Ziaur Rahman

President of Bangladesh
Born Jan 19, 1936

Ziaur Rahman, Bir Uttam, was a Bangladeshi politician, the seventh President of Bangladesh (1977) and an army general, who read the Declaration of Independence of Bangladesh on behalf of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. During the Liberation War of Bangladesh in 1971, he was first a sector commander before being promoted to one of three brigade commanders of the Bangladesh Forces; his brigade was called the Z Force, after his first initial.… Read More

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1936 Birth Born on January 19, 1936.
1946 10 Years Old In 1946, Mansur Rahman enrolled Zia for a short stint in one of the leading boys schools of Calcutta, Hare School, where Zia studied until the dissolution of the British Empire in South Asia and creation of India in 1947.


1947 11 Years Old 1 More Event
With the Partition of India, Mansur Rahman exercised his option to become a citizen of a Muslim majority Pakistan and in August 1947 moved to Karachi the first capital of Pakistan located in Sindh, West Pakistan.
1952 16 Years Old Zia spent his adolescent years in Karachi and by age 16 completed his secondary education from that School in 1952.
1953 17 Years Old In 1953, Zia was admitted into the D.J. College in Karachi. … Read More
1955 19 Years Old Graduating from the Pakistan Military Academy at 12th PMA long course on 18 September 1955 in the top 10% of his class, Ziaur Rahman was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Pakistan Army. … Read More


1957 - 1958 2 More Events
1960 24 Years Old In August 1960, his marriage was arranged to Khaleda Majumder, the 15-year-old daughter of Iskandar Majumder and Taiyaba Majumder from the Dinajpur District, in a simple ceremony. … Read More
1964 28 Years Old …  Around the same time, his wife Khaleda Zia, now 23, gave birth to their first child Tarique Rahman (Tareq Zia) on 20 November 1964.
1965 29 Years Old 1 More Event
During the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, Ziaur Rahman saw combat in the Khemkaran sector in Punjab as the commander of a company unit of 300–500 soldiers.


1966 30 Years Old In 1966, Zia was appointed military instructor at the Pakistan Military Academy, later going on to attend the Command and Staff College in Quetta, Pakistan, where he completed a course in command and tactical warfare.
1969 33 Years Old Zia joined the 2nd East Bengal regiment as its second-in-command at Joydebpur in Gazipur district, near Dhaka, in 1969, and travelled to West Germany to receive advanced military and command training with the German Army and later on spent few months with the British Army.
1970 34 Years Old 1 More Event
Zia returned to Pakistan the following year, during political turmoil and regional division. Upon his return, Zia was promoted to Major and transferred in October 1970 to be second-in-command of the 8th East Bengal regiment stationed in Chittagong. … Read More
Zia, who already by then geared to revolt against the government of Pakistan, was preparing to defect, and later arrested and executed his commanding officer Lt. Col. Janjua, revolted and broadcast the announcement of the Declaration of Independence on the evening hours of 26 March 1971 from the captured Kalurghat radio station in Chittagong which read: … Read More
1972 36 Years Old Later Ershad introduced Islamic religious education as a compulsory subject in Bangladeshi schools, with provisions for non-Muslim students to learn of their own religions. At the birth of Bangladesh, many Islamists had supported the Pakistani Army's fight against independence and been barred from politics with the Bangladesh Collaborators (Special Tribunals) Order of 1972. … Read More
…  He rose to power after the country's first military coup on 15 August 1975, in which Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was killed. … Read More


1976 40 Years Old Zia became the chief martial law administrator following Justice Sayem's elevation to the presidency on 19 November 1976.
He took over the presidency in 1977. … Read More
…  In 1978 he appointed Hussain Muhammad Ershad as the new Chief of Army Staff, promoting him to the rank of Lieutenant General. … Read More
In 1981 he brought back Mujib's daughter Hasina Wazed to Bangladesh.
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