Elizabeth II

Queen regnant of the Commonwealth realms Elizabeth II

Elizabeth II is the constitutional monarch of 16 sovereign states, known as the Commonwealth realms, and their territories and dependencies, and head of the 54-member Commonwealth of Nations. She is Supreme Governor of the Church of England and, in some of her realms, carries the title of Defender of the Faith as part of her full title.
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Biography
Elizabeth II's personal information overview.
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News
News about Elizabeth II from around the web
Queen Elizabeth has declared war - on plastic
Fox News - 6 days
Queen Elizabeth II has declared war — on plastic — with a new waste plan put into place across the royal estates.
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 Fox News article
Will Queen Elizabeth II Pay For Princess Eugenie's Royal Wedding? - International Business Times
Google News - 26 days
International Business Times Will Queen Elizabeth II Pay For Princess Eugenie's Royal Wedding? International Business Times Another member of the royal family will be getting married before 2018 is over, but Queen Elizabeth II may not be cutting the checks for both of the affairs. While Queen Elizabeth II and the royal family are footing much, if not all of the bill for ... Princess Eugenie announces engagement to Jack BrooksbankCBS News Princess Eugenie's Engagement Ring Looks Like Her Mother Fergie'sUs Weekly Princess Eugenie describes 'perfect moment' of engagement to Jack Brooksbank and reveals 'Granny was very happy'Metro InStyle all 403 news articles »
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 Google News article
It’s the Ultimate TV Prize: An Unscripted Queen Elizabeth
NYTimes - about 1 month
Queen Elizabeth II, who has never granted an interview, relaxes her longstanding reticence to reminisce on camera about her 1953 coronation.
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 NYTimes article
Queen says crown could break your neck
CNN - about 1 month
In a new Smithsonian Channel documentary airing January 14, Queen Elizabeth II recounts her 1953 coronation.
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 CNN article
The Crown will break your neck, Queen says
CNN - about 1 month
In a rare television interview, Britain's Queen Elizabeth II has shared private thoughts about her coronation, describing one of the crowns she wore at the ceremony as so heavy "your neck would break off."
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 CNN article
Queen Elizabeth II reflects on coronation
CBS News - about 1 month
For the first time, Queen Elizabeth II is sharing what it was like to experience her coronation back in 1953. CBS News foreign correspondent Charlie D'Agata has the details on the documentary that has the queen opening up.
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 CBS News article
Review: ‘The Crown’ Season 2 Takes the Queen From Crisis to Crisis
New York Times - 2 months
Netflix’s award-winning series about the reign of Queen Elizabeth II covers war, sex and the difficulties of managing a royally messed up family.
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 New York Times article
Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip Celebrate 70 Years of Marriage
NYTimes - 3 months
Britain’s longest-serving monarch and her husband noted the occasion with the release of new photographic portraits.
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 NYTimes article
Queen's estate invested $13M in tax havens
CNN - 3 months
Leaked documents published on Sunday suggest that the private estate of Queen Elizabeth II invested in offshore funds.
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 CNN article
Queen's bank revamping to gain younger clients
Reuters.com - 4 months
After three centuries as banker to Britain's rich and famous, from Charles Dickens to Queen Elizabeth II, Coutts, one of the world's oldest banks, is trying to modernise. Scarlett's Citanovich-Hodge reports.
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 Reuters.com article
‘Brexit’ Threatens Subsidies for U.K.’s Landed Gentry, and Queen
NYTimes - 6 months
Millions in European Union farm subsidies that go to Britain’s rich and famous — including Queen Elizabeth II — could be excised after the country leaves the bloc.
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 NYTimes article
Queen Elizabeth II faces humiliation and scandal in 'The Crown' Season 2 trailer
LATimes - 6 months
Article Link:
 LATimes article
Royal chef on what Queen Elizabeth eats, drinks
CNN - 7 months
At 91, Queen Elizabeth II of England is the longest-serving monarch in British history, having celebrated 65 years on the throne this year. A glance at her calendar is like entering a Jane Austen novel -- with a multitasking heroine. Her list of duties includes attending banquets and jubilees, appointing officials to obscure high offices, and receiving and entertaining visitors including assorted ambassadors, archbishops, ministers, generals, chiefs of state and various excellencies.
Article Link:
 CNN article
Royal chef sets record straight on what Queen Elizabeth eats and drinks
CNN - 7 months
At 91, Queen Elizabeth II of England is the longest-serving monarch in British history, having celebrated 65 years on the throne this year. A glance at her calendar is like entering a Jane Austen novel -- with a multitasking heroine. Her list of duties includes attending banquets and jubilees, appointing officials to obscure high offices, and receiving and entertaining visitors including assorted ambassadors, archbishops, ministers, generals, chiefs of state and various excellencies.
Article Link:
 CNN article
Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Elizabeth II
    FORTIES
  • 2016
    The Queen does not intend to abdicate, though Prince Charles is expected to take on more of her workload as Elizabeth, who celebrated her ninetieth birthday in 2016, carries out fewer public engagements.
  • 2015
    The Sunday Times Rich List 2015 estimated her private wealth at £340 million, making her the 302nd richest person in the UK.
    In 2015, she surpassed the reign of her great-great-grandmother, Queen Victoria, to become the longest-reigning British monarch and the longest-reigning queen regnant and female head of state in world history.
  • 2014
    The Royal Collection, which includes thousands of historic works of art and the Crown Jewels, is not owned by the Queen personally but is held in trust, as are her official residences, such as Buckingham Palace and Windsor Castle, and the Duchy of Lancaster, a property portfolio valued in 2014 at £442 million.
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  • 2013
    Because of her age and the need for her to limit travelling, in 2013 she chose not to attend the biennial meeting of Commonwealth heads of government for the first time in 40 years.
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    On 4 April 2013, she received an honorary BAFTA for her patronage of the film industry and was called "the most memorable Bond girl yet" at the award ceremony.
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  • 2012
    Her Diamond Jubilee in 2012 marked 60 years on the throne, and celebrations were held throughout her realms, the wider Commonwealth, and beyond.
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  • 2011
    The Queen's visit to Australia in October 2011 – her sixteenth visit since 1954 – was called her "farewell tour" in the press because of her age.
    At the invitation of the Irish President, Mary McAleese, the Queen made the first state visit to the Republic of Ireland by a British monarch in May 2011.
  • 2010
    The Queen addressed the United Nations for a second time in 2010, again in her capacity as Queen of all Commonwealth realms and Head of the Commonwealth.
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  • THIRTIES
  • 2008
    On 20 March 2008, at the Church of Ireland St Patrick's Cathedral, Armagh, the Queen attended the first Maundy service held outside England and Wales.
  • 2007
    In May 2007, The Daily Telegraph, citing unnamed sources, reported that the Queen was "exasperated and frustrated" by the policies of the British Prime Minister, Tony Blair, that she was concerned the British Armed Forces were overstretched in Iraq and Afghanistan, and that she had raised concerns over rural and countryside issues with Blair.
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  • 2006
    In October 2006, she missed the opening of the new Emirates Stadium because of a strained back muscle that had been troubling her since the summer.
  • 2003
    Though generally healthy throughout her life, in 2003 she had keyhole surgery on both knees.
  • 2002
    In 2002, Elizabeth marked her Golden Jubilee.
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  • 2000
    In 2000, she spoke about the theological significance of the millennium marking the 2000th anniversary of the birth of Jesus:
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  • TWENTIES
  • 1999
    In November 1999, a referendum in Australia on the future of the Australian monarchy favoured its retention in preference to an indirectly elected head of state.
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  • 1995
    In consultation with her husband and the Prime Minister, John Major, as well as the Archbishop of Canterbury, George Carey, and her private secretary, Robert Fellowes, she wrote to Charles and Diana at the end of December 1995, saying that a divorce was desirable. In 1997, a year after the divorce, Diana was killed in a car crash in Paris.
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  • 1993
    Two days later, the Prime Minister, John Major, announced reforms to the royal finances planned since the previous year, including the Queen paying income tax from 1993 onwards, and a reduction in the civil list.
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  • 1992
    In a speech on 24 November 1992, to mark the 40th anniversary of her accession, Elizabeth called 1992 her annus horribilis, meaning horrible year.
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    Moments of sadness for her include the death of her father, aged 56; the assassination of Prince Philip's uncle, Lord Mountbatten; the breakdown of her children's marriages in 1992 (her annus horribilis); the death in 1997 of her son's ex-wife, Diana, Princess of Wales; and the deaths of her mother and sister in 2002.
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  • 1991
    In 1991, in the wake of coalition victory in the Gulf War, the Queen became the first British monarch to address a joint meeting of the United States Congress.
    By the start of 1991, republican feeling in Britain had risen because of press estimates of the Queen's private wealth – which were contradicted by the Palace – and reports of affairs and strained marriages among her extended family.
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  • TEENAGE
  • 1986
    It was reported, most notably in The Sunday Times of 20 July 1986, that the Queen was worried that Margaret Thatcher's economic policies fostered social divisions and was alarmed by high unemployment, a series of riots, the violence of a miners' strike, and Thatcher's refusal to apply sanctions against the apartheid regime in South Africa.
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  • 1982
    After hosting US President Ronald Reagan at Windsor Castle in 1982 and visiting his California ranch in 1983, the Queen was angered when his administration ordered the invasion of Grenada, one of her Caribbean realms, without informing her.
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    From April to September 1982, the Queen was anxious but proud of her son, Prince Andrew, who was serving with British forces during the Falklands War.
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  • 1981
    During the 1981 Trooping the Colour ceremony, six weeks before the wedding of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Lady Diana Spencer, six shots were fired at the Queen from close range as she rode down The Mall on her horse, Burmese.
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  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1980
    In 1980, Canadian politicians sent to London to discuss the patriation of the Canadian constitution found the Queen "better informed... than any of the British politicians or bureaucrats".
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  • 1978
    In 1978, the Queen endured a state visit to the United Kingdom by Romania's communist dictator, Nicolae Ceaușescu, and his wife, Elena, though privately she thought they had "blood on their hands".
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    They divorced in 1978; she did not remarry.
  • 1977
    In 1977, Elizabeth marked the Silver Jubilee of her accession.
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  • 1975
    A year later, at the height of the 1975 Australian constitutional crisis, the Australian Prime Minister, Gough Whitlam, was dismissed from his post by Governor-General Sir John Kerr, after the Opposition-controlled Senate rejected Whitlam's budget proposals.
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  • 1974
    In February 1974, the British Prime Minister, Edward Heath, advised the Queen to call a general election in the middle of her tour of the Austronesian Pacific Rim, requiring her to fly back to Britain.
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  • 1970
    Her first royal walkabout, meeting ordinary members of the public, took place during a tour of Australia and New Zealand in 1970.
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  • OTHER
  • 1964
    Before her tour through parts of Quebec in 1964, the press reported that extremists within the Quebec separatist movement were plotting Elizabeth's assassination.
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  • 1963
    Six years later, in 1963, Macmillan resigned and advised the Queen to appoint the Earl of Home as prime minister, advice that she followed.
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  • 1961
    In 1961, she toured Cyprus, India, Pakistan, Nepal, and Iran.
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  • 1960
    In 1960, she married Antony Armstrong-Jones, who was created Earl of Snowdon the following year.
    In 1960, after the death of Queen Mary in 1953 and the resignation of Churchill in 1955, the surname Mountbatten-Windsor was adopted for Philip and Elizabeth's male-line descendants who do not carry royal titles.
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  • 1957
    In 1957, she made a state visit to the United States, where she addressed the United Nations General Assembly on behalf of the Commonwealth.
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    The Suez crisis and the choice of Eden's successor led in 1957 to the first major personal criticism of the Queen.
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  • 1953
    In 1953, the Queen and her husband embarked on a seven-month round-the-world tour, visiting 13 countries and covering more than 40,000 miles by land, sea and air.
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    Despite the death of Queen Mary on 24 March, the coronation on 2 June 1953 went ahead as planned, as Mary had asked before she died.
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    Times of personal significance have included the births and marriages of her children, grandchildren and great grandchildren, her coronation in 1953, and the celebration of milestones such as her Silver, Golden and Diamond Jubilees in 1977, 2002, and 2012, respectively.
  • 1952
    From Elizabeth's birth onwards, the British Empire continued its transformation into the Commonwealth of Nations. By the time of her accession in 1952, her role as head of multiple independent states was already established.
    The British Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, and Elizabeth's grandmother, Queen Mary, favoured the retention of the House of Windsor, and so on 9 April 1952 Elizabeth issued a declaration that Windsor would continue to be the name of the royal house.
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  • 1949
    Following their wedding, the couple leased Windlesham Moor, near Windsor Castle, until July 1949, when they took up residence at Clarence House in London. At various times between 1949 and 1951, the Duke of Edinburgh was stationed in the British Crown Colony of Malta as a serving Royal Navy officer.
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  • 1948
    Elizabeth gave birth to her first child, Prince Charles, on 14 November 1948.
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  • 1947
    Elizabeth and Philip were married on 20 November 1947 at Westminster Abbey.
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    She was 21 when their engagement was officially announced on 9 July 1947.
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    In 1947, Princess Elizabeth went on her first overseas tour, accompanying her parents through southern Africa.
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    In 1947, she married the Duke of Edinburgh, a former prince of Greece and Denmark, with whom she has four children: Charles, Anne, Andrew, and Edward.
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  • 1946
    In 1946, she was inducted into the Welsh Gorsedd of Bards at the National Eisteddfod of Wales.
  • 1945
    In February 1945, she joined the Women's Auxiliary Territorial Service as an honorary second subaltern with the service number of 230873.
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  • 1944
    As she approached her 18th birthday, parliament changed the law so that she could act as one of five Counsellors of State in the event of her father's incapacity or absence abroad, such as his visit to Italy in July 1944.
  • 1943
    In 1943, at the age of 16, Elizabeth undertook her first solo public appearance on a visit to the Grenadier Guards, of which she had been appointed colonel the previous year.
  • 1940
    In 1940, the 14-year-old Elizabeth made her first radio broadcast during the BBC's Children's Hour, addressing other children who had been evacuated from the cities.
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  • 1929
    Called "Lilibet" by her close family, based on what she called herself at first, she was cherished by her grandfather George V, and during his serious illness in 1929 her regular visits were credited in the popular press and by later biographers with raising his spirits and aiding his recovery.
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  • 1926
    Elizabeth was born at 02:40 (GMT) on 21 April 1926, during the reign of her paternal grandfather, King George V.
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Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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