Wilhelm Emperor

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm Emperor

Wilhelm II or William II was the last German Emperor (Kaiser) and King of Prussia, ruling the German Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia from 15 June 1888 to 9 November 1918. He was a grandson of the British Queen Victoria and related to many monarchs and princes of Europe. Crowned in 1888, he dismissed the Chancellor, Prince Otto von Bismarck, in 1890 and launched Germany on a bellicose "New Course" in foreign affairs that culminated in his support for Austria-Hungary in the crisis of July 1914 that led to World War I. Bombastic and impetuous, he sometimes made tactless pronouncements on sensitive topics without consulting his ministers. He was humiliated by the Daily Telegraph affair in 1908 and lost most of his power. His generals dictated policy during World War I with little regard for the civilian government. An ineffective war leader, he lost the support of the army, abdicated in November 1918, and fled to exile in the Netherlands.
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Biography
Wilhelm II, German Emperor's personal information overview.
Deceased
04 June 1941
Death Place
Doorn

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Formula 1: Duminica la Spa, Marele Premiu al Belgiei - Sport Total FM
Google News - over 6 years
Dupa cum se stie automobilistul german ii luase locul lui Robert Kubica, care a suferit un grav accident la inceputul anului. Jenson Button promite „razbunare“ impotriva impotriva lui Michael Schumacher si Sebastian Vettel, insa nu in...Formula unu
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Guide dog helps teen navigate high school - Aiken Standard (subscription)
Google News - over 6 years
The only reason Ryan hasn't enrolled in Aiken High's strings program is that he is taking six honors classes this year, including biology and German II. Ryan actually contends that his memory is not that great. "He's being modest," said Keisha,
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Catholic Social Advance Institute holds graduation ceremony - Myjoyonline.com
Google News - over 6 years
The CSAI, she said, was a private institution set up by Dr Helga Kleinkowski, a German II social worker to train young women adequately to become gainfully employed or self employed. General Arts, Business, Vocational Studies, Secretaryship,
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New Milford High's Freshman/Sophomore Academic Awards - Housatonic Times
Google News - almost 7 years
French I Academic: Cody Helgesen; French II Honors: Sheridan Jones, Diana Orozco-Morato, Emma Riggs; French III Honors: Mia Carlone, Nichoals Cianciolo, Josheel Kainth; German II Honors: Melanie Talmadge; German III Honors: Egzon Beluli, Carolyn Pahner
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SCHOOL NEWS - MyCentralJersey.com
Google News - almost 7 years
Students who are in German II to V take this test every year. The test focuses on listening and reading comprehension, structure and vocabulary. The test is scored by percentile rankings — separately for each test level. A score in the 90th percentile
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Student Life;A Lesson in Limbo
NYTimes - almost 22 years
Paul Battles is a medievalist in his sixth year of doctoral studies at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Jennifer Marshall, a student of German literature, is in her fifth year at Yale. Both Ph.D. candidates are preparing to test the academic job market this December, at the annual meeting of the Modern Language Association, the
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BRITISH START WAR GAMES ON CONTINENT
NYTimes - over 33 years
The operational phase of Britain's largest field-training exercise since 1945 got under way near here today, with nearly 58,000 British soldiers and airmen scheduled to take part. A total of 131,565 ground and air personnel are involved in the exercise, including the British troops and airmen already in West Germany as well as the American, Dutch
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Wilhelm II, German Emperor
    LATE ADULTHOOD
  • 1941
    Age 82
    Wilhelm died of a pulmonary embolus in Doorn, Netherlands, on 4 June 1941, aged 82, just weeks before the Axis invasion of the Soviet Union.
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  • 1940
    Age 81
    Also in 1940 came what would have been his mother's 100th birthday, on which he wrote ironically to a friend "Today the 100th birthday of my mother!
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    He believed the Freemasons and Jews had caused the two world wars, aiming at a world Jewish empire with British and American gold, but that "Juda's plan has been smashed to pieces and they themselves swept out of the European Continent!" Continental Europe was now, Wilhelm wrote, "consolidating and closing itself off from British influences after the elimination of the British and the Jews!" The end result would be a "U.S. of Europe!" In a letter of 1940 to his sister Princess Margaret, Wilhelm wrote: "The hand of God is creating a new world & working miracles...
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    In May 1940, when Hitler invaded the Netherlands, Wilhelm declined an offer from Churchill of asylum in Britain, preferring to die at Huis Doorn.
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    Nevertheless, after the Nazi conquest of the Netherlands in 1940, the aging Wilhelm retired completely from public life.
