Yuri Andropov
Soviet politician
Yuri Andropov
Yuri Vladimirovich Andropov was a Soviet politician and the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 12 November 1982 until his death fifteen months later.
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Yuri Andropov's personal information overview.
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The Atrocity of 9/11, 10 Years: That Terrible Day - Right Side News
Google News - over 5 years
... and Soviet military intelligence who were overridden by hard-line CPSU cadres and the top echelons of the KGB, most notably Yuri Andropov, known in some circles as the “Butcher of Budapest” for his role in the suppression of the 1956 uprising
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Corruption and Party Politics in the Late Soviet Period - Monthly Review
Google News - over 5 years
The Moscow operation was launched the year that Yuri Andropov left the chairmanship of the KGB USSR to become, once again, secretary of the Central Committee (CC) of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU). After the inquiry opened,
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The almanac - UPI.com
Google News - over 5 years
Her 1983 letter to Soviet President Yuri Andropov about her fear of nuclear war earned her a visit to the Soviet Union. In 1991, the Soviet republic of Byelorussia, now known as Belarus, declared independence. In 1992, researchers reported that
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People: Craig Ferguson receives white powder, threat, in mail - San Jose Mercury News
Google News - over 5 years
1985: Samantha Smith, 13, the schoolgirl whose letter to Yuri Andropov resulted in her peace tour of the Soviet Union, died with her father in an airliner crash in Auburn, Maine. 2001: R&B singer Aaliyah was killed with eight others in a plane crash in
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Reagan And Obama: Does Time Off Mean Time Out? - NBC Bay Area (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
Where was Reagan when Soviet leaders Yuri Andropov and Konstantin Chernenko died? Or when he fired more than 11000 striking air traffic controllers in August of 1981? Or when the US Embassy in Beirut was bombed in April of 1983?
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Gorbachev vs. Putin - Putin Wins a TKO. Gas and Oil Still Flowing - OilPrice.com
Google News - over 5 years
But the truth was that Gorbachev was former General Secretary Yuri Andropov's handpicked successor. Andropov, a humorless former KGB chief, who lasted only 15 months following the death of Leonid Brezhnev and was succeeded briefly by the 74 year-old
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'They Were Truly Idiots' - Spiegel Online
Google News - over 5 years
They assigned the positions as they saw fit, even though (Yuri) Andropov… Gorbachev: … had written, in a letter to the Plenary Assembly of the Central Committee, that he supported Gorbachev. SPIEGEL: Perhaps you could fill us in on a detail from the
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Pen Pals? Azerbaijan's President and the Little Armenian Girl - EurasiaNet
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Cold War hands may still remember “America's Youngest Ambassador” Samantha Smith, a girl from Maine who sent a letter across the Iron Curtain to Soviet leader Yuri Andropov in 1982. Smith took up Andropov's invitation to swing by the USSR for a
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The Berlin Wall, Hiding Shame - The New American
Google News - over 5 years
One cannot exclude that at the next party Congress (Yuri) Andropov might be replaced by a younger leader with a more liberal image. That turned out to be Mikhail Gorbachev, credited in the world press for bringing Perestroika, or an era of openness,
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Aconteceu em 29 de julho - Diário da Rússia
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1974 – Yuri Andropov, na chefia da KGB, cria o grupo Alfa, uma divisão especial de combate ao terrorismo, uma das tropas de elite mais eficientes do mundo até hoje. 1985 – Mikhail Gorbachev anuncia a decisão unilateral da União Soviética de suspender
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Belarus adopts Soviet labor tactics to fix financial crisis - Deutsche Welle
Google News - over 5 years
It was back at the end of 1982 that Yuri Andropov became the leader of the Communist Party in the Soviet Union, a position he held until the beginning of 1984. During that short time in office, he aimed to save Russia's ailing command economy - mainly
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Conservatism, By Kieron O'Hara - The Independent
Google News - over 5 years
In one habitat a conservative may be a Willie Whitelaw; in another, a Yuri Andropov or Robert Mugabe. O'Hara acknowledges the relativism bogey. But he assumes the problem faces societies elsewhere, or marginal groups here, rather than that the rulers'
