Carlos Menem

President of the Argentina Carlos Menem

Carlos Saúl Menem is an Argentine politician who was President of Argentina from 1989 to 1999. He is currently an Argentine National Senator for La Rioja Province.
Carlos Menem's personal information overview.
02 July 1930
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Argentine ex-presidents asked to testify in Menem's son case
Yahoo News - almost 2 years
BUENOS AIRES, Argentina (AP) — A court on Wednesday asked six former Argentine presidents to testify in the investigation into the 1995 death of the son of ex-President Carlos Menem.
Article Link:
 Yahoo News article
Ex-Argentine leader tells court son was killed by Hezbollah
Yahoo News - almost 2 years
BUENOS AIRES, Argentina (AP) — Former Argentine President Carlos Menem said Friday he believes his son was killed by the Lebanon-based militant group Hezbollah, which prosecutors also suspect was behind two 1990s bombings in Buenos Aires.
Article Link:
 Yahoo News article
Argentina:  A Case Study of Israel’s Zionist-Wall Street Destabilization Campaign
Intifada - almost 3 years
Rescue workers search for survivors and victims in the rubble left after a powerful car bomb destroyed the Buenos Aires headquarters of the Argentine Israeli Mutual Association (AMIA), killing 85 people.REUTERS/Enrique Marcarian/Files      Israeli attempted to sidetrack the Argentine investigation, by involving some of its powerful Wall Street assets and influential pro-Israel lobbies (the Anti-Defamation League, AIPAC among others).  Their purpose was to fabricate ‘evidence’ in order to implicate Iran in the crime and to manipulate their influential assets in Argentina, especially in this case, chief prosecutor Nisman and many of the leaders of DAIA, to accuse the Argentine government of complicity in an ‘Iranian cover-up’.     James Petras Introduction             A recent article by Jorge Elbaum, the former executive director of DAIA (Delegation for Argentine Jewish Associations), the principle Argentine Jewish umbrella groups, published in the Buenos Aires da...
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 Intifada article
Tribunal dismisses case against ex-Argentine President Carlos Menem for 1995 explosion
Fox News - about 4 years
A federal tribunal in Argentina has ruled prosecutors cannot proceed with a case alleging former President Carlos Menem was involved in an explosion at a military weapons factory that destroyed much of the town of Rio Tercero in 1995.
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 Fox News article
Argentine ex-president Menem back on trial at 83
Yahoo News - over 4 years
Argentina's ex-president Carlos Menem was back in court for a new trial Monday, this time for allegedly falsifying his personal tax returns, the Supreme Court announced.
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 Yahoo News article
Menem: 7 years jail for arms smuggling
CNN - over 4 years
An Argentine court has sentenced former President Carlos Menem to seven years in prison for his role in illegally smuggling weapons to Ecuador and Croatia.
Article Link:
 CNN article
Argentine ex-President Menem could face 7 years in prison for arms smuggling
Yahoo News - over 4 years
BUENOS AIRES (Reuters) - Former Argentine President Carlos Menem received a seven-year prison sentence for arms smuggling to Croatia and Ecuador in the 1990s, but he will not be jailed unless his fellow senators strip him of immunity, a court said on Thursday. Menem, now a frail 82-year-old senator, was found guilty in March of being "co-author of the offense of aggravated contraband" in an appeals court decision that overturned a lower court's acquittal two years before. He can appeal the ruling to the Supreme Court. ...
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 Yahoo News article
Argentine ex-economy minister Martinez de Hoz dies
Fox News - almost 5 years
Former economy minister Jose Alfredo Martinez de Hoz has died at age 87 while awaiting sentencing for human rights abuses during the military dictatorship. The state news agency Telam said the exact cause of his death Saturday was not immediately announced. Martinez de la Hoz was Argentina's economy minister from 1976-1981 under military coup leader Gen. Jorge Rafael Videla. After the dictatorship ended, Martinez de la Hoz was tried for rights abuses. He benefited from a 1990 pardon by then-President Carlos Menem, but the charges were restored after the Supreme Court ruled in 2006 that the pardon was unconstitutional. Specifically, Martinez de la Hoz was accused of being among those responsible for the kidnapping and extortion of a prominent businessman and his son, something he long denied.
