Ernest Shackleton

Antarctic Explorer Ernest Shackleton

Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton, CVO, OBE, FRGS was an Anglo-Irish polar explorer, one of the principal figures of the period known as the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration. His first experience of the polar regions was as third officer on Captain Robert Falcon Scott's Discovery Expedition, 1901–04, from which he was sent home early on health grounds.
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Classical music | A vintage year - Kansas City Star
Google News - over 6 years
The latter tells the story of Ernest Shackleton's heroic voyage to and from Antarctica through highly imaginative music and puppetry. Behrmann always likes a holiday concert that's off the beaten path, and this year she's bringing the 12-piece Burning
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King of picture perfect penguins - Adelaide Now
Google News - over 6 years
Mr Griffin arrived just in time to capture the pink sunset hues and penguins' icy reflections during a visit to Gold Harbour on the island of South Georgia, where he spent three days following the footsteps of explorer Sir Ernest Shackleton
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Photos of Scott's South Pole expedition unlocked in Royal Collection - WalesOnline
Google News - over 6 years
Among the most arresting images of Sir Ernest Shackleton's expedition are those of the ship Endurance listing in the frozen depths and then crushed between floes. Endurance sunk in Antarctic ice in 1915 and forced the crew to abandon ship
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This much I know: Dermot O'Leary - The Guardian
Google News - over 6 years
The explorer Ernest Shackleton is a big hero of mine. I like to think I'm a bit of an expert on him. He was a real leader, but he was never afraid to say he was wrong. I recently found out that one of my great-great uncles is buried on the same island
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Heroes of the Ice Age - Spectator.co.uk
Google News - over 6 years
Ernest Shackleton, Robert Scott, Robert Peary and Roald Amundsen set off with one prevailing purpose: to reach the extremities of the earth. Hardy, maniacal, even at times suicidal, they scattered 'firsts' and 'furthests' across the ice: the furthest
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90th anniversary of Shackleton's final expedition - The Independent
Google News - over 6 years
This year marks the 90th anniversary of Ernest Shackleton's final voyage to Antarctica. The Irish explorer was a key figure in the Heroic Age of Polar exploration, and his death in 1921 marked the end of this period of discovery
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Spirits of the South Pole
NYTimes - over 6 years
''It's daft,'' a man settled in a Glasgow pub said to me not long ago, talking about the sums that rare Scotch whiskies sometimes fetch at auction -- the bottle of Dalmore 64-year-old, for example, that sold last month for nearly $200,000. ''If you pay that much, you canna drink it, and wha's the use a just lookin' at the bottle?'' But just as
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Exploring a war's clashing ideals - Vancouver Sun
Google News - over 6 years
In 1914, at the onset of the Great War, the explorer Ernest Shackleton set off for Antarctica. He was out of reach of the rest of the world, trapped in the ice after his ship had sunk, for nearly two
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Exploring a war's clashing ideals - Edmonton Journal
Google News - over 6 years
In 1914, at the onset of the Great War, the explorer Ernest Shackleton set off for Antarctica. He was out of reach of the rest of the world, trapped in the ice after his ship had sunk, for nearly two
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Short term forklift truck hire solution for Antarctic exploration - Materials Handling World Magazine
Google News - over 6 years
Every year BAS sends two ships - RSS Ernest Shackleton and RSS James Clark Ross - to Antarctica and putting the stores together at its headquarters can prove a massive task, especially when the ships are due to set sail or return to the UK
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The pioneers of Antarctic research - New Scientist (blog)
Google News - over 6 years
Chapter by chapter, Larson leads his readers through the puzzles of Victorian science that defined the goals of Robert Scott and Ernest Shackleton: geology, geomagnetism, cartography, oceanography, glaciology, and eugenics
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In Race To South Pole, Scott Lost ... Or Did He? - NPR
Google News - over 6 years
by NPR Staff Irish explorer Ernest Shackleton and two members of his expedition team pose with a Union Jack within 111 miles of the South Pole in 1909. The early 20th century was the heroic age of Antarctic exploration. Teams of explorers from multiple
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Scott Centenary: where Britain is still in pole position - Telegraph.co.uk
Google News - over 6 years
The last man to perish, albeit of natural causes, was Scott's sometime companion and later rival, Ernest Shackleton, in 1922. For Shackleton and his kind, achievement and heroism lay in making it through to unreached places against appalling odds
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The Ultimate Scotch On The Rocks: Shackleton's Whisky, Reborn After A Century ... - Huffington Post (blog)
Google News - over 6 years
That's Shackleton as in Sir Ernest Shackleton, explorer extraordinaire, whose stash of whisky was abandoned more than 100 years ago in the Antarctic permafrost, and was painstakingly excavated, analyzed and recreated for 21st century taste buds
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Ernest Shackleton
    FORTIES
  • 1922
    Age 48
    Hussey returned to South Georgia with the body on the steamer Woodville, and on 5 March 1922, Shackleton was buried in the Grytviken cemetery, South Georgia, after a short service in the Lutheran church, with Edward Binnie officiating.
