Alois Hudal

Catholic bishop Alois Hudal

Alois Hudal was a Rome-based bishop of Austrian descent. For thirty years, he was the head of the small Austrian-German congregation of Santa Maria dell'Anima in Rome and, until 1937, an influential representative of the Austrian Church.
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Biography
Alois Hudal's personal information overview.
Deceased
13 May 1963

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The Flight from Justice: Historian Gerald Steinacher on How Nazis Fled Europe ... - History News Network
Google News - over 6 years
Gerald Steinacher: Yes, especially with the people from the Catholic Church, and people who were close to Bishop Alois Hudal in Rome, a key figure in helping some of the worst perpetrators escape from justice. I talked to people who were people
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Pio XII e il rastrellamento degli ebrei, prove che ne salvò 11.000 - RomaToday
Google News - over 6 years
Il Pontefice inviò allora suo nipote, il principe Carlo Pacelli, dal vescovo austriaco Alois Hudal, guida della Chiesa nazionale tedesca a Roma, "che era secondo alcuni in rapporti cordiali con i nazisti. Il principe Pacelli disse a Hudal che era stato
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Új dokumentumok bizonyítják XII. Piusz szerepét római zsidók ezreinek ... - Vatikáni Rádió
Google News - over 6 years
Ekkor a pápa elküldte unokaöccsét, Carlo Pacelli herceget Alois Hudal osztrák püspökhöz, aki a római német nemzeti templom vezetője volt és szívélyes kapcsolatot tartott fenn a nácikkal. A herceg elmondta Hudal püspöknek, hogy a pápa küldötte,
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Pio XII salvó a más de 11.000 judíos de la deportación en la II Guerra Mundial - La Vanguardia
Google News - over 6 years
Al no recibir respuesta, el Pontífice envió a su sobrino, Carlo Pacelli para que se reuniera con el obispo austríaco Alois Hudal, vicario de la iglesia de Santa María del Alma, con quien el régimen nazi mantenía una relación "cordial",
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'Duizenden Joden in Rome gered dankzij Pius XII' - Katholiek Nederland
Google News - over 6 years
Volgens PTWF blijkt uit nieuw archiefonderzoek dat paus Pius XII, na een officiële klacht te hebben ingediend bij de Duitse ambassadeur, zijn neef prins Carlo Pacelli naar de Oostenrijkse bisschop Alois Hudal stuurde, de rector van de Santa Maria
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Así movilizó Pío XII a su sobrino y un obispo pronazi para llegar a Himmler y ... - Religión en Libertad
Google News - over 6 years
Según descubrió este experto, Pío XII (Eugenio Pacelli) envío a su sobrino, el príncipe Carlo Pacelli, a que se entrevistase con el obispo austriaco Alois Hudal, cabeza de Santa María del Alma, que tenía buenas relaciones con los nazis porque compartía
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La libération (41) : l'Opération Lusty... et Roswell - AgoraVox
Google News - over 6 years
Le propre fils de John Foster Dulles était prêtre, et fut un proche d'Alois Hudal, l'organisateur des "rats-lines". Entre White Sands et le site supposé du crash de Roswell, il ya 217 km. Autour du site, on trouve aujourd'hui un peu partout des
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Wish you were here: the Church, the Red Cross and the Nazis' great escape - Irish Times
Google News - over 6 years
It has long been established that individual Nazi sympathisers within the clergy, such as Bishop Alois Hudal in Rome and the Archbishop of Genoa, Giuseppe Siri, actively supported the flight of Nazi war criminals. However, Steinacher disputes the
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Vad du inte visste om katolska kyrkan #5 - Sourze
Google News - over 6 years
De hade i hemlighet verkat sen krigsslutet och samarbetat med ett internationellt nätverk nazister för att bistå flyende naziförbrytare och man fick frikostig hjälp från både påven och Vatikanens biskop Alois Hudal, som 1937 skickat ett exemplar av sin
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A Nazi's Trail Leads to a Gold Cache in Brazil
NYTimes - over 20 years
Albert Blume died 14 years ago, an outcast and a mystery to his relatives, buried in a poor man's grave. As odd as his life was his legacy -- a $4 million fortune in luxury watches, rings, gold bars and gold teeth for which an aging aunt has been battling in court since his death. The case might have ended unnoticed this year, with a
