William Randolph Hearst
Newspaper publisher
William Randolph Hearst
William Randolph Hearst was an American business magnate and a leading newspaper publisher. Hearst entered the publishing business in 1887, after taking control of The San Francisco Examiner from his father. Moving to New York City, he acquired The New York Journal and engaged in a bitter circulation war with Joseph Pulitzer's New York World which led to the creation of yellow journalism—sensationalized stories of dubious veracity.
Biography
William Randolph Hearst's personal information overview.
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Photo Albums
Popular photos of William Randolph Hearst
News
News abour William Randolph Hearst from around the web
Se va el maestro, ¿y ahora qué? - El País.com (España)
Google News - over 5 years
Con su anticipada renuncia, el nombre de este gurú del producto queda escrito en piedra en el panteón de los negocios junto a leyendas como Andrew Carnegie, William Hearst, John Rockefeller, Thomas Edison o Henry Ford. VIDEO - G. RODRÍGUEZ-PINA / L
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La tentación de jugar al todopoderoso - Vanguardia.com.mx
Google News - over 5 years
Seguramente que Irving Wallace se inspiró en la vida de William Hearst para escribir “El Todopoderoso”, novela sobre un magnate de la prensa llamado Edward Armstead, heredero, al igual que Hearst en la vida real, de un imperio financiero y un periódico
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The changing media terrain - Malaysia Star
Google News - over 5 years
Those who owned newspapers quickly became very powerful with men such as William Hearst, Beaverbrook and indeed Rupert Murdoch trading favours with politicians and other businessmen. Understandably, politicians disliked and distrusted these powerful
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Citizen Murdoch - Notizie Radicali
Google News - over 5 years
Murdoch non é imparentato con Berlusconi ma é semmai il vero erede di William Hearst, il primo media tycoon che agli inizi del XX secolo inventò il giornalismo per le masse. Hearst partì da un piccolo giornale di San Francisco posseduto dal padre per
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[분수대] 황색 저널리즘 - JoongAng Daily
Google News - over 5 years
The term originated from the late-19th-century newspaper war between William Hearst's New York Journal and Joseph Pulitzer's New York World. In 1889, the New York Journal scouted the creator of the popular comic character, the Yellow Kid,
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Ciudadano Murdoch - La Crónica de Hoy
Google News - over 5 years
La diferencia entre Kane y Murdoch es que el primero es un personaje cinematográfico —aunque basado en la vida del magnate William Hearst, quien, por cierto, prohibió en sus periódicos cualquier mención de la película “Ciudadano Kane”—, mientras que
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Historias sobre la Libertad de Expresión - Pysn Pueblo y Sociedad Noticias
Google News - over 5 years
Sin ir más lejos, aquí tenemos a Randolf William Hearst , el conocido magnate que llegó a provocar la guerra hispano-norteamericana tras el confuso hundimiento del acorazado Maine, simplemente para vender más periódicos, y el que tan brillantemente
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El Síndrome de Hearst - Diario El Tiempo
Google News - over 5 years
Esta morbosa manifestación toma su nombre de Patricia Hearst, hija de William Hearst, millonario heredero de una cadena de medios de comunicación en Estados Unidos, la cual fue secuestrada en el año 1974 por un grupo guerrillero que la mantuvo
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Cannabis als Arzneimittel- und manchmal siegt die Vernunft doch - Online-Presseportal.de
Google News - almost 6 years
Zudem galt die vielseitige Hanf-Pflanze als Konkurrenzprodukt zu Zellulose in der Papierherstellung, hier taten sich unter Anderem der Papierhersteller William Hearst und der Chemie-Gigant DuPont als Akteure für ein Verbot für Cannabis hervor
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El príncipe de las ballenas - El Correo Digital (Vizcaya)
Google News - almost 6 years
Esta vez ni los dólares de Hollywood consiguieron atenuar el escándalo y la prensa sanguinaria del magnate William Hearst -el Ciudadano Kane de Orson Welles- preñó de miserias sus hojas amarillas. No me escriban bonito, les decía Hearst a sus
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Today's Top 10: Things to like about Citizen Kane - Delaware County Daily Times
Google News - almost 6 years
The movie scandalized William Hearst's name. Rosebud was reportedly the name Hearst had for his mistress, Marion Davis's private parts. The co-writer of the film Mankiewicz was a Hearst insider. He was friends with Marion Davis and had frequented the
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Gli onnipresenti – Garret Dillahunt - Itasa Blog
Google News - almost 6 years
... un uomo al soldo di William Hearst, a Deadwood per rastrellare concessioni minerarie, sfortuna vuole che il tipo sia anche un maniaco sessuale assai verosimile, preferisco tralasciare i particolari. in The Road è invece il mebro di un'altro tipo di
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of William Randolph Hearst
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 1951
    Age 87
    He died in Beverly Hills on August 14, 1951, at the age of 88.