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 Fox News article
Former President Guilty of Trafficking
Huffington Post - almost 5 years
BUENOS AIRES, Argentina -- Former Argentine President Carlos Menem and 11 others were found guilty by an appeals court on Friday of smuggling weapons to Ecuador and Croatia in violation of international embargoes in the 1990s. Menem, now 82 and enjoying immunity as an Argentine senator, had been acquitted at trial in 2011, but the appellate court said much of the evidence had been mistakenly dismissed, and that there is no logical way the weapons could have been smuggled without Menem's direct participation and approval. Menem acknowledged signing secret decrees to export weapons to Venezuela and Panama, but said he had no idea that the tons of rifles and ammunition made in Argentina would end up in Ecuador and Croatia, countries subject to international embargoes at the time. The appeals court called his defense "incomprehensible," given voluminous evidence that customs procedures weren't followed amid pressure from the presidency. The court found that Menem'...
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 Huffington Post article
Mariana Rodriguez Pareja: Argentina: Sparks Around Alleged 'New Year's Celebration' at Former Torture Center
Huffington Post - about 5 years
Scandal broke a recently in Argentina, when Justice Minister Alak was accused of having hosted an "end-of-the-year" barbecue at the premises of the former clandestine detention center Escuela de Mecánica de la Armada (ESMA) -- currently the Museum of the Memory. Part of the opposition and several human rights organizations condemned the celebration: some did it with a high degree of opportunism, while others took the opportunity to make more substantial complaints about the current government. The ESMA is a former navy school that turned into the biggest clandestine detention centre during the military dictatorship (1976-1983), in which it is estimated that more than 5,000 people were arbitrarily detained, tortured and 'disappeared' at this facility. Fewer than 200 of these are believed to have survived. Many of those detained at these premises were thrown into the nearby Río de la Plata from airplanes, as a part of the infamous Death Flights. Nowadays, the ESMA serves as ...
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 Huffington Post article
Elliot vs Argentina is a domestic Argentine issue - about 5 years
If you want to follow all the ins and outs of Elliott vs Argentina in the mainstream press, you’ll soon find something very interesting. It’s a US case, in a US court, which is very likely to have profound consequences for both US markets in general and for one of America’s most diplomatically important laws, the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act. But to a first approximation, the US press simply hasn’t noticed. Most US outlets have carried a single dry and dutiful report, buried on an inside page, somewhere; the NYT didn’t even manage that, relying instead on a wire report from the AP in Buenos Aires. The WSJ has not been much better, although its report is notable for getting notoriously reclusive fund manager David Martinez* on the record — a sign that if they put their mind to it, US journalists could really add some value here. By contrast, the FT has been all over the story, in detail, from the very beginning, out of London and Buenos Aires. Alphaville’s Joseph Cotterill has ...
