Ghulam Azam

Bangladeshi politician Ghulam Azam

Ghulam Azam is a retired Bangladeshi Islamist political leader. He was the Ameer of Jamaat-e-Islami Bangladesh until 2000. Azam opposed the independence of Bangladesh before and during the 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War which according to him was out of a desire to maintain a unified Pakistan, and for fear of Indian hegemony.
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Ghulam Azam's personal information overview.
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British Raj

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Bangladesh charges U.S.-based rights group with contempt
Yahoo News - over 4 years
DHAKA (Reuters) - Bangladesh prosecutors on Tuesday charged Human Right Watch with contempt of court after the New York-based rights group criticized the conviction of a top Islamist politician on war crimes charges. But it was not immediately clear what the move will mean, as Human Rights Watch does not have a resident representative in Bangladesh to stand accused. Ghulam Azam, 91, the former head of the Jamaat-e-Islami party, was jailed for 90 years last month for masterminding crimes against humanity, genocide and other offences during the country's 1971 war of independence. ...
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 Yahoo News article
Bangladeshi politics: Jamaat tomorrow
The Economist - over 4 years
Ghulam Azam, the torchlight THE screws are tightening on Bangladesh’s main Islamic party, Jamaat-e-Islami. The International Crimes Tribunal, a troubled domestic court, has convicted two more prominent opposition figures for their roles during the country’s bloody secession from Pakistan in 1971. Five have so far been jailed or told they will hang, with several more on trial. Though not banned yet, Jamaat is being gutted as a political force.Prosecutors called Ghulam Azam, who long headed the pro-Pakistani Jamaat, the “torchlight” who guided massacres of intellectuals in Dhaka at the end of the conflict. Members of Jamaat’s student wing manned death squads committing appalling crimes alongside Pakistani soldiers. On July 15th tribunal judges convicted Mr Azam of genocide, war crimes and murder and sentenced him to 90 years. A death sentence was commuted, they said, because of his age (90) and ill health. His lawyer said he was guilty only of opposing independence.Two days later the...
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 The Economist article
Acts of Killing: How Asia Still Struggles with Histories of Genocide
Yahoo News - over 4 years
On Monday, a controversial special tribunal in Bangladesh deemed a 90-year-old man a war criminal. Ghulam Azam, the spiritual head of Bangladesh’s far-right Islamist Jamaat-e-Islami party, was found guilty of “crimes against humanity” for the part he played in inciting and organizing death squads that allegedly slaughtered thousands in the final bloody months of Bangladesh’s 1971 war for independence. Rather than give Azam the death sentence — as it had already ruled for a number of others connected to him — the court sentenced the frail nonagenarian to 90 years in jail. ...
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 Yahoo News article
Police fire on protesters in Bangladesh, two Islamist demonstrators killed
The Times of India - over 4 years
Two Islamist demonstrators, including a minor, were killed in police firing when machete-wielding protesters went on a rampage on Tuesday against the conviction of fundamentalist Jamaat-e-Islami's 91-year-old supremo Ghulam Azam.     
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 The Times of India article
Bangladesh Islamist Ghulam Azam found guilty of war crimes - BBC News
Google News - over 4 years
euronews Bangladesh Islamist Ghulam Azam found guilty of war crimes BBC News A war crimes court has found Islamist leader Ghulam Azam guilty of five charges relating to Bangladesh's 1971 war of independence with Pakistan. Ghulam Azam was sentenced to 90 years in jail for his involvement in mass killings and rape during the war. Bangladesh Sentences Islamist Leader for War CrimesVoice of America Bangladesh: Islamist leader found guilty of war crimeseuronews Bangladesh Sentences Top Islamist Politician for War CrimesWall Street Journal Financial Times -Sky News Australia -Bloomberg all 119 news articles »
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 Google News article
Clashes ahead of Bangladesh war crimes verdict
Fox News - over 4 years
Clashes erupted in Bangladesh Sunday between police and supporters of the country's biggest Islamic party ahead of a court verdict against a top Islamist for allegedly masterminding atrocities during the 1971 liberation war against Pakistan. Some 400 Jamaat-e-Islami activists burnt a police van and hurled crude bombs in the capital Dhaka, police said, to protest what they say are false charges against Ghulam Azam, 90, who could face the death penalty if convicted by the war crimes court on Monday. Previous sentences by the controversial court sparked the country's worst political violence since independence. A police officer was seriously injured in the latest clashes after being hit by a rock, assistant police commissioner Saifur Rahman told AFP. Azam was the head of the Jamaat-e-Islami party during the war in which the government says millions were killed, many by the militias he allegedly helped create to support the Pakistani army. The International Crimes Tribunal -- set up ...