    More Details Hide Details He was interred in the Hearst family mausoleum at the Cypress Lawn Cemetery in Colma, California. Like their father, none of Hearst's five sons succeeded in graduating from college, but they all followed their father into the media business, and Hearst's namesake, William Randolph, Jr., became a Pulitzer Prize–winning newspaper reporter. As Martin Lee and Norman Solomon noted in their 1990 book Unreliable Sources, Hearst "routinely invented sensational stories, faked interviews, ran phony pictures and distorted real events." This approach discredited "yellow journalism." Hearst's use of yellow journalism techniques in his New York Journal to whip up popular support for U.S. military adventurism in Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines in 1898 was also criticized in Upton Sinclair's 1919 book, The Brass Check: A Study of American Journalism. According to Sinclair, Hearst's newspapers distorted world events and deliberately tried to discredit Socialists.. Another critic, Ferdinand Lundberg, extended the criticism in Imperial Hearst (1936), charging that Hearst papers accepted payments from abroad to slant the news. After the war, a further critic, George Seldes, repeated the charges in Facts and Fascism (1947).
  • 1947
    Age 83
    In 1947, Hearst left his San Simeon estate to seek medical care, which was unavailable in the remote location.
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  • 1938
    Age 74
    His collections were sold off in a series of auctions and private sales in 1938–39.
    More Details Hide Details John D. Rockefeller, Junior, bought $100,000 of antique silver for his new museum at Colonial Williamsburg. The old man was humiliated, but not defeated; he threw his energies into the editorials in his numerous publications, especially dealing with the fast-growing crisis in Europe. He still refused to attack Hitler. Fewer people listened, as Hearst for the first time in his career was treated as an outsider, a curiosity. He became a fit topic for ridicule in one of the most famous movies of all time, Citizen Kane.
  • 1937
    Age 73
    Beginning in 1937, Hearst began selling some of his art collection to help relieve the burden he had suffered from the depression.
    More Details Hide Details The first year he sold 11 million dollars worth. In 1941 he put about 20,000 items up for sale that were a good indication of his wide and varied tastes. Included in the items he put up for sale were paintings by van Dyke, crosiers, chalices, Charles Dickens's sideboard, pulpits, stained glass, arms and armor, George Washington's waistcoat, and Thomas Jefferson's Bible. Despite the magnitude of these sales, when Hearst Castle was finally given to the State of California there were still enough items for the whole house to be considered as a museum. After seeing photographs of St. Donat's Castle in Country Life Magazine, Hearst bought the Welsh Vale of Glamorgan property and revitalized it in 1925 as a love gift to Davies. The Castle was restored by Hearst, who spent a fortune buying entire rooms from castles and palaces in Europe. The Great Hall was bought from the Bradenstoke Priory in Wiltshire and reconstructed brick by brick in its current site at St. Donat's Castle. The road haulage work was carried out by freight brokers Holme & Simpson, later North British Transport Ltd. From the Bradenstoke Priory he also bought and removed the guest house, Prior's lodging, and great tithe barn; of these, some of the materials became the St. Donat's banqueting hall, complete with a sixteenth-century French chimney-piece and windows; also used were a fireplace dated to c. 1514 and a fourteenth-century roof, which became part of the Bradenstoke Hall, despite this use being questioned in Parliament.
    Unable to service its existing debts, Hearst Corporation faced a court-mandated reorganization in 1937.
    More Details Hide Details From that point, Hearst was reduced to being merely another employee, subject to the directives of an outside manager. Newspapers and other properties were liquidated, the film company shut down; there was even a well-publicized sale of art and antiquities. While World War II restored circulation and advertising revenues, his great days were over. The Hearst Corporation continues to this day as a large, privately held media conglomerate based in New York City.
  • 1936
    Age 72
    He reached 20 million readers in the mid 1930s, but they included much of the working class that Roosevelt had swept by three-to-one margins in the 1936 election.
    More Details Hide Details The Hearst papers—like most major chains—had supported the Republican Alf Landon that year. In 1934, after checking with Jewish leaders to ensure a visit would be to their benefit, Hearst visited Berlin to interview Adolf Hitler. When Hitler asked why he was so misunderstood by the American press, Hearst retorted, "Because Americans believe in democracy, and are averse to dictatorship." Hearst's papers ran columns without rebuttal by Nazi leader Hermann Göring and Hitler himself, as well as Mussolini and other dictators in Europe and Latin America.
  • 1935
    Age 71
    Hearst broke with FDR in spring 1935 when the President vetoed the Patman Bonus Bill for veterans and tried to enter the World Court.