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    In the preface to his 1922 book The Worst Journey in the World, Apsley Cherry-Garrard, one of Scott's team on the Terra Nova Expedition, wrote: "For a joint scientific and geographical piece of organisation, give me Scott; for a Winter Journey, Wilson; for a dash to the Pole and nothing else, Amundsen: and if I am in the devil of a hole and want to get out of it, give me Shackleton every time".
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    A few moments later, at 2:50 a.m. on 5 January 1922, Shackleton suffered a fatal heart attack.
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    He refused a proper medical examination, so Quest continued south, and on 4 January 1922, arrived at South Georgia.
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  • 1921
    Age 47
    Rowett agreed to finance the entire expedition, which became known as the Shackleton-Rowett Expedition. On 16 September 1921, Shackleton recorded a farewell address on a sound-on-film system created by Harry Grindell Matthews, who claimed it was the first "talking picture" ever made.
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    In 1921, he returned to the Antarctic with the Shackleton–Rowett Expedition, but died of a heart attack while his ship was moored in South Georgia.
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  • 1920
    Age 46
    In 1920, tired of the lecture circuit, Shackleton began to consider the possibility of a last expedition.
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  • 1919
    Age 45
    Shackleton returned to the lecture circuit and published his own account of the Endurance expedition, South, in December 1919.
    He was discharged from the army in October 1919, retaining his rank of major.
    For his "valuable services rendered in connection with Military Operations in North Russia" Shackleton was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in the 1919 King's Birthday Honours, and was also mentioned in despatches by General Ironside.
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    Specially appointed a temporary honorary major on 25 April 1919, Shackleton served with the Northern Russia Expeditionary Force in the Russian Civil War under the command of Major-General (later Field Marshal Lord) Edmund Ironside.
  • 1918
    Age 44
    Four months after the 11 November 1918 Armistice was signed, Shackleton was back in England, full of plans for the economic development of Northern Russia.
    On 22 July 1918, he received a temporary army commission in the rank of major.
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    He returned home in April 1918.
  • 1917
    Age 43
    In October 1917, he was sent to Buenos Aires to boost British propaganda in South America.
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    When Shackleton returned to England in May 1917, Europe was in the midst of the First World War.
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  • THIRTIES
  • 1914
    Age 40
    Shackleton published details of his new expedition, grandly titled the "Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition", early in 1914.
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  • 1911
    Age 37
    Filchner had left Bremerhaven in May 1911; in December 1912, the news arrived from South Georgia that his expedition had failed.
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  • 1910
    Age 36
    Any future resumption by Shackleton of the quest for the South Pole depended on the results of Scott's Terra Nova Expedition, which left from Cardiff in July 1910.
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    He had been in discussions with Douglas Mawson about a scientific expedition to the Antarctic coast between Cape Adare and Gaussberg, and had written to the RGS about this in February 1910.
    He still harboured thoughts of returning south, even though in September 1910, having recently moved with his family to Sheringham in Norfolk, he wrote to Emily: "I am never again going South and I have thought it all out and my place is at home now".