Article Link: article
China Worker - almost 6 years
西班牙政府、雷普索尔公司(Repsol)、欧盟领导人、拉美国家的总统们和其他人纷纷抗议 托尼•索努瓦(Tony Saunois),工国委(CWI) 阿根廷庇隆主义总统宣布51%的YPF股份将收归国有的计划,在阿根廷已经赢得了群众的支持,并且被视为对雷普索尔(Repsol)跨国公司的打击。 西班牙工业部长何塞•曼努埃尔•苏利亚(José Manuel Soria )称之为“对西班牙的敌对行为,会导致后果”。(西班牙首相)拉霍伊(Rajoy)斥责这是“不计后果的敌对行为”,这将破坏两国间的“友好氛围”。英国《金融时报》也响应了这种情绪。其社论头条为“野蛮的经济抢劫”,威胁称阿根廷将可能会被“终止20国集团的席位”并警告基什内尔“不应让她忘记怎样的行动就有怎样的后果”(《金融时报》2012年4月18日) 智利邪恶的新自由主义总统皮涅拉(Pinera)和墨西哥总统卡尔德隆(Calderon)同样加入了该阵营批评基什内尔反帝国主义公司的行为。甚至玻利维亚总统莫拉莱斯(Evo Morales)也有些懦弱地表示这是阿根廷和西班牙两国的双边问题,而他的政府和雷普索尔公司关系良好。他自己的政府曾受到来自巴西的类似指责,当时它采取类似的方法以对抗巴西跨国公司——巴西国家石油公司(Petrobras )。 国有化YPF公司股份是一项意义非凡的进展,其产生的重要影响远远超出阿根廷一国本身。这是对基什内尔的国家干预的恶意攻击的背景。国际上的统治阶级担心在当前不断恶化的世界经济危机中,这会为其他政府开先例。“民粹主义的警报再次响起......”是莫伊塞斯•纳伊姆(Moisés Naim )在2012年4月19日《金融时报》上发表的文章的标题。当世界资本主义经济危机加剧,阿根廷的这些发展可能在其他国家发生。它们这些措施将意味着一个新时代的到来。 尽管委内瑞拉的查韦斯在过去采取的类似行为(国有化法国道达尔(Total),英国石油(BP)和美国雪佛龙(Chevron))同样遭致尖锐的敌视和反对,但并没有达到基什内尔最近的干预所引起的国际性的反映。 现在世界资本主义的全球形势远比查韦斯对那些公司进行干预的时候要严重得多。其他政府可能出于群众的压力或者试图保护他们自己的利益而被迫进行干预乃至国有化经济部门的前景使统治阶级感到恐慌。 统治阶级的新政策? 基...
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 China Worker article
YPF in the world, Ivan Briscoe
Open Democracy - almost 6 years
The sudden expropriation of Argentina’s YPF’s oil firm has stirred alarm across Spain, the EU and international business. But the galloping radicalization of economic policy led by a group of young officials in Buenos Aires is grounded in lessons drawn from the global crisis and the errors of European austerity. The results are uncertain, but the reasons are resounding. Fifteen minutes was the time allotted for company executives to pack their bags and leave. By the next morning, their email accounts and mobile phones had been eliminated. Whatever else is said in the world’s financial press over Argentina’s supposedly colossal error in expropriating 51 percent of the national oil company YPF, all of it from the hands of the Spanish owner Repsol, there is no doubt that the seizure was conducted in the most ruthlessly efficient way conceivable. It was a hit and a heist, staged for the public and the world. From t...
Article Link:
 Open Democracy article
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Carlos Menem
  • 2015
    Age 84
    On December 1, 2015, Menem was also found guilty of embezzlement, and sentenced four and half years to prison.
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  • 2013
    Age 82
    Following an Appeals Court ruling that found Menem guilty of aggravated smuggling, he was sentenced to seven years in prison on June 13, 2013, for his role in illegally smuggling weapons to Ecuador and Croatia; his position as senator earned him immunity from incarceration, and his advanced age (82) afforded him the possibility of house arrest.
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    He was declared innocent of those charges in 2013.
  • 2009
    Age 78
    At the end of 2009 he announced that he intended to run for the presidency again in the 2011 elections. but ran for a new term as senator instead.
  • 2008
    Age 77
    In August 2008, the BBC reported that Menem was under investigation for his role in the 1995 Río Tercero explosion, which is alleged to have been part of the weapons scandal involving Croatia and Ecuador.
  • 2007
    Age 76
    Menem ran for Governor of La Rioja in August 2007, but was defeated.
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  • 2005
    Age 74
    In the October 23, 2005 elections, Menem won the minority seat in the Senate representing his province of birth.
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    In 2005, the press reported that he was trying to form an alliance with his former minister of economy Cavallo to fight in the parliamentary elections.
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    He was elected senator for La Rioja in 2005.
  • 2004
    Age 73
    In June 2004 Menem announced that he had founded a new faction within the PJ, called "People's Peronism."
