Frank Buchman

Evangelical theologist Frank Buchman

Franklin Nathaniel Daniel Buchman, best known as Dr. or Rev. Frank Buchman, was a Protestant Christian evangelist who founded the Oxford Group (known as Moral Re-Armament from 1938 until 2001, and as Initiatives of Change since then). It is claimed that he was decorated by the French and German governments for his contributions to Franco-German reconciliation after World War II, yet there are numerous examples of false claims by Buchman and his followers.
Frank Buchman's personal information overview.
04 June 1878
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  • 1961
    Age 82
    Died on August 7, 1961.
  • 1956
    Age 77
    After Nikita Khrushchev's 1956 denunciation of Stalinism and the apparent thawing of relationships with the West, MRA produced a pamphlet, Ideology and Co-Existence, alerting the West to the strategies and tactics of Communism.
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    MRA played an important role in the peaceful decolonization of Morocco and Tunisia. In 1956, King Mohammed V of Morocco wrote to Buchman: "I thank you for all you have done for Morocco, the Moroccans and myself in the course of these last testing years.
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  • 1955
    Age 76
    In 1955, Buchman suggested to a group of African leaders from several countries meeting in Caux that they put what they had learned of MRA into a play.
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  • 1950
    Age 71
    In 1950, Radio Berlin and other stations broadcast a speech by Buchman: "Marxists are finding a new thinking in a day of crisis.
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    Similarly, MRA facilitated some of the first large delegations of Japanese to travel abroad after the war. In 1950, a delegation of 76, including members of Parliament from all the main parties, seven Governors of Prefectures, the Mayors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and leaders of industry, finance and labor travelled to the MRA center in Caux, and from there to America, where their senior representative, Chorijuo Kurijama, spoke in the Senate apologizing "for Japan's big mistake." In 1957 Prime Minister Kishi made historic apologies in nine of Japan's South-East Asian neighbors, significantly improving relationships.
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  • 1948
    Age 69
    Buchman's willingness to work with people of different religions without demand that they convert to Christianity was often a source of confusion and conflict with other Christians. In a speech in 1948, he said: "MRA is the good road of an ideology inspired by God upon which all can unite.
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  • 1938
    Age 59
    Launching a campaign for "Moral Re-Armament" in East Ham Town Hall in 1938, Buchman said:
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  • 1935
    Age 56
    Buchman attended the 1935 Nuremberg Rally. In 1936, the Central Security Office of the Gestapo sent out a document warning that the Oxford Group was "a new and dangerous opponent of National Socialism."
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  • 1934
    Age 55
    Accepting an invitation from Carl Hambro, he led a team to Norway in 1934.
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  • 1932
    Age 53
    In 1932 and again in 1933 he sought, unsuccessfully, to meet with Adolf Hitler, whom he hoped to convert.
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  • 1928
    Age 49
    In the summer of 1928 six of these Oxford men traveled, without Buchman, to South Africa where the press, at a loss how to describe this new religious movement, coined the term the "Oxford Group."
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  • 1922
    Age 43
    In 1922, after a prolonged spell with students in Cambridge, Buchman resigned his position at Hartford, and thereafter relied on gifts from patrons such as Margaret Tjader.
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  • 1918
    Age 39
    Bishop Logan Roots, deluged with complaints, asked Buchman to leave China in 1918.
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  • 1916
    Age 37
    From February to August 1916 Buchman worked with the YMCA mission in China, returning to Pennsylvania due to the increasing illness of his father.
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  • 1915
    Age 36
    In 1915 Buchman's YMCA work took him to India with evangelist Sherwood Eddy.
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  • 1909
    Age 30
    Another decisive influence appears to have been Yale University theology professor Henry Burt Wright (1877–1923) and his 1909 book The Will of God and a Man's Lifework, which was itself influenced by Meyer and Henry Drummond, among others.
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    From 1909 to 1915 Buchman was YMCA secretary at Penn State College.
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  • 1908
    Age 29
    Exhausted and depressed, Buchman took his doctor's advice of a long holiday abroad. Still in turmoil over his hospice resignation, Buchman attended the 1908 Keswick Convention hoping to meet the renowned Quaker-influenced, Baptist evangelist F. B. Meyer (1847–1929) who he believed might be able to help him.
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  • 1902
    Age 23
    Buchman studied at Muhlenberg College and Mount Airy Seminary and was ordained a Lutheran minister in June 1902.
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  • 1878
    Born on June 4, 1878.
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