    In 1910, Shackleton made a series of three recordings describing the expedition using an Edison Phonograph.
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  • 1909
    Age 35
    On 9 January 1909, Shackleton and three companions (Wild, Eric Marshall and Jameson Adams) reached a new Farthest South latitude of 88° 23' S, a point only from the Pole.
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  • 1908
    Age 34
    To conserve coal, the ship was towed by the steamer Koonya to the Antarctic ice, after Shackleton had persuaded the New Zealand government and the Union Steamship Company to share the cost. In accordance with Shackleton's promise to Scott, the ship headed for the eastern sector of the Great Ice Barrier, arriving there on 21 January 1908.
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  • 1907
    Age 33
    Study of diaries kept by Eric Marshall, medical officer to the 1907 - 09 expedition, suggests that Shackleton suffered from an atrial septal defect ("hole in the heart"), a congenital heart defect, which may have been a cause of his health problems.
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    On 4 August 1907, Shackleton was appointed a Member of the Royal Victorian Order, 4th Class (MVO; the present-day grade of Lieutenant).
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    Beardmore was sufficiently impressed with Shackleton to offer financial support, but other donations proved hard to come by. Nevertheless, in February 1907, Shackleton presented to the Royal Geographic Society his plans for an Antarctic expedition, the details of which, under the name British Antarctic Expedition, were published in the Royal Society's newsletter, Geographic Journal.
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  • 1906
    Age 32
    He also ventured into politics, unsuccessfully standing in the 1906 General Election as the Liberal Unionist Party's candidate for Dundee in opposition to Irish Home Rule.
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  • 1905
    Age 31
    In 1905, Shackleton became a shareholder in a speculative company that aimed to make a fortune transporting Russian troops home from the Far East.
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  • TWENTIES
  • 1904
    Age 30
    On 9 April 1904 he married Emily Dorman, with whom he would have three children: Raymond, Cecily, and Edward.
    He was then offered, and accepted, the secretaryship of the Royal Scottish Geographical Society (RSGS), a post which he took up on 11 January 1904.
  • 1903
    Age 29
    After a medical examination (which proved inconclusive), Scott decided to send Shackleton home on the relief ship Morning, which had arrived in McMurdo Sound in January 1903.
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  • 1902
    Age 28
    During the Antarctic winter of 1902, in the confines of the iced-in Discovery, Shackleton edited the expedition's magazine The South Polar Times.
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  • 1901
    Age 27
    On 17 February 1901, his appointment as third officer to the expedition's ship Discovery was confirmed; on 4 June he was commissioned into the Royal Navy, with the rank of sub-lieutenant in the Reserves.
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    His first experience of the polar regions was as third officer on Captain Robert Falcon Scott's Discovery Expedition 1901–04, from which he was sent home early on health grounds, after he and his companions Scott and Wilson set a new southern record by marching to latitude 82°S.
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  • 1899
    Age 25
    Following the outbreak of the Boer War in 1899, Shackleton transferred to the troopship Tintagel Castle where, in March 1900, he met an army lieutenant, Cedric Longstaff, whose father Llewellyn W. Longstaff was the main financial backer of the National Antarctic Expedition then being organised in London.
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  • 1898
    Age 24
    In 1898, Shackleton joined Union-Castle Line, the regular mail and passenger carrier between Southampton and Cape Town.
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    Two years later, he had obtained his First Mate's ticket, and in 1898, he was certified as a Master Mariner, qualifying him to command a British ship anywhere in the world.
  • TEENAGE
  • 1894
    Age 20
    In August 1894, he passed his examination for Second Mate and accepted a post as third officer on a tramp steamer of the Welsh Shire Line.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1880
    Age 6
    In 1880, when Ernest was six, Henry Shackleton gave up his life as a landowner to study medicine at Trinity College, Dublin, moving his family into the city.
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  • 1874
    Age 0
    Ernest Shackleton was born on 15 February 1874 in Kilkea near Athy, County Kildare, Ireland, about from Dublin.
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Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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