Alfonso Ferrara

Alfonso Ferrara

Alfonso d'Este was Duke of Ferrara during the time of the War of the League of Cambrai.
Alfonso I d'Este, Duke of Ferrara's personal information overview.
21 July 1476
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  • 1534
    Age 57
    Died on October 31, 1534.
  • 1529
    Age 52
    In 1529 Alfonso created the most magnificent gallery of his time, his studiolo or camerino d'alabastro ('small alabaster room'), now usually known as his "Camerino", in order to better display his works of art against white marble-veneered walls under a gilded ceiling.
  • 1526
    Age 49
    In 1526 - 1527 Alfonso participated in the expedition of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and king of Spain, against Pope Clement VII, and in 1530 the pope again recognized him as possessor of the forfeited duchies of Modena and Reggio.
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  • 1514
    Age 37
    A letter from Alfonso, dated 14 November 1514, authorized payment to Giovanni Bellini, the first painting completed for the chamber.
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    Like his brother Ippolito I, Cardinal d'Este, he was one of the great patrons of art of his time: for him the elderly Giovanni Bellini painted The Feast of the Gods in 1514, Bellini's last completed painting.
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  • 1510
    Age 33
    In the Italian Wars Alfonso preserved his precarious position among the contending powers by flexibility and vigilance and the unrivalled fortifications of Ferrara; he entered the League of Cambrai against Venice and remained an ally of Louis XII of France even after Pope Julius II had made peace with Venice; when the Bolognesi rebelled against Julius and toppled Michelangelo's bronze statue of the Pope from above the gate, Alfonso received the shards and recast them as a cannon named La Giulia, which he set on the ramparts of the castello: in 1510 Julius excommunicated him and declared his fiefs forfeit, thereby adding Ferrara to the Papal States; Alfonso then fought successfully against the Venetian and Papal armies, gaining the Battle of Polesella, capturing Bologna, and playing a major part in the French victory at the Battle of Ravenna (1512).
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  • 1505
    Age 28
    He was the son of Ercole I d'Este and Eleanor of Naples and became duke on Ercole's death in June 1505.
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  • 1476
    Born on July 21, 1476.
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