    More Details Hide Details Hearst papers led the attack on Roosevelt and his New Deal. They carried the publisher's rambling, vitriolic, all-capital-letters editorials, but he no longer employed the energetic reporters, editors, and columnists who might have made a serious attack.
  • 1933
    Age 69
    His editorials energetically supported the New Deal throughout 1933 and 1934.
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  • 1932
    Age 68
    Hearst's support for Franklin D. Roosevelt at the 1932 Democratic National Convention, via his allies William Gibbs McAdoo and John Nance Garner, can also be seen as part of his vendetta against Smith, who was an opponent of Roosevelt's at that convention.
    More Details Hide Details Hearst's reputation plunged in the mid 1930s as his political views changed 180 degrees and he became a leader of the anti-Roosevelt conservatives. Hearst’s outlook was ultra-conservative, nationalist and anti-communist.
  • 1928
    Age 64
    Although Hearst shared Smith's opposition to Prohibition, he swung his papers behind Herbert Hoover in the 1928 presidential election.
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  • FIFTIES
  • 1922
    Age 58
    Hearst's last bid for office came in 1922 when he was backed by Tammany Hall leaders for the U.S. Senate nomination in New York.
    More Details Hide Details Al Smith vetoed this, earning the lasting enmity of Hearst.
  • 1920
    Age 56
    An opponent of the British Empire, Hearst opposed American involvement in the First World War and attacked the formation of the League of Nations. His newspapers abstained from endorsing any candidate in 1920 and 1924.
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  • 1919
    Age 55
    Conceding an end to his political hopes, Hearst became involved in an affair with popular film actress and comedian Marion Davies (1897–1961), former mistress of his friend Paul Block, and from about 1919, he lived openly with her in California.
    More Details Hide Details The affair dominated Davies's life. Millicent separated from Hearst in the mid-1920s after tiring of his longtime affair with Davies, but the couple remained legally married until Hearst's death. Millicent built an independent life for herself in New York City as a leading philanthropist, was active in society, and created the Free Milk Fund for the poor in 1921. After the death of Patricia Lake, Davies's supposed niece, it was confirmed by Lake's family that she was in fact Hearst's daughter by Davies. Beginning in 1919, Hearst began to build Hearst Castle, which he was destined never to complete, on a ranch at San Simeon, California, which he furnished with art, antiques and entire rooms brought from the great houses of Europe. He also used the ranch for an Arabian horse breeding operation. San Simeon was also used in the 1960 film Spartacus as the estate of Marcus Licinius Crassus (played by Laurence Olivier).
  • 1918
    Age 54
    After 1918, he called for an isolationist foreign policy to avoid any more entanglement in corrupt European affairs.
    More Details Hide Details He was at once a militant nationalist, a fierce anti-communist, and deeply suspicious of the League of Nations and of the British, French, Japanese, and Russians. He was a leading supporter of Franklin Roosevelt in 1932-34, but then broke with FDR and became his most prominent enemy on the right. His peak circulation reached 20 million readers a day in the mid 1930s, but he was a bad money manager and was so deeply in debt that most of his assets had to be liquidated in the late 1930s; but he kept his newspapers and magazines. His life story was the main inspiration for Charles Foster Kane, the lead character in Orson Welles's film Citizen Kane. His famous mansion, Hearst Castle, on a hill overlooking the Pacific Ocean near San Simeon, is now a State Historical Monument and a National Historic Landmark.
  • FORTIES
  • 1905
    Age 41
    Hearst won two elections to Congress, then lost a series of elections. He narrowly failed in attempts to become mayor of New York City in both 1905 and 1909 and governor of New York in 1906, nominally remaining a Democrat while also creating the Independence Party.
    More Details Hide Details He was defeated for the governorship by Charles Evans Hughes. Hearst's unsuccessful campaigns for office after his tenure in the House Of Representatives earned him the unflattering but short-lived nickname of "William 'Also-Randolph' Hearst", which was coined by Wallace Irwin.
    He was twice elected as a Democrat to the U.S. House of Representatives, and ran unsuccessfully for Mayor of New York City in 1905 and 1909 and for Governor of New York in 1906.
    More Details Hide Details Politically he was on the left wing of the Progressive Movement, speaking on behalf of the working class. He controlled the editorial positions and coverage of political news in all his papers and magazines and thereby exercised enormous political influence. He called for war in 1898 against Spain—as did many papers—but he did it in sensational fashion.
  • 1904
    Age 40
    He ran for the Democratic nomination for president in 1904, losing to a conservative New York judge, Alton B. Parker.
    More Details Hide Details Breaking with Tammany in 1907, Hearst ran for mayor of New York City under a third party of his own creation, the Municipal Ownership League). Tammany Hall exerted its utmost to defeat him.
