Catherine of Aragon

Queen Consort of Henry VIII Catherine of Aragon

Catherine of Aragon, also known as Katherine or Katharine, was Queen consort of England as the first wife of King Henry VIII of England and Princess of Wales as the wife to Arthur, Prince of Wales. In 1507, she also held the position of Ambassador for the Spanish Court in England when her father found himself without one, becoming the first female ambassador in European history. For six months, she served as regent of England while Henry VIII was in France.
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  • 1536
    After being banished from court, she lived out the remainder of her life at Kimbolton Castle, and died there on 7 January 1536.
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  • 1535
    In late December 1535, sensing her death was near, Catherine made her will, and wrote to her nephew, the Emperor Charles V, asking him to protect her daughter. She then penned one final letter to Henry, her "most dear lord and husband": Catherine died at Kimbolton Castle on 1536.
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    In 1535 she was transferred to Kimbolton Castle.
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  • 1533
    Cranmer ruled Henry and Anne's marriage valid five days later, on 28 May 1533.
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    On 23 May 1533, Cranmer, sitting in judgement at a special court convened at Dunstable Priory to rule on the validity of Henry's marriage to Catherine, declared the marriage illegal, even though Catherine testified she and Arthur had never had physical relations.
    In 1533 their marriage was consequently declared invalid and Henry married Anne on the judgement of clergy in England, without reference to the Pope.
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  • 1530
    When this was discovered, Henry ordered Wolsey's arrest and, had he not been terminally ill and died in 1530, he might have been executed for treason.
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  • 1529
    Wolsey had failed and was dismissed from public office in 1529.
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  • 1525
    In 1525, Henry VIII became enamoured of Anne Boleyn, a lady-in-waiting to Queen Catherine who was 11 years younger than Henry.
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    By 1525, Henry VIII was infatuated with Anne Boleyn and dissatisfied that his marriage to Catherine had produced no surviving sons, leaving their daughter, the future Mary I of England, as heiress presumptive at a time when there was no established precedent for a woman on the throne.
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  • 1520
    In 1520, Catherine's nephew Holy Roman Emperor Charles V paid a state visit to England, and she urged Henry to enter an alliance with Charles rather than with France.
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  • 1517
    Her doubts about Church improprieties certainly did not extend so far as to support the allegations of corruption made public by Martin Luther in Wittenberg in 1517, which were soon to have such far-reaching consequences in initiating the Protestant Reformation.
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  • 1513
    The Scots invaded and on 3 September 1513, she ordered Thomas Lovell to raise an army in the midland counties.
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    On 11June 1513, Henry appointed Catherine Regent or Governor of England while he went to France on a military campaign.
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  • 1509
    On Midsummer's Day, Sunday, 1509, Henry VIII and Catherine were anointed and crowned together by the Archbishop of Canterbury at a lavish ceremony at Westminster Abbey.
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    Catherine's wedding took place on 11 June 1509, seven years after Prince Arthur's death.
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    Catherine subsequently married Arthur's younger brother, the recently ascended Henry VIII, in 1509.
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  • 1507
    In 1507 she served as the Spanish ambassador to England, the first female ambassador in European history.
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  • 1503
    Following the death of his queen, Elizabeth of York, in February 1503, Henry VII initially considered marrying Catherine himself, but the opposition of her father and potential questions over the legitimacy of the couple's issue put paid to the idea.
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  • 1501
    Ten days later, on 14 November 1501, they were married at Old St. Paul's Cathedral.
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  • 1499
    The two were married by proxy on 19 May 1499 and corresponded in Latin until Arthur turned fifteen, when it was decided that they were old enough to be married.
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  • 1485
    Born on December 16, 1485.
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