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 Fox News article
Witness 'met Siru Mian in jail'
bdnews24 - over 5 years
Artiste Ahmed Imtiaz Bulbul testifies as 14th prosecution witness against Jamaat guru Ghulam Azam. More to follow
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 bdnews24 article
Sayedee investigator further quizzed
bdnews24 - almost 6 years
ICT-1 is expected to give the indictment order of Jamaat guru Ghulam Azam on Sunday Full Story
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 bdnews24 article
IO deposition in Sayedee case continues
bdnews24 - almost 6 years
ICT-1 defers indictment order of Jamaat guru Ghulam Azam to May 2 Full story
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 bdnews24 article
War Crimes in Bangladesh & Islam
E-Bangladesh - almost 6 years
But a different question is pinching me since last week, when the tribunal issued arrest warrant against the ‘Bacchu Razakar’ alias Abul Kalam Azad. I have been wondering if the Muslims should demand their additional punishment for destroying the religion’s image. Why do I say so? Running ameer of Jamayat-e-Islami Matiur Rahamn Nizami, Nayebe-e-Ameer Delawar Hossain Sayedee, ex-ameer Ghulam Azam, and three more Jamayat leaders are in jail facing charges of war crimes. Two BNP men, including the `famous’ Chittagong MP Salauddin Quader Chowdhury, are also behind the bar. The other one, Abdul Alim, a member of party’s cabinet under its founder, military strongman Ziaur Rahman, is on conditional bail. You may know, all of them are hooked by the International Crimes Tribunal for their alleged war crimes during 1971. But a different question is pinching me since last week, when the tribunal issued arrest warrant against the ‘Bacchu Razakar’ alias Abul Kalam Azad. I have been wondering...
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 E-Bangladesh article
Ghulam Azam plea hearing Thursday
bdnews24 - almost 6 years
S Q Chowdhury's indictment order on Apr 4, Alim's formal charges on Apr 24 Updates
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 bdnews24 article
Ghulam Azam indictment hearing delayed
bdnews24 - almost 6 years
The war crimes tribunal adjourns the Jamaat-e-Islami guru's hearing by one day in a 2-1 majority decision as the defence does not show up. Full story
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 bdnews24 article
Ghulam Azam to get home food
bdnews24 - almost 6 years
The International Crimes Tribunal dealing with 1971 war crimes on Tuesday allowed Jamaat-e-Islami's poiitcal guru <a class="fplink fp-100203" href="/Ghulam+Azam+1">Ghulam Azam</a> to take homemade food in the prison cell. Full story
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 bdnews24 article
Ghulam Azam denied bail again
bdnews24 - almost 6 years
The tribunal dealing with war crimes charges says it is not convinced that the political guru of Jamaat-e-Islami needs bail on health ground. Full story
Article Link:
 bdnews24 article
Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Ghulam Azam
    FORTIES
  • 2014
    Ghulam Azam died of a stroke on 23 October 2014 at 10:10 pm at Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) while serving jail sentences for crimes against humanity during Bangladesh Liberation War.
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  • 2012
    On 25 February 2012, The Daily Star reported that Azam's nephew was denied a visit at the last minute just as he was about to enter the hospital prison room.
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    On 11 January 2012, Azam was arrested on charges of committing crimes against humanity and peace, genocide and war crimes in 1971 by the International Crimes Tribunal.
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    Notably, it was at the center of the 2012 ICT Skype controversy.
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  • THIRTIES
  • 2000
    Azam announced his retirement from active politics in late 2000.
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  • TWENTIES
  • 1994
    In 1994, he fought a lengthy legal battle which resulted in the Supreme Court of Bangladesh ruling in his favour and restoring his nationality.
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  • 1991
    During this time, he acted unofficially as the Ameer of Jamaat-e-Islami until 1991, when he was officially elected to the post.
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  • 1990
    He proposed a caretaker government system to facilitate free and fair elections, which was adopted in 1990.
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  • TEENAGE
  • 1982
    In the 1980s, Azam was particularly critical of the military rule of General Ershad after he seized power in a bloodless coup in 1982 and Jamaat-e-Islami took part in demonstrations and strikes as well as other opposition parties such as the Awami League and the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP).
  • 1981
    His stay was however, was unwelcome in Bangladesh, and he was beaten by sandals by an angry mob at the footsteps of the Baitul Mukarram Mosque while attending a funeral in 1981.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1978
    In 1978 Azam returned to Bangladesh on a temporary visa with a Pakistani passport and stayed as a Pakistani national after his visa expired, refusing to leave a country he considered his home by birth-right.