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 NYTimes article
Why the Vatican Kept Silent on Nazi Atrocities; The Failure to Act
NYTimes - over 28 years
LEAD: To the Editor: To the Editor: Patrick J. Buchanan's letter (''In Defense of Pius XII,'' Sept. 12), is replete with misleading statements and omits discussion of relevant facts. These are the facts of the role of Pope Pius XII and the Roman Catholic Church in the Holocaust and its immediate aftermath: * As papal nuncio to Germany, the
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FLEEING NAZI'S FRIEND IN POSTWAR ROME
NYTimes - almost 34 years
To the Editor: In reference to your Feb. 23 news articles about Nazis' post-World War II escape via Italy, I can give you some additional information. In the 1950's, when I was working on the Eichmann case, I was in Rome and found out how this escape route operated after 1945. I never heard of Dr. Willi Nix, the focus of one of your articles, but I
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Alois Hudal
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  • 1963
    After he was banned from Rome by the Vatican of Pope Pius, he withdrew to his sumptuous residence in Grottaferrata near Rome, embittered towards Pius XII. He died in 1963.
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  • 1962
    Despite his protests against anti-Semitism in the 1930s, in his memoirs, with full knowledge of the Holocaust as of 1962, the "Brown Bishop" said of his actions in favour of war criminals and genocide perpetrators and participants: "I thank God that He opened my eyes and allowed me to visit and comfort many victims in their prisons and concentration camps and help them escape with false identity papers" — however, the "victims" were Axis prisoners of war and their "concentration camps" were Allied detention camps.
    He resided afterwards in Grottaferrata, near the city of Rome, where in 1962 he wrote his embittered memoirs called (Roman Diaries, Confessions of an Old Bishop), published posthumously in 1976.
  • 1952
    In January 1952, the Bishop of Salzburg told Hudal that the Holy See wanted to dismiss him.
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    This position he was forced to resign in 1952.
  • 1948
    While his official status was minor, Hudal clearly played a role in the rat line. In 1999, Italian researcher Matteo Sanfilippo revealed a letter drafted on 31 August 1948 by Bishop Hudal to Argentinian President Juan Perón, requesting 5,000 visas, 3,000 for German and 2,000 for Austrian "soldiers".
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  • 1947
    Hudal's activities caused a press scandal in 1947, after he was accused of leading a Nazi smuggling ring by the Passauer Neue Presse, a Catholic newspaper, but, as in 1923, playing the Austrian versus the Vatican and German cards, he only resigned as rector of Santa Maria dell'Anima in 1952, under joint pressure from the German and Austrian bishops and the Holy See.
  • 1945
    After the war, Hudal was one of the main Catholic organizers of the ratline nets, along with Monsignor Karlo Petranović, himself an Ustasha war criminal who fled to Austria and then to Italy after 1945, Father Edward Dömöter, the Franciscan of Hungarian origin who forged the identity of Eichmann's passport, issued by the Red Cross in the name of Ricardo Klement, and Father Krunoslav Draganović, a Croatian professor of Theology.
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    In 1945, Hudal gave refuge to Otto Wächter.
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    After 1945, Hudal gained notoriety by working on the ratlines, helping former Nazis and Ustasha families to find safe haven in overseas countries.
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    In 1945, Allied-occupied Austria forced Hudal to give up his Graz professorship; however Hudal appealed on a technicality and regained it two years later.
    After 1945, Hudal continued to be isolated from the Vatican.
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  • 1943
    In September 1943, Rauff was sent to Milan, where he took charge of all Gestapo and SD operations throughout northwest Italy.
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  • 1937
    His close relationship with Pacelli and Pius XI stopped immediately after the publication of his book in 1937, which was seen as contradicting Mit brennender Sorge and the 1933 Reichskonkordat.