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  • 2003
    Age 72
    Menem ran in 2003 and won the greatest number of votes, 24%, in the first round of the April 27, 2003 presidential election; but votes were split among numerous parties. 45% is required for election (or 40% if the margin of victory is 10 or more percentage points).
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    Menem ran for the presidency again in 2003, but unsure of winning against Néstor Kirchner, he resigned.
  • 2001
    Age 70
    On June 7, 2001, Menem was arrested over a weapons export scandal.
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  • 1999
    Age 68
    The Court finally held Hezbollah responsible for the attack in May 1999. The Argentine Israelite Mutual Association suffered a terrorist attack with a car bomb on July 18, 1994, which killed eighty-five people.
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  • 1997
    Age 66
    The 1997 Asian financial crisis and the 1998 Russian financial crisis also affected the country with consequences that lasted longer than the Tequilla Crisis and started a depression.
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    A new economic crisis began, and the opposing parties formed a political coalition that won the 1997 midterm elections and the 1999 presidential election.
  • 1995
    Age 64
    Duhalde made a similar amendment to the constitution of the Buenos Aires province, in order to be re-elected in 1995.
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  • 1994
    Age 63
    The death of a conscript soldier in 1994, victim of abuses by his superiors, led to the abolition of conscription in the country. The following year, Balza voiced the first institutional self-criticism of the armed forces during the Dirty War, saying that obedience did not justify the actions committed in those years. The Israeli embassy suffered a terrorist attack on March 17, 1992.
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  • 1993
    Age 62
    The victory in the 1993 elections strengthened his proposal, which was approved by the Senate.
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  • 1991
    Age 60
    Antonio Cafiero, a rival of Menem in the PJ, was unable to amend the constitution of the Buenos Aires province to run for a re-election. Duhalde stepped down from the vice presidency and became the new governor in the 1991 elections, turning the province into a powerful bastion.
    His fourth minister of economy, Domingo Cavallo, was appointed in 1991.
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  • 1990
    Age 59
    Menem's government re-established relations with the United Kingdom, suspended since the Falklands War, after Margaret Thatcher left office in 1990.
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    The swiftgate scandal broke out in 1990, as American investors were damaged by a case of corruption, and asked for assistance from the United States' Ambassador Terence Todman.
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  • 1989
    Age 58
    The opposition from the UCR was minimal, as the party was still discredited by the 1989 crisis.
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    He defeated the Buenos Aires governor Antonio Cafiero in the primary elections for the 1989 presidential elections, which he won.
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  • 1987
    Age 56
    His party got control of the provincial legislature, and he was re-elected in 1987 with 63% of the vote.
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  • 1985
    Age 54
    The military leaders of the National Reorganization Process, convicted in the 1985 Trial of the Juntas, received presidential pardons, despite popular opposition to them.
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  • 1983
    Age 52
    Military rule ended in 1983, and the radical Raúl Alfonsín was elected president.
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  • 1978
    Age 47
    He was released on July 29, 1978, on the condition that he live in a city outside his home province without leaving it.
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  • 1976
    Age 45
    He was deposed during the 1976 Argentine coup d'état that deposed the president Isabel Martínez de Perón.
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    He was deposed and detained during the 1976 Argentine coup d'état, and was elected governor again in 1983.
  • 1973
    Age 42
    Menem was elected governor in 1973, when the proscription over Peronism was lifted.
    He was elected president of its La Rioja Province chapter in 1973.
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    Born in Anillaco, he became a Peronist during a visit to Buenos Aires. He led the party in his home province of La Rioja, and was elected governor in 1973.
  • 1955
    Age 24
    After President Juan Perón's overthrow in 1955, Menem was briefly incarcerated.
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  • 1951
    Age 20
    He visited Buenos Aires in 1951 with the team, and met the president Juan Perón and his wife Eva Perón.
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  • 1930
    Carlos Saúl Menem was born in 1930 in Anillaco, a small town in the mountainous north of La Rioja Province, Argentina.
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Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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