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Galina Breznev: lujuria, codicia y marxismo-leninismo - Intereconomía
Google News - over 5 years
Le sucedía en la cúpula soviética el siniestro Yuri Andropov, ex jefe del KGB. Entonces empezó a levantarse la alfombra. Algunos meses antes había sido detenido Kolevatov, el del circo. El nombre de Galina salió a relucir. La URSS entró en un vértigo
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On This Day ... - Patch.com
Google News - over 5 years
During the Cold War, in 1983, Samantha Smith, an American schoolgirl, is invited by Russia Secretary General Yuri Andropov to the Soviet Union. In 1985, Boris Becker becomes the youngest person to win Wimbledon at age 17. In 2005, 56 people were killed
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Jiang Zemin morto? Pechino censura il web - il Giornale
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Il caso più clamoroso in tempi recenti fu quello di Yuri Andropov. Il segretario generale del partito comunista dell'Urss, nominato nel novembre 1982 al posto della mummia Leonid Breznev (un altro caso di gestione della salute dei potenti ai limiti
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People: James Spader new CEO at 'Office' - San Jose Mercury News
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1983: 11-year-old Samantha Smith of Manchester, Maine, left for a visit to the Soviet Union at the personal invitation of Soviet leader Yuri Andropov. Musician-conductor Doc Severinsen (84), Pulitzer Prize-winning author David McCullough (78),
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Yuri Andropov
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 1984
    Age 69
    In late January 1984 Andropov's health deteriorated sharply and due to growing toxicity in his blood, he had periods of failing consciousness.
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  • 1983
    Age 68
    However, it was Andropov himself who recalled Yakovlev back to high office in Moscow in 1983 after a ten-year exile as ambassador to Canada after attacking Russian chauvinism.
    More Details Hide Details Yakovlev was also a close colleague of Andropov associate KGB General Yevgeny Primakov, later Prime Minister of Russia. Andropov began to follow a trend of replacing elderly officials with considerably younger replacements. According to his former subordinate Securitate general Ion Mihai Pacepa, Despite Andropov's hard-line stance in Hungary and the numerous banishments and intrigues for which he was responsible during his long tenure as head of the KGB, he has become widely regarded by many commentators as a reformer, especially in comparison with the stagnation and corruption during the later years of his predecessor, Leonid Brezhnev. Andropov, "a throwback to a tradition of Leninist asceticism", was appalled by the corruption during Brezhnev's regime, and ordered investigations and arrests of the most flagrant abusers. The investigations were so frightening that several members of Brezhnev's circle "shot, gassed or otherwise did away with themselves." He was certainly generally regarded as inclined to more gradual and constructive reform than was Gorbachev; most of the speculation centres around whether Andropov would have reformed the USSR in a manner which did not result in its eventual dissolution.
    In August 1983, he entered the Central Clinical Hospital in western Moscow on a permanent basis, where he would spend the remainder of his life.
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    In February 1983, Andropov suffered total renal failure.
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    In August 1983 Andropov made a sensational announcement that the country was stopping all work on space-based weapons.
    More Details Hide Details One of his most notable acts during his short time as leader of the Soviet Union was in response to a letter from a 10-year-old American child from Maine named Samantha Smith, inviting her to the Soviet Union. Meanwhile, Soviet-U.S. arms control talks on intermediate-range nuclear weapons in Europe were suspended by the Soviet Union in November 1983 and by the end of the year, the Soviets had broken off all arms control negotiations. Cold War tensions were exacerbated by Soviet fighters downing a civilian jet liner, Korean Air Flight KAL-007, which carried 269 passengers and crew, including a congressman from Georgia, Larry McDonald. KAL 007 had strayed over the Soviet Union on 1 September 1983 on its way from Anchorage, Alaska, to Seoul, South Korea. Andropov was advised by his Defence Minister Dmitriy Ustinov and by the head of the KGB Viktor Chebrikov to keep secret the fact that the Soviet Union held in its possession the sought-after "black box" from KAL 007.
    On 8 March 1983, during Andropov's reign as General Secretary, U.S. President Ronald Reagan famously labeled the Soviet Union an "evil empire".