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    The 1937 Hudal book froze his steady rise in Rome and resulted in his leaving the city after the war.
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    When, in 1937, Hudal published his book on the foundations of National Socialism Church authorities were upset because of his deviation from Church policy and teachings.
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    In his 1937 book, The Foundations of National Socialism, Hudal praised Adolf Hitler and his policies and indirectly attacked Vatican policies.
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  • 1936
    Hudal was particularly close to von Papen, who as the Reich's ambassador in Vienna prepared the German-Austrian agreement of 11 July 1936, which some claim paved the way for the Anschluss.
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  • 1935
    In 1935, even before he wrote the Foundations of National Socialism Hudal had said about Rosenberg: "If National Socialism wants to replace Christianity by the notions of race and blood, we will have to face the greatest heresy of the twentieth century.
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    By 1935, Hudal had become influential in creating a proposed list of "errors and heresies" of the "era", containing several racist errors of Nazi politicians, the Nuremberg laws, but also condemning several quotes directly taken from Mein Kampf; this list was accepted by Pope Pius XI as an adequate condemnation, but he wanted an encyclical rather than a mere syllabus.
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  • 1934
    In the autumn of 1934, Hudal had personally explained this strategy to Pius XI: the "good" ought to be separated from the "bad" in National Socialism.
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    Hudal was critical of the works of several Nazi ideologues, like Alfred Rosenberg or Ernst Bergmann, who despised Christianity and considered it "alien to Germanic genius". The condemnation by the Holy Office of Rosenberg's The Myth of the Twentieth Century in 1934 and, shortly thereafter, of Bergmann's The German National Church had been based on Hudal's assessment of both works.
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  • 1933
    Hudal's 1933 promotion to Bishop has been cited as evidence that he had close ties to members of the Roman Curia, particularly Cardinal Merry del Val (who died in 1930), and Cardinal Secretary of State Eugenio Pacelli, the future Pius XII, who had been Papal Nuncio in Germany.
    From 1933 on, Hudal publicly embraced the pan-Germanic nationalism he had previously condemned, proclaiming that he wished to be a "servant and herald" of "the total German cause".
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    In June 1933, Hudal was ordained Titular Bishop of Aela by Eugenio Cardinal Pacelli, who had succeeded Merry del Val as the cardinal protector of the German national church at Rome.
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  • 1930
    In 1930, he was appointed a consultant to the Holy Office by Cardinal Rafael Merry del Val, whom Hudal considered a "grand seigneur of the Church".
  • 1924
    In 1924, Hudal, in a Vatican ceremony in the presence of Pope Pius XI, Cardinal Secretary of State Pietro Gasparri and numerous cardinals, delivered a commendatory address of Pastor, commemorating the 40th anniversary of Pastor's History of the Popes From the Close of the Middle Ages.
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  • 1923
    On 5 February 1923 he recommended Hudal for the position in the Anima, mainly because he was Austrian.
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  • 1922
    Austrian diplomat Ludwig von Pastor introduced Hudal to Pope Pius XI in 1922, and recommended a publication by Hudal on the Serbo-Croatian National Church to the interested Pontiff.
  • 1917
    In 1917, he published a book of sermons to the soldiers, Soldatenpredigten, in which he expressed the idea that "loyalty to the flag is loyalty to God", though also warning against "national chauvinism".
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  • 1914
    He joined the faculty for Old Testament Studies at the University of Graz in 1914.
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    He took his Doctor of Sacred Scripture degree with a dissertation on Die religioesen und sittlichen Ideen des Spruchbuches ("The Religious and Moral Ideas of the Book of Proverbs"), published in 1914.
  • 1911
    Hudal became a noted specialist on the liturgy, doctrine and spirituality of the Slavic-speaking Eastern Orthodox Churches while a parish priest in Kindberg. In 1911, he earned a Doctor of Sacred Theology at the University of Graz.
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  • 1908
    He was ordained to the priesthood in July 1908.
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  • 1885
    Alois Hudal was born on 31 May 1885, the son of a shoemaker in the Austrian city of Graz, where he studied theology from 1904 through 1908.
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