    Wilhelm greatly admired the success which Hitler was able to achieve in the opening months of the Second World War, and personally sent a congratulatory telegram when the Netherlands surrendered in May 1940: "My Fuhrer, I congratulate you and hope that under your marvellous leadership the German monarchy will be restored completely."
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  • 1939
    Age 80
    In the wake of the German victory over Poland in September 1939, Wilhelm's adjutant, General von Dommes, wrote on his behalf to Hitler, stating that the House of Hohenzollern "remained loyal" and noted that nine Prussian Princes (one son and eight grandchildren) were stationed at the front, concluding "because of the special circumstances that require residence in a neutral foreign country, His Majesty must personally decline to make the aforementioned comment.
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  • 1938
    Age 79
    Hearing of the murder of the wife of former Chancellor Schleicher, he said "We have ceased to live under the rule of law and everyone must be prepared for the possibility that the Nazis will push their way in and put them up against the wall!" Wilhelm was also appalled at the Kristallnacht of 9–10 November 1938, saying "I have just made my views clear to Auwi fourth son in the presence of his brothers.
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  • 1922
    Age 63
    The couple were wed on 9 November 1922, despite the objections of Wilhelm's monarchist supporters and his children. Hermine's daughter, Princess Henriette, married the late Prince Joachim's son, Karl Franz Josef, in 1940, but divorced in 1946.
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    In 1922, Wilhelm published the first volume of his memoirs—a very slim volume that insisted he was not guilty of initiating the Great War, and defended his conduct throughout his reign, especially in matters of foreign policy.
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  • 1920
    Age 61
    He purchased a country house in the municipality of Doorn, known as Huis Doorn and moved in on 15 May 1920.
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  • FIFTIES
  • 1919
    Age 60
    Upon the conclusion of the Treaty of Versailles in early 1919, Article 227 expressly provided for the prosecution of Wilhelm "for a supreme offence against international morality and the sanctity of treaties", but the Dutch government refused to extradite him, despite appeals from the Allies.
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  • 1918
    Age 59
    Wilhelm's hopes of retaining at least one of his crowns was revealed as unrealistic when, in the hope of preserving the monarchy in the face of growing revolutionary unrest, Chancellor Prince Max of Baden announced Wilhelm's abdication of both titles on 9 November 1918.
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    Wilhelm was at the Imperial Army headquarters in Spa, Belgium, when the uprisings in Berlin and other centres took him by surprise in late 1918.
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    That year also saw Wilhelm sickened during the worldwide 1918 flu pandemic, though he survived.
  • 1917
    Age 58
    Upon hearing in July 1917 that his cousin George V had changed the name of the British royal house to Windsor, Wilhelm remarked that he planned to see Shakespeare's play The Merry Wives of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. The Kaiser's support collapsed completely in October–November 1918 in the army, in the civilian government, and in German public opinion, as President Woodrow Wilson made clear the Kaiser could no longer be a party to peace negotiations.
  • 1914
    Age 55
    Wilhelm was in favour of the dismissal of Helmuth von Moltke the Younger in September 1914 and his replacement by Erich von Falkenhayn.
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    At the 1914 border between France and Germany, an attack at this more southern part of France could be stopped by the French fortress along the border.
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    He wanted to remain in Berlin until the crisis was resolved, but his courtiers persuaded him instead to go on his annual cruise of the North Sea on 6 July 1914.
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    Wilhelm was a friend of Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria, and he was deeply shocked by his assassination on 28 June 1914.
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    Naval expansion under the Fleet Acts eventually led to severe financial strains in Germany by 1914, as by 1906 Wilhelm had committed his navy to construction of the much larger, more expensive dreadnought type of battleship.
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  • 1913
    Age 54
    A domestic triumph for Wilhelm was when his daughter Victoria Louise married the Duke of Brunswick in 1913; this helped heal the rift between the House of Hanover and the House of Hohenzollern which followed the annexation of Hanover by Prussia in 1866.
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    In 1913, Wilhelm hosted a lavish wedding in Berlin for his only daughter, Victoria Louise.
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  • 1910
    Age 51
    He also was present at the funeral of King Edward VII, in 1910.
  • FORTIES
  • 1908
    Age 49
    Wilhelm's most damaging personal blunder cost him much of his prestige and power and had a far greater impact in Germany than overseas. The Daily Telegraph Affair of 1908 involved the publication in Germany of an interview with a British daily newspaper that included wild statements and diplomatically damaging remarks.
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  • 1905
    Age 46
    One of Wilhelm's diplomatic blunders sparked the Moroccan Crisis of 1905, when he made a spectacular visit to Tangier, in Morocco.