    More Details Hide Details The same month, on 23 March, Reagan announced the Strategic Defense Initiative. Reagan claimed this research program into ballistic missile defense would be "consistent with our obligations under the ABM Treaty". However, Andropov was dismissive of this claim, and said that "It is time they Washington stopped... searching for the best ways of unleashing nuclear war... Engaging in this is not just irresponsible. It is insane".
  • 1982
    Age 67
    Two days after Leonid Brezhnev's death, on 12 November 1982, Andropov was elected General Secretary of the CPSU, the first former head of the KGB to become General Secretary.
    More Details Hide Details His appointment was received in the West with apprehension, in view of his roles in the KGB and in Hungary. At the time his personal background was a mystery in the West, with major newspapers printing detailed profiles of him that were inconsistent and in a few cases fabricated. During his rule, Andropov attempted to improve the economy by raising management effectiveness without changing the principles of socialist economy. In contrast to Brezhnev's policy of avoiding conflicts and dismissals, he began to fight violations of party, state and labour discipline, which led to significant personnel changes during an anti-corruption campaign against many of Brezhnev's cronies. During 15 months in office, Andropov dismissed 18 ministers, and 37 first secretaries of obkoms, kraikoms and Central Committees of Communist Parties of Soviet Republics; criminal cases on highest party and state officials were started. For the first time, the facts about economic stagnation and obstacles to scientific progress were made available to the public and criticised.
    Andropov was the longest-serving KGB chairman and did not resign as head of the KGB until May 1982, when he was again promoted to the Secretariat to succeed Mikhail Suslov as secretary responsible for ideological affairs.
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  • 1980
    Age 65
    From 1980 to 1982, while still chairman of the KGB, Andropov opposed plans to occupy Poland after the emergence of the Solidarity movement and promoted reform-minded party cadres including Mikhail Gorbachev.
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    He insisted on the invasion, although he knew that the international community would blame the USSR for this action; the decision led to the Soviet–Afghan War (1979–1989) and a moderately widespread boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympic Games in Moscow.
    More Details Hide Details On 10 December 1981, in the face of Poland's Solidarity movement, Andropov persuaded Leonid Brezhnev that it would be counterproductive for the Soviet Union to invade Poland by repeating Prague 1968. This effectively marked the end of the Brezhnev Doctrine.
  • 1979
    Age 64
    Andropov played the dominant role in the decision to intervene militarily in Afghanistan on 24 December 1979.
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  • FIFTIES
  • 1969
    Age 54
    On 29 April 1969, he submitted to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union an elaborated plan for creating a network of psychiatric hospitals to defend the "Soviet Government and socialist order" from dissidents.
    More Details Hide Details The proposal by Andropov to use psychiatry for struggle against dissidents was implemented. Andropov was in charge of the widespread deployment of psychiatric repression since he has headed the KGB. According to Yuri Felshtinsky and Boris Gulko, the originators of the idea to use psychiatry for punitive purposes were the head of the KGB Andropov and the head of the Fifth Directorate Philipp Bobkov. The repression of dissidents included plans to maim the dancer Rudolf Nureyev, who had defected in 1961. There are some who believe that Andropov was behind the deaths of Fyodor Kulakov and Pyotr Masherov, the two youngest members of the Soviet leadership. A declassified document revealed that Andropov as KGB director gave the order to prevent unauthorized gatherings mourning the death of John Lennon.
    After the assassination attempt against Brezhnev in January 1969, Andropov led the interrogation of the captured gunman, Viktor Ivanovich Ilyin.
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  • 1968
    Age 53
    In 1968, Andropov as the KGB Chairman issued his order "On the tasks of State security agencies in combating the ideological sabotage by the adversary", calling for struggle against dissidents and their imperialist masters.
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  • 1967
    Age 52
    On 3 July 1967, he made a proposal to establish for dealing with the political opposition the KGB's Fifth Directorate (ideological counterintelligence).
    More Details Hide Details At the end of July, the directorate was established and entered in its files cases of all Soviet dissidents including Andrei Sakharov and Alexander Solzhenitsyn.
