved first class grades in all five of the subjects.
    More Details Hide Details Now as Lieutenant he was posted to the China Station where he served on the flagship, the armoured cruiser Imperieuse.
  • 1884
    Age 13
    He joined the training ship HMS Britannia in 1884 and two years later was appointed to the armoured cruiser Northampton.
    More Details Hide Details After a year he was transferred to the ironclad battleship Bellerophon which was part of the North American Station.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1870
    Born
    Born in 1870.
    More Details Hide Details
Original Authors of this text are noted here.
All data offered is derived from public sources. Spokeo does not verify or evaluate each piece of data, and makes no warranties or guarantees about any of the information offered. Spokeo does not possess or have access to secure or private financial information. Spokeo is not a consumer reporting agency and does not offer consumer reports. None of the information offered by Spokeo is to be considered for purposes of determining any entity or person's eligibility for credit, insurance, employment, housing, or for any other purposes covered under the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA)