Ernest Hanover

King of Hanover (1837–1851) Ernest Hanover

Ernest Augustus I was King of Hanover from 20 June 1837 until his death. He was the fifth son and eighth child of George III, who reigned in both the United Kingdom and Hanover. As a fifth son, initially Ernest seemed unlikely to become a monarch, but Salic Law, which barred women from the succession, applied in Hanover and none of his older brothers had legitimate male issue.
Ernest Augustus I of Hanover's personal information overview.
05 June 1771
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  • 1851
    Age 79
    The King continued his interest in British affairs, and wrote to Lord Strangford about the Great Exhibition of 1851:
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    In 1851, the King undertook a number of journeys around Germany.
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  • 1848
    Age 76
    When agitators arrived from Berlin at the end of May 1848, and there were demonstrations outside the King's palace, Ernest sent out the Prime Minister.
  • 1844
    Age 72
    The King finally gave his consent in 1844, and the opera house opened in 1852, a year after the King's death.
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  • 1841
    Age 69
    He had the plans altered in 1841, after Queen Frederica's death, to leave standing the Altes Palais, where the two had lived since arriving in Hanover.
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  • 1840
    Age 68
    Ernest was heir presumptive to his niece until the birth of Queen Victoria's daughter, also named Victoria, in November 1840.
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    However, by 1840, a sufficient number of deputies had been appointed for the King to summon Parliament, which met for two weeks in August, approving a modified version of the 1819 constitution, passing a budget, and sending a vote of thanks to the King.
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  • 1837
    Age 65
    On 1 November 1837, the King issued a patent, declaring the constitution void, but upholding all laws passed under it.
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    According to Roger Fulford in his study of George III's younger sons, Royal Dukes, "In 1837, King Ernest was the only male descendant of George III who was willing and able to continue the connection with Hanover."
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    On 28 June 1837, King Ernest entered his new domain, passing under a triumphal arch.
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    On 20 June 1837, King William died, and Princess Victoria became Queen of the United Kingdom.
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    When King William IV died on 20 June 1837, Ernest ascended the Hanoverian throne.
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  • 1836
    Age 64
    Controversy arose in 1836 over the Orange Lodges.
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  • 1832
    Age 60
    Ernest was the subject of more allegations in 1832, when two young women accused him of trying to ride them down as they walked near Hammersmith.
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  • 1830
    Age 58
    In February 1830, Lord Graves wrote a note to his wife expressing his confidence in her innocence, then cut his own throat.
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  • 1829
    Age 57
    Newspapers also reported, in July 1829, that the Duke had been thrown out of Lord Lyndhurst's house for assaulting his wife Sarah, Lady Lyndhurst. In early 1830, a number of newspapers printed articles hinting that Ernest was having an affair with Lady Graves, a mother of fifteen now past fifty.
    The Wellington Government hoped that Ernest would return to Germany, but he moved his wife and son to Britain in 1829.
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    Disregarding a request from Wellington that he remain abroad, Ernest returned to London, and was one of the leaders against the Catholic Relief Act 1829, influencing King George against the bill.
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  • 1828
    Age 56
    In 1828, Ernest was staying with the King at Windsor Castle when severe disturbances broke out in Ireland among Catholics.
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  • 1820
    Age 48
    The Duke occasionally visited England, where he stayed with his eldest brother, who in 1820 succeeded to the British and Hanoverian Thrones as George IV.
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  • 1817
    Age 45
    In 1817, the Duchess had a stillborn daughter; in 1819 she gave birth to a boy, Prince George of Cumberland.
    By 1817, King George III had only one legitimate grandchild, Princess Charlotte of Wales, and when she died in childbirth, Ernest was the senior son to be both married and not estranged from his wife.
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  • 1815
    Age 43
    At the time of the Duke's marriage in 1815, it seemed to have little dynastic significance to Britain. Princess Charlotte of Wales, only child of the Prince Regent, was the King's only legitimate grandchild. The young Princess was expected to have children who would secure the British succession, especially after she married Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld in 1816.
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    Following the marriage in Germany on 29 May 1815, Queen Charlotte refused to receive her new daughter-in-law, nor would the Queen attend the resolemnisation of the Cumberlands' marriage at Kew, which Ernest's four older brothers attended.
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    Although his marriage in 1815 to the twice-widowed Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz met with the disapproval of his mother, Queen Charlotte, it proved a happy one.
  • 1814
    Age 42
    Her marriage to Frederick William had not been a success; her husband, seeing the marriage was beyond hope, agreed to a divorce, but his sudden death in 1814 removed the necessity.
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  • 1813
    Age 41
    Ernest met and fell in love in mid-1813 with his first cousin, Duchess Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, wife of Prince Frederick William of Solms-Braunfels and widow of Prince Louis of Prussia.
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    In early 1813, Ernest was involved in political scandal during an election contest in Weymouth following the general election the previous year.
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  • 1810
    Age 38
    In the early hours of 31 May 1810, Ernest, by his written account, was struck in the head several times while asleep in bed, awakening him.
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  • 1807
    Age 35
    The Duke repeatedly sought a post with Allied forces fighting against France, but was sent to the Continent only as an observer. In 1807, he advocated sending British troops to join with the Prussians and Swedes and attack the French at Stralsund (today, in northeastern Germany).
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  • 1805
    Age 33
    Protestant Irish organisations supported the Duke; he was elected Chancellor of the University of Dublin in 1805 and Grand Master of the Orange Lodges two years later.
  • 1802
    Age 30
    In February 1802, King George granted his son the colonelcy of the 27th Light Dragoons, a post which offered the option of transfer to the colonelcy of the 15th Light Dragoons when a vacancy developed.
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  • 1801
    Age 29
    Reassured on that point, in 1801, the King had Ernest conduct the negotiations which led to the formation of the Addington Government.
  • 1796
    Age 24
    He had requested a return home to seek treatment for his eye, but it was not until early 1796 that the King agreed and allowed Ernest to return to Britain.
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  • 1794
    Age 22
    During the Battle of Tourcoing in northern France on 18 May 1794 his left arm was injured by a cannonball which passed close by him.
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  • 1793
    Age 21
    Seeing action near the Walloon town of Tournai in August 1793, he sustained a sabre wound to the head, which resulted in a disfiguring scar.
  • 1792
    Age 20
    In March 1792, the King commissioned Prince Ernest Augustus as a colonel into the 9th Hanoverian Light Dragoons.
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  • 1791
    Age 19
    Instead, in January 1791, he and Prince Adolphus were sent to Hanover to receive military training under the supervision of Field Marshal Wilhelm von Freytag.
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  • 1790
    Age 18
    In 1790, Ernest asked his father for permission to train with Prussian forces.
  • 1771
    Born on June 5, 1771.
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