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  • 1901
    Age 42
    Despite his poor relations with his English relatives, nevertheless, when he received news that Queen Victoria was dying at Osborne House in January 1901, Wilhelm traveled to England and was at her bedside when she died and remained for the funeral.
  • 1900
    Age 41
    One of the few times when Wilhelm succeeded in personal diplomacy was when in 1900 he supported the marriage of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria to Sophie Chotek, against the wishes of Emperor Franz Joseph.
    Following the dismissal of Hohenlohe in 1900, Wilhelm appointed the man whom he regarded as "his own Bismarck", Bernhard von Bülow.
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  • THIRTIES
  • 1897
    Age 38
    Wilhelm was fortunate to be able to call on the services of the dynamic naval officer Alfred von Tirpitz, whom he appointed to the head of the Imperial Naval Office in 1897.
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  • 1896
    Age 37
    There were a number of notorious examples, such as the Kruger telegram of 1896 in which Wilhelm congratulated President Paul Kruger of the Transvaal Republic on the suppression of the British Jameson Raid, thus alienating British public opinion.
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  • 1890
    Age 31
    Bismarck resigned at Wilhelm II's insistence in 1890, at the age of 75, to be succeeded as Chancellor of Germany and Minister-President of Prussia by Leo von Caprivi, who in turn was replaced by Chlodwig, Prince of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst, in 1894.
    The final split between monarch and statesman occurred soon after an attempt by Bismarck to implement a far-reaching anti-Socialist law in early 1890.
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  • TWENTIES
  • 1889
    Age 30
    In 1889, Wilhelm's younger sister, Sophia, married the future King Constantine I of Greece.
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    Although Bismarck had sponsored landmark social security legislation, by 1889–90, he had become disillusioned with the attitude of workers.
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    As the debate continued, Wilhelm became more and more interested in social problems, especially the treatment of mine workers who went on strike in 1889.
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    In an outburst in April 1889, Wilhelm angrily implied that "an English doctor killed my father, and an English doctor crippled my arm – which is the fault of my mother", who allowed no German physicians to attend to herself or her immediate family.
  • 1888
    Age 29
    Crowned in 1888, he dismissed the Chancellor, Otto von Bismarck, in 1890 and launched Germany on a bellicose "New Course" in foreign affairs that culminated in his support for Austria-Hungary in the crisis of July 1914 that led in a matter of days to the First World War.
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    The German Emperor Wilhelm I died in Berlin on 9 March 1888, and Prince Wilhelm's father was proclaimed Emperor as Frederick III.
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  • 1887
    Age 28
    One privilege was denied to Prince Wilhelm: to represent Germany at his maternal grandmother, Queen Victoria's, Golden Jubilee Celebrations in London in 1887.
  • 1886
    Age 27
    In 1886, also, thanks to Herbert von Bismarck, the son of the Chancellor, Prince Wilhelm began to be trained twice a week at the Foreign Ministry.
  • 1884
    Age 25
    Beginning in 1884, Bismarck began advocating that Kaiser Wilhelm send his grandson on various diplomatic missions, a privilege denied to the Crown Prince.
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  • 1882
    Age 23
    In a period of ten years, between 1882 and 1892, Augusta Victoria would bear Wilhelm seven children, six sons and a daughter.
  • 1881
    Age 22
    Wilhelm and his first wife, Princess Augusta Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein, were married on 27 February 1881.
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  • 1880
    Age 21
    In 1880, however, Wilhelm became engaged to Augusta Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein, known as "Dona". The couple married on 27 February 1881, and would remain married for forty years, until her death in 1921.
  • TEENAGE
  • 1877
    Age 18
    As a teenager he was educated at Kassel at the Friedrichsgymnasium. In January 1877, Wilhelm finished high school and on his eighteenth birthday received as a present from his grandmother, Queen Victoria, the Order of the Garter.
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  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1863
    Age 4
    In 1863, Wilhelm was taken to England to be present at the wedding of his Uncle Bertie, (later King Edward VII), and Princess Alexandra of Denmark.
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  • 1861
    Age 2
    He was the first grandchild of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, but more importantly, as the first son of the Crown Prince of Prussia, Wilhelm was from 1861 second in the line of succession to Prussia, and also, after 1871, to the newly created German Empire, which, according to the constitution of the German Empire, was ruled by the Prussian King.
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  • 1859
    Age 0
    Wilhelm was born on 27 January 1859 at the Crown Prince's Palace, Berlin to Prince Frederick William of Prussia (the future Frederick III) and his wife, Victoria, Princess Royal, the eldest daughter of Britain's Queen Victoria.
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