    Government of newly independent Bangladesh, banned Jamaat-e-Islami and cancelled Azam's citizenship due to his alleged role during the Bangladesh Liberation War. Azam lived in exile in London until he was allowed to return home in 1978. Jamaat's rehabilitation began when Ziaur Rahman became president after a coup in 1975 and lifted the previous ban on religious parties.
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  • 1971
    On 12 August 1971, Azam declared in a statement published in the Daily Sangram that "the supporters of the so-called Bangladesh Movement are the enemies of Islam, Pakistan, and Muslims".
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    On 20 June 1971, Azam declared in Lahore that the Hindu minority in East Pakistan, under the leadership of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, are conspiring to secede from Pakistan.
    Azam is also alleged to be the chief protagonist and to present the blueprint of the killing of the intellectuals in a meeting with Rao Forman Ali in Early September 1971. In accordance with this blue print, the largest number of Bengali intellectuals assassinations performed by Pakistani Army and the local collaborators, on 14 December 1971.
    On 12 August 1971, Azam declared in a statement published in the Daily Sangram that "the supporters of the so-called Bangladesh Movement are the enemies of Islam, Pakistan, and Muslims".
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    On 12 April 1971, Azam and Matiur Rahman Nizami led demonstrations denouncing the independence movement as an Indian conspiracy.
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    During Azam's leadership of Jamaat-e-Islami, Ashraf Hossain, a leader of Jamaat's student wing Islami Chhatra Sangha, created the Al-Badr militia in Jamalpur District on 22 April 1971.
    During the war of 1971, it is alleged that Azam played a central role in the formation of Peace Committees on 11 April 1971, which declared the independence movement to be a conspiracy hatched by India.
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    On 20 June 1971, Azam reaffirmed his support for the Pakistani army by stating that 'the army has eradicated nearly all criminals of East Pakistan'.
    Excerpts from Azam's speeches after 25 March 1971 used to be published in the spokespaper of Jamaat named The Daily Sangram.
    During the Bangladesh Liberation War, Azam took a political stance in support of unified Pakistan, and repeatedly denounced Awami League and Mukti Bahini secessionists, whose declared aim after 26 March 1971 became the establishment of an independent state of Bangladesh in place of East Pakistan.
  • 1970
    During 1970, while Azam was the head of Jamaat-e-Islami East Pakistan, a number of political rallies, including rallies of Jamaat-e-Islami, were attacked by armed mobs alleged to be incited by the Awami League.
    In the runup to the 1970 general election, Azam together with leaders of a number of other parties in East Pakistan (including the Pakistan Democratic Party, National Awami Party, Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam and the Pakistan National League) protested at the Awami League approach to electioneering for, accusing them of breaking up public meetings, physical attacks on political opponents and the looting and destruction of party offices.
  • 1969
    On 13 March 1969, Khan announced his acceptance of their two fundamental demands of parliamentary government and direct elections.
    He and other opposition leaders including future President of Bangladesh Sheikh Mujibur Rahman took part in the Round Table Conference held in Rawalpindi in 1969 to solve the prevailing political impasse in Pakistan.
    In 1969, he became the Ameer of the Jamaat in East Pakistan.
  • OTHER
  • 1967
    He played a prominent role as the general secretary of the Pakistan Democratic Movement formed in 1967 and later as a member of Democratic Action Committee formed in 1969 to transform the anti-Ayub movement into a popular uprising.
  • 1964
    In 1964, the government of Ayub Khan banned Jamaat-e-Islami and its leaders, including Azam, was imprisoned for eight months without trial.
  • 1954
    During this time, he became influenced by the writings of Abul Ala Maududi and he joined Maududi's party Jamaat-e-Islami in 1954, and was later elected as the Secretary General of Jamaat-e-Islami's East Pakistan branch.
  • 1950
    In 1950, Azam left Dhaka to teach political science at the Government Carmichael College in Rangpur.
  • 1947
    While General Secretary of the DUCSU Azam in 1947 submitted a memorandum on the union's behalf to the then Prime Minister of Pakistan Liaquat Ali Khan, demanding that Bengali be made a state language along with Urdu.
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    While studying at the University of Dhaka Azam became active in student politics and was elected as the General Secretary of the Dhaka University Central Students' Union (DUCSU) for two consecutive years between 1947 and 1949.
  • 1922
    Azam was born on 7 November 1922 in the then Bengal province of British India, the eldest son of Maulana Ghulam Kabir and Sayeda Ashrafunnisa.
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Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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