    In 1967 he was relieved of his work in the Central Committee apparatus and appointed head of the KGB on recommendation of Mikhail Suslov, at the same time promoted a Candidate Member of the Politburo.
    More Details Hide Details He gained additional powers in 1973, when he was promoted to full member of the Politburo. During the Prague Spring events of 1968 in Czechoslovakia, Andropov was the main proponent of the "extreme measures". "The KGB whipped up the fear that Czechoslovakia could fall victim to NATO aggression or to a coup". At this time, agent Oleg Kalugin reported from Washington that he gained access to "absolutely reliable documents proving that neither the CIA nor any other agency was manipulating the Czechoslovak reform movement". However his message was destroyed because it contradicted the conspiracy theory fabricated by Andropov. Andropov ordered a number of active measures, collectively known as operation PROGRESS, against Czechoslovak reformers.
  • FORTIES
  • 1961
    Age 46
    In 1961, he was elected full member of the CPSU Central Committee and was promoted to the Secretariat of the CPSU Central Committee in 1962.
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  • 1957
    Age 42
    In 1957 Andropov returned to Moscow from Budapest in order to head the Department for Liaison with Communist and Workers' Parties in Socialist Countries, a position he held until 1967.
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  • THIRTIES
  • 1954
    Age 39
    In 1954 he was appointed Soviet Ambassador to Hungary and held this position during the 1956 Hungarian Revolution.
    More Details Hide Details Andropov played a key role in crushing the Hungarian uprising. He convinced a reluctant Nikita Khrushchev that military intervention was necessary. He is known as ‘The Butcher of Budapest’ for his ruthless suppression of the Hungarian uprising. The Hungarian leaders were arrested and Imre Nagy and others executed. After these events, Andropov suffered from a "Hungarian complex", according to historian Christopher Andrew: "he had watched in horror from the windows of his embassy as officers of the hated Hungarian security service were strung up from lampposts. Andropov remained haunted for the rest of his life by the speed with which an apparently all-powerful Communist one-party state had begun to topple. When other Communist regimes later seemed at risk – in Prague in 1968, in Kabul in 1979, in Warsaw in 1981, he was convinced that, as in Budapest in 1956, only armed force could ensure their survival".
  • 1951
    Age 36
    In 1951 Andropov was transferred, by the decision of the CPSU Central Committee, to its staff.
    More Details Hide Details He was appointed an inspector and then the head of a subdepartment of the Committee.
  • 1947
    Age 32
    In 1947, he was elected Second Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Karelo-Finnish SSR.
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  • TWENTIES
  • 1944
    Age 29
    During World War II, Andropov took part in partisan guerrilla activities in Finland. From 1944 onwards, he left Komsomol for Communist Party work.
    More Details Hide Details Between 1946 and 1951, he studied at the university of Petrozavodsk.
  • 1938
    Age 23
    In 1938, he was elected First Secretary of the Yaroslavl Regional Committee of the YCL, and was First Secretary of the Central Committee of Komsomol in the Soviet Karelo-Finnish Republic from 1940 to 1944.
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  • 1936
    Age 21
    Andropov was educated at the Rybinsk Water Transport Technical College and graduated in 1936.
    More Details Hide Details Both of his parents died early, leaving Yuri an orphan at the age of thirteen. As a teenager he worked as a loader, a telegraph clerk, and a sailor for the Volga steamship line. At 16, Yuri Andropov, then a member of the All-Union Leninist Young Communist League (YCL, or Komsomol), was a worker in the town of Mozdok in the North Ossetian ASSR. He became full-time Secretary of the YCL organization of the Water Transport Technical School in Rybinsk in the Yaroslavl Region and was soon promoted to the post of organizer of the YCL Central Committee at the Volodarsky Shipyards in Rybinsk.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1914
    Born
    Andropov was born in Nagutskaya, Stavropol Region, Russian Empire, on 15 June 1914.
    More Details Hide Details He was the son of a railway official, Vladimir Konstantinovich Andropov, who was of a Don Cossack family and Yevgenia Karlovna Fleckenstein, the adopted daughter of a Moscow watchmaker, Karl Franzovich Fleckenstein, who was originally from Finland.
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