  • THIRTIES
  • 1903
    Age 39
    In 1903, Hearst married Millicent Veronica Willson (1882–1974), a 21-year-old chorus girl, in New York City.
    More Details Hide Details Evidence in Louis Pizzitola's book Hearst Over Hollywood indicates that Millicent's mother Hannah Willson ran a Tammany-connected and protected brothel near the headquarters of political power in New York City at the turn of the 20th century. Millicent bore him five sons: George Randolph Hearst, born on April 23, 1904; William Randolph Hearst, Jr., born on January 27, 1908; John Randolph Hearst, born in 1910; and twins Randolph Apperson Hearst and David Whitmire (né Elbert Willson) Hearst, born on December 2, 1915. Hearst was the grandfather of Patricia "Patty" Hearst, widely known for being kidnapped by and then joining the Symbionese Liberation Army in 1974 (her father was Randolph Apperson Hearst, Hearst's fourth son).
  • 1902
    Age 38
    Hearst was on the left wing of the Progressive Movement, speaking on behalf of the working class (who bought his papers) and denouncing the rich and powerful (who disdained his editorials). With the support of Tammany Hall (the regular Democratic organization in Manhattan), he was elected to Congress in 1902 and 1904.
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  • 1896
    Age 32
    Under Hearst, the Journal remained loyal to the populist or left wing of the Democratic Party, and was the only major publication in the East to support William Jennings Bryan in 1896.
    More Details Hide Details Its coverage of that historic election was probably the most important of any newspaper in the country, attacking relentlessly the unprecedented role of money in the Republican campaign and the dominating role played by William McKinley's political and financial manager, Mark Hanna, the first national party 'boss' in American history. Only a year after taking over the paper, Hearst could boast that sales of the Journal's post-election issue (including the Evening and German-language editions) topped 1.5 million, a record "unparalleled in the history of the world." The Journal's political coverage, however, was not entirely one-sided. While most editors of the time "believed their papers should speak with one voice on political matters," Hearst "helped to usher in the multi-perspective approach we identify with the modern op-ed page." At first he was supportive of the Russian Revolution of 1917 but later he turned against it. Hearst fought hard against Wilsonian internationalism, the League of Nations, and the World Court, thereby appealing to an isolationist audience.
  • 1895
    Age 31
    In 1895, with the financial support of his mother, he bought the failing New York Morning Journal, hiring writers like Stephen Crane and Julian Hawthorne and entering into a head-to-head circulation war with Joseph Pulitzer, owner and publisher of the New York World, from whom he "stole" Richard F. Outcault, the inventor of color comics, and all of Pulitzer's Sunday staff as well.
    More Details Hide Details Another prominent hire was James J. Montague, who came from the Portland Oregonian and started his well-known "More Truth Than Poetry" column at the Hearst-owned New York Evening Journal. When Hearst purchased the "penny paper", so called because its copies sold for only a penny apiece, the Journal was competing with New York's 16 other major dailies, with a strong focus on Democratic Party politics. Hearst imported his best managers from the San Francisco Examiner and "quickly established himself as the most attractive employer" among New York newspapers. He was generous, paid more than his competitors, gave credit to his writers with page-one bylines, and was unfailingly polite, unassuming, "impeccably calm", and indulgent of "prima donnas, eccentrics, bohemians, drunks, or reprobates so long as they had useful talents". Hearst's activist approach to journalism can be summarized by the motto, "While others Talk, the Journal Acts."
  • TWENTIES
  • 1887
    Age 23
    Searching for an occupation, in 1887, Hearst took over management of a newspaper, the San Francisco Examiner, which his father received in 1880 as repayment for a gambling debt.
    More Details Hide Details Giving his paper a grand motto, "Monarch of the Dailies," he acquired the best equipment and the most talented writers of the time, including Ambrose Bierce, Mark Twain, Jack London, and political cartoonist Homer Davenport. A self-proclaimed populist, Hearst went on to publish stories of municipal and financial corruption, often attacking companies in which his own family held an interest. Within a few years, his paper dominated the San Francisco market. Early in his career at the San Francisco Examiner, Hearst envisioned running a large newspaper chain, and "always knew that his dream of a nation-spanning, multi-paper news operation was impossible without a triumph in New York."
  • 1885
    Age 21
    Following preparation at St. Paul's School in Concord, New Hampshire, Hearst enrolled in the Harvard College class of 1885.
    More Details Hide Details While there he was a member of Delta Kappa Epsilon, the A.D. Club (a Harvard Final club), the Hasty Pudding Theatricals, and of the Harvard Lampoon before being expelled for antics ranging from sponsoring massive beer parties in Harvard Square to sending pudding pots used as chamber pots to his professors (their images were depicted within the bowls).
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1863
    Born
    Born on April 29, 1863.
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Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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