Charles M. White

American business executive Charles M. White

Charles McElroy White was an American steel manufacturer. He was a protegé of Tom M. Girdler, and was briefly superintendent of Jones and Laughlin Steel Company in 1929. He followed Girdler to the rapidly growing Republic Steel in 1930, where he was appointed president of the company in 1945. He was promoted to chairman of the board of directors and chief executive officer in 1956. He retired in 1960.
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Biography
Charles M. White's personal information overview.
Birthday
13 June 1891
Occupations
Producer

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    LATE ADULTHOOD
  • 1977
    Age 85
    In retirement, White moved to Palm Beach, Florida. His health declined in his later years, and he died at his Florida home of unspecified causes on January 10, 1977.
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  • 1966
    Age 74
    He remained on the board of directors until 1966, and was given the title of honorary chairman.
  • 1960
    Age 68
    In 1960, at the age of 70, Charles M. White retired as chairman of Republic Steel.
  • 1959
    Age 67
    In May 1959, White declared that the nation could weather a three-month steel strike without any problems.
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  • 1956
    Age 64
    He was promoted to chairman of the board of directors and chief executive officer in 1956.
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  • 1955
    Age 63
    White was named chief executive officer of Republic Steel in 1955, and chairman of the board of directors in August 1956.
    White was elected a director of the Cleveland Trust Company in January 1955, and vice-chairman of The Conference Board in May 1956.
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  • 1954
    Age 62
    White pushed Republic Steel into the nuclear power industry in 1954.
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  • 1952
    Age 60
    On June 2, 1952, in a 6-to-3 ruling, the Supreme Court of the United States declared in Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer, 343 U.S. 579 (1952), that the president lacked the authority to seize the steel mills.
    White strongly denounced the legal structure which led to the "steel seizure" case. In May 1952, speaking to the American Steel Warehouse Association, he declared, "This partnership between government and labor has been a disgrace to our country."
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  • FIFTIES
  • 1950
    Age 58
    This order established the Wage Stabilization Board, but as production failed to meet national needs President Truman declared a national emergency on December 16, 1950.
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  • 1948
    Age 56
    In 1948, White embroiled Republic Steel in a major dispute with the Kaiser-Frazer company.
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  • 1945
    Age 53
    In 1945, White was elected president of Republic Steel by the company's board of directors.
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  • FORTIES
  • 1935
    Age 43
    In Senate testimony, White did not deny that he knew espionage and rough shadowing was being employed by company police under his supervision from 1935 to 1937.
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    During this testimony, White engaged in a now-famous exchange of words with Senator Robert M. La Follette, Jr.. White admitted to La Follette's committee that he had authorized the expenditure of $11,900 for tear gas and handguns in June 1935.
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  • THIRTIES
  • 1930
    Age 38
    In May 1930, White was appointed assistant vice president in charge of operations at Republic Steel.
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    He followed Girdler to the rapidly growing Republic Steel in 1930, where he was appointed president of the company in 1945.
  • 1929
    Age 37
    He was promoted to general superintendent of the plant in 1929, but served only a few months.
  • 1927
    Age 35
    In 1927, White left J&L's railroad subsidiaries to become assistant superintendent of the company's Aliquippa Steel Works in Aliquippa, Pennsylvania.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1920
    Age 28
    White was promoted to operating manager of the Monongahela Connecting Railroad in 1920.
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  • 1918
    Age 26
    In 1918, White married Helen Bradley.
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  • 1917
    Age 25
    His position was reclassified in 1917 as a master mechanic.
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  • 1916
    Age 24
    In 1916, he was promoted to assistant superintendent of the blast furnace at Jones and Laughlin's Eliza Works in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
  • 1915
    Age 23
    White took a job with the Jones and Laughlin Steel Company in 1915, and within a year was superintendent of a sintering plant.
  • 1913
    Age 21
    He won admission to Maryland State College, where he graduated in 1913 with a bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering.
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  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1891
    Born
    Charles M. White was born in June 1891 in Oakland, Maryland, to Charles Franklin and Estella Virginia (Jarboe) White.
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